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COGNITIVE NETWORKS Towards Self…

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简介:本文档为《COGNITIVE NETWORKS Towards Self-Aware Networkspdf》,可适用于IT书籍领域,主题内容包含COGNITIVENETWORKSCOGNITIVENETWORKSTowardsSelfAwareNetworksEditedbyQusayHMa符等。

COGNITIVENETWORKSCOGNITIVENETWORKSTowardsSelfAwareNetworksEditedbyQusayHMahmoudUniversityofGuelph,CanadaCopyrightJohnWileySonsLtd,TheAtrium,SouthernGate,Chichester,WestSussexPOSQ,EnglandTelephone()Email(forordersandcustomerserviceenquiries):csbookswileycoukVisitourHomePageonwwwwileyeuropecomorwwwwileycomAllRightsReservedNopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystemortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recording,scanningorotherwise,exceptunderthetermsoftheCopyright,DesignsandPatentsActorunderthetermsofalicenceissuedbytheCopyrightLicensingAgencyLtd,TottenhamCourtRoad,LondonWTLP,UK,withoutthepermissioninwritingofthePublisherRequeststothePublishershouldbeaddressedtothePermissionsDepartment,JohnWileySonsLtd,TheAtrium,SouthernGate,Chichester,WestSussexPOSQ,England,oremailedtopermreqwileycouk,orfaxedto()DesignationsusedbycompaniestodistinguishtheirproductsareoftenclaimedastrademarksAllbrandnamesandproductnamesusedinthisbookaretradenames,servicemarks,trademarksorregisteredtrademarksoftheirrespectiveownersThePublisherisnotassociatedwithanyproductorvendormentionedinthisbookThispublicationisdesignedtoprovideaccurateandauthoritativeinformationinregardtothesubjectmattercoveredItissoldontheunderstandingthatthePublisherisnotengagedinrenderingprofessionalservicesIfprofessionaladviceorotherexpertassistanceisrequired,theservicesofacompetentprofessionalshouldbesoughtOtherWileyEditorialOfficesJohnWileySonsInc,RiverStreet,Hoboken,NJ,USAJosseyBass,MarketStreet,SanFrancisco,CA,USAWileyVCHVerlagGmbH,Boschstr,DWeinheim,GermanyJohnWileySonsAustraliaLtd,McDougallStreet,Milton,Queensland,AustraliaJohnWileySons(Asia)PteLtd,ClementiLoop#,JinXingDistripark,SingaporeJohnWileySonsCanadaLtd,FreemontBlvd,Mississauga,Ontario,LRJ,CanadaWileyalsopublishesitsbooksinavarietyofelectronicformatsSomecontentthatappearsinprintmaynotbeavailableinelectronicbooksAnniversaryLogoDesign:RichardJPacificoLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationData:Cognitivenetworks:towardsselfawarenetworkseditedbyQusayHMahmoudpcmISBN(cloth)SoftwareradioWirelesscommunicationsystemsAutonomiccomputingIMahmoud,QusayH,TKC–dcBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryISBN(HB)TypesetinptTimesbyLaserwordsPrivateLimited,Chennai,IndiaPrintedandboundinGreatBritainbyAntonyRoweLtd,Chippenham,WiltshireThisbookisprintedonacidfreepaperresponsiblymanufacturedfromsustainableforestryinwhichatleasttwotreesareplantedforeachoneusedforpaperproductionTotheauthorsoftheindividualchapters,withoutwhomthisbookwouldnotexistAndtoreadersofthisbook,whowillbethefutureinnovatorsinthefieldContentsContributorsxiForewordxvForewordxixPrefacexxiAcknowledgementsxxiiiIntroductionxxvBiologicallyInspiredNetworkingKenjiLeibnitz,NaokiWakamiyaandMasayukiMurataIntroductionPrinciplesofBiologicallyInspiredNetworkingSwarmIntelligenceEvolutionaryandAdaptiveSystemsConclusionReferencesTheRoleofAutonomicNetworkinginCognitiveNetworksJohnStrassnerIntroductionandBackgroundFoundationsofAutonomicComputingAdvancesinAutonomicComputing–AutonomicNetworkingTheFOCALEArchitectureApplicationtoWiredandWirelessCognitiveNetworksChallengesandFutureDevelopmentsConclusionsGlossaryReferencesAdaptiveNetworksJunLu,YiPan,RyotaEgashira,KeitaFujii,AriffinYahayaandTatsuyaSudaIntroductionDynamicFactorsNetworkFunctionsRepresentativeAdaptationTechniquesDiscussionviiiContentsConclusionReferencesSelfManagingNetworksRaoufBoutabaandJinXiaoIntroduction:ConceptsandChallengesTheVisionandChallengesofSelfManagementTheoriesforDesigningSelfManagingNetworksSelfManagementIntelligence:ToKnowandtoActSelfManagementAdvancesinSpecificProblemDomainsBenchmarkingandValidationSelfStabilizationConclusionReferencesMachineLearningforCognitiveNetworks:TechnologyAssessmentandResearchChallengesThomasGDietterichandPatLangleyIntroductionProblemFormulationsinMachineLearningTasksinCognitiveNetworkingOpenIssuesandResearchChallengesChallengesinMethodologyandEvaluationSummaryAcknowledgementsReferencesCrossLayerDesignandOptimizationinWirelessNetworksVineetSrivastavaandMehulMotaniIntroductionUnderstandingCrossLayerDesignGeneralMotivationsforCrossLayerDesignATaxonomyofCrossLayerDesignProposalsProposalsforImplementingCrossLayerInteractionsCrossLayerDesignActivityintheIndustryandStandardsTheOpenChallengesDiscussionConclusionsReferencesCognitiveRadioArchitectureJosephMitolaIIIIntroductionCRAI:Functions,ComponentsandDesignRulesCRAII:TheCognitionCycleCRAIII:TheInferenceHierarchyContentsixCRAV:BuildingtheCRAonSDRArchitecturesSummaryandFutureDirectionsReferencesTheWisdomofCrowds:CognitiveAdHocNetworksLindaDoyleandTimFordeIntroductionTowardsAdHocNetworksACognitiveAdHocNetworkTheWisdomofCrowdsDynamicSpectrum:ScenariosforCognitiveAdHocNetworksSummaryandConclusionsReferencesDistributedLearningandReasoninginCognitiveNetworks:MethodsandDesignDecisionsDanielHFriend,RyanWThomas,AllenBMacKenzieandLuizADaSilvaIntroductionFrameworksforLearningandReasoningDistributedLearningandReasoningwithinanMASFrameworkSensoryandActuatorFunctionsDesignDecisionsImpactingLearningandReasoningConclusionReferencesTheSemanticSideofCognitiveRadioAllenGinsberg,WilliamDHorneandJeffreyDPostonIntroductionSemantics,FormalSemanticsandSemanticWebTechnologiesCommunityArchitectureforCognitiveRadioDeviceArchitectureforCognitiveRadioandImperativeSemanticsAnArchitectureforCognitiveRadioApplicationsFutureofSemanticsinCognitiveRadioConclusionReferencesSecurityIssuesinCognitiveRadioNetworksChetanNMathurandKPSubbalakshmiIntroductionCognitiveRadioNetworksBuildingBlocksofCommunicationSecurityInherentReliabilityIssuesAttacksonCognitiveNetworksCognitiveNetworkArchitecturesFutureDirectionsConclusionsxContentsAcknowledgementsReferencesIntrusionDetectioninCognitiveNetworksHerveDebarIntroductionIntrusionDetectionThreatModelIntegratedDynamicSecurityApproachDiscussionConclusionReferencesErasureTolerantCodingforCognitiveRadiosHarikeshwarKushwaha,YipingXing,RChandramouliandKPSubbalakshmiIntroductionSpectrumPoolingConceptOverviewofErasureChannelsTraditionalErasureCodesDigitalFountainCodesMultipleDescriptionCodesApplicationsConclusionReferencesIndexContributorsRaoufBoutabaDavidRCheritonSchoolofComputerScienceUniversityofWaterlooUniversityAveW,Waterloo,Ontario,CanadaNLGrboutabacsuwaterloocaRChandramouliDepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineeringStevensInstituteofTechnologyHoboken,NJ,USAmoulistevenseduLuizADaSilvaVirginiaTechWilsonBlvdSuiteArlington,VA,USAldasilvavteduHerveDebarFranceTelecomRDruedesCouturesBPFCaenCedex,FrancehervedebarorangeftgroupcomThomasGDietterichSchoolofElectricalEngineeringandComputerScienceKelleyEngineeringCenterOregonStateUniversityCorvallis,ORUSAtgdeecsoregonstateeduLindaDoyleCTVR,TrinityCollegeUniversityofDublin,IrelandledoyletcdieRoytaEgashiraInformationandComputerScienceUniversityofCalifornia,IrvineIrvine,CA,USAegashiraicsucieduTimKFordeCTVR,TrinityCollegeUniversityofDublin,IrelandtimfordemeetcdieDanielHFriendDepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineering(mailcode)VirginiaTechWhittemoreHallBlacksburg,VAUSAdhfriendvteduKeitaFujiiInformationandComputerScienceUniversityofCalifornia,IrvineIrvine,CA,USAkfujiiicsucieduAllenGinsbergTheMITRECorporationColshireDrMcLean,VA,USAaginsbergmitreorgxiiContributorsWilliamDHorneTheMITRECorporationColshireDrMcLean,VA,USAwhornemitreorgHarikeshwarKushwahaDepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineeringStevensInstituteofTechnologyHoboken,NJ,USAharikeshwargmailcomPatLangleyInstitutefortheStudyofLearningandExpertiseStauntonCourtPaloAlto,CA,USAlangleyisleorgKenjiLeibnitzGraduateSchoolofInformationScienceandTechnologyOsakaUniversity–Yamadaoka,Suita,Osaka–,JapanleibnitzistosakauacjpJunLuInformationandComputerScienceUniversityofCalifornia,IrvineIrvine,CA,USAlujunicsucieduAllenBMacKenzieDepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineeringVirginiaTechWhittemoreHallBlacksburg,VA,USAmackenabvteduQusayHMahmoudDepartmentofComputingandInformationScienceUniversityofGuelphGuelph,Ontario,NGWCanadaqmahmoudcisuoguelphcaChetanMathurDepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineeringStevensInstituteofTechnologyHoboken,NJ,,USAcnanjundgmailcomJosephMitolaIIITheMITRECorporationTampa,Fl,USAjmitolamitreorgMehulMotaniDepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineeringNationalUniversityofSingaporeKentRidgeCrescentSingaporemotaninusedusgMasayukiMurataGraduateSchoolofInformationScienceandTechnologyOsakaUniversity–Yamadaoka,Suita,Osaka–,JapanmurataistosakauacjpYiPanInformationandComputerScienceUniversityofCalifornia,IrvineIrvine,CA,USAypanicsucieduContributorsxiiiJeffreyDPostonTheMITRECorporationColshireDrMcLean,VA,USAjdpostonmitreorgJohnStrassnerMotorolaLabsEastAlgonquinRoadMailStopILSchaumburg,IL,USAjohnstrassnermotorolacomVineetSrivastavaHelloSoft,Inc,RoadNo,BanjaraHills,Hyderabad,AndhraPradesh,IndiavineetpersonalgmailcomKPSubbalakshmiDepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineeringStevensInstituteofTechnologyHoboken,NJ,,USAksubbalastevenseduTatsuyaSudaInformationandComputerScienceUniversityofCalifornia,IrvineIrvine,CA,USAsudaicsucieduRyanWThomasDepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineeringVirginiaTechWhittemoreHallBlacksburg,VA,USArwthomasvteduNaokiWakamiyaGraduateSchoolofInformationScienceandTechnologyOsakaUniversity–Yamadaoka,Suita,Osaka–,JapanwakamiyaistosakauacjpJinXiaoDavidRCheritonSchoolofComputerScienceUniversityofWaterlooUniversityAveW,Waterloo,Ontario,CanadaNLGjxiaocsuwaterloocaYipingXingDepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineeringStevensInstituteofTechnologyHoboken,NJ,USAyipingxinggmailcomAriffinYahayaInformationandComputerScienceUniversityofCalifornia,IrvineIrvine,CA,USAariffinicsucieduForewordProfessorQusayHMahmoud(‘Q’)hascontributedalandmarktotheevolutionofcognitiveradiotechnologieswiththepublicationofhistext,CognitiveNetworksSpecifically,thistextclearlymarksthebeginningofthetransitionofcognitiveradiofromenablingtechnologiesinrelativelyabstract,academicandprecompetitivesettingstomoreclearlyaddresswhatmightbecalledthecriticalbusinesscaseenablersforbroadmarketrelevanceFromitsintroductionatKTH,TheRoyalInstituteofTechnology,Stockholm,in,cognitiveradiohasbeenaboutmarketrelevance,overcomingthesuperficiallackofradiospectrumbypooling,prioritizationandspace–timeadaptationtonotjusttheradiofrequency(RF)situation,butalsototheneedsoftheusersinthesceneTextbookstodate,however,havecontributedmoresignificantlytothefoundationsofthetechnologyortorelativelysmallmarketsegmentssuchassecondaryspectrumoradhocnetworksthantothebroaderInternetscalewirelessmarketsofincreasinglyheterogeneouscellularservicesandcommodityconsumerelectronicsCommunicationsnetworksforthesebroaderrealworldmarketstypicallymustbe(orbecome)secure,scalable,reliable,controllable,interoperableand,ofcourse,billableItisdifficulttostatetheimportanceofQ’sbookinafewwordsAlthoughafewchapters(likemyown)aremorefoundationalthantransitional,mostofthechaptersmovecognitivenetworkssolidlyalongatransitionfromtheorytopracticeLetmeofferafewhighlightsthatqualifyasparadigmshiftsFirst,HerveDebar’s(FranceTelecom)chapter(Chapter)onintrusiondetectionincognitivenetworksdrawsontheIETF’sintrusiondetectionworkinggrouptocharacterizetheproblemofknowledgeattackandtostructuremanagementandpolicyplanswithoperationsthatdefineaparadigmshiftinnetworksecuritySincecognitivenetworksareinherentlyflexibleintheextreme,itwouldbedifficultorimpossibleforcognitivewirelessnetworks(CWNs)totransitionfromtheoryandnicheapplicationstobroadlyapplicablepracticewithoutasolidhandleonsecurityThischapteraddressesinasystematicway,theintrusiondetectionaspectofinformationsecurityframedcomprehensivelybyMathurandSubbalakshmiintheircompanionchapteronsecurityissues,whichcharacterizessecurityissuesfromavailabilityandaccesstoprivacyandnonrepudiation,alongwithclassesofattackthatwouldbeproblematicforCWNsintheliteratureAlthoughDebar’schapteraddressesonlyintrusiondetectionindetail,thispairofchapterssetahighstandardindeedforthearticulationofacriticaltransitionissue–security–andtherelatedcontributionthatshowsthewaytowardstransitionInanotherimportantchapter(Chapter),Motorolacallsthefoundationallayersofreconfigurablewirelessnetworksthe‘autonomic’layers,adaptingIBM’sterm,anallusiontotheautonomicnervoussystemofmammalsthatcontrolsinvoluntaryactionssuchasheartbeatxviForewordandrespirationAlthoughIprefermyownoriginalcognitioncycle–observe,orient,plan,decide,actandlearn–tothesimplerMotorola–IBMcycle–monitor,analyze,planandexecute(withknowledgeinthemiddle,butwithoutlearning)–theirFOCALEarchitecturethatrealizesthecycleincognitivenetworkstieslearningtobusinessgoalsThat’sabigimprovementonmyownOOPDALloop,whichwasn’texplicitlytiedtotheinevitablebusinesslogicfromwhichtherevenuecomesThischapter,likeseveralothers,alsointroduces‘layers’andrelatedobjectsandrelationshipsforservices,managementandthecontrolofthefoundationalreconfigurablenetworksIfoundthedifferencesindeviceinterfacelanguageforcontrollingdifferentkindsofrouterscompellingevidenceforwhatIcallcomputationalsemanticsinteroperability:theyproposedanontologymappingconstructasessentialforthetransitiontowardspracticalcognitivenetworksTheMITREchapterbyGinsberg,HorneandPoston(Chapter)developsthisnotionofsemanticinteroperabilityamongheterogeneousnetworksfurther,drawingonthewebontologylanguage(OWL)fromthesemanticwebcommunity,insomesenseatechnologylookingforaproblemthatmayinfacthavefoundahomeinthecreationofmachinereadablespecificationsWhenIteachradioengineeringcoursesintheUS,almostnoradioengineershaveusedZ,theInternationalTelecommunicationsUnion’sstandardspecificationanddescriptionlanguage(SDL)fordigitalsystems,particularlyforthestatemachinesandmessagesequencecharts(MSC)ofradioNotsoinEuropewhereZwasinventedsothatengineersfromacrosstheECcouldcollaborateinthemathematicallanguageofSDLForme,itwasawatershedeventwhenafewyearsago,theGSMMoUcommitteedeterminedthatthemachinereadableSDLwouldbenormativewhilethehumanreadabletextwouldbeexplanatory,reversingdecadeslongpracticethatthenaturallanguagetextofaspecificationbenormativewhilethefiguresandcomputerreadablecodeinthespecificationbeillustrativeInthiscontext,BoutabaandXiao’schapter(Chapter)onselfmanagingnetworksshowshowthetechnicalideasofsemanticinteroperabilityhavesubstantialcostleverage:ofinformationtechnologyisexpendedonoperationsandmaintenance,withnearlyhalfofserviceoutagescausedbyhumanerrorAlthoughthetelecommunicationsindustrycontinuestoautomate,itisontheedgesofheterogeneousnetworks–thewiredandthewireless,themultistandardtothecorenetwork–thatthecontributionofcognitivenetworksbecomesmostevidentLuetalsurveyabroadscopeofideas,approachesandarchitecturesforselfmanagementinChapteronadaptivenetworksOneofthemoreintriguingistheantcolonyideadevelopedingreaterdetailbyLiebnitzetalinChapteronbiologicallyinspirednetworkingBehavior,afterall,iscrucialTheirfirstfigureshowshowthepriceofscalinguptoInternetsizednetworksisalossofdeterminismbecausetheoverheadofcentralizedcontrolbecomesprohibitiveasnetworksizeincreasesintothemillionsandbillionsofnodesReminiscentoffoundationalworkinartificiallifebyStuartKaufman(AtHomeintheUniverseandtheArtificialLifeproceedingsoftheSantaFeInstitute),Leibnitzetalremindusthatbiologicallyinspiredarchitecturesmayfallshortofoptimalinsomerespects,butalsomaybemorerobustindealingwithcatastropheTheirmathematicaltreatmentandsimulationseachrelatebacktoimportantpropertiesofcognitivenetworksthatenabletransitiontoInternetscaleForewordxviiNottocondemnwithfaintpraise,allofthechapters,includingthosenotyetmentionedinthisbriefnote,eachcontributeimportantlytocriticalissuesincrosslayeroptimization,coding,distributedlearningandoverallcognitivenetworkrobustnessI’msurethegrowingcommunityofcognitiveradiowillbenefitgreatlyfromthisimportantworkDrJosephMitolaIIIConsultingScientistTheMITRECorporationTampa,FL,USAForeword

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