关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 大学英语六级考试经验之完形填空解题技巧.doc

大学英语六级考试经验之完形填空解题技巧.doc

大学英语六级考试经验之完形填空解题技巧.doc

上传者: wanglei558 2012-03-12 评分 4.5 0 83 11 378 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《大学英语六级考试经验之完形填空解题技巧doc》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含大学英语六级考试经验之完形填空解题技巧引言:综合来讲四级考试内容改革的确对考生能力提出了更高更新的要求但是只要考生能认真分析各种题型特点总结合理应对符等。

大学英语六级考试经验之完形填空解题技巧引言:综合来讲四级考试内容改革的确对考生能力提出了更高更新的要求但是只要考生能认真分析各种题型特点总结合理应对的方法新四级也并不可怕。单从翻译部分来看老四级词汇与结构部分的重要词组重点语法可能会成为汉译英部分的考查重点因此考生仍旧应该重视老四级的真题材料。  翻译常见问题和应对政策:  理解表达不到位是翻译的最大问题。  理解关键在于理解句子的语法结构。  表达关键在于用符合英语语言的习惯来做适当调整。  加强句法和和词汇基础持之以恒。  翻译标准方法步骤:  标准:准确、通顺、完整。  方法:以直译为主适当意译。  步骤:  通读全句准确理解。  分析成分划分意群。  选择词义贴切表达。  适当调整书写译文。  常用句型翻译技巧:  *定语从句与同位语从句的区别:  定语从句先行词可以是任何名词而同位语从句先行词相当有限例如:conclusion,fact,news,idea,belief,message。  同位语从句中that不在从句中充当任何成分定语从句that充当一定句子成分。  同位语翻译可采用解释法即先行词后"I"。  强调结构:还原强调部分直接翻译。  *定语  分词短语作定语不定式作定语 介词短语作定语 形容词做定语  上述成分做定语时一般来说应把定语翻译在中心词前面。  *比较结构  asas  notsoAasB  ratherAthanB与其说B不如说A  lessAmoreB与其说A不如说B  *并列结构  两个或两个以上的并列成分有明显的连词标记或标点符号连接如and,or,but,bothand,neithernor,notbut,notonlybutalso等。  *否定结构  部分否定:若否定句中出allbotheveryeach等类似词语则表部分否定。  形状否定:  例 完型填空 做题七种武器  无关词排除  逻辑关系  同现:褒义或贬意作者的含有相同倾向的词  浮现:同一个概念不同词语表达再次出现  关联:and,or  时间线索  总分结构对照分析  通读文章再做题第一段第一句话一定要读懂  逻辑关系举例  ManpowerInc,with,workers,istheworld’slargesttemporaryemploymentagencyEverymorning,itspeople   intotheofficesandfactoriesofAmerica,seekingaday’sworkforaday’spayOnedayatatime    industrialgiantslikeGeneralMotorsandIBMstruggletosurvive    reducingthenumberofemployees,Manpower,basedinMilwaukee,Wisconsin,isbooming    itseconomycontinuestorecover,theUSisincreasinglybecominganationofparttimersandtemporaryworkersThis"  "workforceisthemostimportant    inAmericanbusinesstoday,anditis    changingtherelationshipbetweenpeopleandtheirjobsThephenomenonprovidesawayforcompaniestoremaingloballycompetitive    avoidingmarketcyclesandthegrowingburdens    byemploymentrules,healthcarecostsandpensionplansForworkersitcanmeananendtothesecurity,benefitsandsenseof    thatcamefrombeingaloyalemployee  AswarmBstrideCseparateDslip  AForBBecause CAsDSince  AfromBinConDby  AEventhoughBNowthatCIfonlyDProvidedthat  AdurableBdisposableCavailableDtransferable  AapproachBflowCfashionDtrend  AinstantlyBreverselyCfundamentallyDsufficiently  AbutBwhileCandDwhereas  AimposedBrestrictedCillustratedDconfined  AexcitementBconvictionCenthusiasmDimportance  只有as才表达强对比关系  while可以表达同时发生的既对立又并列的关系  参考答案:A CDABDCBAD  同现举例  UntilrecentlymosthistoriansspokeverycriticallyoftheIndustrialRevolutionThey    thatinthelongrunindustrializationgreatlyraisedthestandardoflivingforthe    manButtheyinsistedthatits    resultsduringtheperiodfromtowerewidespreadpovertyandmiseryforthe    oftheEnglishpopulation     contrast,theysawintheprecedinghundredyearsfromto,whenEnglandwasstilla    agriculturalcountry,aperiodofgreatabundanceandprosperity  Theview,   ,isgenerallythoughttobewrongSpecialists    historyandeconomics,have    twothings:thattheperiodfromtowas    bygreatpoverty,andthatindustrializationcertainlydidnotworsenandmayhaveactuallyimprovedtheconditionsforthemajorityofthepopulace  AadmittedBbelieved CclaimedDpredicted  AplainBaverageCmeanDnormal  AmomentaryBpromptCinstantDimmediate  AbulkBhostCgrossDmagnitude  AOnBWithCForDBy  AbroadlyBthoroughlyCgenerallyDcompletely  AhoweverBmeanwhileCthereforeDmoreover  AatBinCaboutDfor  AmanifestedBapprovedCshownDspeculated  AnotedBimpressedClabeledDmarked  参考答案:ABDADDABCD:如:Hiscontributioncannotbeexaggerated他的贡献极大。: 同现举例  SleepisdividedintoperiodsofsocalledREMsleep,characterizedbyrapideyemovementsanddreaming,andlongerperiodsofnonREMsleep     kindofsleepisatallwellunderstood,butREMsleepis    toservesomerestorativefunctionofthebrainThepurposeofnonREMsleepisevenmore   Thenewexperiments,suchasthese    forthefirsttimeatarecentmeetingoftheSocietyforSleepResearchinMinneapolis,suggestfascinatingexplanations    ofnonREMsleep  Forexample,ithaslongbeenknownthattotalsleep    ispercentfataltorats,yet,    examinationofthedeadbodies,theanimalslookcompletelynormalAresearchhasnow    themysteryofwhytheanimalsdieTherats    bacterialinfectionsoftheblood,    theirimmunesystemstheselfprotectingmechanismagainstdiseaseshadcrashed  AEitherBNeitherCEachDAny  AintendedBrequiredCassumedDinferred  AsubtleBobviousCmysteriousDdoubtful  AmaintainedBdescribedCsettledDafforded  AinthelightBbyvirtueCwiththeexceptionDforthepurpose  AreductionBdestructionCdeprivation Drestriction  AuponBbyCthroughDwith  ApaidattentiontoBcaughtsightofClaidemphasisonDcastlighton  AdevelopBproduceCstimulateDinduce  AifBasifConlyifDifonly  参考答案:BCCBDCADAB  关联举例  IndustrialsafetydoesnotjusthappenCompanies    lowaccidentratesplantheirsafetyprograms,workhardtoorganizethem,andcontinueworkingtokeepthem    andactiveWhentheworkiswelldone,a    ofaccidentfreeoperationsisestablished    timelostduetoinjuriesiskeptataminimum  Successfulsafetyprogramsmay    greatlyintheemphasisplacedoncertainaspectsoftheprogramSomeplacegreatemphasisonmechanicalguardingOthersstresssafeworkpracticesby    rulesorregulation    othersdependonanemotionalappealtotheworkerBut,therearecertainbasicideasthatmustbeusedineveryprogramifmaximumresultsaretobeobtained  TherecanbenoquestionaboutthevalueofasafetyprogramFromafinancialstandpointalone,safe   Thefewertheinjury   ,thebettertheworkman’sinsurancerateThismaymeanthedifferencebetweenoperatingat    orataloss  AatBinConDwith  AaliveBvividCmobileDdiverse  AregulationBclimateCcircumstanceDrequirement  AwhereBhowCwhatDunless  AalterBdifferCshift Ddistinguish  AconstitutingBaggravatingCobservingDjustifying  ASomeBManyCEvenDStill  AcomesoffBturnsupCpaysoffDholdsup  AclaimsBreportsCdeclarationsDproclamations  AanadvantageBabenefitCaninterestDaprofit  参考答案:DABABCDCAD  时间线索举例  UntilrecentlymosthistoriansspokeverycriticallyoftheIndustrialRevolutionThey    thatinthelongrunindustrializationgreatlyraisedthestandardoflivingforthe    manButtheyinsistedthatits    resultsduringtheperiodfromtowerewidespreadpovertyandmiseryforthe    oftheEnglishpopulation     contrast,theysawintheprecedinghundredyearsfromto,whenEnglandwasstilla    agriculturalcountry,aperiodofgreatabundanceandprosperity  Theview,   ,isgenerallythoughttobewrongSpecialists    historyandeconomics,have    twothings:thattheperiodfromtowas    bygreatpoverty,andthatindustrializationcertainlydidnotworsenandmayhaveactuallyimprovedtheconditionsforthemajorityofthepopulace  Aadmitted BbelievedCclaimedDpredicted  AplainBaverageCmeanDnormal  AmomentaryBpromptCinstantDimmediate  AbulkBhostCgrossDmagnitude  AOnBWithCForDBy  AbroadlyBthoroughlyCgenerallyDcompletely  AhoweverBmeanwhileCthereforeDmoreover  AatBinCaboutDfor  AmanifestedBapprovedCshownDspeculated  AnotedBimpressedClabeledDmarked  参考答案:ABDADDABCD  总分总结构举例  SleepisdividedintoperiodsofsocalledREMsleep,characterizedbyrapideyemovementsanddreaming,andlongerperiodsofnonREMsleep      kindofsleepisatallwellunderstood,butREMsleepis    toservesomerestorativefunctionofthebrainThepurposeofnonREMsleepisevenmore   Thenewexperiments,suchasthese    forthefirsttimeatarecentmeetingoftheSocietyforSleepResearchinMinneapolis,suggestfascinatingexplanations    ofnonREMsleep  Forexample,ithaslongbeenknownthattotalsleep    ispercentfataltorats,yet,    examinationofthedeadbodies,theanimalslookcompletelynormalAresearchhasnow    themysteryofwhytheanimalsdieTherats    bacterialinfectionsoftheblood,    theirimmunesystemstheselfprotectingmechanismagainstdiseaseshadcrashed  AEitherBNeitherCEachDAny  AintendedBrequiredCassumedDinferred  AsubtleBobviousCmysteriousDdoubtful  AmaintainedBdescribedCsettledDafforded  AinthelightBbyvirtueCwiththeexceptionDforthepurpose  AreductionBdestructionCdeprivationDrestriction  AuponBbyCthroughDwith  ApaidattentiontoBcaughtsightofClaidemphasisonDcastlighton  AdevelopBproduceCstimulateDinduce  AifBasif ConlyifDifonly  参考答案:BCCBDCADABPAGE

职业精品

精彩专题

上传我的资料

热门资料

资料评价:

/ 5
所需积分:1 立即下载

意见
反馈

返回
顶部

Q