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首页 美国语文读本1

美国语文读本1.pdf

美国语文读本1

踏雪无痕
2012-04-08 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《美国语文读本1pdf》,可适用于高中教育领域

TheProjectGutenbergEBookofMcGuffey'sFirstEclecticReader,RevisedEdition,byWilliamHolmesMcGuffeyThiseBookisfortheuseofanyoneanywhereatnocostandwithalmostnorestrictionswhatsoeverYoumaycopyit,giveitawayorreuseitunderthetermsoftheProjectGutenbergLicenseincludedwiththiseBookoronlineatwwwgutenbergnetTitle:McGuffey'sFirstEclecticReader,RevisedEditionAuthor:WilliamHolmesMcGuffeyReleaseDate:June,EBook#Language:EnglishCharactersetencoding:ASCII***STARTOFTHISPROJECTGUTENBERGEBOOKMCGUFFEY'SFIRSTREADER***ProducedbyDonKostuchTranscriber'sNotes:WelcometotheschoolroomofThemoraltoneisplain"Sheiskindtotheoldblindman"Theexercisesarestillsuitable,andperhapsmorehelpfulthansomecontemporaryalternativesMuchislefttotheteacherExplanationsgiveninthetextareenoughtogetstartedteachingachildtoreadandwriteCountinginRomannumeralsisincludedasabonusintheformoflessonnumbersThe"nonASCI"textremainsasimagesThe"nonASCI"textisapproximatedintextboxestorightoftheimage,asarescriptimagesDonKostuchECLECTICEDUCATIONALSERIESMCGUFFEY'S®FirstECLECTICREADERRevisedEditionMcGuffeyEditionandColophonareTrademarksofJOHNWILEYSONS,INCNEWYORKCHICHESTERWEINHEIMBRISBANESINGAPORETORONTOSUGGESTIONSTOTEACHERSThisFirstReadermaybeusedinteachingreadingbyanyofthemethodsincommonusebutitisespeciallyadaptedtothePhonicMethod,theWordMethod,oracombinationofthetwoIPhonicMethodFirstteachtheelementarysoundsandtheirrepresentative,thelettersmarkedwithdiacriticals,astheyoccurinthelessonsthen,theformationofwordsbythecombinationofthesesoundsForinstance,teachthepupiltoidentifythecharactersr,andth,inLessonI,astherepresentativesofcertainelementarysoundsthenteachhimtoformthewordsattheheadofthelesson,thenotherwords,asnag,on,and,etcPursueasimilarcourseinteachingthesucceedinglessonsHavingreadafewlessonsinthismanner,begintoteachthenamesofthelettersandthespellingofwords,andrequirethegroups,"aman,""theman,""apen,"tobereadasagoodreaderwouldpronouncesinglewordsIIWhenoneofthelettersinthecombinationsouorow,ismarkedinthewordsattheheadofthereadingexercises,theotherissilentIfneitherismarked,thetwolettersrepresentadiphthongAllotherunmarkedvowelsinthevocabularies,whenincombination,aresilentlettersInslateorblackboardwork,thesilentlettersmaybecanceledIIIWordMethodTeachthepupiltoidentifyatsightthewordsplacedattheheadofthereadingexercises,andtoreadtheseexerciseswithouthesitationHavingreadafewlessons,begintoteachthenamesofthelettersandthespellingofwordsIVWordMethodandPhonicMethodCombinedTeachthepupiltoidentifywordsandreadsentences,asaboveHavingreadafewlessonsinthismanner,begintousethePhonicMethod,combiningitwiththeWordMethod,byfirstteachingthewordsineachlessonaswordsthentheelementarysounds,thenamesoftheletters,andspellingVTeachthepupiltousescriptlettersinwriting,whenteachingthenamesofthelettersandthespellingofwordsCopyright,,byVanAntwerp,BraggCoCopyright,,byAmericanBookCompanyCopyright,and,byHHVailEPPrefaceInpresentingMcGuffey’sRevisedFirstReadertothepublic,attentionisinvitedtothefollowingfeatures:WordsofonlytwoorthreelettersareusedinthefirstlessonsLongerandmoredifficultonesaregraduallyintroducedasthepupilgainsaptnessinthemasteryofwordsApropergradationhasbeencarefullypreservedAllnewwordsareplacedattheheadofeachlesson,tobelearnedbeforethelessonisreadTheirnumberintheearlylessonsisverysmall,thusmakingthefirststepseasyAllwordsinthesevocabulariesareusedinthetextimmediatelyfollowingCarefullyengravedscriptexercisesareintroducedforadoublepurposeTheseshouldbeusedtoteachthereadingofscriptandmayalsoserveascopiesinslateworkTheillustrationshavebeendesignedandengravedspeciallyforthelessonsinwhichtheyoccurManyoftheengravingswillserveadmirablyasthebasisfororallessonsinlanguageThetypeislarge,strong,anddistinctThecreditforthisrevisionisalmostwhollyduetothefriendsofMcGuffey’sReaders,eminentteachersandscholars,whohavecontributedsuggestionsandcriticismsgainedfromtheirdailyworkintheschoolroomCincinnati,June,(iii)ECLECTICSERIESTHEALPHABETAaNnBbOoCcPpDdQqEeRrFfSsGgTtHhUuIiVvJjWwKkXxLlYyMmZzFIRSTREADERScriptAlphabetABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSYUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzSCRIPTFIGURESECLECTICSERIESFIRSTREADERMcGuffey'sFIRSTREADERLESSONIThedogThedograndogtheranaondgrthECLECTICSERIESLESSONIIThecatThematIsthecatonthematThecatisonthematcatmatisonetimsFIRSTREADERLESSONIIIThemanApenThemanhasapenIsthepeninhishandItisinhishandithispenhandainhasmanpheECLECTICSERIESLESSONIVAfathenAbigratThefathenisontheboxTheratranfromtheboxCanthehenrunhenfatratboxbigrunfromcanfbxuFIRSTREADERLESSONVSeeRab!SeeAnn!See!RabhasthehatCanAnncatchRabRabAnnhatcatchseeechsECLECTICSERIESLESSONVIAnncancatchRabSee!ShehasthehatNowAnncanpatRabLetmepatRab,tooLESSONVIIshepattoonowletmeshooowlNedeggsblackleftfednestthemgetFIRSTREADERNedhasfedthehenSheisablackhenShehasleftthenestSeetheeggsinthenest!WillthehenletNedgetthemwillablackhenthenestwckECLECTICSERIESLESSONVIIILetmegettheblackhatNowNedhasitonhishead,andheisabigmanCome,Nat,seethebigmanwithhisblackhatheadheNatcomewithandoFIRSTREADERLESSONIXREVIEWpatcatchhaslefthatcanblackeggsRabAnnfedgetNedisontheboxHehasapeninhishandAbigratisintheboxCanthedogcatchtheratComewithme,Ann,andseethemanwithablackhatonhisheadThefathenhasleftthenestRun,Nat,andgettheeggsSLATEWORKThecatranAnnranThemanhasahatECLECTICSERIESLESSONXDoyouseeNellYesshehasapanwithsomeeggsinitLetmehavethepanandtheeggs,willyou,NellHastheblackhenleftthenestIwillnowruntocatchRabWillyourun,tooNellsomepanhimyesdoyouhaveItoiyvoFIRSTREADERLESSONXIOBen!letmegetin,willyouYes,ifyouwillsitstillStandstill,Jip,andletAnngetinNow,Ben,handmethewhipGetup,Jip!,OwhipBenupstillsitifstandJipowhjECLECTICSERIESLESSONXIIKittyhasanicepetItcansingasweetsongShehasjustfeditShewillnowputitinthecage,andhangthecageupThenthecatcannotcatchitKit'tynicesweetsingjusthangcagethensongpetputnotkgcaynguFIRSTREADERLESSONXIIILookatTomandhisdogThedoghasablackspotonhisbackDoyouthinkheisagooddogTomhasabigtop,tooItisontheboxwithKitty'sdollTomtopKit'ty'satbacklookgooddollthinkspotthnooECLECTICSERIESLESSONXIVThesunisupThemanhasfedtheblackhenandthefatduckNowtheduckwillswiminthepondThehenhasruntohernestsunwehowpondstopforgoswimherushotduckeoFIRSTREADERLetusnotstopatthepondnow,foritishotSeehowstillitis!WewillgotoseeTomandhistopLESSONXVOJohn!thesunhasjustsetItisnothot,nowLetusrunandjumpIthinkitisfuntorun,andskip,andjumpSeetheduckonthepond!Hernestisuponthebank,undertherockWemustnottouchthenest,butwemaylookatitJohnrocksetjumpfunmustmayun'derskipbankbuttouchECLECTICSERIESLESSONXVIREVIEWThesunhasset,andthepondisstillJohn,Ned,Ben,Tom,andNellstandonthebank,andlookattheduckThedogwithablackspotonhisback,iswithTomSee!TomhashishatinhishandHehaslefthisbigtopontheboxKitty'sdollisontherockNellhasputherpetinthecageItwillsingasweetsongTheduckhashernestundertherockItisnothotnowLetusrun,andskip,andjumponthebankDoyounotthinkitisfunFIRSTREADERLESSONXVIISLATEWORKLESSONXVIIISLATEWORKareinkmossthistubupset'aThepenandtheinkareonthestandIsthisagoodpenThemossisontherockThisduckcanswimBenupsetthetubnutdidshutshalllostfoxmenmetstepintohuntmudWillthedoghuntafoxBenlosthishatShallIshuttheboxImethimonthestepDidyoujumpintothemudIhaveanutImetthemanECLECTICSERIESLESSONXIXOKate!theoldcowisinthepond:seeherdrink!WillshenotcomeouttogetsomegrassNo,John,shelikestobeinthepondSeehowstillshestands!ThedearoldcowgivesussweetmilktodrinkKateoldnograssdearlikesbedrinkmilkcowoutgivesaFIRSTREADERLESSONXXPapa,willyouletmeridewithyouonPrinceIwillsitstillinyourarmsSee,mamma!WearebothonPrinceHowlargeheis!Getup,Prince!Youarenottoofattotrotasfarasthebarnmamma'largeaspapaarmsridefarbarnbothPrincetrotyourECLECTICSERIESLESSONXXIOFanny,whataprettyball!Yescanyoucatchit,AnnTossittome,andseeIwillnotletitfallThatwaswelldoneofthattossfallwellFan'nyballwallwaspret'ty(prit)donewhataaFIRSTREADERNow,Fanny,tossittothetopofthewall,ifyoucanLESSONXXIIDidyoucallus,mammahadwentcallmightflagnearswamswingECLECTICSERIESIwentwithTomtothepondIhadmydoll,andTomhadhisflagThefatduckswamtothebank,andwefedherDidyouthinkwemightfallintothepondWedidnotgotoonear,didwe,TomMaywegototheswing,now,mammaLESSONXXIIIHerecomestheband!ShallwecallmammaandFannytoseeitherebandhearhorseplaytheypasswherefrontfinehopecomeseeFIRSTREADERLetusstandstill,andhearthemenplayastheypassIhopetheywillstophereandplayforusSeethelargemaninfrontoftheband,withhisbighatWhathasheinhishandHowfinehelooks!Look,too,atthemanonthatfinehorseIfthemendonotstop,letusgowiththemandseewheretheygoECLECTICSERIESLESSONXXIVBessandRobertareveryhappypapaandmammahavegonetothewoodswiththemRoberthasabigtentandaBesshap'pymakecarttentwoodslit'tlever'ybedRob'ertgonedrawFIRSTREADERflag,andBesshasalittlebedforherdollJipiswiththemRobertwillmakehimdrawBessandherdollinthecartLESSONXXV"Kate,willyouplaywithme"JamesMa'rymadesangmylaysportspadelapdigdoll'ssandsaid(sed)yECLECTICSERIESsaidJames"WewilldiginthesandwiththislittlespadeThatwillbefinesport""NotnowJames"saidKate"forImustmakemydoll'sbedGetMarytoplaywithyou"JameswenttogetMarytoplaywithhimThenKatemadethedoll'sbedShesangasongtoherdoll,andthedolllayverystillinherlapDidthedollhearKatesingLESSONXXVIKatehasleftherdollinitslittlebed,andhasgonetoplayitsshadebrookpicksallbyhelpstonesgladsoftFIRSTREADERwithMaryandJamesTheyareallintheshade,now,bythebrookJamesdigsinthesoftsandwithhisspade,andMarypicksuplittlestonesandputstheminherlapJamesandMaryaregladtoseeKateShewillhelpthempickupstonesanddig,bythelittlebrook,ECLECTICSERIESLESSONXXVIIREVIEW"Whatshallwedo"saidFannytoJohn"IdonotliketositstillShallwehuntforeggsinthebarn""No"saidJohn"IliketoplayonthegrassWillnotpapaletuscatchPrince,andgotothebigwoods""Wecanputthetentinthecart,andgotosomenicespotwherethegrassissoftandsweet""Thatwillbefine,"saidFanny"Iwillgetmydoll,andgiveheraridewithus""Yes,"saidJohn,"andwewillgetmammatogo,tooShewillhangupaswingforusintheshade"FIRSTREADERLESSONXXVIIIPeep,peep!Wherehaveyougone,littlechickAreyoulostCan'tyougetbacktothehenOh,hereyouare!IwilltakeyoubackHere,hen,takethislittlechickunderyourwingNow,chick,tuckyourlittle,peepwhiletakesleeptucksafeohwetfeetchickcan'tfeelswingECLECTICSERIESwetfeetunderyou,andgotosleepforawhilePeep,peep!Howsafethelittlechickfeelsnow!LESSONXXIXwindtimetherefencekitehigheyesbrightflieswhydayshinesFIRSTREADERThisisafinedayThesunshinesbrightThereisagoodwind,andmykiteflieshighIcanjustseeitThesunshinesinmyeyesIwillstandintheshadeofthishighfenceWhy,herecomesmydog!HewasunderthecartDidyouseehimthereWhatagoodtimewehavehad!AreyounotgladthatwedidnotgotothewoodswithJohnSLATEWORKThepondisstillHowitshinesinthehotsun!LetusgointothewoodswherewecansitintheshadeECLECTICSERIESLESSONXXX"Kate,IwishwehadaboattoputthedollsinDon'tyou""IknowwhatwecandoWecangetthelittletub,andtieawishfloattieknowropeboattryshoregivepoledon'tpushdragwon'toarfun'nyFIRSTREADERropetoit,anddragittothepondThiswillfloatwiththedollsinit,andwecangetapoletopushitfromtheshore""Whatafunnyboat,Kate!Atubforaboat,andapoleforanoar!Won'titupset""Wecantryit,Nell,andsee""Wellyougetthetub,andIwillgetapoleandaropeWewillputbothdollsinthetub,andgivethemaride"SLATEWORKThedollshadaniceridetothepondAsoftwindmadethetubfloatoutNellletthepolefallonthetub,andupsetitECLECTICSERIESLESSONXXXI"Here,Ponto!Here,Ponto!"Katecalledtoherdog"Come,andgetthedollsoutofthepond"boundRosecalledgotdrownfoundbravecamePon'tojumpedmoutharound'broughtwat'erFIRSTREADERRosewentunder,butshedidnotdrownBesswasstillonthetopofthewaterPontocamewithabound,andjumpedintothepondHeswamaround,andgotBessinhismouth,andbroughthertotheshorePontothenfoundRose,andbroughtherout,tooKatesaid,"Good,oldPonto!Braveolddog!"WhatdoyouthinkofPontoLESSONXXXIIJuneLu'cy'sairkindtreessing'ingbluewhenpuresays(sez)skypic'nicuaECLECTICSERIES"WhatabrightJuneday!TheairispureTheskyisasblueasitcanbeLucyandhermammaareinthewoodsTheyhavefoundanicespot,wherethereissomegrassTheysitintheshadeofthetrees,andLucyissingingFIRSTREADERThetreesarenotlarge,buttheymakeagoodshadeLucy'skindmammasaysthattheywillhaveapicnicwhenherpapacangetatentLESSONXXXIIIREVIEWJamesandRoberthavegoneintotheshadeofahighwalltoplayballMaryandLucyhavecomeupfromthepondnearby,withbraveoldPonto,toseethemplayWhentheytosstheballupintheair,andtrytocatchit,PontorunstogetitinhismouthNowtheballislostTheyalllookforitunderthetreesECLECTICSERIESandinthegrassbuttheycannotseeitWherecanitbeSee!PontohasfounditHerehecomeswithitHewilllayitatlittleLucy'sfeet,orputitinherhandLESSONXXXIV"Papa,maywehavethebigflag"saidJames"Whatcanmylittleboydowithsuchabigflag""Hoistitonourtent,papaWeareplayingFourthofJuly""Isthatwhatallthisnoiseboyourspoilhurrah'owncoilnoisefourthsuchjointhankabout'hoistpayJuly'play'ingoiFIRSTREADERisaboutWhynothoistyourownflags""Oh!theyaretoolittle""Youmightspoilmyflag""ThenwewillalljointopayforitButwewillnotspoilit,papa""Takeit,then,andtakethecoilofropewithit""Oh!thankyouHurrahfortheflag,boys!"ECLECTICSERIESLESSONXXXVTHEWHITEKITTENfin'ishedbon'netles'sonsavedwhiteaway'I'veamworkscam'perread'ygar'denKitty,mypretty,whitekittyWhydoyouscamperawayI'vefinishedmyworkandmylessonAndnowIamreadyforplayCome,kitty,myownlittlekittyI'vesavedyousomemilkcomeandseeNowdrinkwhileIputonmybonnet,AndplayinthegardenwithmeFIRSTREADERLESSONXXXVIFrankhasaprettyboatItiswhite,withablacklinenearthewaterHekeepsitinthepond,nearhishomeHealwaystakesgoodcareofitFrankhasbeenatworkinthegarden,andwillnowrowawhilecareal'wayslineFrankrowbeen(bin)keepshomeECLECTICSERIESFIRSTREADERLESSONXXXVII"Whatisthat"saidLucy,asshecameoutonthesteps"Oh,itisalittleboat!Whataprettyoneitis!""Iwillgiveittoyouwhenitisfinished,"saidJohn,kindly"Wouldyouliketohaveit""Yes,verymuch,thankyou,JohnHasgrandmaseenit""NotyetwewilltakeittoherbyandbyWhathaveyouinyourpan,Lucy""Somecornformyhens,Johntheymustbeveryhungrybythistime"muchone(wun)yethun'gryseengrand'macornwouldoECLECTICSERIESLESSONXXXVIIIJameshasbeentomarketwithhismammaShehasboughtsomebread,somemeat,andsometea,whichareinthebasketonherarmJamesistryingtotellhismammawhathehasseeninthemarketmar'ketbreadbas'ketboughtmeatteatry'ingtellwhichFIRSTREADERLESSONXXXIXSeemydear,oldgrandmainhereasychair!Howgrayherhairis!ShewearsglasseswhenshereadsSheisalwayskind,andtakessuchgoodcareofmethatIliketodowhatshetellsmereadssowearspleasecouldhairfastloveeas'ygraychairwhoglass'esECLECTICSERIESWhenshesays,"Robert,willyougetmeadrink"IrunasfastasIcantogetitforherThenshesays,"Thankyou,myboy"Wouldyounotloveadear,goodgrandma,whoissokindAndwouldyounotdoallyoncouldtopleaseherLESSONXL"Comehere,Lucy,andlisten!Whatisinthisflower"

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