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首页 广东外语外贸大学2004年硕士研究生入学考试,英语语言文学及外国语言与应用语言学水平考试试卷

广东外语外贸大学2004年硕士研究生入学考试,英语语言文学及外国语言与应用语言学水平考试试卷.doc

广东外语外贸大学2004年硕士研究生入学考试,英语语言文学及外…

勇敢的心
2012-03-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《广东外语外贸大学2004年硕士研究生入学考试,英语语言文学及外国语言与应用语言学水平考试试卷doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

广东外语外贸大学年硕士研究生入学考试英语语言文学及外国语言与应用语言学水平考试试卷ⅠCloze()FillineachblankwiththewordsgivenintheboxEachwordcanbeusedonlyonceMarkyouranswersonyourANSWERSHEETTheproblemwhichthelearnerinhandlingthemeaningsofsuchcomplexexpressions(andthoseofthemorenumeroustwowordcombinations)arewellknownHemayhaveofunderstandingorinterpretation(especiallywhentheformofanexpressionisapoorguidetoitsmeaning)Hemayhavetroubleinaccuratelybetweenvariousmeaningsofthe“same”itemthoseofputout,for,ortakeinAndagain,hemayneedhelpindistinguishingexpressionswhicharerelatedinform(ofleveloffandlevelup)notnecessarilyinmeaningAmongthefeatureswehaveincludedinthedictionarytohelpthestudentdealwithsuchproblemstheregularlistinginentriesof“collocating”wordsWecanconsiderbrieflythespecialadvantagesofthisguidancehereThecollocatesofanexpressionaretheparticularwordsarecommonlycombinedwithittoformsentencesthewordswhichregularlyappear(assubjects)inthesamesentencesasbringtoblows,forexample,aredisagreement,differenceandrivalryandamongthosehabituallyassociated(asdirectobjects)withbringtoattentionaretroops,platoon,companyThelearnernormallybecomesofthesewordassociations,orcollocations,onebyonethroughmeetingtheminbooksorhearingtheminconversation,andasoneassociationbuildsanotherhegraduallydevelopsafirmunderstandingofthemeaningsofbringtoblowsandbringtoattentionTheadvantageofbringingtogetheranumberoftheseassociatedwordsinoneplaceasintheentriesshownjustbelowisthatthestudentisawareofseveralatthesametimeAsathelearningprocesscanbegreatlyspeededupAnotheradvantage,ofcourse,isthatthestudentcanmakeupsentencesofhisownontheofthecollocatesrecordedinsuchentries,sostrengtheningstillmorehisgrasponthemeaningsoftheheadphrasesthemselvesIllustrativesentencesindictionaryentriescanmuchthesamepurposeaslistsofcollocatestheillustrationsarecarefullychosen,theytoowillcontainwordsthatarecharacteristicallyandunambiguouslywiththeheadphrases,whichhelptodevelopthelearner’sunderstandingoftheirmeaningcollocatesandexampleshavedifferentandcomplementarypartstoplayinthedefinitionofmeaningInalistofcollocatessomeofthemoreimportanttoourunderstandingofanexpressionareabstractedformtheirrealcontextsandpresentedinahighlycondensedformInillustrations,variouskindsofinformationhighlycondensedformInillustrations,variouskindsofinformationgrammaticalandstylisticasaslexicalarecombinedinactualinstancesoflanguageuse,thoughthemostimportantcluestomeaningmayberatherthinlyspreadⅡProofreadingandErrorCorrection()ThefollowingpassagecontainsFIFTEENerrorsEachlinecontainsamaximumofoneerrorIneachcase,onlyonewordisinvolvedYoushouldcorrectitinthefollowingwayMarkyouranswersonyourANSWERSHEETForawrongword,underlinethewrongwordandwritethecorrectoneintheblankprovidedattheendofthelineForamissingword,markthepositionofthemissingwordwitha“A”signandwritethewordyouForanunnecessaryword,believetobemissing'intheblankprovidedattheendofthelinecrossouttheunnecessarywordwithaslash""andputthewordintheblankprovidedattheendofthelineExampleWhenAartmuseumwantsanewexhibit,anItneverbuysthingsinfinishedformandhangsthemonthewallneverWhenanaturalhistorymuseumwantsanexhibition,itmustoftenbuilditexhibitWhydosomenewproductssucceed,bringingmillionsofdollarstoinnovativecompanies,butothersfail,         withgreatlossesTheanswerisnotsimple,andcertainlywecannotsaythat"good"productssucceedwhile"bad"productsfailManyproductsthatfunctionwellandseemtomeetconsumerneedshavefallenbythewaysideSometimes,virtualidenticalproducts         existinthemarketatthesametimewithoneemerged         asprofitablewhiletheotherfailsMcNealLaboratories'Tylenolhasbecomesuccessasanaspirinsubstitute,yetBristolMeyerswentintothetestmarketataboutthesametimewithNeotrend,alsoasubstitutetoaspirin,thatquicklyfailedThenatureoftheproductisafactorintheirsuccessorfailure,buttheimportantpointistheconsumer'sperceptionoftheproductsneedsatisfyingabilityAnynewproductconceptionshouldbeaimedatmeetinganycustomerneed,andtheintroductorypromotionshouldseektocommunicatethatneedsatisfyingqualityandmotivatethecustomertrytheproductOften,attitudechangeisinvolved,and,intheextreme,changesinlifestylemaybeseekedHerethecompanywalksatightropeAnewproductismoreprobabletobesuccessfulifitrepresentsatrulynovelwayofsolving,acustomerproblem,butthisverynewness,ifcarriedtoofar,mayaskthecustomertolearnnewbehaviorpatternsThecustomerwillmakethechangeiftheperceivedbenefitissufficient,butinertiaisstrongandconsumerswilloftennotgototheeffortthatisrequiredDuringthelatesixtiesandearlyseventiesBristolMeyersmetnewproductfailuresthatexemplifybothoftheseproblemsInandthecompanyenteredintothemarketwitha$millionadvertisingcampaignforFacttoothpaste,andan$millioncampaigntopromoteResolveBothproductsfailedquickly,notbecausetheywouldn'tworkorbecausetherewasnoconsumerneed,butapparentlybecauseconsumersjustcouldseenoreasontoshiftfromanalreadysatisfactoryproducttoadifferentonethatpromisednonewbenefitIIIGapfilling()FillinthefollowingblankswiththeCORRECTWORDorCORRECTFORMofthewordsgivenaccordingtotheMEANINGSofthesentencesMarkyouranswersonyourANSWERSHEETExampleprolong,refuse,delay,postpone,lengthenIhopetheoftheappointmentwillnotcauseyoumuchinconvenienceThecorrectanswerispostponementally,league,unionUnderthemilitarycommandofAhmadShahMausood,afactionleaderwithRabbani,governmentforcescontinuedtoholdmuchofKabullateintheyear,butfightingcontinuedintheareaobligation,liability,responsibilityMembershipintheUnitedNationsisopentoallpeacelovingstateswhichaccepttheoftheCharterprospectus,brochure,catalogue,pamphlet,leafletThetellsbuyershowtoidentifyfraudulentsellersandhowtocopewithfalseclaimsongrading,certification,appreciation,andvaluealter,convert,transform,varyAsinglegeneticcouldallowthesunflowertoconvertsomeofitsoleicacidtoricinoleicacid,anextremelyversatileoilthathasnumerousindustrialuses,includingthemanufactureofplastics,nylon,cosmetics,andlubricantsaffection,emotion,feeling,sentimentAnnaRoeofNewYorkCitystatedthattherearevocationallysuccessfulpersonswhoarewelladjustedsociallyandyetwhoshow,accordingtotests,moreorlessseveredisabilitiesgenius,gift,talentWithcostsofeducatinghandicappedchildrenincreasing,advocatesofbettereducationforchildrenbegandemandingmorefinancialsupportcelebrate,commemorate,inaugurate,representOnOctober,PresidentEisenhower'sbirthdate,theUSPostOfficeDepartmentissuedastampcareer,profession,occupation,employmentTheproblemofinjuryandsicknessreceivedagooddealofpublicityandattentionthisyearcriticism,mark,review,opinionCriticsgavegoodtothemoviefeaturingJuliaRobertsandHughGrant,whichwasaboxofficehitallovertheworldhedge,dykewallmoatfenceThecastlewassurroundedbya,whichnowadayscontainedonlyoccasionalrainwaterpropose,agreement,suggest,adviceInSeptember,ConstitutionalAffairsMinisterJoeClarkunveilednewaimedatsatisfyingQuebec'sdemandsforfederalreformrare,scarce,scant,inadequateWithwartimefoodlargelyoverintheUnitedStates,thereturntopeacetimemethodsinfoodexportingfromthiscountrywillbequickorslowinproportiontotherateatwhichnormalproductionandtraderevivethroughouttheworldMeantime,worldreliefrequirementsalongwiththecontinuanceofworldshortagesinitemssuchasfatsandoilsandsugardelaytheabandonmentofthecontrolscure,heal,remedy,treatSuchhighlevelsofunemploymentcompelledmeasuresintheirview,andsodeeparecessioncalledforsomeeconomicstimulationindividual,personal,privateAlthoughallhumanssharethesamesetofgenes,caninheritdifferentformsofagivengene,makingeachpersongeneticallyuniquecommon,generalpopularAsPeres'spersonalcontinuedtoriseinpublicopinionpollsfollowingthecompletionofIsrael'swithdrawalfromLebanon,bitterexchangesoverTabaandWestBanksettlementpolicybecameincreasinglycommonjust,fair,impartialInthislettertoAngelina,SarahenumeratesthelegalwomensufferedinthesandcomparestheplightofwomenintheUnitedStatestothatofslavesprolong,extend,lengthen,enlargeAshehasn'tsortedouthisbusinessintheUK,heintendstoapplyforaanofhispassportexert,conduct,impose,implementOnAprilstthelongdelayedoftheUnitedNations'planforpeaceanddecolonizationinSouthWestAfrica(Namibia),embodiedinSecurityCouncilresolution(),finallybegancrease,crumple,wrinkle,pleatDermatologistshavebeenswampedwithpeopleseekingwhattheybelieveistheclosestthingtothefountainofyouth:theantiacneprescriptionskincreamRetinA,knowngenericallyastretinoinandchemicallyrelatedtoAccutaneAJanuaryreportinTheJournaloftheAmericanMedicalAssociationsaidthatRetinAdiminishedsmallandotheragingchangescausedbysunexposurecunning,slycrafty,shrewdTheSinoJapanesepeacepactwasprecededinMaybytheopeningofdiplomaticrelationsbetweenChinaandtheoilrichMiddleEasternstateofOmanAnditwasimmediatelyfollowedbythePremier'sunprecedenteddayvisittoRomania,Yugoslavia,andIranatriptimedtocoincidewiththetenthanniversaryoftheSovietinvasionofCzechoslovakiaIVReadingComprehension()Inthissection,therearesixreadingpassagesfollowedbyatotalofthirtymultiplechoicequestionsReadthepassagescarefullyandthenmarkyouranswersonyourANSWERSHEETTextAKilledbyRebelBombinKashmirSRINAGAR,IndiaAtleastpeoplewerekilledwhenacarbombexplodedincentralSrinagaratmiddayMonday,witnessessaidFiveofthedeadappearedtobesoldiers,theysaidOfficialsatagovernmentrunhospitalsaidthatpeoplewereadmittedwithwoundsandthatthreewereinsurgeryOneofthewoundeddieduponarrivalatthehospitalAcalleridentifyinghimselfasamemberofHizbulMujahidin,aproPakistangroup,contactedseveralnewsagenciestoclaimresponsibilityfortheattackHizbulMujahidinisthemostpowerfulrebelgroupfavoringamergerwithPakistanOthergroupswantindependencefromIndianruleThebombwentoffinacarnearapolicestationandoutsideabranchofthegovernmentownedStateBankofIndia,whereIndiansoldiersfightingtheseparatistinsurgencyinJammuandKashmirgatheratthebeginningofeverymonthtocollecttheirpayWitnesssaidanarmytruckwasparkedinthevicinitywhenthebombwentoffThreecarsandfivescooters'weredestroyedintheblastWitnessessaidthattwoofthevictimswerewomenandthatfiveothersworemilitaryuniformsSomeofthecorpseswerebadlymutilatedSecurityforcesarrivedquicklyandcarriedoffthebodiesThepolicecordonedoffthearea,fearinganotherattackTheblastwasprecededbyagrenadeattackafewblocksawaythatappearedtohavebeenadiversionarymeasureTheexplosionwasnearAhdoo's,oneoftheonlyhotelsleftopeninthecityThehotelisfullofforeignjournalistscoveringtheKashmirhostagecrisis,whichentereditsthirdmonthMondayFourWesternershavebeenheldhostagebyguerrillasintheKashmirValleysinceJulyAfifthhostage,HansChristianOstroeofNorway,wasfoundbeheadedinaremoteregionAugTheguerrillashavesaidtheywillkilltheremaininghostagesunlesstheIndiangovernmentreleasesjailedseparatistsclaimedresponsibilityfortheattackAArebelgroupBAnIndiangroupCAmemberofHizbulMujahidinDAproIndiangroupThebombwentoffoutsideabankbranchwhereIndiansoldiersgathertoAfighttherebelsBprotectthebankCfighttheseparatistinsurgencyDcollecttheirpayWitnessessaidthattwoofthevictimswereAchildrenandthatfiveothersworemilitaryuniformsBwomenandthatfiveotherswereprobablysoldiersCwomenandthatfiveotherswerechildrenDwomenandthatfiveotherswereworkersPoliceAwithdrewfromtheareaBkeptpeopleatadistancefromtheareabymeansofacordonCcleanedtheareaDexaminedtheareaTheblastwasprecededbyagrenadeattackafewblocksawaythatappearedtoAhaveturnedpeople'sattentionawayfromtheplacewhereabombwasexplodedlaterBhavedrawnpeople'sattentiontotheplacewhereabombwasexplodedlaterChavebeenanentertainingmeasureDhavebeenavisionaryplotTextBBehaveLikeYourActionsReflectonAllChineseBythestheeasygoingcordialitythatgreetedthefirstChineseinAmericahadbeenreplacedbyanuglyresentmentthatoftenboiledintovirulenceRacismandeconomicfearledmanyWesternerstobelievethattheChinese,whowerewillingtoworkcheap,werestealingtheirjobsLegalpersecutiontooktheformoftaxesandstatutesaimedattheirlivelihood,theircustomsandeventheirlooksChinesefamilieshadtopayspecialtaxesTheirchildrenwerebarredfromlocalpublicschoolsASanFranciscoordinance,vetoedbythemayoratthelastmoment,wouldhaverequiredthatthequeuesofChinesejailinmatesbecutoffOtherharassmentsincludelawsmakingitillegaltocarrybasketssuspendedfrompoleswhilewalkingonsidewalks,asChineselaundrymendid,ortorentroomswithlessthancubicfeetofspaceperperson,asmostChinesehadtodoThecourtsevenprohibitedChinesefromgivingtestimonyincasesthatinvolvedwhitesByChineseimmigrantsrepresentedonlypercentofthepopulation,yetthe"ChineseQuestion"whichboileddowntofindingwaystokeepthemouthadbecomeamajornationalissueTheChineserespondedtoprejudiceandpersecutionintwowaysFirst,theycreatedaninsulatedsocietywithinasocietythatneededlittlefromthedominantcultureSecond,theydisplayedastoicwillingnesstopersevere,andtotakewithoutcomplaintorresistancewhateverAmericadishedoutThefirstChineseimmigrantstotheUSAwerewelcomedBfaroutnumberedotherminoritiesCarrivedinthesDweremetwithhostilityTheauthorbelievesthatinthelaterpartofthethcentury,ChineseimmigrantsreceivedAadequatehousingBnationalacceptanceCequaleducationDunfairtreatmentASanFranciscoordinance,bythemayoratthelastmoment,requiredthatthequeuesofChinesejailinmatesbecutoffAsuggestedBrejectedCsupportedDurgedWhichofthefollowingisnottheChineseresponsetoprejudiceandpersecutionAtocreateaninsulatedsocietywithinasocietyBtoshowastoicwillingnesstopersevereCtoshowstrongprotestDtotakewhateverAmericagavewithoutcomplaintorresistanceFromthepassagewecantellthatmanyAmericanswerefearfulbecausetheyfoundtheChinesewereAaninferiorpeopleBwillingtoworkforlowpayClazyandstupidDimpossibletounderstandTextCThreeweeksago,astorywepublishedputusinthemiddleofacontroversyItwashardlythefirsttimethathashappened,butthisinstancesuggestedanopportunityformorethanusualcolloquyintheletterspagesSoforthisoccasionandotherslikeit,wehaverevivedasectionofTIMEcalledForum,whichbeginsonpage,concernsourcoversubjectthisweektheNationofIslamanditsleader,LouisParrakhanThedecisiontopursueanindepthinvestigationofthissubjectwaspromptedbytheantiSemiticandotherwiseracistspeechthatFarrakhan'saide,KhallidMuhammad,gaveatKeanCollegeinNewJerseyThestorywasnewsworthyinlargepartbecauseitcamejustassomemainstreamblackgroupswereattemptingtoformaconstructivealliancewithFarrakhanandtheNationofIslamNewsofthespeechloosedaflashfloodofreportageandcommentaryonthesubject,atthattimewebeganthekindofweekslonginvestigationacoverstorylikethisonerequiresAtthesametime,wepublishedanarticleononetellingaspectofthelargerstory:thefactthatsomeblackleaderswereoffendedwhenwhitescalledonthemtodenounceracisminotherblackleaderswhileseemingtoignoreoffensiveremarksbywhitesas,forexample,SenatorErnestHoolings,whohadsometimebeforemadeasupposedlyjokingreferencetoanAfricandelegationascannibalsThelargerissuewasthatblacksfeeltheyshouldbepresumedtoabhorantiSemitismandotherformsofracismwithouthavingtosayno,andthattheyresenttheattemptbywhitestoscripttheirviews,behaviororalliancesThestoryraisedinterestingandimportantpoints,anditclearlystruckanerveThereactionwasinstantaneousandstrong,mostofitcomingfromwhiteandJewishreadersSomearguedthatourstorywasopinionmasqueradingasfactSomepeople,bothwhiteandblack,saidthatcreditingwhitepressureforthedenunciationsofFarrakhanwascondescending,thatitdeprivedblackleadersofcreditforwhatwassimplyprincipledbehaviorSomereadersalsofeltthattoconcentrateonthisissuewastominimizeordownplaythevirulenceofMuhammad'sspeechAndtherewasageneralviewamongourcriticsthatnoamountofgoodworksbytheNationofIslamcouldjustifyanyblackleader'stolerationof,nottomentionalliancewith,sucharacistorganizationTheissuesraisedbythestory'scriticsareimportantStill,thismuchmustbesaid:Muhammad'sspeechwaswhollydisreputableandvile,andIbelieveourstorymadethatclearOurfocus,however,wasnotonblackracismbutontheperceptionofasubtleformofwhiteracismthesenseamongsomebackleadersthat,asthestoryputit,"somewhitesfeelaneedtomakeallblackleadersspeakoutwheneveroneblacksayssomethingstupid"Thatthisf

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广东外语外贸大学2004年硕士研究生入学考试,英语语言文学及外国语言与应用语言学水平考试试卷

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