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首页 TOEIC备考109句型精简版(托业考试语法不可多得的学习资料).doc

TOEIC备考109句型精简版(托业考试语法不可多得的学习资料).doc

TOEIC备考109句型精简版(托业考试语法不可多得的学习资料…

上传者: 飞飞 2012-03-26 评分 5 0 282 39 1284 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《TOEIC备考109句型精简版(托业考试语法不可多得的学习资料)doc》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含PAGE大家学习网TOEIC备考句型精简版直接问句:疑问词助VS?(问句动词要移到主词前间接问句:SV疑问词S(助V)V(「间接问句」不是问句*他什符等。

PAGE大家学习网TOEIC备考句型精简版直接问句:疑问词助VS?(问句动词要移到主词前间接问句:SV疑问词S(助V)V(「间接问句」不是问句*他什么时候要走?我不知道他什么时候要走。WhenwillhegoIdon’tknowwhenhewillgo直接问句:助VS?(也就是要用Yes或No回答的问句间接问句:SVwhetherS(助V)Vif*你能不能来呢?你能不能来没关系。Canyoucome(ornot)Itmakesnodifferencewhetheryoucancome(ornot)DoSV疑问字SV(询问重点为”DoSV”疑问字doSV疑问字SV(询问重点为”疑问字”*A:DidyoutellmewhoshewasB:Yes,IdidA:你有没有告诉过我她是谁?B:有啊我告诉过你了。*A:WhodidyoutellmeshewasB:SheismysisterA:你告诉过我她是谁来着?B:她是我妹妹。你认为如何?如何?好不好?(建议去做某事)HowaboutOWhataboutOWhatdoyousaytoOO要用名词或VingWhatdoyouthinkofOLet’sV,shallwe*去散散步好不好?Howabout(taking)awalk=Whatabout(taking)awalk=Whatdoyousayto(taking)awalk=Whatdoyouthinkof(taking)awalk=Let’stakeawalk,shallwe一就如果就命令句andSV=IfSV,SV*一动你就没命。Stirandyouwillbeadeadman=Ifyoustir,youwillbeadeadman否则如果不就命令句orSV=IfSnotV,SV=UnlessSV,SV*穿上外衣否则你会着凉的。Putonacoat,oryou’lltakecold=Ifyoudon’tputonacoat,you’llcatchcold=Unlessyouputonacoat,you’llgetacold多么啊! (感叹句)How形(an)副(SV)(感叹句不是问句What(a)(形)n*多么美的夜色啊!*这些男孩好丑啊!Howbeautifulanight(itis)!Howuglytheboysare!=Whatabeautifulnight(thisis)!=Whatuglyboys(theyare)!与现在事实相反的假设IfSwere,Swould,couldV过去式Vmight,should*要是我现在有翅膀我要飞到美国。IfIhadwings,Iwouldflytoyou与过去事实相反的假设IfShadpp,Swould,couldhaveppmight,should*要是那时这鞋子我合穿的话我就买了。Iftheseshoeshadfittedme,Iwouldhaveboughtthem与未来事实相反的假设IfSweretoV,Swould,couldVmight,should*即使明天太阳从西边升上来我也不会做这样的事。Evenifthesunweretoriseinthewesttomorrow,Iwouldnotdosuchathing未来表「万一」IfSshouldV,Swould,shouldVwill,shall*万一这次失败了我会再试一次。IfIshouldfailthistime,Iwill(would)tryagain不确定的未来IfSV现在式,Sshall,willVcan,may*如果明天天气好我们就去野餐。Ifitisfinetomorrow,wewillgoonapicnic不能实现的愿望S过去式V(现在不可能的希望IwishShadpp(过去已不可能的希望WouldthatshouldIfonlySwouldV(未来不可能的希望could*我要是一只鸟该多好。IwishIwereabird我真希望你那时告诉我真相就好了。Ifonlyyouhadtoldmethetruth但愿明天我能跟你一起去就好了。WouldthatIcouldgowithyoutomorrow*Ihopeyoucanhelpme我希望你能帮我。(可能实现Iwishyoucouldhelpme要是你能帮我就好了。(不可能实现「祝福」的用法IwishSmayVMaySVIwish人事物(Iwish)事物to人*祝你成功。Iwishyoumaysucceed=Mayyousucceed=Iwishyousuccess=(Iwish)successtoyou假设法if的省略wereWereIfShad=HadSshouldShould*我们不会失败的要是失败后果将如何呢?Werewetofail,whatwouldhappen(=Ifweweretofail,)要不是我早知道她的名字当时我就糗了。HadInotknownhername,Iwouldhavebeenembarrassed(IfIhadnotknown)万一下雨我们就不去了。Shoulditrain,wewouldnotgo(Ifitshouldrain,)要不是ButforOWithoutO,SV假设法IfSnotV假设法*要不是有太阳我们根本就无法生存。Butforthesun,wecouldn’tliveatall=Withoutthesun,wecouldn’tliveatall=Ifitwerenotforthesun,wecouldn’tliveatall=Wereitnotforthesun,wecouldn’tliveatall该是的时候了。It is (high)timeS过去式VwasshouldV*该是我们上床睡觉的时候了。(事实上还没睡Itis(high)timewewenttobed=Itistimeweshouldgotobed=Itistimeforustogotobed好像是(其实不是)SVasifSV假设法asthough*你看起来好像死了。Youlookasifyouweredeadn命令、建议、要求、坚持的adjthatS(should)原形Vv*她父亲坚持她要跟那人结婚。Herfatherinsistedthatshe(should)marrythatman*此类V如:suggest,order,demand,command,insist,propose,*其实只要有「命令」、「建议」、「要求」、「坚持」意味的字不论是名词、动词、形容词其所接子句中的动词都该用原形、或”should原形V”。Itisnecessarythathetaketheexam他必须参加考试不可。cannot…too…越…越好再…也不为过*交友要越小心越好。 Wecannotbetoocarefulinchoosingfriends=Youcanneverbeovercarefulinchoosingfriends=Onecanhardlybecarefulenoughinchoosingfriendsallallboth……not…=notboth……不都…(部分否定)everyevery*人不都诚实。比较:*人都不诚实。Allmenarenothonest Nomanishonest=Notallmenarehonest =Allmenaredishonestthat…notV否定字…but…V没有…不…withoutO*没有人不爱自己的孩子。Thereisnoonebutloveshisownchild=Thereisnoonethatdoesnotlovehisownchild=Thereisnoonewithoutlovinghisownchild=EveryoneloveshisownchildtoVnotVing不(不定词、分词、动名词的否定都是在前面加not)pp*他试着不再想她。*没办法帮他忙我就离开了。HetriednottothinkofherNotbeingabletohelphim,IjustleftNon禁止…反对…不准…Ving*非公莫入。*禁止停车。           Noadmittanceexceptonbusiness     NoparkingThereisnoVing不可能…没有人能…=ItisimpossibletoV*简直不知道会发生什么事。Thereisnotellingwhatmayhappen=Thereisnowayoftellingwhatmayhappen=Itisimpossibletotellwhatmayhappen=NoonecantellwhatmayhappennotonlyAbut(also)B不但A而且B(B才是重点所以动词与B一致=BaswellasA*不但怪你也怪你的朋友。Notonlyyoubutalsoyourfriendistoblame=YourfriendaswellasyouistoblamenotAbutB不是A而是B=BnotA*我感兴趣的不是化学而是物理。WhatIaminterestedinisnotchemistry,butphysics=WhatIaminterestedinisphysics,notchemistry人beaboveVing耻于…不屑…n*她不屑发问。Sheisaboveaskingquestionsthelastn最不可能的…再怎么说也不会的…*他是最不可能出卖你的人。(他再怎么说也不会出卖你)HewillbethelastpersontobetrayyoufailtoV未能…neverfailtoV一定…务必…=beunabletoV=Vwithoutfail*他未能实时到达。*我一定会守信。HefailedtoarriveintimeIneverfailtokeepmyword=Hewasunabletoarriveintime=Ikeepmywordwithoutfail一点也不……绝不……not…atall=…innoway=…bynomeans=…notintheleast=farfrom…=anythingbut…*那男孩一点也不用功。Theboyisnotdiligentatall=Theboyisfarfromdiligent很多…Much不可数名词many可数名词notalittleNotafewnolittlenofewquitealittlequiteafewagreatdealofagreatnumberof*他有很多钱但我有很多书。Hehasmuchmoney,butIhavemanybooks=Hehasnotalittlemoney,butIhavenotafewbooks=Hehasnolittlemoney,butIhavenofewbooks=Hehasquitealittlemoney,butIhavequiteafewbooks=Hehasagreatdealofmoney,butIhaveagreatnumberofbooksItgoeswithoutsayingthat…不用说都知道…Needlesstosay,……*不用说都知道诚实是最上策。Itgoeswithoutsayingthathonestyisthebestpolicy=Needlesstosay,honestyisthebestpolicy否定字词放句首的倒装句。应按问句形式倒装助动词。Never,No,Seldom,Little,Not,Nothing…助VSV…beS…Hardly,Rarely,Scarcely,…Bynomeans,Undernocircumstances,…*我将永远忘不了那一段美好的求学时代。Ishallneverforgetthebeautifulschooldays=NevershallIforgetthebeautifulschooldays他很少迟到。我绝不会原谅他。HeishardlylateIwillforgivehimbynomeans=Hardlyishelate=BynomeanswillIforgivehimOnly词组放句首的倒装句Only…助VSV…beS…*我们只有靠着努力工作才能成功。Wecansucceedonlybyworkinghard=Onlybyworkinghardcanwesucceed地方副词放句首的倒装句地方副词VS(名词)(V需为不及物动词S(代名词)V*乞丐在大门口等。*她坐在柜台后面。ThebeggarwaitedatthegateShesatbehindthecounter=Atthegatewaitedthebeggar=Behindthecountershesat主词补词放句首的倒装句主词补词VS(V需为不及物动词(所以后面才有主词补语)*我的生活很空虚。Mylifeisempty=EmptyismylifeSo(也)的倒装句So助VS…也是。SoS助V…的确…。BeBe=S助V,too=Yes,S助VBeBe*你年轻我也是。*A:听说你做得很好。B:的确是。Youareyoung,andsoamIA:IhearyoudidagoodjobB:Sowedid=Youareyoung,andIam,too=A:IhearyoudidagoodjobB:Yes,wedid*否定「也不」倒装要用neither。如:Youarenotyoung,andIamnot,either=Youarenotyoung,andneitheramI(用neither后面不要再有notas(像),than(比)的倒装句……as助VS……than助VSbebe=……asS助V=……thanS助VBebe*他买的衣服和他太太的一样多。Hehasboughtasmanyclothesashashiswife=Hehasboughtasmanyclothesashiswife(has)我们的教务主任比校长能干。Ourdirectorofstudiesismorecapablethanisourprincipal=Ourdirectorofstudiesismorecapablethanourprincipalis=Ourdirectorofstudiesismorecapablethanourprincipalsuch(如此的),so(如此地)的倒装句如此…以致于……Sissuchthat子句Sissoadjthat子句astoVastoV=SuchisSthat子句=SoadjisSthat子句astoVastoV*我的英文进步很大所以父母很高兴。MyprogressinEnglishwassuchthatitpleasedmyparents=MyprogressinEnglishwassuchastopleasemyparents=SuchwasmyprogressinEnglishthatitpleasedmyparents=SuchwasmyprogressinEnglishastopleasemyparents=MyprogressinEnglishwassogreatthatitpleasedmyparents=MyprogressinEnglishwassogreatastoitpleasemyparents=SogreatwasmyprogressinEnglishthatitpleasedmyparents=SogreatwasmyprogressinEnglishastopleasemyparents“It”做「虚主词」(for人)toVItV…that子句wh子句*整天待在家对健康不好。Itisbadforhealthtokeepindoorsallday=Itisbadforhealththatonekeepsindoorsallday“It”做「虚受词」(for人)toVSVtit受词补语V…that子句wh子句*我认为整天待在家对健康不好。Ithinkitbadforhealthtokeepindoorsallday=Ithinkitbadforhealththatonekeepsindoorsallday=Ithink(that)itisbadforhealthtokeepindoorsallday=Ithink(that)itisbadforhealththatonekeepsindoorsallday…据说……听说…People(They)saythatSV=I(We)hear=I’m(We’re)told=Itissaid=SissaidtoV*据说他从前很有钱。Peoplesaythatshewasrich=Itissaidthatshewasrich=SheissaidtohavebeenrichSV连接词SV=……先行词(关系代名词)…(用关代连接两句有一相同名词的句子*我有一个做老师的叔叔。*我有一个我从未见过的叔叔。Ihaveanuncle,andheisateacherIhaveanuncle,andIhaveneverseenhim=Ihaveanunclewhoisateacher=Ihaveanuncle(whom)Ihaveneverseen*我有一个全家都在美国的叔叔。Ihaveanuncle,andhisfamilyareallinAmerica=IhaveanunclewhosefamilyareallinAmerica凡是…的人(们)……。Those(people)who子句复数VHewho子句单数VTheywho子句Onewho子句Peoplewho子句Anyonewho子句Such(people)as子句Whoever子句*凡是有钱的人都不会缺乏朋友。Thosewhohavemoneydonotwantforfriends=Suchashavemoneydonotwantforfriends=Hewhohasmoneydoesnotwantforfriends=Whoeverhasmoneydoesnotwantforfriendsas或which当关代代替前面的词组或整个句子。…词组,aswhich……子句As,…………(as子句还可移到句首which子句不行*他是外国人这是我从他的口音知道的。Hewasaforeigner,asIknewfromhisaccent=Hewasaforeigner,whichIknewfromhisaccent=AsIknewfromhisaccent,hewasaforeigner,(=Hewasaforeigner,andIknewitfromhisaccent)准关系代名词but,as,than否定字…but不完整子句没有…不…(but有否定的意思suchthesame…as不完整子句…像…as比较级…than不完整子句…比…*我们班没有人不希望进大学。Inourclassthereisnoonethatdoesnothopetogotocollege=Inourclassthereisnoonebuthopestogotocollege让孩子们读点使他们更好、更聪明的书。Letchildrenreadthosebookswhichwillmakethembetterandwise=Letchildrenreadsuchbooksaswillmakethembetterandwise结果产品供过于求。Asaresult,therearemoreproductsthanarerequired…像…一样…不像…一样asadjasSVnotassoadjasSVadvadv*今天不像昨天一样热。Itisnotashottodayasitwasyesterday(否定句中第一个as可用so代=Itisnotsohottodayasitwasyesterday(=Itisnotsoashottodayasyesterday)…是最…S…比较级…thananyother…Noso…as比较级…than=never…Scan’t*生命是一切东西中最宝贵的Lifeismorepreciousthananyotherthing(=Lifeisthemostpreciousofall)=Nothingissopreciousaslife=NootherthingismorepreciousthanlifeThe比较级…,the比较级…越…就越…*他等得越久就越生气。Thelongerhewaited,theangrierhebecame我们遭遇的挫折越多我们的国家就越强大。Themorefrustrationsweencounter,thestrongerourcountrybecomesAs…,so…正如……也一样。*怎样播种就会怎样收成。(正如你播种你也一样地收成)Asyousow,soyoushallreap=Asyousow,soshallyoureap(=Youmustreapwhatyouhavesown)A之于B犹如C之于D。AistoBasCistoDwhat*阅读之于心灵犹如食物之于身体。Readingistothemindasfoodistothebody=Readingistothemindwhatfoodistothebody(=Asfoodistothebodysoisreadingtothemind)…nomore…than…和…一样不…(两者皆非…)…noless…than…和…一样…(两者皆一样…)*她跟你一样不用功。*你跟你母亲一样漂亮。SheisnomorediligentthanyouYouarenolessbeautifulthanyourmother=Sheisnotdiligent,norareyou=Youareasbeautifulasyourmother=Neithershenoryouarediligent=Bothyouandyourmotherarebeautiful宁愿也不愿wouldratherhadsoonerVthanV=preferntonVingVing=prefertoVratherthanV*我宁愿站也不愿坐。Iwouldratherstandthansit=Iwouldsoonerstandthansit=Ihadsoonerstandthansit=Ihadratherstandthansit=Ipreferstandingtositting=IprefertostandratherthansitnotsomuchAasB与其说是A不如说是B*人生的成功与其说是在于天才不如说是在于勤奋。Successinlifedependsnotsomuchontalentasondiligence(是的)几倍asadj(asB)(看动词决定用adj或advAV倍数adj比较级(thanB)the名词(ofB)*这条河是那条河的两倍长。Thisriveristwiceaslongasthat=Thisriveristwicelongerthanthat=ThisriveristwicethelengthofthatknowbetterthantoV不会那么傻到去做*我不会蠢到去做那样的事。Iknowbetterthantodosuchathing(=Iamnotsofoolishastodosuchathing)(Al)thoughSV,SV虽然但是*虽然他穷但是很快乐。Although(Though)heispoor,(yet)heisveryhappy=Althoughpoor,heisveryhappy(有although就不要有but=Heispoor,butheisveryhappy(有but就不要有although虽然尽管AlthoughSV,~~ Forall Withall=Inspiteof Despite NotwithstandingnVing  *尽管她有钱但是并不快乐。Althoughsheiswealthy,sheisunhappy=Inspiteofherwealth,sheisunhappyA名词形容词副词asthoughSV,虽然尽管分词动词原形*她虽是女流之辈却很有信心。Althoughsheisawoman,shehasmuchconfidence=Womanassheis,shehasmuchconfidence(冠词要去掉看来难以置信但却是真的。Althoughitseemsimpossible,itistrue=Impossiblethoughitseems,itistrue即使他去试他也不可能成功。Althoughhemaytry,hecannotsucceed=Tryashemay,hecannotsucceed(甚至连动词也可以移前Whever,SV无论(何时、何地、谁、什么)   。=Nomatterwh,SV*无论什么时候去看他都会发现他埋首书桌。Whenever=Nomatterwhenwecallonhim,wewillfindhimathisdesk不管做什么都要把它做好。Whatever=Nomatterwhatyoumaydo,doitwell不管你是谁的儿子我一视同仁。Whosever=Nomatterwhosesonyouare,Ican’tmakeanexceptionofyouWhetherAorB,无论是A还是B*无论晴雨我都会在那里。Whetheritmayrainorshine,Iwillbethere无论他来不来结果都会是一样。Whetherhecomesornot,theresultwillbethesame「虽然无论」还有以下两种特殊句型AlthoughSV,(原形VS,WheverSV,(原形VwheverS,*虽然家很简陋但还是没有地方比家好。Althoughitiseversohumble,thereisnoplacelikehome=Beiteversohumble,thereisnoplacelikehome不管你怎么说我都不相信。Whateveryoumaysay,Idon’tbelieveit=Saywhat(ever)youmay,Idon’tbelieveit直到才SnotVuntil=Notuntil助VSV(倒装句=ItisnotuntilthatSV*直到十一点我才睡着。Ididn’tfallasleepuntil(itwas)eleven=Notuntil(itwas)elevendidIfallasleep=Itwasnotuntil(itwas)eleventhatIfellasleep一就AssoonasSV,SV=ThemomentSV,SV此处moment亦可用minute,instant代替=OnceSV,SV此处once亦可用directly,immediately,instantly代替=OnVing,SV(前后主词相同时=Atn,SV(前后主词相同时*一听到这消息他就高兴得发了狂。Assoonasheheardthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy=Themomentheheardthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy=Theinstantheheardthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy=Onceheheardthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy=Directlyheheardthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy=Onhearingthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy=Atthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy一就(此句型只用在过去式中AssoonasSV,SV=ShadhardlyppwhenSVscarcelybefore=ShadnosoonerppthanSV(比较级sooner后面连接词用than=NosoonerhadSppthanSV(倒装句*阵雨一过天空就出现美丽的彩虹了。Assoonastheshowerpassed,abeautifulrainbowappearedinthesky=Theshowerhadhardlypassedbeforeabeautifulrainbowappearedinthesky=Theshowerhadnosoonerpassedthanabeautifulrainbowappearedinthesky=Nosoonerhadtheshowerpassedthanabeautifulrainbowappear

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