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首页 宗教与欧洲的大众选举行为

宗教与欧洲的大众选举行为.pdf

宗教与欧洲的大众选举行为

九月虺
2012-04-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《宗教与欧洲的大众选举行为pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

ReligionandMassElectoralBehaviourinEuropeTheonsetofaNewMillenniumgivesrenewedimpetustoassessmentsofreligionanditsplaceinthesecularworldReligionandMassElectoralBehaviourinEuropeisaninnovative,cuttingedgestudywhichfocusesonthequestionofwhether–andhow–religioncontinuestoinfluenceandshapemasselectoralbehaviourinanimpressivelywidenumberofEasternandWesternEuropeancountriesWithexceptionaldetail,thisbookdrawsonempiricaldatabasedonarangeofcountrycasestudiestoprovideexamplesofdifferentreligiousexperiencesandrelationshipsAreascoveredinclude:•theLutherantraditionslinkingtheScandinaviancountries•themixofCatholicsandProtestantsinBritain,GermanyandtheNetherlands•theCatholicheartlandsofFrance,SpainandItaly•theemergenceofHungaryandPolandfromthestateimposedatheismoftheColdWarContributorsincludehighlyrespectedspecialistsinthefieldtheyquestioncurrentpopularnotionssuchastheideaofthetriumphof‘secularcity’andthe‘deathofGod’andaskifthesearenecessarilypermanentfeaturesofthemasspoliticsofmodernEuropeTheirconclusionisthattoassumeEuropeistheexceptiontotheruleofa‘desecularisationoftheworld’mayinfactbebotherroneousandempiricallyunjustifiableWrittenforthosestudyingpolitics,comparativepolitics,religiousstudies,andthesociologyofreligion,thisisanimportantcontributiontothispreviouslyneglectedfieldofresearchDavidBroughtonisaLecturerinPoliticsintheSchoolofEuropeanStudiesatCardiffUniversityHismostrecenteditedvolumeisChangingPartySystemsinWesternEuropeHansMartientenNapelisaLecturerintheDepartmentofPublicLawatLeidenUniversity,theNetherlandsHehaspublishedwidely,includingRegulatingMorality:AComparisonoftheRoleoftheStateinMasteringtheMoresintheNetherlandsandtheUnitedStates(coeditedwithJLKrabbendam,)RoutledgeECPRstudiesinEuropeanpoliticalscienceFormerlyeditedbyHansKeman,VrijeUniversity,theNetherlandsnoweditedbyJanWvanDeth,UniversityofMannheim,Germany,onbehalfoftheEuropeanConsortiumforPoliticalResearchTheRoutledgeECPRStudiesinEuropeanPoliticalScienceseriesispublishedinassociationwiththeEuropeanConsortiumforPoliticalResearch–theleadingorganisationconcernedwiththegrowthanddevelopmentofpoliticalscienceinEuropeTheseriespresentshighqualityeditedvolumesontopicsattheleadingedgeofcurrentinterestinpoliticalscienceandrelatedfields,withcontributionsfromEuropeanscholarsandotherswhohavepresentedworkatECPRworkshopsorresearchgroupsRegionalistPartiesinWesternEuropeEditedbyLievendeWinterandHuriTürsanComparingPartySystemChangeEditedbyJanErikLaneandPaulPenningsPoliticalTheoryandEuropeanUnionEditedbyAlbertWealeandMichaelNentwichPoliticsofSexualityEditedbyTerrellCarverandVéroniqueMottierAutonomousPolicyMakingbyInternationalOrganizationsEditedbyBobReinaldaandBertjanVerbeekSocialCapitalandEuropeanDemocracyEditedbyJanWvanDeth,MarcoMaraffi,KenNewtonandPaulWhiteleyThirtyElitesinDividedSocietiesEditedbyKurtRichardLutherandKrisDeschouwerCitizenshipandWelfareStateReforminEuropeEditedbyJetBussemakerDemocraticGovernanceandNewTechnologyTechnologicallymediatedinnovationsinpoliticalpracticeinWesternEuropeEditedbyIvanHorrocks,JensHoffandPieterTopsDemocracyWithoutBordersTransnationalisationandconditionalityinnewdemocraciesEditedbyJeanGrugelCulturalTheoryasPoliticalScienceEditedbyMichaelThompson,GunnarGrendstadandPerSelleTheTransformationofGovernanceintheEuropeanUnionEditedbyBeateKohlerKochandRainerEisingParliamentaryPartyGroupsinEuropeanDemocraciesPoliticalpartiesbehindcloseddoorsEditedbyKnutHeidarandRuudKooleSurvivaloftheEuropeanWelfareStateEditedbySteinKuhnlePrivateOrganisationsinGlobalPoliticsEditedbyKarstenRonitandVolkerSchneiderFederalismandPoliticalPerformanceEditedbyUteWachendorferSchmidtDemocraticInnovationDeliberation,representationandassociationEditedbyMichaelSawardPublicOpinionandtheInternationalUseofForceEditedbyPhilipEvertsandPierangeloIserniaReligionandMassElectoralBehaviourinEuropeEditedbyDavidBroughtonandHansMartientenNapelAlsoavailablefromRoutledgeinassociationwiththeECPR:SexEqualityPolicyinWesternEuropeEditedbyFrancesGardinerDemocracyandGreenPoliticalThoughtEditedbyBrianDohertyandMariusdeGeusTheNewPoliticsofUnemploymentEditedbyHughCompstonCitizenship,DemocracyandJusticeintheNewEuropeEditedbyPercyBLehningandAlbertWealePrivateGroupsandPublicLifeEditedbyJanWvanDethThePoliticalContextofCollectiveActionEditedbyRiccaEdmondsonTheoriesofSecessionEditedbyPercyLehningRegionalismAcrosstheNorthSouthDivideEditedbyJeanGrugelandWilHoutReligionandMassElectoralBehaviourinEuropeEditedbyDavidBroughtonandHansMartientenNapelLondonandNewYorkFirstpublishedbyRoutledgeNewFetterLane,LondonECPEESimultaneouslypublishedintheUSAandCanadabyRoutledgeWestthStreet,NewYork,NYRoutledgeisanimprintoftheTaylorFrancisGroup©DavidBroughtonandHansMartientenNapelforselectionandeditorialmatterindividualcontributorstheircontributionAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereprintedorreproducedorutilisedinanyformorbyanyelectronic,mechanical,orothermeans,nowknownorhereafterinvented,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataReligionandmasselectoralbehaviourinEuropeeditedbyDavidBroughtonandHansMartientenNapelpcm–(RoutledgeECPRstudiesinEuropeanpoliticalscience)IncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexReligionandpolitics–EuropeVoting–EuropeReligion–InfluenceEurope–Religion–thcenturyEurope–Politicsandgovernment–thcenturyIBroughton,DavidIINapel,HMTDtenIIISeriesBLR''–dc–ISBN–––ThiseditionpublishedintheTaylorFranciseLibrary,“TopurchaseyourowncopyofthisoranyofTaylorFrancisorRoutledge’scollectionofthousandsofeBookspleasegotowwweBookstoretandfcouk”(PrintEdition)ISBN(AdobeeReaderFormat)ContentsListoffigureandtablesixListofabbreviationsxiiiListofcontributorsxviSerieseditor’sprefacexixAcknowledgementsxxiiIntroductionDAVIDBROUGHTONANDHANSMARTIENTENNAPELThepoliticalcultureofsecularisation:EuropeantrendsandcomparativeperspectivesBRIANGIRVINReadingtherunes:thereligiousfactorinScandinavianelectoralpoliticsJOHNMADELEYAconfessionalcleavageresurrectedThedenominationalvoteinBritainDAVIDSEAWRIGHTTheevershallowercleavage:religionandelectoralpoliticsinGermanyGEOFFREYKROBERTSThebellstollnomore:thedeclininginfluenceofreligiononvotingbehaviourintheNetherlandsJOOPJMVANHOLSTEYNANDGALENAIRWINReligiousvotinginasecularFrancePIERREBRÉCHONReligiosityandpartychoiceinSpain:anelusivecleavageJOSÉRAMÓNMONTEROANDKERMANCALVOItaly:adramaticcaseofsecularisationMARKDONOVANReligiousandclericalpolarisationinHungaryZSOLTENYEDIThereligiousbaseofpoliticsinpostCommunistPoland:acaseofboundedsecularisationKENNETHKALOKCHANConclusion:EuropeanexceptionalismDAVIDBROUGHTONANDHANSMARTIENTENNAPELIndexviiiContentsFigureandtablesFigureShareofvotersforconfessionalpartiesintheNetherlands,–TablesFrequencyofchurchattendance,Scandinavia:TheNordicChristianDemocraticpartiesScandinavia:TheChristianpartiesoftheNordiccountriesinparliamentaryelections,–Scandinavia:TheNordicChristianpartiesingovernmentBritain:ReligionandvoteinEngland,–Britain:PercentageworkingclassAnglicansvotingConservativeandworkingclassNonconformistsvotingLiberalinEngland,–Britain:ReligionandvoteinScotland,–Britain:AdjustedresidualsforProtestantvotingBritain:ConservativeLabouroddsratiosofsupportamongProtestantsandCatholics,inBritain,EnglandandScotland,–Germany:PartypreferenceandreligiousaffiliationGermany:ElectoralparticipationandreligiousaffiliationTheNetherlands:PercentagesofDutchpopulationreportingadherencetoreligiousgroupsTheNetherlands:Religioustypology,–TheNetherlands:Religionasaguideinpolitics,–TheNetherlands:Religionasguideandreligioustypology,–TheNetherlands:Religioustypologyandvoteforareligiousparty,–TheNetherlands:Votingforareligiouspartyandreligionasagoodguideinpolitics,–TheNetherlands:Associationbetweenreligioustypologyandissueposition,–TheNetherlands:Percentagesamongvariousreligiousgroupsopposingabortionandeuthanasia,–TheNetherlands:Mostfrequentlymentionedvotemotivationforreligiousparties,–France:MassattendanceofthedifferentelectoratesinSecularisationinEuropeandUSAFrance:IntegrationintoCatholicismasmeasuredbychurchattendanceFrance:PercentageofleftwingvoteinFrenchelectionsFrance:TableofoddsratiosaFrance:PercentageofleftwingvoteaccordingtointegrationintoCatholicismandgeneration,bFrance:PercentageofleftwingvoteaccordingtointegrationintoCatholicismandgeneration,aFrance:PercentageofmoderaterightwingvoteforthefirstballotofthepresidentialelectionaccordingtointegrationintoCatholicism,subjectivesocialclassandagebFrance:PercentageofmoderaterightwingvoteforthefirstballotofthelegislativeelectionaccordingtointegrationintoCatholicism,subjectivesocialclassandagecFrance:PercentageofmoderaterightwingvoteforthefirstballotofthelegislativeelectionaccordingtointegrationintoCatholicism,subjectivesocialclassandageaFrance:VoteforthefirstballotofthepresidentialelectionaccordingtointegrationintoCatholicismbFrance:VoteforthefirstballotofthelegislativeelectionaccordingtointegrationintoCatholicismFrance:RightwingvoteforthefirstballotoftheandpresidentialelectionsaFrance:IdeologicalattitudesaccordingtointegrationintoCatholicism,bFrance:IdeologicalattitudesaccordingtointegrationintoCatholicism,Spain:VotesandseatsintheSpanishgeneralelectionsfortheCongressofDeputies,–Spain:ReligiouscompositionofpartyelectoratesinSpain,andSpain:Voteinthe,andgeneralelectionsbyselfdefinitionsofreligiositySpain:LogisticregressionmodeltoexplainthevoteforthePSOE,–Spain:Negativepartypreferencesbyreligiosity,andxTablesSpain:LogisticregressionmodeltoexplainthevoteforAP(),andPP(and)Spain:LogisticregressionmodeltoexplainthevoteforPSOEandAPPPwithandwithoutpoliticalcontrols,andSpain:Multinomialregressionmodel,APPPandPSOE,–Italy:ChamberofDeputiesshareofvalidvoteItaly:Parties,quasipartiesandelectoralalliancesassociatedwithCatholicismItaly:Proportionof‘practisingCatholics’inpartyelectorates,electionItaly:CanagoodCatholicbeaMarxistvotecommunistItaly:Distributionof‘practisingCatholics’amongpartiesItaly:ThemainItalianpoliticalpartiesHungary:Approvalandrejectionofattitudeitems,andHungary:ProportionofthepopulationwhodefinitelydonotbelieveinvariousreligiouspropositionsHungary:Pearsoncorrelationbetweenageandaspectsofreligiousorientation,andHungary:HungarianpartiesandpercentagedistributionoflistvotesinHungarianparliamentaryelections,–Hungary:Religiositybypartypreference,Hungary:Religiositybypartypreference,Hungary:Pearsoncorrelationsbetweenthescalesofreligiosity,antiabortion,clericalism,conservativefamilyvaluesandpartypreference,Hungary:Pearsoncorrelationsbetweenthescalesofreligiosity,antiabortion,clericalism,conservativefamilyvaluesandpartypreference,Hungary:Logisticregressionofreadinesstovoteonsevensociodemographicvariables,andHungary:Logisticregressionofpreferenceforgovernmentversusoppositiononsevensociodemographicvariables,andHungary:Effectsofsociodemographicvariablesonpartypreferencesandtheirdirection,Hungary:Effectsofsociodemographicvariablesonpartypreferencesandtheirdirection,Poland:IndicatorsofreligiosityinPolandPoland:RelationshipsbetweenchurchattendanceandvariousindicatorsoftraditionalreligiosityPoland:DoestheChurchhavetoomuchpower–Poland:ParliamentaryelectionsinPoland,–TablesxiPoland:Relationshipbetweenreligiosityandleft–rightidentification,Poland:ReligiosityandmasselectoralbehaviourPoland:PartypreferencebyselecteddemographiccategoriesintheelectionxiiTablesAbbreviationsFranceCDSSocialDemocraticCentreMRPMouvementRepublicainPopulaire(ChristianDemocrats)PCFPartiCommunisteFrançais(CommunistParty)PSPartiSocialiste(SocialistParty)RPRRassemblementpourlaRepublic(Gaullists)UDFUnionforFrenchDemocracyGermanyCDUChristianDemocraticUnionCSUChristianSocialUnionFDPFreeDemocraticPartyPDSPartyofDemocraticSocialismSEDSocialistUnitPartySPDSocialDemocraticPartyHungaryFideszAllianceofYoungDemocratsFideszMPPFideszHungarianCivicPartyFKGPIndependentSmallholders’PartyKDNPChristianDemocraticPeople’sPartyMDFHungarianDemocraticForumMIÉPPartyofHungarianJusticeandLifeMSZPHungarianSocialistPartySZDSZAllianceofFreeDemocratsItalyANNationalAllianceCCDChristianCentreDemocratsCDUUnitedChristianDemocratsDCChristianDemocraticPartyDSLeftDemocratsEPPEuropeanPeople’sPartyFIForzaItaliaLNNorthernLeaguePDSDemocraticPartyoftheLeftPPItalianPopularPartyPSISocialistPartyUDEUREuropeanDemocraticUnionUDRDemocraticUnionfortheRepublicNetherlandsARPAntiRevolutionaryPartyCDAChristianDemocraticAppealCHUChristianHistoricalUnionGPVReformedPoliticalLeagueKVPCatholicPeople’sPartyPvdALabourPartyRKSPRomanCatholicStatePartyRPFReformedPoliticalFederationSGPPoliticalReformedPartyVVDLiberalPartyPolandAWSSolidarityElectoralActionKKWCatholicElectoralCommitteeKLDCongressofLiberalDemocratsPCCentralAlliancePLPeasantAlliancePSLPolishPeasantPartySdRPSocialDemocracyofPolandSLDDemocraticLeftAllianceUDDemocraticUnionUPLabourUnionUWFreedomUnionWAKCatholicElectionActionZChNChristianNationalUnionScandinaviaCPPChristianPeople’sPartySKLSuomenKristillinenLiitto(Finland’sChristianLeague)xivAbbreviationsScotlandSNPScottishNationalPartySpainAPAlianzaPopular(PopularAlliance)CDSCentroDemocráticoySocial(SocialandDemocraticCentre)IUIzquierdaUnida(UnitedLeft)PCEPartidoComunistadeEspaña(CommunistParty)PDCCiUPacteDemocráticparCatalunyaConvèrgenciaiUnió(CatalanDemocraticPactConvergenceandUnion)PNVPartidoNacionalistaVasco(BasqueNationalistParty)PPPartidoPopular(PopularParty)PSOESocialistaObreroEspañol(SpanishSocialistWorkers’Party)UCDUnióndeCentroDemocrático(UnionoftheDemocraticCentre)AbbreviationsxvContributorsTheeditorsDavidBroughtonisaLecturerinPoliticsintheSchoolofEuropeanStudiesatCardiffUniversityHisPhDattheUniversityofEssexdealtwiththeimpactofreligiousdividesonelectoralbehaviourinacomparisonoftheFederalRepublicofGermanyandCanada()HehasalsowrittenontheCDUCSUinGermanyHismostrecenteditedvolumeisChangingPartySystemsinWesternEurope(coeditedwithMarkDonovan)HansMartientenNapelisaLecturerintheDepartmentofPublicLawatLeidenUniversityintheNetherlandsHeistheauthorofabookonDutchChristianDemocracy,andcoeditorandcoauthoroffiveeditedvolumes,includingRegulatingMorality:AComparisonoftheRoleoftheStateinMasteringtheMoresintheNetherlandsandtheUnitedStates(withJLKrabbendam)()ThecontributorsPierreBréchonisProfessorofPoliticalScienceattheInstitutd’EtudesPolitiquesinGrenoble,FranceHehasconductedresearchonpoliticalandreligiousvalues,electoralsociology,politicalparties,andEuropeanattitudesHeisamemberoftheresearchteamsthathaveconductedtheEuropeanValuesSurvey(EVS)inFranceHismostrecentbookisLespartispolitiques()KermanCalvoisamemberoftheCentrodeEstudiosAvanzadosenCienciasSociales,InstitutoJuanMarch,Madrid,wherehereceivedanMAinSocialSciencesandinwhichheiscurrentlypreparinghisPhDHeisalsoadoctoralcandidateintheDepartmentofSociologyattheUniversityofEssexKennethKaLokChanisAssistantProfessorintheDepartmentofGovernmentandInternationalStudiesatHongKongBaptistUniversityHehasalsotaughtatWarsawUniversityandtheUniversityofGdanskinPolandHisresearchinterestsincludepostCommunistpolitics,democratisation,Britishpolitics,EuropeanUnionpoliticsandHongKongpoliticsHehaspublishedarticlesinEuropeAsiaStudies,ElectoralStudies,OxfordInternationalReview,StudiaPolityczna(inPolish)andHongKongJournalofSocialSciences(inChinese)MarkDonovanisaLecturerinComparativeEuropeanandItalianPoliticsatCardiffUniversity,whereheisDirectorofPoliticsintheSchoolofEuropeanStudiesHeisjointGeneralEditorofModernItaly,thejournaloftheAssociationfortheStudyofModernItalyHehasrecentlycoedited,withDavidBroughton,ChangingPartySystemsinWesternEurope()andeditedatwovolumereader,Italy,publishedbyDartmouthZsoltEnyediisAssistantProfessorinthePoliticalScienceDepartmentoftheCentralEuropeanUniversityinBudapestHisteachingfocusesuponpartypolitics,politicalsociologyandWesternEuropeanpoliticsHisvariouspublicationsincludearticlesandbooksonpartypolitics,politicalCatholicism,authoritarianismandethnicprejudicesBrianGirvinisSeniorLecturerinPoliticsa

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宗教与欧洲的大众选举行为

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