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首页 高考议论文常用句型和模版.pdf

高考议论文常用句型和模版.pdf

高考议论文常用句型和模版.pdf

上传者: amoikio 2012-03-26 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《高考议论文常用句型和模版pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含高考议论文常用句型和模版(一)段首句关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……Therearedifferentopinionsamongpeople符等。

高考议论文常用句型和模版(一)段首句关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……TherearedifferentopinionsamongpeopleastoSomepeoplesuggestthat俗话说(常言道)……它是我们前辈的经历但是即使在今天它在许多场合仍然适用。ThereisanoldsayingIt’stheexperienceofourforefathershoweveritiscorrectinmanycaseseventoday现在……它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先……其次……。更为糟糕的是……。Today,,whichhavebroughtalotofharmsinourdailylifeFirst,Second,Whatmakesthingsworseisthat现在……很普遍许多人喜欢……因为……另外(而且)……。Nowadays,itiscommontoManypeoplelikebecauseBesides任何事物都是有两面性……也不例外。它既有有利的一面也有不利的一面。Everythinghastwosidesandisnotanexceptionithasbothadvantagesanddisadvantages关于……人们的观点各不相同一些人认为(说)……在他们看来……People'sopinionsaboutvaryfrompersontopersonSomepeoplesaythatTothem,人类正面临着一个严重的问题……这个问题变得越来越严重。Manisnowfacingabigproblemwhichisbecomingmoreandmoreserious……已成为人的关注的热门话题特别是在年青人当中将引发激烈的辩论。hasbecomeahottopicamongpeopleespeciallyamongtheyoungandheateddebatesarerightontheirway……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用它给我们带来了许多好处但同时也引发一些严重的问题。hasbeenplayinganincreasinglyimportantroleinourdaytodaylifeIthasbroughtusalotofbenefitsbuthascreatedsomeseriousproblemsaswell根据图表数字统计数字表格中的百分比图表条形图成形图可以看出……。很显然……但是为什么呢?AccordingtothefigurenumberstatisticspercentagesinthechartbargraphlinegraphitcanbeseenthatwhileObviously,,butwhy(二)中间段落句相反有一些人赞成……他们相信……而且他们认为……。Onthecontrary,therearesomepeopleinfavorofAtthesametime,theysay但是我认为这不是解决……的好方法比如……。最糟糕的是……。ButIdon’tthinkitisaverygoodwaytosolveForexampleWorstofall……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的(也是)非常重要的。首先……。而且……最重要的是……isnecessaryandimportanttoourcountry’sdevelopmentandconstructionFirstWhat’smore,Mostimportantofall,有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先我们可以……。ThereareseveralmeasuresforustoadoptFirst,wecan面临……我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……另一方面Confrontedwith,weshouldtakeaseriesofeffectivemeasurestoForonethingForanother,早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……另外……。所有这些方法肯定会……。ItishightimethatsomethingwasdoneaboutitForexampleInadditionAllthesemeasureswillcertainly为什么……?第一个原因是……第二个原因是……第三个原因是……。总的来说……的主要原因是由于……WhyThefirstreasonisthatThesecondreasonisThethirdisForallthis,themaincauseofdueto然而正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样……也有它的不利的一面象……。However,justlikeeverythinghasbothitsgoodandbadsides,alsohasitsowndisadvantages,suchas尽管如此我相信……更有利。Nonetheless,Ibelievethatismoreadvantageous完全同意……这种观点(陈述)主要理由如下:Ifullyagreewiththestatementthatbecause(三)结尾句至于我在某种程度上我同意后面的观点我认为……AsfarasIamconcerned,IagreewiththelatteropiniontosomeextentIthinkthat……总而言之整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样我们才能在将来……。Inaword,thewholesocietyshouldpaycloseattentiontotheproblemof……Onlyinthiswaycan……inthefuture但是……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如……而……。然而把这两者相比较我更倾向于(喜欢)……But……and……haveheirownadvantagesForexample,……while……Comparingthiswiththat,however,Ipreferto……就我个人而言我相信……因此我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为……Personally,Ibelievethat……Consequently,I’mconfidentthatabrightfutureisawaitingusbecause……随着社会的发展……。因此迫切需要……。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自己的一份力量这个社会将要变得越来越好。Withthedevelopmentofsociety,……Soit'surgentandnecessaryto……Ifeverymemberiswillingtocontributehimselftothesociety,itwillbebetterandbetter至于我(对我来说就我而言)我认为……更合理。只有这样我们才能……Formypart,Ithinkitreasonableto……Onlyinthiswaycanyou……对我来说我认为有必要……。原因如下:第一……第二……最后……但同样重要的是……Inmyopinion,Ithinkitnecessaryto……ThereasonsareasfollowsFirst……second……Lastbutnotleast,……在总体上很难说……是好还是坏因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而就我个人而言我发现……。Itisdifficulttosaywhether……isgoodornotingeneralasitdependsverymuchonthesituationof……however,fromapersonalpointofviewfind……综上所述我们可以清楚地得出结论……Fromwhathasbeendiscussedabove,wemayreasonablyarriveattheconclusionthat……如果我们不采取有效的方法就可能控制不了这种趋势就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果所以我们应该做的是……Ifwecannottakeusefulmeans,wemaynotcontrolthistrend,andsomeundesirableresultmaycomeoutunexpectedly,sowhatweshoulddois……(四、)表达观点的句型:IthinkAsfarasIamconcernedFormypartPersonallyspeakingAstome,AsIseeit,ItseemstomethatInmyviewIfImaysayso,IthinkI'moftheopinionthatIfyouaskme,IbelievefeelIadviseyou作文模版一―――对比观点Thereisawidespreadconcernovertheissuethat(作文题目)ButitiswellknownthattheopinionconcerningthishottopicvariesfrompersontopersonAmajorityofpeoplethinkthat观点一Intheirviewstherearefactorscontributingtothisattitudeasfollows:inthefirstplace,原因一Furthermore,inthesecondplace,原因二Soitgoeswithoutsayingthat观点一People,however,differintheiropinionsonthismatterSomepeopleholdtheideathat观点二Intheirpointofview,ontheonehand原因一Ontheotherhand,原因二Therefore,thereisnodoubtthat观点二AsfarasIamconcerned,Ifirmlysupporttheviewthat观点一或二Itisnotonlybecause,butalsobecauseThemore,themore范例假定你是某中学学生李华。最近你班同学正在参加世纪英文报“大家谈”栏目的一个讨论。本次话题为:父母的收入有没有必要让孩子知道?请你根据下表所列情况给报社写一封信客观地介绍讨论情况。的同学认为:的同学认为父母的收入应该让孩子知道知道后知其来之不易能够更加努力学习知道后可以理解家长艰辛学会俭省为大人分忧。父母的收入没有必要让孩子知道如果知道父母收入较好会助长乱花钱风气知道父母收入后会以为不用努力也能靠父母影响学习动力WedohavedifferentopinionsonthismatterMostofus(about)thinkweshouldknowourparents’incomesinceitwillhelpusunderstandhowhardourparentshavetowork,nomatterhowmuchtheyearnThenwewillstudyharderandwillnotwastemoneyanymoreWemayalsolearntoshareourparents’troubleHowever,aboutofmyclassmatesthinkitunnecessarytoletthechildrenknowhowmuchtheirparentsearnIftheyknowtheirparentshaveenoughmoneytosupportthefamily,theywillnotstudyhardfortheyneedn’tworryaboutthefutureEspeciallywhentheirparentshavearelativelyhighincome,thechildrenwilleasilyformawastefulhabit作文模版二―――说明利弊NowadaysmanypeoplepreferAbecauseithasasignificantroleinourdailylifeGenerally,itsadvantagescanbeseenasfollowsFirst(A的优点之一)Besides,(A的优点之二)ButeverycoinhastwosidesThenegativeaspectsarealsoapparentOneoftheimportantdisadvantagesisthat(A的第一个缺点).Tomakemattersworse,(A的第二个缺点).Throughaboveanalyses,IbelievethatthepositiveaspectsoverweighthenegativeonesTherefore,Iwouldliketo(我的看法).(FromthecomparisonbetweenthesepositiveandnegativeeffectsofA,weshouldtakeitreasonablyanddoitaccordingtothecircumstancesweareinOnlybythisway,(对前景的预测).)作文模版三―――图表作文Asisshownindicatedillustratedbythefigurepercentageinthetable(graphpicturepiechart),作文题目的议题hasbeenonrise(goesupincreasesdropsdecreases),significantlydramaticallysteadilyrisingdecreasingfrom%in年to%in年Fromthesharpmarkeddeclineriseinthechart,itgoeswithoutsayingthat现象总结Thereareatleasttwogoodreasonsaccountingfor。Ontheonehand,Ontheotherhand,isduetothefactthatInaddition,isresponsiblefor(MaybetherearesomeotherreasonstoshowButitisgenerallybelievedthattheabovementionedreasonsarecommonlyconvincing)AsfarasIamconcerned,Iholdthepointofviewthat再加上对策、口号。范例观察下列图表请以“ChangesintheOwnershipofHouse”为题为校报写一篇短文。注意:短文应包括以下内容:、根据图示描述该市住房产权的变化、分析产生这些变化的原因、说明这些变化对个人和社会产生的影响OwnershipofHousesinaBigCityinChinaAscanbeseenfromthechart,ownershipofhousesinabigcityinChinachangedinthepasttenyearsIn,percentofthehouseswerestateownedFiveyearslater,therateofstateownedhousestoprivateoneswastoButfromthenon,theownershipofhouseschangedrapidlyandsofarpercentofhouseshavebeenprivateWhatcausedthechangesTheremighthavebeentwomainreasonsFirst,fromuptonow,thepeople'slivingstandardshavebeenimprovingMostofthemcanaffordtobuythehousesSecond,mostpeopledonotsavealotofmoneyinthebankfortheirchildrenastheirparentsdidinthepastTheywanttohavetheirownhomeandenjoylifeSuchchangeshavehadagreateffectonthedevelopmentofsocietyItdoesgoodtoboththecitizensandthegovernment范例’上海春季Directions:WriteanEnglishcompositioninoverwordsaccordingtothechartandinstructionsgiveninChinese根据图表,简要描述某市近年每百手机用户增长情况并试分析其增长的原因MoreandmorepeoplehavemobilephonesinrecentyearsIn,onlyonepersoninahundredhadamobilephoneinsomecity,ashasshownintheabovediagramIn,personsinahundredhadmobilephonesThenumberofthepeoplewhohadmobilephoneswastentimesasmanyasinIn,therewerepersonsinahundredwhohadmobilephonesIn,ahalfofthepersonsinahundredhadmobilephonesThereareseveralreasonsfortheincreaseofthenumberofpeoplehavingmobilephonesFirst,thetechnologyofmakingmobilephonesischangingrapidlySecondly,people’sincomehasbeenincreasingquicklyThirdly,mobilephonesareusefulinpeople’slife,theycancommunicatewithothersconveniently书面表达六步法书面表达审审题:明确体裁掌握格式文字信息图画信息题材、人称、时态、要点抓抓住要点一一对应。以词及点:用一两个单词或短语写出每句话的细节要点。扩选词造句点石成金。联词成句:用联词成句的方法将上述要点的词语扩展成句子。连联句成文:注意:主语和谓语背景(适当增加时间、地点条件等)逻辑关系开头与结尾语篇衔接改检查修改检查文章中的拼写和标点错误、语法错误逻辑错误等检查词数是否符合要求检查内容要点是否全面删繁就简使表达更加精炼措词更加恰当。抄誊写工整定稿后应认真誊写要求书写规范、正确、美观并保持卷面整洁。高考作文常用个句型一、以形式主语it引导的句型。句型It(so)happened(chanced)thatclause=sbhappenedchancedtodosth=sbdidsthbychance如:IthappenedthathewasoutwhenIgotthere当我到那儿时碰巧他不在。=HehappenedtobeoutwhenIgotthere=ItchancedthathewasoutwhenIgotthere=HewasoutbychancewhenIgotthere句型Itseemsthatsbdobedoinghavedonehaddone=Sbseemstodobedoinghavedonetobedonetohavebeendone(还有动词appear等可这样使用)如:ItseemedthathehadbeentoBeijingbefore他好象以前去过北京。=HeseemedtohavebeentoBeijingbefore句型Itiswas+被强调的部分+that(who)剩余的部分如:Itwasn'tuntilhecamebackthatIwenttobed直到他回来我才睡觉。(一定要注意被强调句型中的谓语动词否定的转移)。Itwasbecausehewasillthathedidn'tcometoschooltoday只因为他有病了今天没有来上学。(只能用because而不能用for,as或since)ItisIwhoamastudent我确实是个学生。(句中am不能用are来代替。)句型Itishightime(timeabouttime)(that)主语+shoulddodid其它。(从句中的谓语动词用的是虚拟语气。)如:Itishightimethatweshouldgowenthome我们该回家了。句型Itiswassaid(reported…)+that从句如:Itwassaidthathehadreadthisnovel据说他读过这篇小说。=Hewassaidtohavereadthisnovel句型Itisimpossiblenecessarystrange…thatclause(从句中的谓语用should+doshouldhavedone其形式是虚拟语气。)如:Itisstrangethatheshouldhavefailedinthisexam真奇怪他这次考试没有及格。句型Itisapityashame…thatclause(注意从句中的谓语动词用shoulddo或shouldhavedone的形式但should可以省略。)如:Hedidn'tcomebackuntilthefilmendedItwasapitythatheshouldhavemissedthisfilm他直到电影结束才回来。他没有看到这部电影真可惜。句型Itissuggestedorderedcommanded…thatclause(从句的谓语动词用shoulddo,但should可以省略。)如:Itissuggestedthatthemeetingshouldbeputoff有人建议推迟会议。句型Itiswas+表示地点的名词+where从句。(注意本句不是强调句型而是以where引导的定语从句。)如:ItwasthishousewhereIwasborn请比较:ItwasinthishousethatIwasborn(后一句是强调句型。)句型Itiswas表示时间的名词+when从句。(注意本句型也不是强调句型而是以when引导的定语从句。)如:ItwaswhenhecamebackfromtheUnitedStates请比较:ItwasinthathecamebackfromtheUnitedStates句型Itiswellknownthat+从句。如:Itiswellknownthatsheisalearnedwoman众所周知她是个知识渊博的妇女。句型Itis段时间+since主语+did请比较:Itwas段时间+since主语+haddone如:Itisfiveyearssincehelefthere他已经离开这儿五年了。Itwasfiveyearssincehelefthere(同上)注意下列句型的翻译:Itisfiveyearssincehelivedhere他从这儿搬走已经有五年了。句型It谓语+段时间+before主语+谓语(before引导的是时间状语从句。)如:Itwasn'tlongbeforethepeopleinthatcountryroseup没有多久那个国家的人民就起义了。Itwillbethreehoursbeforehecomesback三个小时之后他才能回来。句型Itis形容词(possible,impossible,necessary等)+forsbtodo如:Itisimpossibleformetofinishthisworkbeforetomorrow我明天之前完成此工作是不可能的。句型Itis(心理品质方面的)形容词+ofsbtodo=主语be形容词+todo(常用的形容词有:kind,stupidfoolish,good,wise等。)如:Itiskindofyoutohelpme=Youarekindtohelpme你真好给我提供了帮助。二、定语从句:句型由as引导的非限定性的定语从句。如:Aswehaveknown,heisamostgoodstudent众所周知他是个很好的学生。请比较:Itiswellknownthatheisamostgoodstudent(前一个是定语从句而后者是个主语从句。)句型由which引导的非限定性的定语从句。如:Heisaprofessor,whichIhavebeenlookingforwardtobecoming他是个教授那是我一直盼望的职业。(因为先行词professor是表示职业的名词因此引导词用which而不用who。句型由where,when引导的定语从句(其中包括限定性的或非限定性的。)如:ThisisthehousewhereIusedtocome请比较:ThisisthehousewhichthatIusedtocometoThisisthedaywhenIjoinedtheParty请比较:ThisisthedaywhichthatIjoinedthePartyon(说明:关于that与which之间的区别请看关系代词that和which的区别。)三、让步状语从句句型Nomatterwhatwhichwhowherewhenwhose+从句+主句(注意从句中的时态一般情况下用一般现在时态。)如:Nomatterwhatyoudo,youmustdoitwell请比较:Whateveryoudo,youmustdoitwell无论你做什么一定要做好。Nomatterwhereyougo,pleaseletmeknow请比较:Whereveryougo,pleaseletmeknow你无论去哪儿请通知我。(说明:这两种句型形式不同而意义完全相同。)(注意:Iwilltellwhoeverwouldliketoreadit句中的whoever不能用whomever来代替。因为它即作动词tell的宾语又作后面从句的主语。)四、条件状语从句句型WhenSolongasAslongasOnce从句+主句。(从句也可以放在主句之后。)如:Aslongasyougivemeanymoney,Iwillletyougo只要你给我一些钱我就让你走。OnceyouhavebeguntolearnEnglish,youshouldlearnitwell一旦你开始学习英语你应该把它学好。句型主句+onconditionthat从句如:Iwillgowithyouonconditionthatyougivemeasumofmoney我和你一起去的条件是你给我一些钱。句型主句+unless从句(注意:由于unless本身是否定词所引导的从句的谓语动词用肯定而不用否定。)如:Iwillgotheretomorrowunlessitrains我明天去那儿除非下雨。句型祈使句+andandthen主句。(注意:祈使句也可用一个名词短语。)如:Useyourhead,andyouwillfindagoodidea动脑筋想一想你就会想出一个好主意。Anotherword,andIwillbeatyou你再说一句我就揍你。句型Ifnecessaryimpossibleimportant等+主句(注意:if与形容词之间的itis被省略。)如:Ifnecessary,Iwilldoit如果有必要的话我来做此事。五、原因状语从句句型主句+incase从句(incase表示以免)如:Iwilltakemyraincoatincaseitrains我要把雨衣带上以免下雨。句型主句+duetobecauseofowningtothefactthat从句。如:Hedidnotcometoschoolbecauseofthefactthathewasill由于他有病了所以没有来上学。六、时间状语从句句型WhenWhileAs从句+主句如:WhenIwasinthecountry,Iusedtocarrysomewaterforyou当我在农村时我常常给你打水。句型主句+afterbefore从句如:Theyhadn'tbeenmarriedfourmonthsbeforetheyweredevoiced他们结婚不到四个月就离婚了。Wewenthomeafterwehadfinishedthework我们做完此工作就回家了。句型主语+肯定谓语+until+从句请比较:主语+否定谓语+until从句如:Iworkeduntilhecameback我一直工作到他回来。Ididn'tworkeduntilhecameback他回来我才开始工作。句型AssoonasImmediatelyDirectlyInstantlyThemomentTheinstantTheminute从句+主句如:MyfatherwentoutimmediatelyIgothome我一到家我父亲就出去了。句型Nosoonerhad主语+done…than主语+did请比较:主语+hadnosoonerdone…than主语+did如:NosoonerhadIgottoBeijingthanIcalledyou我一到北京就给你打电话了。请比较:IhadnosoonergottoBeijingthanIcalledyou句型HardlyScarcelyRarelyhad主语+done…whenbefore主语+did请比较:主语+hadhardlyScarcelyRarelydone…whenbefore主语+didHardlyhadshehadsupperwhenshewentout她一吃完晚饭就出去了。请比较:Shehadhardlyhadsupperwhenshewentout句型Bythetime从句+主句(注意时态的变化。)如:Bythetimeyoucameback,Ihadfinishedthisbook到你回来时我已经写完了这本书。Bythetimeyoucomeback,Iwillhavefinishedthisbook到你回来时我将写完这本书了。句型eacheverytime从句+主句(这时相当于whenever或nomatterwhen引导的从句。从句也可放在主句之后。)如:EachtimehecomestoHarbin,healwaysdropsinonme每当他来哈尔滨总是顺便来看看我。七、地点状语从句句型Where从句+主句如:Wherethereisnorain,farmingisdifficultorimpossible哪里没有雨水种庄稼是很难的或者是不可能的。句型、AnywhereWherever从句+主句如:AnywhereIgo,mywifegoestoo无论我去哪儿我的妻子也去哪儿。请比较:Iwillgowhereveryousuggest你建议我去哪儿我就去哪儿。八、目的状语从句句型主句+inorderthatsothat从句如:IgotupearlyinorderthatIcouldcatchthefirstbus我起得很早以便能赶上早班车。句型主句+forsbtodo(注意动词不定式复合结构在这儿作目的状语。)如:Hecamehereformetoworkoutthisproblem他来这儿叫我帮他解出这道难题。九、结果状语从句句型主句+sothat从句如:Itwasverycold,sothattheriverfroze天气很泠因此河水结冰了。句型So形容词副词+特定动词(助动词或系动词)+主语+…+that从句SointerestingisthisbookthatIwouldliketoreaditagain这本书那么有趣我想再读一遍。句型主语+谓语+such名词+that从句如:Hemadesuchrapidprogressthathewaspraisedbytheteacher他进步很快老师表扬了他。句型Suchwas主语+that从句(这是个完全倒装句。)如:Suchwastheforceoftheexplosionthatallthewindowswerebroken爆炸力这么大所有的窗户都被震碎了。句型主句+onlytodosth(only和动词不定式一起做结果状语)如:Iwokeupverylateonlytofindthatmywifehadgonetowork我醒得很晚结果发现我的妻子已经上班了。十、比较状语从句句型The形容词比较级……(主句)the形容词比较级+……如:Thesooneryoudoit,thebetteritwillbe越早越好。句型主语+谓语+as形容词原级+as被比较的对象如:Heisasbusyasabee他非常忙。句型主语+谓语+the+形容词比较级+ofbetween…Heisthetallerofthetwo他们俩人中他高。句型主语+谓语+倍数+as+形容词原级+as+被比较的对象如:Thisroomisthreetimesaslargeasthatone这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。(这个房间比那个房间大两倍。)句型主语+谓语+百分数倍数+形容词比较级+than+被比较的对象如:Thiscityistwicelargerthanours这个城市比我们城市大两倍。Theearlyriceoutputinthatcommunewasmorethanthatof那个公社的早稻产量是年的两倍。句型主语+谓语+thesizelengthwidthheightof被比较的对象如:Ourbuildingistwicetheheightofyours我们的大楼是你们大楼的两倍高。十一、其它句型句型Itdoesn'tmatterwh从句。如:Itdoesn'tmattertomewhatyouwilldotomorrow你明天做什么与我无关。Itdoesn'tmatterwhetheryouwillcomeornot你来不来无关紧要。句型形容词副词名词(可数单数)asthough主语+谓语+主句如:Youngasheis,heknowsalot虽然他很小但他知道得很多。Hardheworks,Iamsurethathecan'tpassthisexam虽然他学习很努力这次考试他肯定不能及格。Chi

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