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首页 精神治疗的政治.pdf

精神治疗的政治.pdf

精神治疗的政治.pdf

上传者: 九月虺 2012-04-02 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《精神治疗的政治pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含wwwopenupcoukthepoliticsofpsychotherapynewperspectivesThisuniquecollection符等。

wwwopenupcoukthepoliticsofpsychotherapynewperspectivesThisuniquecollectionbyleadingauthorsexploresthelinksbetweentherapyandthepoliticalworld,andtheircontributiontoeachotherTopicscoveredinclude:Psychotherapyinthepoliticalsphere,includingtherootsofconflict,socialtrauma,andecopsychologyPoliticaldimensionsofpsychotherapypractice,suchasdiscrimination,power,sexuality,andpostcolonialissuesPsychotherapy,thestateandinstitutions,includingthelawandethics,andpsychotherapyinhealthcareWorkingattheinterface,examplesoftherapyinpoliticalactionfromCroatia,theUSA,theUKandIsraelPalestineHowto‘place’politicalissuesintherapyishighlycontroversial–forexample,whetherpoliticalthemesshouldbeinterpretedpsychologicallyintheconsultingroom,orrespectedasvalidintheirownright:similarissuesarisefortheroleoftherapeuticinsightsinpoliticalrealityThisbookprovidesamapthroughthesecomplexanddemandingareasfortherapistsandcounsellorsintraining,aswellasforexperiencedpractitionersorotherinterestedreadersContributors:LaneArye,ArleneAudergon,EmanuelBerman,SandraBloom,JocelynChaplin,PetruskaClarkson,ChessDenman,DawnFreshwater,KateGentile,SusanGutwill,JohnLees,HilaryPrentice,MaryJayneRust,JudyRyde,AndrewSamuels,NickTottonNickTottonoriginallytrainedinReichiantherapyintheearlysandsincethenhasworkedasapsychotherapistandtrainerbasedinLeedsHehasanMAinPsychoanalyticStudiesfromLeedsMetropolitanUniversity,whereheusedtoteachHisotherbookspublishedbyOpenUniversityPressincludePersonalityandCharacterTypes(withMichaelJacobs),BodyPsychotherapyandNewDimensionsinBodyPsychotherapyCoverdesignHybertDesign•wwwhybertdesigncomthepoliticsofpsychotherapynewperspectivesEditedbyNickTottonEditedbyNickTottonthepoliticsofpsychotherapynewperspectivesThePoliticsofPsychotherapyNewPerspectivesBLPrelims:PageiBLPrelims:PageiiThePoliticsofPsychotherapyNewPerspectivesEditedbyNickTottonOpenUniversityPressBLPrelims:PageiiiOpenUniversityPressMcGrawHillEducationMcGrawHillHouseShoppenhangersRoadMaidenhead,BerkshireEnglandSLQLemail:enquiriesopenupcoukworldwideweb:wwwopenupcoukandTwoPennPlaza,NewYork,NY–,USAFirstpublishedCopyrightNickTottonEditorialmatterandselectionindividualchaptersthecontributorsAllrightsreservedExceptforthequotationofshortpassagesforthepurposesofcriticismandreview,nopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmitted,inanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recordingorotherwise,withoutthepriorwrittenpermissionofthepublisheroralicencefromtheCopyrightLicensingAgencyLimitedDetailsofsuchlicences(forreprographicreproduction)maybeobtainedfromtheCopyrightLicensingAgencyLtdofTottenhamCourtRoad,London,WTLPAcataloguerecordofthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryISBN:(pb)(hb)ISBN:(pb)(hb)LibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataCIPdatahasbeenappliedforTypesetbyBookEnsLtd,Royston,HertsPrintedandboundinPolandbyOZGrafSAwwwpolskabookplPGBooksLtd,Bodmin,CornwallBLPrelims:PageivContentsAcknowledgementsviiNotesoncontributorsixIntroductionxiiiPartIPsychotherapyinthepoliticalspherePoliticsonthecouchPsychotherapyandsociety–somepossibilitiesandsomelimitationsAndrewSamuelsSocietaltrauma:democracyindangerSandraBloomConflict,competitionandaggressionNickTottonThebreastmilkoftheInuitmother:ataleofmicroandmacrocosm,shadowandlightHilaryPrenticeandMaryJayneRustPartIIPoliticaldimensionsofpsychotherapypracticeThepoliticsofsexuality,genderandobjectchoiceintherapyChessDenmanWorkingwithdifference:thepoliticalcontextofpsychotherapywithanintersubjectivedialogueJudyRydeBLPrelims:PagevPowerinthetherapeuticrelationshipNickTottonPartIIIPsychotherapy,thestateandinstitutionsValues,ethicsandthelaw:astorywithsomemoralsPetruskaClarksonTheinstitutionsofpsychotherapyNickTottonPoliticsandpsychotherapyinthecontextofhealthcareJohnLeesandDawnFreshwaterPartIVWorkingattheinterface:psychotherapyinpoliticalactionTransformingconflictintocommunity:postwarreconciliationinCroatiaArleneAudergonandLaneAryeIsraelipsychotherapistsandtheIsraeli–PalestinianconflictEmanuelBermanTheBridgeProject:radicalpsychotherapyforthestcenturyJocelynChaplinHowtocreatesocialactivism:turningthepassivetoactivewithoutkillingeachotherKateGentileandSusanGutwillBibliographyIndexviCONTENTSBLPrelims:PageviAcknowledgementsAnearlierversionofthechapterbyEmanuelBermanfirstappearedinPsychotherapyandPoliticsInternational,():–()ThechaptersbyJocelynChaplin,ArleneAudergonandLaneArye,andKatieGentileandSusanGutwillappearedinPsychotherapyandPoliticsInternational,():–,–and–()ThechapterbyAndrewSamuelsappearedinPsychoanalyticDialogues,():–()BLPrelims:PageviiBLPrelims:PageviiiNotesoncontributorsLaneArye,PhDteachesconflictfacilitation,ProcessWorkandUnintentionalMusicworldwideHehasworkedwithconflictsbetweenSerbs,CroatsandMuslimsintheBalkans,betweenhighcasteandlowcasteHindusfromIndia,andwithantiSemitisminGermanyandPoland,aswellasracism,sexism,nationalism,homophobiaandclassissuesintheUSAandEuropeHeisonthefacultyoftheProcessWorkCenterofPortland'sMasterofArtsinConflictFacilitationandOrganizationalChangeAuthorofUnintentionalMusic:ReleasingYourDeepestCreativity(HamptonRoads,),LanehasaprivatepracticeintheSanFranciscoBayArea,whereheliveswithhiswife,LeciaArleneAudergon,PhDisapsychotherapistandconflictresolutionfacilitatorSheteachesprocessorientedpsychologyintheUKandinternationallyandherworkhasbroughthertoCroatia,Kosovo,Slovakia,Poland,Germany,SouthAfrica,India,theUKandtheUSAArleneiscofounderofCFOR,anorganizationforcommunityforumsonpreventiveandpostconflictissues,diversityanddemocracybuildingShelivesinLondon,whereshealsoworksintheatreEmanuelBerman,PhDisatraininganalystattheIsraelPsychoanalyticInstituteandaprofessorofpsychologyattheUniversityofHaifaHeisalsoavisitingprofessoratNYU,theinternationaleditorofPsychoanalyticDialogues,andaboardmemberoftheInternationalAssociationforRelationalPsychoanalysisandPsychotherapySandraLBloom,MDiscurrentlyPresidentofCommunityWorks,asystemsconsultingfirmDrBloomservedasfounderandexecutivedirectoroftheSanctuaryprogrammesfromto,inpatientpsychiatricprogrammesforthetreatmentoftraumarelateddisordersSheisapastpresidentoftheInternationalSocietyforTraumaticStressStudies(ISTSS)DrBloomistheauthorofCreatingSanctuary:TowardtheEvolutionofSaneSocieties(Routledge)BLPrelims:PageixJocelynChaplinisapsychotherapistinprivatepracticeinNorthLondonShecofoundedtheSerpentInstitutetotrainpsychotherapistsandcounsellorsinhumanisticandpsychodynamicapproacheswithinaframeworkofnaturalspiritualityShehaspublishedwidelyincludingFeministCounsellinginAction(Sage,,)JocelyniscurrentlywritingabookondeepequalityShehasbeenasupervisorattheBridgeProjectforsevenyearsProfessorPetruskaClarkson,PhD,DLittetPhil,FBPS,FBACP,CPsycholisaconsultantphilosopherandsexologistwithmorethanprofessionalpublicationsinlanguagesandyearsofinternationalclinical,supervisory,managerial,researchandteachingexperienceasapsychologist,psychotherapistandmanagementconsultanttrainedandtraininginallmajorapproacheswwwpetruskaclarksoncomChessDenmanisaconsultantpsychiatristinpsychotherapyatAddenbrooke’sHospital,CambridgeSheisamemberoftheSocietyofAnalyticalPsychologyandafoundermemberoftheAssociationofCognitiveAnalyticalTherapistsShehaspublishedpapersandlecturedwidelyonissuesofsexualityanddiscriminationDawnFreshwatercurrentlyholdsthepositionofChairofMentalHealthatBournemouthUniversitySheisalsoDirectoroftheCentreforRegionalDevelopmentandResearchandProfessoroftheFacultyofRegionalProfessionalStudiesattheSouthwestCampusofEdithCowanUniversityinAustraliaShehasaPhD,holdsdiplomasinpsychotherapyandclinicalsupervisionandisaUKCPregisteredpsychotherapistSheistheEditoroftheJournalofPsychiatricandMentalHealthNursingandhasauthoredoverpeerreviewedpapersandbooksandhascoeditedtextsrelatingtoresearch,practiceimprovement,reflectivepracticeandtherapeuticnursingKatieGentile,PhDisAssistantProfessorofCounselingandtheWomen’sCenterDirectoratJohnJayCollegeofCriminalJusticeinNewYorkCityHerresearchfocusesongender,traumaandresistancefromacultural,feministandpsychoanalyticperspectiveShehasanupcomingbook,CreatingBodies:BulimiaasTime,SpaceandResistanceinOneWoman’sDiaries,fromtheAnalyticPressSheisalsoapsychoanalystinprivatepracticeSusanGutwill,MS,CSWisasupervisorandonthefacultyoftheWTCIandisinprivatepracticeinHighlandPark,NewJerseySheiscoauthorofEatingProblems:AFeministPsychoanalyticTreatmentModel(BasicBooks,)andhaspresentedwidelyontheintersectionofthepersonalandpoliticalunconsciousSheisontheboardofSection,PsychoanalystsforxNOTESONCONTRIBUTORSBLPrelims:PagexSocialResponsibilityofDivisionandisactiveinPsychotherapistsforSocialResponsibilityJohnLeesisaBACPseniorregisteredpractitionerwhorunstheMastersdegreecourseinTherapeuticCounsellingattheUniversityofGreenwichHealsoundertakesasmallamountofclientandsupervisoryworkinbothLondonandSussexandisaconsultanttoacomplementaryhealthcareorganizationintheprocessofselfregulatingitspractitionersHeisinterestedindevelopingresearchmethodsthatarecongruentwiththeprinciplesofcounsellingandpsychotherapeuticpracticeHilaryPrenticeisanintegrativepsychotherapist,livingandworkingonDartmoor,inDevonShehasbeencentrallyinvolvedinthedevelopmentoftheecopsychologymovementintheUKoverthelastdecade,organizing,writing,speaking,facilitatingworkshopsandteachingDiverserootsfeedingintothisworkincludeyearsworkingintheaddictionsfieldandinmentalhealth,activisminthewomen’speacemovement,theradicalworldsofselfhelptherapyandreevaluationcocounselling,thedeepbodilyknowledgeofmutilationthroughinvasivesurgeryandalifetimeofbeinginlovewiththe‘greaterthanhumanworld’SheincreasinglyunderstandstheenvironmentalcrisisatthistimetobeourgreatestteacherMaryJayneRustisanarttherapistandJungiananalystlivingbythewoodsinNorthLondonHerworkoneatingproblemsandbodyimageattheWomen’sTherapyCentre,London,informedherinterestinthepsychologyofconsumerismHertravelsinLadakh,IndiaandAfricaopenedhereyestotheimpactofglobalizationonourpsyches,bodiesandrelationshipsShehasbeeninvolvedwiththeecopsychologymovementintheUKforthelastdecade,interestedintheinterplaybetweennature,cultureandpsychePainting,cyclingandswimminginwildplacessustainthisworkJudyRydeiscofounderandpastchairofPsychotherapistsandCounsellorsforSocialResponsibility,aseniortrainerandsupervisorofBathCentreforPsychotherapyandCounselling(BCPC)andatrainerwiththeCentreforSupervisionandTeamDevelopmentSheiscompletingaPhDthesisattheUniversityofBathonthemeaningandexperienceofbeing‘white’asapsychotherapistTwoyearsagoJudysetupacounsellingserviceforasylumseekersandrefugeesinBristolthroughBCPCAndrewSamuelsisProfessorofAnalyticalPsychologyattheUniversityofEssex,VisitingProfessorofPsychoanalyticStudiesatGoldsmithsCollege,UniversityofLondonandatraininganalystoftheSocietyofAnalyticalPsychologyHeisalsocofounderofPsychotherapistsandCounsellorsforSocialResponsibilityandofAntidote,thecampaignforemotionalliteracy,NOTESONCONTRIBUTORSxiBLPrelims:PagexiandatrusteeoftheWork–LifeBalanceTrustPublications,whichhavebeentranslatedintolanguages,includeJungandthePostJungians(Routledge,),TheFather(GuildfordPress,),ACriticalDictionaryofJungianAnalysis(Routledge,),ThePluralPsyche(Routledge,),Psychopathology(Routledge,),ThePoliticalPsyche(Routledge,)andPoliticsontheCouch:CitizenshipandtheInternalLife(ProfileBooks,)NickTottonisapsychotherapistandtrainerinprivatepracticebasedinCalderdale,WestYorkshireHehaswrittenseveralbooks,includingPsychotherapyandPolitics(Sage,),BodyPsychotherapy:AnIntroduction(OpenUniversityPress,)andPressWhenIlluminated:NewandSelectedPoems(Salt,)andeditedothers,includingImplausibleProfessions:ArgumentsforPluralismandAutonomyinPsychotherapyandCounselling(withRichardHousePCCSBooks,)andPsychoanalysisandtheParanormal:LandsofDarkness(Karnac,)HeiseditorofthejournalPsychotherapyandPoliticsInternational,publishedbyJohnWileyandSonsxiiNOTESONCONTRIBUTORSBLPrelims:PagexiiIntroductionTheontologicalstructureofthehumanbeingimposesinsurmountableconstraintsuponanyformofsocialorganizationandanypoliticalproject(Castoriadis:)UpstreamrunnersandinstreamwadersThereisanoldBuddhiststory(orifthereisn’t,thereshouldbe):twomonksarewalkingbesideafastflowingriverSuddenly,theyhearashoutandseeamanbeingcarriedhelplesslydownstreamWadingintothewater,theymanagetopullhimoutandaretendingtohimonthebankwhentheyhearawoman’svoiceandrealizethatshetooisstrugglinginthetorrentAgain,theymanagetopullheroutbutthentheyseeawholegroupofpeoplebeingsweptalongOneofthemonksisabouttowadeinforthethirdtimewhenherealizesthathiscompanionisnotwithhiminsteadsheisrunningupstreamasfastasshecan‘Whereareyouoffto’hedemands‘Thesepeopleneedhelp!’Withoutslowing,theothermonkshoutsoverhershoulder,‘I’mgoingtofindthebastardwho’sthrowingthemin!’Thisprettymuchsumsuponecentraljustificationforbringingpoliticstogetherwithpsychotherapy:thatitisnotpossibleproperlytounderstand,oraddress,individualsuffering(peoplebeingcarrieddownstream)withoutlookingatthecontextofpowerrelationshipsinwhichitoccurs(someonethrowingthemin)Therearesomecomplexitiesembeddedinthestory,howeverItisfairlyclearwhatthe‘upstreamrunner’s’positionis:itislessimportanttorelieveimmediatedrowningthantoidentifyandresolveunderlyingcausativefactorsleadingtodrowningButhowwouldthe‘instreamwader’respondHemightarguethatwhathappensupstreamisnoneofhisbusiness:heistrainedandspecializedinrescuingdrowningpeople,notinabstruseanalysisofhowtheygotthere(Foranexplicitstatementofthisview,seeJohnsona,b)Hemightsaythat,asacompassionatehumanbeing,heiscompelledtotrytosavethedrowning,whateverthereasonsfortheirbeingthere(andhemightprefertosupplylifejacketsratherthanpullthemBLPrelims:Pagexiiioutofthewater)Hemighttaketheviewthat,ifsomeoneisdrowning,itisultimatelyforinternalratherthanexternalreasons:ifsomeonehadn’tthrownthemin,theywouldhavejumpedinthemselves,orfoundanotherpersecutortodothejobforthem–andbesides,theycouldalwayslearntoswim!AnotherpossibleargumentisthatpeoplegetindeepwatersbecausetheyareunwillingtoadjusttorealityandstayawayfromthebankThe‘instreamwader’mightgofurther:hemightsuggestthatifsomeoneisindeedthrowingpeoplein,therealquestioniswhyGiventime,hemightdevelopatheory(inthemomentsbetweenrescuingthedrowning)thatthosewhothrowpeopleintorivershavethemselvesbeenthrowninatanearlyageandhaveacompulsiontorepeattheirowntraumaoralternatively,thatthewishtodrownothersisaninherentaspectofhumansubjectivityInfact,someoftheseideasmightappealtothe‘upstreamrunner’aswell,andshemightfeeltheneedtositonthebankandthinkaboutitallforawhileMeanwhile,strugglingpeoplearebeingwasheddownstream…ThepoliticsofpsychotherapyThepointIwanttoemphasizeisthatallthesepositionsarepolitical–inthesenseof‘political’onwhichthisvolumerests:thatis,relatedtoissuesofpowerandcontrolinhumansociety(seeTotton:–)Ifwemovefromtherivertothetherapyprofession,theviewthatpsychotherapyhasnobusinesswiththesocialcausesofdistressisjustasmuchapoliticalstanceastheviewthatwedoindeedneedtoexaminethosesocialcausesInmoregeneralterms,itrepresentsapositiononcitizenship:thatthejoboftheindividualcitizenistosticktotheirlastandleavepoliticstothe‘experts’,apartperhapsfromelectiontime(iftheexpertsletusholdelections)Itmaywellalsoincorporateanindividualistandorfatalistviewofsuffering–thatpeoplehaveahardtimebecauseoftheirpersonalmakeuphumannatureoriginalsinAllpsychotherapistshaveapoliticalviewoftheirworkbecauseallpsychotherapyrestsonatheory–explicitorimplicit,consciousorunconscious–ofhowpeopleshouldbeInassessingandworkingwithclients,oneisinevitablydrawingonasenseofwhatisadesirableandappropriatestateIshappinessthegoalforhumanbeingsOrcalmacceptanceoftheunsatisfactorynatureoflifeIshappinessattainablethroughfollowingourownstar,orthroughadaptingtothesocietyaroundusShouldwestrivetobeusefultoothers,orconcentrateonfulfillingourownpotentialOnecanhardlydopsychotherapywithoutsomewayofpositioningoneselfaroundtheseandmanyotherquestions–evenifone’spositionisthatpeopleshouldbesupportedinwhatevergoalstheysetforthemselvesThis,justlikeanyotherpositiononthesequestionsabouthumannatureanditsneeds,isapositionxivINTRODUCTIONBLPrelims:Pagexivnotonlyaboutindividualgoals,butalsoaboutsocialandpoliticalonesthereisnolinetobedrawnbetweenthetwoAsIargueinChapterinthisvolume(andinTotton),conservativepoliticalst

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