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首页 新概念英语03.doc

新概念英语03.doc

新概念英语03.doc

上传者: 186*****365@sina.cn 2012-03-12 评分 3 0 25 3 114 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《新概念英语03doc》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含新概念英语第三册Lesson ApumaatlargePumasarelarge,catlikeanimalswhicharefoundinAmer符等。

新概念英语第三册Lesson ApumaatlargePumasarelarge,catlikeanimalswhicharefoundinAmericaWhenreportscameintoLondonZoothatawildpumahadbeenspottedfortyfivemilessouthofLondon,theywerenottakenseriouslyHowever,astheevidencebegantoaccumulate,expertsfromtheZoofeltobligedtoinvestigate,forthedescriptionsgivenbypeoplewhoclaimedtohaveseenthepumawereextraordinarilysimilar Thehuntforthepumabeganinasmallvillagewhereawomanpickingblackberriessaw'alargecat'onlyfiveyardsawayfromherItimmediatelyranawaywhenshesawit,andexpertsconfirmedthatapumawillnotattackahumanbeingunlessitiscornered(adj被困得走投无路的)Thesearchproveddifficult,forthepumawasoftenobservedatoneplaceinthemorningandatanotherplacetwentymilesawayintheeveningWhereveritwent,itleftbehinditatrailofdeaddeerandsmallanimalslikerabbitsPawprintswereseeninanumberofplacesandpumafurwasfoundclingingtobushesSeveralpeoplecomplainedof'catlikenoises'atnightandabusinessmanonafishingtripsawthepumaupatreeTheexpertswerenowfullyconvincedthattheanimalwasapuma,butwherehaditcomefromAsnopumashadbeenreportedmissingfromanyzoointhecountry,thisonemusthavebeeninthepossessionofaprivatecollectorandsomehowmanagedtoescapeThehuntwentonforseveralweeks,butthepumawasnotcaughtItisdisturbingtothinkthatadangerouswildanimalisstillatlargeinthequietcountryside Lesson ThirteenequalsoneOurvicarisalwaysraisingmoneyforonecauseoranother,buthehasnevermanagedtogetenoughmoneytohavethechurchclockrepairedThebigclockwhichusedtostrikethehoursdayandnightwasdamagedmanyyearsagoandhasbeensilenteversince'Onenight,however,ourvicarwokeupwithastart:theclockwasstrikingthehours!Lookingathiswatch,hesawthatitwasoneo'clock,butthebellstruckthirteentimesbeforeitstoppedArmedwithatorch,thevicarwentupintotheclocktowertoseewhatwasgoingonInthetorchlight,hecaughtsightofafigurewhomheimmediatelyrecognizedasBillWilkins,ourlocalgrocer 'WhateverareyoudoinguphereBill'askedthevicarinsurprise'I'mtryingtorepairthebell,'answeredBill'I'vebeencomingupherenightafternightforweeksnowYousee,Iwashopingtogiveyouasurprise''Youcertainlydidgivemeasurprise!'saidthevicar'You'veprobablywokenupeveryoneinthevillageaswellStill,I'mgladthebellisworkingagain''That'sthetrouble,vicar,'answeredBill'It'sworkingallright,butI'mafraidthatatoneo'clockitwillstrikethirteentimesandthere'snothingIcandoaboutit''We'llgetusedtothatBill,'saidthevicar'Thirteenisnotasgoodasonebutit'sbetterthannothingNowlet'sgodownstairsandhaveacupoftea' LessonAnunknowngoddessSometimeagoaninterestingdiscoverywasmadebyarchaeologistsontheAegean(adj爱琴海的n)islandofKea.AnAmericanteamexploredatemplewhichstandsinanancientcityonthepromontoryofAyiaIrini.Thecityatonetimemusthavebeenprosperousforitenjoyedahighlevelofcivilization.Housesoftenthreestoreyshighwerebuiltofstone.Theyhadlargeroomswithbeautifullydecoratedwalls.Thecitywasevenequippedwithadrainagesystemforagreatmanyclaypipeswerefoundbeneaththenarrowstreets.ThetemplewhichthearchaeologistsexploredwasusedasaplaceofworshipfromthefifteenthcenturyBCuntilRomantimesInthemostsacredroomofthetemple,clayfragmentsoffifteenstatueswerefoundEachoftheserepresented agoddessandhad,atonetime,beenpaintedThebodyofonestatuewasfoundamongremainsdatingfromthefifteenthcenturyBCItsmissingheadhappenedtobeamongremainsofthefifthcenturyBCThisheadmusthavebeenfoundinClassicaltimesandcarefullypreservedItwasveryoldandpreciouseventhenWhenthearchaeologistsreconstructedthefragments,theywereamazedtofindthatthegoddessturnedouttobeaverymodernlookingwomanShestoodthreefeethighandherhandsrestedonherhipShewaswearingafulllengthskirtwhichsweptthegroundDespitehergreatage,shewasverygracefulindeed,but,sofar,thearchaeologistshavebeenunabletodiscoverheridentityLessonThedoublelifeofAlfredBloggsThesedays,peoplewhodomanualworkoftenreceivefarmoremoneythanclerkswhoworkinofficesPeoplewhoworkinofficesarefrequentlyreferredtoas'whitecollarworkers'forthesimplereasonthattheyusuallywearacollarandtietogotoworkSuchishumannature,thatagreatmanypeopleareoftenwillingtosacrificehigherpayfortheprivilegeofbecomingwhitecollarworkersThiscangiverisetocurioussituations,asitdidinthecaseofAlfredBloggswhoworkedasadustmanfortheEllesmereCorporation Whenhegotmarried,AlfwastooembarrassedtosayanythingtohiswifeabouthisjobHesimplytoldherthatheworkedfortheCorporationEverymorning,helefthomedressedinasmartblacksuitHethenchangedintooveralls(n工作服)andspentthenexteighthoursasadustmanBeforereturninghomeatnight,hetookashowerandchangedbackintohissuit AlfdidthisforovertwoyearsandhisfellowdustmenkepthissecretAlf'swifehasneverdiscoveredthatshemarriedadustmanandshe neverwill,forAlfhasjustfoundanotherjobHewillsoonbeworkinginanofficeasajuniorclerkHewillbeearningonlyhalfasmuchasheusedto,buthefeelsthathisriseinstatusiswellworththelossofmoneyFromnowon,hewillwearasuitalldayandotherswillcallhim'MrBloggs',not'Alf'LessonThefactsEditorsofnewspapersandmagazinesoftengotoextremestoprovidetheirreaderswithunimportantfactsandstatisticsLastyearajournalisthadbeeninstructedbyawellknownmagazinetowriteanarticleonthepresident'spalaceinanewAfricanrepublicWhenthearticlearrived,theeditorreadthefirstsentenceandthenrefusedtopublishitThearticlebegan:'Hundredsofstepsleadtothehighwallwhichsurroundsthepresident'spalace'Theeditoratoncesentthejournalistafaxinstructinghimtofindouttheexactnumberofstepsandtheheightofthewall Thejournalistimmediatelysetouttoobtaintheseimportantfacts,buthetookalongtimetosendthemMeanwhile,theeditorwasgettingimpatient,forthemagazinewouldsoongotopressHesentthejournalisttwourgenttelegrams,butreceivednoreplyHesentyetanothertelegraminformingthejournalistthatifhedidnotreplysoonhewouldbefiredWhenthejournalistagainfailedtoreply,theeditorreluctantlypublishedthearticleasithadoriginallybeenwrittenAweeklater,theeditoratlastreceivedatelegramfromthejournalistNotonlyhadthepoormanbeenarrested,buthehadbeensenttoprisonaswellHowever,hehadatlastbeenallowedtosendacableinwhichheinformedtheeditorthathehadbeenarrestedwhilecountingthestepsleadingtothefootwallwhichsurroundedthepresident'spalaceLesson SmashandgrabTheexpensiveshopsinafamousarcadenearPiccadillywerejustopeningAtthistimeofthemorning,thearcadewasalmostemptyMrTaylor,theownerofajewelleryshopwasadmiringanewwindowdisplayTwoofhisassistantshadbeenworkingbusilysinceo'clockandhadonlyjustfinishedDiamondnecklacesandringshadbeenbeautifullyarrangedonabackgroundofblackvelvetAftergazingatthedisplayforseveralminutes,MrTaylorwentbackintohisshopThesilencewassuddenlybrokenwhenalargecar,withitsheadlightsonanditshornblaring,roareddownthearcadeItcametoastopoutsidethejeweler'sOnemanstayedatthewheelwhiletwootherswithblackstockingsovertheirfacesjumpedoutandsmashedthewindowoftheshopwithironbarsWhilethiswasgoingon,MrTaylorwasupstairsHeandhisstaffbeganthrowingfurnitureoutofthewindowChairsandtableswentflyingintothearcadeOneofthethieveswasstruckbyaheavystatue,buthewastoobusyhelpinghimselftodiamondstonoticeanypainTheraidwasalloverinthreeminutes,forthemenscrambledbackintothecaranditmovedoffatafantasticspeedJustasitwasleaving,MrTaylorrushedoutandranafteritthrowingashtraysandvases,butitwasimpossibletostopthethievesTheyhadgotawaywiththousandsofpoundsworthofdiamondsLessonMutilatedladiesChildrenoftenhavefarmoresensethantheireldersThissimpletruthwasdemonstratedratherdramaticallyduringacivildefenceexerciseinasmalltowninCanadaMostoftheinhabitantswereaskedtotakepartintheexerciseduringwhichtheyhadtopretendthattheircityhadbeenbombedAirraidwarningsweresoundedandthousandsofpeoplewentintospecialairraidsheltersDoctorsandnursesremainedabovegroundwhilePolicepatrolledthestreetsincaseanyonetriedtoleavetheshelterstoosoonThepolicedidnothavemuchtodobecausethecitizenstooktheexerciseseriouslyTheystayedundergroundfortwentyminutesandwaitedforthesirentosoundagainOnleavingtheairraidshelters,theysawthatdoctorsandnurseswerebusyAgreatmanypeoplehadvolunteeredtoactascasualtiesTheatricalmakeupandartificialbloodhadbeenusedtomaketheinjurieslookrealisticAlotofPeoplewerelying'dead'inthestreetsThelivinghelpedtocarrythedeadandwoundedtospecialstationsAChildofsixwasbroughtinbytwoadultsThechildwassupposedtobedeadWiththeatricalmakeuponhisface,helookedasifhehaddiedofshockSomepeopleweresomovedbythesightthattheybegantocryHowever,thechildsuddenlysatupandadoctoraskedhimtocommentonhisdeathThechildlookedaroundforamomentandsaid,'Ithinkthey'reallcrazy!' Lesson AfamousmonasteryTheGreatStBernardPassconnectsSwitzerlandtoItalyAtmetres,itisthehighestmountainpassinEuropeThefamousmonasteryofStBernard,whichwasfoundedintheeleventhcentury,liesaboutamileawayForhundredsofyears,StBernarddogshavesavedthelivesoftravellerscrossingthedangerousPassThesefriendlydogs,whichwerefirstbroughtfromAsia,wereusedaswatchdogseveninRomantimesNowthatatunnelhasbeenbuiltthroughthemountains,thePassislessdangero你去那个群发下吧能来就来不来不勉强us,buteachyear,thedogsarestillsentoutintothesnowwheneveratravellerisindifficultyDespitethenewtunnel,therearestillafewpeoplewhorashly attempttocrossthePassonfoot Duringthesummermonths,themonasteryisverybusy,foritisvisitedbythousandsofpeoplewhocrossthePassincars,Astherearesomanypeopleabout,thedogshavetobekeptinaspecialenclosureInwinter,however,lifeatthemonasteryisquitedifferentThetemperaturedropstoandveryfewpeopleattempttocrossthePassThemonksPreferwintertosummerfortheyhavemoreprivacyThedogshavegreaterfreedom,too,fortheyareallowedtowanderoutsidetheirenclosureTheonlyregularvisitorstothemonasteryinwinterarepartiesofskierswhogothereatChristmasandEasterTheseyoungpeople,wholovethepeaceofthemountains,alwaysreceiveawarmWelcomeatStBernard'smonasteryLessonFlyingcatsCatsneverfailtofascinatehumanbeingsTheycanbefriendlyandaffectionatetowardshumans,buttheyleadmysteriouslivesoftheirownaswellTheyneverbecomesubmissivelikedogsandhorsesAsaresult,humanshavelearnedtorespectfelineindependenceMostcatsremainsuspiciousofhumansalltheirlivesOneofthethingsthatfascinatesusmostaboutcatsisthepopularbeliefthattheyhaveninelivesApparently,thereisagooddealoftruthinthisideaAcat'sabilitytosurvivefallsisbasedonfactRecentlytheNewYorkAnimalMedicalCentermadeastudyofcatsoveraperiodoffivemonthsAllthesecatshadoneexperienceincommon:theyhadfallenoffhighbuildings,yetonlyeightofthemdiedfromshockorinjuriesOfcourse,NewYorkistheidealplaceforsuchaninterestingstudy,becausethereisnoshortageoftallbuildingsThereareplentyofhighrisewindowsillstofallfrom!Onecat,Sabrina,fellstoreys,yetonlysufferedfromabrokentooth'Catsbehavelikewelltrainedparatroopers'adoctorsaidItseemsthatthefurthercatsfall,thelesstheyarelikelytoinjurethemselvesInalongdrop,theyreachspeedsofmilesanhourandmoreAthighspeeds,fallingcatshavetimetorelaxTheystretchouttheirlegslikeflyingsquirrelsThisincreasestheirairresistanceandreducestheshockofimpactwhentheyhitthegroundLessonThelossofTitanicThegreatship,Titanic,sailedforNewYorkfromSouthamptononAprilth,ShewascarryingpassengersandacrewoflEvenbymodernstandards,the,tonTitanicwasacolossalshipAtthattime,however,shewasnotonlythelargestshipthathadeverbeenbuilt,butwasregardedasunsinkable,forshehadsixteenwatertightcompartmentsEveniftwoofthesewereflooded,shewouldstillbeabletofloatThetragicsinkingofthisgreatlinerwillalwaysberemembered,forshewentdownonherfirstvoyagewithheavylossoflifeFourdaysaftersettingout,whiletheTitanicwassailingacrosstheicywatersoftheNorthAtlantic,ahugeicebergwassuddenlyspottedbyalookoutAfterthealarmhadbeengiven,thegreatshipturnedsharplytoavoidadirectcollisionTheTitanicturnedjustintime,narrowlymissingtheimmensewalloficewhichroseoverfeetoutofthewaterbesideherSuddenly,therewasaslighttremblingsoundfrombelow,andthecaptainwentdowntoseewhathadhappenedThenoisehadbeensofaintthatnoonethoughtthattheshiphadbeendamagedBelow,thecaptainrealizedtohishorrorthattheTitanicwassinkingrapidly,forfiveofhersixteenwatertightcompartmentshadalreadybeenflooded!TheordertoabandonshipwasgivenandhundredsofpeopleplungedintotheicywaterAstherewerenotenoughlifeboatsforeverybody,liveswerelost LessonNotguiltyGoingthroughtheCustomsisatiresomebusinessThestrangestthingaboutitisthatreallyhonestpeopleareoftenmadetofeelguiltyThehardenedprofessionalsmuggler,ontheotherhand,isnevertroubledbysuchfeelings,evenifhehasfivehundredgoldwatcheshiddeninhissuitcaseWhenIreturnedfromabroadrecently,aparticularlyofficiousyoungCustomsOfficerclearlyregardedmeasasmuggler'Haveyouanythingtodeclare'heasked,lookingmeintheeye'No,'Iansweredconfidently'Wouldyoumindunlockingthissuitcaseplease''Notatall,'IansweredTheOfficerwentthroughthecasewithgreatcareAllthethingsIhadpackedsocarefullyweresooninadreadfulmessIfeltsureIwouldneverbeabletoclosethecaseagainSuddenly,IsawtheOfficer'sfacelightupHehadspottedatinybottleatthebottomofmycaseandhepouncedonitwithdelight'Perfume,eh'heaskedsarcastically'Youshouldhavedeclaredthat'Perfumeisnotexemptfromimportduty''Butitisn'tperfume,'Isaid'It'shairoil'ThenIaddedwithasmile,'It'sastrangemixtureImakemyself'AsIexpected,hedidnotbelieveme'Tryit!'IsaidencouraginglyTheOfficerunscrewedthecapandputthebottletohisnostrilsHewasgreetedbyanunpleasantsmellwhichconvincedhimthatIwastellingthetruthAfewminuteslater,Iwasabletohurryawaywithpreciouschalkmarksonmybaggage LessonLifeonadesertislandMostofushaveformedanunrealisticpictureoflifeonadesertislandWesometimesimagineadesertislandtobeasortofparadisewherethesunalwaysshinesLifethereissimpleandgoodRipefruitfallsfromthetreesandyouneverhavetoworkTheothersideofthepictureisquitetheoppositeLifeonadesertislandiswretchedYoueitherstarvetodeathorlivelikeRobinsonCrusoe,waitingforaboatwhichnevercomesPerhapsthereisanelementoftruthinboththesepictures,butfewofushavehadtheopportunitytofindoutTwomenwhorecentlyspentfivedaysonacoralislandwishedtheyhadstayedtherelongerTheyweretakingabadlydamagedboatfromtheVirginIslandstoMiamitohaveitrepairedDuringthejourney,theirboatbegantosinkTheyquicklyloadedasmallrubberdinghywithfood,matches,andtinsofbeerandrowedforafewmilesacrosstheCaribbeanuntiltheyarrivedatatinycoralislandTherewerehardlyanytreesontheislandandtherewasnowater,butthisdidnotprovetobeaproblemThemencollectedrainwaterintherubberdinghyAstheyhadbroughtaspeargunwiththem,theyhadplentytoeatTheycaughtlobsterandfisheveryday,and,asoneofthemputit'atelikekings'Whenapassingtankerrescuedthemfivedayslater,bothmenweregenuinelysorrythattheyhadtoleaveLessonIt’sonlymeAfterherhusbandhadgonetowork,MrsRichardssentherchildrentoschoolandwentupstairstoherbedroomShewastooexcitedtodoanyhouseworkthatmorning,forintheeveningshewouldbegoingtoafancydresspartywithherhusbandSheintendedtodressupasaghostandasshehadmadehercostumethenightbefore,shewasimpatienttotryitonThoughthecostumeconsistedonlyofasheet,itwasveryeffectiveAfterputtingiton,MrsRichardswentdownstairsShewantedtofindoutwhetheritwouldbecomfortabletowearJustasMrsRichardswasenteringthediningroom,therewasaknockonthefrontdoorSheknewthatitmustbethebakerShehadtoldhimtocomestraightinifevershefailedtoopenthedoorandtoleavethebreadonthekitchentableNotwantingtofrightenthepoorman,MrsRichardsquicklyhidinthesmallstoreroomunderthestairsSheheardthefrontdooropenandheavyfootstepsinthehallSuddenlythedoorofthestoreroomwasopenedandamanenteredMrsRichardsrealizedthatitmustbethemanfromtheElectricityBoardwhohadcometoreadthemeterShetriedtoexplainthesituation,saying'It'sonlyme',butitwastoolateThemanletoutacryandjumpedbackseveralpacesWhenMrsRichardswalkedtowardshim,hefled,slammingthedoorbehindhimLessonAnoblegangsterTherewasatimewhentheownersofshopandbusinessesinChicagohadtopaylargesumsofmoneytogangstersinreturnfor'protection'Ifthemoneywasnotpaidpromptly,thegangsterswouldquicklyputamanoutofbusinessbydestroyinghisshopObtaining'protechonmoney'isnotamoderncrimeAslongagoasthefourteenthcentury,anEnglishman,SirJohnHawkwood,madetheremarkablediscoverythatpeoplewouldratherpaylargesumsofmoneythanhavetheirlifeworkdestroyedbygangstersSixhundredyearsago,SirJohnHawkwoodarrivedinItalywithabandofsoldiersandsettlednearFlorenceHesoonmadeanameforhimselfandcametobeknowntotheItaliansasGiovanniAcutoWhenevertheItaliancitystateswereatwarwitheachother,HawkwoodusedtohirehissoldierstoprinceswhowerewillingtopaythehighpricehedemandedIntimesofpeace,whenbusinesswasbad,Hawkwoodandhismenwouldmarchintoacitystateand,afterburningdownafewfarms,wouldoffertogoawayifprotectionmoneywaspaidtothemHawkwoodmadelargesumsofmoneyinthiswayInspiteofthis,theItaliansregardedhimasasortofheroW

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