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首页 【朗西埃研究】阅读朗西埃

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【朗西埃研究】阅读朗西埃

庄Stephen
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,,ditedbyulowmaandichardStamIContinuumInternationalPublishingGroupTheTowerBuildingMaidenLaneYorkRoadSuiteLondonSEINXNewYork,NYwwwcontinuumbookseom©PaulBowman,RichardStampandContributors,AllrightsreservedNopartofthispublieationmaybereprodueedortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,eleetronicormeehanical,includingphotoeopying,reeording,oranyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpriorpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguing:inPublicationDataAeataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryISBN:HB:PB:LibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataReadingRaneiereeditedbyPaulBowmanandRichardStamppemIncludesbibliographiealrefereneesISBN:ISBN:Ranciere,JaequesIBowman,Paul,IIStamp,Richard,IHTitleBRRdcTypesetbyNewgenImagingSystemsPvtLtd,Chennai,IndiaPrintedandboundinIndiaNotesonContributorsIntroduction:ACriticalDissensusPaulBowmanandRichardStampTheThinkingofDissensus:PoliticsandAestheticsJacquesRanciereThePoliticsofthePolice:FromNeoliberalismtoAnarchism,VBXlandBacktoDemocracySamuelAChambersOnCaptivation:ARemainderfromtheCIndistinctionofArtandNonart'ReyChowandJulianRohrhuberPoliticswithoutPoliticsJodiDeanOutofPlace:UnprofessionalPainting,JacquesRanciereandtheDistributionoftheSensibleBenHighmoreTheWrongofContemporaryArt:AestheticsandPoliticalIndeterminacySuhailMalikandAndreaPhillipsVICONTENTSTheSecondReturnofthePolitical:DemocracyandtheSyllogismofEqualityOliverMarchartPoliceReinforcement:TheAntiPoliticsofOrganizationalLifeLinseyMcGoeyPauldeManandArtHistoryI:Modernity,AesthetksandCommunityinJacquesRandereMartinMcQuillanFilm,Fall,Fable:Randere,Rossellini,Flaubert,HanekeMarkRobsonOntheShoresofHistoryAlexThomsonAntiSodologyandItsLimitsAlbertoToscanoAgainstanEbbingTide:AnInterviewwithJacquesRandereJacquesRanciereSelectBibliographyIndexPanIBowman(CardiffUniversity)isauthorofPostMarxismversusCulturalStudies(),DeconstructingPopularCulture()andTheorizingBruceLee()Heiseditorofnumerousjournalissuesandseveralotherbooks,includingTheTruthofZizek(),alsocoeditedwithRichardtampandpublishedbyContinuumSamnelAChambersteachespoliticaltheoryatJohnsHopkinsUniversityHehasrecentlypublishedTheQueerPoliticsofTelevision(IBTauris)HispreviouspublicationsincludethemonographsUntimelyPolitics(NYU)andJudithButlerandPoliticalTheory(withTerrellCarver,Routledge),editedvolumesonWilliamConnollyandJudithButler,respectively,andnumerousjournalarticlesHiscurrentteachingandresearchrevolvesaroundintersectionsbetweenqueertheoryandcontemporarypoliticalthoughtandisorientedtothetaskofrethinkingdemocracyoutsidethetermsofcontemporaryliberalismHeiscurrentlywritingabookonthepoliticsofsocialordersinwhichhetriestolinkAlthusser'sunderstandingofideologyandRanciere'sconceptionofpolicewiththeAmericanpoliticalthoughtofMadisonandBentleyReyChowisAnneFirorcottProfessorofLiteratureatDukeUniversityhehaspublishedextensivelyonliterature,filmandculturaltheory,withafocusonthediscursiveencountersamongmodernity,sexuality,postcolonialityandethnicityBeforeDuke,ChowwasAndrewWMellonProfessoroftheHumanitiesatBrownUniversityThebooksshehasauthoredVIIINOTESONCONTRIBUTORSincludeWomanandChineseModernity,WritingDiaspora,EthicsafterIdealism,TheProtestantEthnicandtheSpiritofCapitalismandSentimentalFabulations,ContemporaryChineseFilmsHercurrentworkincludesacoeditedspecialissue,'TheSenseofSound',fürthejournaldifferences,andanessaycollectioninprogress,Entanglements:TransmedialThinkingaboutCaptureTheReyChowReader,edPaulBowrnan,isavailablefromColumbiaUniversityPressJodiDeanisProfessorofPoliticalScienceatHobartandWilliamSmithCollegesinGeneva,NewYork,andErasmusChairintheHumanitiesintheFacultyofPhilosophyatErasmusUniversity,Rotterdam,NetherlandsSheiscoeditorofthejournalTheoryandEventHerninthbook,DemocracyandOtherNeoliberalFantasies,waspublishedinfromDukeUniversityPressBenHighmoreisReaderinMediaandCulturalStudiesattheUniversityofSussexHismostrecentbooksare:APassionforCulturalStudies(Palgrave)OrdinaryLives:StudiesintheEveryday(Routledge)andtheeditedcollectionTheDesignCultureReader(Routledge)CurrentlyheisworkingonabookcalledTheGreatlndoors:AnIntimateHistoryoftheBritishHouse(duetobepublishedin)SuhailMalikisReaderinCriticalStudiesintheDepartmentofArt,Goldsmiths,LondonMalikiscurrentlyworkingonaphilosophyofAmericanpowerand(withAndreaPhillips)abookontransnationalaestheticsOliverMarchartisProfessorattheDepartmentofSociology,UniversityofLucerneHisbooksincludePostfoundationalPoliticalThought:PoliticalDifferenceinNancy,Lefort,BadiouandLadau(EdinburghUniversityPress),andLadau:ACriticalReader,edwithSimonCritchley(Routledge)LinseyMcGoeyisLecturerinSociologyattheUniversityofEssexShecompletedaPhDinSociologyattheLondonSchoolofEconomics,füllowedbypostdoctoralworkattheUniversityofOxfordHerresearchexaminestheusesofignoranceasaproductivetoolforexoneratingblameandassertingexpertiseinmodernliberaldemocraciesNotesonContributorsöxMartinMcQuillanisProfessorofLiteraryTheoryandCulturalAnalysisandDeanofArtsandSocialSciencesatKingstonUniversity,LondonHisbooksincludeDeconstructionafter(),TheOriginsofDeconstruction(ed,),DeconstructionReadingPolitics(ed,),ThePoliticsofDeconstruction()andPauldeMan()ForthcomingbooksincludeRolandBarthes(OrTheProfessionofCulturalStudies)AndreaPhillipsisReaderinFineArtattheDepartmentofArt,Goldsmiths,UniversityofLondon,andDirectoroftheDoctoralResearchProgrammeSheworksonart,architecture,politics,institutionmakingandurbanregeneration,andhercurrentresearchprojectsincludetheaestheticformattingoftransnationalspaceanditsrelationtoconterrlporaryart,thefutureandimplicationsofpracticebasedresearch,and'BuildingDemocracy',asetofpublicationsanddiscussionsthatforefrontcritiquesofparticipationincontemporaryartandarchitectureJacquesRandereisEmeritusProfessorofPhilosophyattheUniversityofParisVIII(SaintDenis)BorninAlgiersin,heistheauthorofnumerousbooksdealingwithaesthetics,politicsandtheirrelationshipsHisoeuvreincludessuchdiverselandrrlarksasTheNightsofLabour,TheIgnorantSchoolmasterandTheFleshofWords,asweIlasDisagreementandFilmFablesHismostrecentbookinEnglishisTheEmancipatedSpectatorMarkRobsonteachesattheUniversityofNottinghamHispublicationsincludeStephenGreenblatt(),TheSenseofEarlyModernWriting()andLanguageinTheory(withPeterStockweIl,)HeeditedthecollectionJacquesRanciere:Aesthetics,Polities,Philosophy()JulianRohrhuberisProfessorofMusicInformaticsandMediaTheoryattheInstituteforMusicandMedia,RobertSchumannHochschule,DüsseldortHeworksintheareasofphilosophyofscience,artandmediatheoryActivelyinvolvedincomputerlanguageprogrammingdevelopment,hedesignedthesyntheticsoundtracksfortheexperimentaldocumentaryfilmsAlleswaswirhaben()andOralHistory()Hisrecentpublicationsincludethechapters'NetworkMusic'inTheCambridgeCompaniontoElectronicMusic(),'Mengenlehre'inUnmengeWieverteiltsichHandlungsmacht(),'ImplicationsofUnfülding'inParadoxesofxNOTESONCONTRIBUTORSInteractivity(),'Artificial,Natural,Historieal:AcousticArrlbiguitiesinDocurnentaryFilm'inTransdisciplinaryDigitalArt()and'NewMathematicsandtheSubjectoftheVariable'(inVariantology,)RichardStampteachesculturalstudiesatBathSpaUniversityHeisaneditoroftheopenaccessjournalFilmPhilosophyandhascoedited(withPaulBowman)TheTruthofZizek(Continuum,)andanissueofParallaxontheworkofRanciere(no,)HehasalsowrittenonRanciereandthequeerpoliticsoffriendshipforborderlandsejournal()AlexThomsonisaSeniorLecturerintheDepartmentofEnglishLiteratureattheUniversityofEdinburghHeistheauthorofDeconstructionandDemocracy:Derrida'sPoliticsofFriendship(Continuum,)andofAdorno:AGuideforthePerplexed(Continuum,)AlbertoToscanoisSeniorLecturerinSociologyatGoldsmiths,UniversityofLondonHeistheauthorofFanaticism:OntheUsesofanIdea()andTheTheatreofProduction:PhilosophyandIndividuationbetweenKantandDeleuze()HeisaneditorofthejournalHistorh'alMaterialismIPaulBowmanandRichardStamp{Thosewhoareventuringintothislabyrinthshouldbehonestlyforewarnedthatnoanswerswillbeprovidedthem(Ranciere:xii)ItseemstobeapeculiarlyconsistentcharacteristicoftheimportationofFrenchphilosophyandtheoryintoEnglishspeakingacademicandintellectualculturesthatsuccessiveFrancophonethinkersarelaudedasthenext'masterthinker'or,tocapturetheproperlinguisticregisterofdiscipleship,'maUreCLpenser'Tolimitthisclaimsimplytothepostwarperiod,oneneedonlythinkofthewaysinwhichSartre,Althusser,Lacan,Foucault,Deleuze,Lyotard,BourdieuorDerridahaveeachintheirtimebeenposedorcounterposedaccordingtothenonchronologicalproductionoftranslationandcommentary,andthusneverfullysynchronizedwithcontemporaryFrenchintellectual(letaloneacademic)contextsasthemost'importantradicalcontemporary'figureofintellectualmodernityIndeed,thistendencywasbroughtintostarklightinthewakeofthedeathofJacquesDerridain,whichalltooswiftlygenerated'debates'overwhichpropernamewouldbecomethe'nextDerrida',thenextmaUre(regardlessofhowmuchhewouldhaveshudderedatsuchanappellation):woulditbeJeanLucNancy,echtdeconstructivephilosopherOrperhapsAlainBadiou,alreadyproclaimedbyPeterHallwardas'perhapstheonlyseriousriyalofDeleuzeandDerridaforthatmeaninglessbutunavoidabletitleof"mostimportantcontemporaryFrenchphilosopher"'(:xxi)XIIINTRODUCTIONBoth'meaningless'and'unavoidable'aredeadrighthereThereissomethingratherblacklycomicalinsuchclaimsandcounterclaims,alwaysmadeonbehalfofthethinkerwhowouldneverclaimsuchatitlehimself(anditisalwayshirnseIt:itseems)forthisisarivalrybetweendisciples,not(atleast,inthiscontext,notdirectly)theirchosen'masters'SoperhapsweshouldnominateJacquesRanciere,wholikeBadiouisaformerstudentofLouisAlthusserandofwhomitcanalsobeclaimed(accordingtotheeditorsofthefirstEnglishIanguagecollectionofessaysonhiswork)thathe'haswrittensomeofthemostsignificantphilosophicworktobepublishedinFrenchinthelastfortyyears'(RockhillandWatts:)WewillnotForthesimplereasonthatoverthisyearperiod,Ranciere'sworkhasneverceasedtocallintoquestionthestatus,rhetoricandauthorityofmasteryFromhisrefusalofAlthusser's'philosophyoforder'(:)andthefoundingofLesRevoltesLogiques,viahisnineteenthcenturyarchivalworkonworkers'historyandtheforgottenpedagogue,JosephJacotot,throughtohismorerecentthinkingofpoliticsandaestheticsintermsofthe'distributionofthesensible',Ranciere'sworkhasbeencharacterizedbypolemicalinterventionsintoanincreasinglydiverserangeoffieldsbuttheydonotadduptoa'system'ora'theory'Ratherhehasdescribedhis'method'asconsistinginmakinginterventionsintoalwaysparticularsituations,specificinstancesinwhichideasare'atwork':'WhatRancieretriestopointoutinanysituationisthepolernicalnaturethatmakesitanobjectofthinking,thatsituatesitinafieldoftensions'(Rancierea:)Ultimately,thesealwaysspecificinterventionsaimtopresenthisreaderswithscenesofstruggleoverwhatpoliticsis,ofadisagreementordissensusthatinterruptsandredistributesthatsystemofplacesthedistributionofthesensiblethatallotstoeachhisorherproperroleandfunctionInRanciere'swork,theveryplaceof(theoretical)masteryandthereforestruggleovertheobjectorterritorytobeanalysedwhetheritbeapoliticalontology,thefigureoftheworkerortheaestheticsofthesublirnealwaysgivesrisetothefundamentalquestion:'whoisqualifiedforthinkingatall'(Rancierea:)ThisisthequestionattheheartofwhatremainsRanciere'smostexplosivebook,TheIgnorantSchoolrnaster(),whichrecountstheforgottennineteenthcenturypedagogicalexperimentsofJosephJacototHalfadoptingthepolemicaltoneofJacotot'sownwritings,Rancierealignshimselfwiththebasicpresuppositionofhis'method':'Thesameintelligenceisatworkinalltheactsofthehumanmind'(:)IntroduetionxiiiThenearuniversalassumptionofallpedagogicalmethodthatthosewhohavemasteredknowledgetransmitittothosewhohavenotthroughexplicationtherebyvanishesFromthisperspective,even(orrather,especially)thernostenlightenedmethodofexplicationremainsembeddedina(principleofenforcedstultijication'abrutissement'thatpreservesthedistinctionandthedistancebetweenintelligences(Ranciere:)Thisiswhy,forJacotot,theonlyauthoritytobeexercisedistoteachwhatonedoesnotknow(ImustteachyouthatIhavenothingtoteachyou'(citedinRanciere:)inordertoobligethestudenttoexercisehisorherown(equal)intelligenceTheonlypedagogicalactforsuchan(ignorantmaster'isemancipatory:WhoeverteaeheswithouternancipatingstultifiesAndwhoeveremaneipatesdoesn'thavetoworryaboutwhattheemancipatedpersonlearnsHewilliearnwhathewants,nothingmaybeHewillknowheeanlearnbeeausethesameintelligeneeisatworkinalltheproductionsofthehumanmind,andamancanalwaysunderstandanotherrnan'swords(:)Inthisway,Jacotot's(nonmethod'of(universalteaching'proclaimedthatanyoneeouldlearnwithoutamaster,whichmeantthat(apoorandignorantfathereould,ifhewasemancipated,eonduettheedueationofhisehildren,withouttheaidofanymasterexplieator'(Ranciere:)TheexplosivepowerofRanciere'sbook(firstpublishedinFraneein)isnotonlytomakethis(ultimatelyfailed)experimentfromthepastresonatewitheontemporaryFrenehdebatesoveredueationalreform,butalsotorefuseoneeagainthemasteryandauthorityofmethodologiealanddisciplinaryterritoryThis(transgressiveimperative'issuecinetlyphrasedbyRanciereinaninterviewthatAlexThomsonrecontextualizesinhiseontributiontothepresentvolume:(itisimperativetorevoketheauthoritativeprinciplederivedfromthesueeessionofhistoriealeventsToeoneeptualizethe«eontemporaneity"ofthoughtrequiresthereliarlCeonacertainanaehronismoruntimeliness'(:)Thomson'sehaptertracesthe(trouble'thatRanciere'sworkposesforthosewishingtoclassifyitHeemphasizesthetwinstrategieimportanceofanaehronismandpoetryinRanciere'swork,generating(sornethinglikeaninterferencepattern'betweenhistoryandphilosophythedisciplineswithwhiehRanciereismostcloselyidentifiedItisbycontestingthedisciplinaryboundariesforproducingknowledgeaboutpolities,ThOInsonargues,thatRanciere'sworkeaehtimeseekstoreasserttheequalityofthedemocraticsubjectofhistorywiththeauthoritativevoiceofthehistorianorphilosopherXIVINTRODUCTIONThis'untimelycontemporaneity'mightbeborneinmindinthewaythatthepresentcollectionofcriticalresponsestotheworkofJacquesRanciereis'bookended'bytwo'responses'writtenbyRancierehirnself:itbeginswitharevisedversionofthepaperthathegaveinresponsetopaperspresentedataconferenceonhiswork,FidelitytotheDisagreement:JacquesRanciereandthePolitical,heldatGoldsmith'sCollege,UniversityofLondon,inSeptemberanditcloseswithanewinterviewinwhichherespondstoaseriesofquestionsposedbytheeditorsduringpreparationofthisbookinthesummerofWechosetoincludehispaper,'Thethinkingofdissensus:Politicsandaesthetics',fortworeasons:first,itpresentsanumberofimportantresponsestoseveralofhismost'criticalreaders'(BadiouandZizek,forexample)asweIlassettingoutasuccinctaccountofhisowncriticaldistancefromseveralcontemporaries(suchasAgamben,Derrida,Lyotard,Negri)towhomhehasbeencomparedandsecond,ithasbeencitedasanunpublishedmanuscriptinanumberofsecondarytextsonhiswork(includinganumberinthepresentvolume),buthasnothithertobeenavailablemorewidelyThe'thinkingofdissensus'bywhichRanciereidentifieshis'method'istakenupbyanumberofthecontributorshereinchaptersthat,inturn,seektorestage,critiqueorsimplycontesthisformulationsof'politics'and'police',thedistributionofthesensible,democracyandthe'rarity'ofpoliticsIndeed,justasdissensusiscriticaltopoliticsforRanciere,wecantracktheforcesasweIlasfaultlinesthatariseinresponsetoreadingRanciereacriticaldissensusthatisstagedinandbetweenthedifferentreadingsofhisworkinthisvolumeForinstance,arecurrentpointofcriticaldissensusappearsintheconsiderationsofRanciere'salignmentofequalityanddemocracywithcontingencyJodiDean,OliverMarchartandAlbertoToscanoeachtakeissuewithwhattheydescribealbeitaccordingtoslightlydifferentmodulationsastheidentificationofdemocracywithcontingencyinRanciere'saccountofpoliticsinDisagreement()andsubsequenttextsInacontentiousessaythatweoriginallypublishedelsewhere(BowmanandStamp),butdecidedtorepublishherebecauseofthepolemicalreactionsithasalreadyelicited(asevidencedagainbyseveralofthechaptersincludedhere),DeanchargesthatalthoughRanciererecognizesthattherecanbenopurepolitics,hedisavowsits'obscenesupplernent'Thatis,toreadtheequalabsenceofqualificationforrule(whichdistinguishesdemocracyfromallotherpoliticalsystems)intermsofcontingencyresultsin'akindofhystericalpurepoliticsofresistance'thatIntroductionxvremainsintentionallyblindtothenecessarydirtinessofpolitics

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