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首页 James Agee - A Death in the Family (1957).pdf

James Agee - A Death in the Family (1957).pdf

James Agee - A Death in the Fam…

slgfrank 2012-03-03 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《James Agee - A Death in the Family (1957)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含ThisPulitzerPrizewinningbookhasbeenhailedasamajornovelofourtime“Theworkofa符等。

ThisPulitzerPrizewinningbookhasbeenhailedasamajornovelofourtime“TheworkofawriterwhosepowerwithEnglishwordscanmakeyougasp”AlfredKasin,TheNewYorkTimes“JamesAgeehasremindedusofhumanweaknessandhumanstrength,andremindedusthathumanbeingscanbebraveandkindandtenderwhenfatedealsitsheavyblowsThisstoryhasnobility,aqualityinhumannaturenotoftenemphasizedincontemporarywriting”SanFranciscoCallBulletin“Hisdescriptionsofpeople,placesandscenes,arenotonlyaccuratebutdeeplypoeticandmoving”ChicagoSunTimes“Suchanovelasthisbelongswiththingstobecherishedalways”TheClevelandPresshttp:wwwencomcnJamesAgeeADEATHINTHEFAMILYCompleteandUnabridgedANAVONBOOKhttp:wwwencomcnAVONBOOKSAdivisionofTheHearstCorporationMadisonAvenueNewYork,NYCopyright,byTheJamesAgeeTrustChapterandpartofChapter,Copyright,byTheNewYorkerMagazine,Inc,Copyright,byTheJamesAgeeTrustAllrightsreservedPublishedbyarrangementwithMcDowell,Obolensky,IncPrintedintheUSAAvonEditionFirstprinting,February,Eleventhprinting,August,AcknowledgmentisheremadetoThePartisanReview,ieTheCambridgeReview,TheNewYorkerMagazine,andHarper’sBazaa,rinwhichportionsofthisnovelfirstappearedhttp:wwwencomcnTHETRUSTEESOFCOLUMBIAUNIVERSITYINTHECITYOFNEWYORKToallpersonstowhomthesepresentsmaycomegreetingbeitknownthatJAMESAGEEhasbeenawardedTHEPULITZERPRIZEINLETTERSFICTIONforADEATHINTHEFAMILYinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofthestatutesoftheUniversitygoverningsuchawardInwitnesswhereofwehavecausedthiscertificatetobesignedbythePresidentoftheUniversityandourcorporatesealtobeheretoaffixedintheCityofNewYorkonthefifthdayofMayintheyearofourLordonethousandninehundredandfiftyeightGraysonKirkPRESIDENThttp:wwwencomcnANOTEONTHISBOOKJamesAgeediedsuddenlyMay,Thisnovel,uponwhichhehadbeenworkingformanyyears,ispresentedhereexactlyashewroteitTherehasbeennorewriting,andnothinghasbeeneliminatedexceptforafewcasesoffirstdraftmaterialwhichhelaterreworkedatgreaterlength,andonesectionofsevenoddpageswhichtheeditorswereunablesatisfactorilytofitintothebodyofthenovelTheendingofADeathintheFamilyhadbeenreachedsometimebeforeAgee’sdeath,andtheonlyeditorialprobleminvolvedtheplacingofseveralscenesoutsidethetimespanofthebasicstoryItwasfinallydecidedtoprinttheseinitalicsandtoputthemafterPartsIandIIItseemedpresumptuoustotrytoguesswherehemighthaveinsertedthemThisarrangementalsoobviatedthenecessityoftheeditorshavingtocomposeanytransitionalmaterialTheshortsectionKnoxville:Summerof,whichservesasasortofprologue,hasbeenaddedItwasnotapartofthemanuscriptwhichAgeeleft,buttheeditorswouldcertainlyhaveurgedhimtoincludeitinthefinaldraftHowmuchpolishingorrewritinghemighthavedoneisimpossibletoguess,forhewasatirelessandpainstakingwriterHowever,intheopinionoftheeditorsandofthepublisher,ADeathintheFamilyisanearperfectworkofartThetitle,likealltherestofthebook,isJamesAgee’sownhttp:wwwencomcnContentsContentsKnoxville:SummerPARTIChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapter…Chapter…Chapter…PARTIIChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapter…Chapter…Chapter…PARTIIIChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterAbouttheAuthorhttp:wwwencomcnADeathintheFamilyhttp:wwwencomcnKnoxville:SummerWearetalkingnowofsummereveningsinKnoxville,TennesseeinthetimethatIlivedtheresosuccessfullydisguisedtomyselfasachildItwasalittlebitmixedsortofblock,fairlysolidlylowermiddleclass,withoneortwojutsapieceoneithersideofthatThehousescorrespondedmiddlesizedgracefullyfrettedwoodhousesbuiltinthelateninetiesandearlynineteenhundreds,withsmallfrontandsideandmorespaciousbackyards,andtreesintheyards,andporchesTheseweresoftwoodedtrees,poplars,tuliptrees,cottonwoodsTherewerefencesaroundoneortwoofthehouses,butmainlytheyardsranintoeachotherwithonlynowandthenalowhedgethatwasn’tdoingverywellTherewerefewgoodfriendsamongthegrownpeople,andtheywerenotpoorenoughfortheothersortofintimateacquaintance,buteveryonenoddedandspoke,andevenmighttalkshorttimes,trivially,andatthetwoextremesofthegeneralortheparticular,andordinarilynextdoorneighborstalkedquiteabitwhentheyhappenedtorunintoeachother,andneverpaidcallsThemenweremostlysmallbusinessmen,oneortwoverymodestlyexecutives,oneortwoworkedwiththeirhands,mostofthemclerical,andmostofthembetweenthirtyandfortyfiveButitisoftheseevenings,IspeakSupperwasatsixandwasoverbyhalfpastTherewasstilldaylight,shiningsoftlyandwithatarnish,liketheliningofashell,andthecarbonlampsliftedatthecornerswereoninthelight,andthelocustswerestarted,andthefireflieswereout,andafewfrogs’werefloppinginthedewygrass,bythetimethefathersandthechildrencameoutThechildrenranoutfirsthellbentandyellingthosenamesbywhichtheywereknownthenthefatherssankoutleisurelyincrossedsuspenders,theircollarsremovedandtheirneckslookingtallandshyThemothersstayedbackinthekitchenwashinganddrying,puttingthingsaway,recrossingtheirtracelessfootstepslikethelifetimejourneysofbees,measuringoutthedrycocoaforbreakfastWhentheycameouttheyhadtakenofftheirapronsandtheirskirtsweredampenedandtheysatinrockersontheirporchesquietlyItisnotofthegameschildrenplayintheeveningthatIwanttospeaknow,itisofacontemporaneousatmospherethathaslittletodowiththem:thatofthefathersoffamilies,eachinhisspaceoflawn,hisshirtfishlikepaleintheunnaturallightandhisfacenearlyanonymous,hosingtheirlawnsThehoseswereattachedatspiggotsthatstoodoutofthebrickfoundationsofthehousesThenozzleswerevariouslysetbutusuallysotherewasalongsweetstreamofspray,thenozzlewetinthehand,thewatertricklingtherightforearmandthepeeledbackcuff,andthewaterwhishingoutalonglooseandlowcurvedcone,andsogentleasoundFirstaninsanenoiseofviolenceinthenozzle,thenthestillirregularsoundofadjustment,thenthesmoothingintosteadinessandapitchasaccuratelytunedtothesizeandstyleofstreamasanyviolinSomanyqualitiesofsoundoutofonehose:somanychoraldifferencesoutofthoseseveralhosesthatwereinearshotOutofanyonehose,thealmostdeadsilenceoftherelease,andtheshortstillarchoftheseparatebigdrops,silentasaheldbreath,andtheonlynoisetheflatteringnoiseonleavesandtheslappedgrassatthefallofeachbigdropThat,andtheintensehisswiththeintensestreamthat,andthatsameintensitynotgrowinglessbutgrowingmorequietanddelicatewiththeturnofthenozzle,uptothatextremetenderwhisperwhenthewaterwasjustawidebelloffilmChiefly,though,thehosesweresetmuchalike,inacompromisebetweendistanceandtendernessofspray,(andquitesurelyasenseofartbehindthiscompromise,andaquietdeepjoy,toorealtorecognizeitself),andthesoundsthereforewerepitchedmuchalikepointedbythesnortingstartofanewhosedecoratedbysomemanplayfulwiththenozzleleftempty,likeGodbythesparrow’sfall,http:wwwencomcnwhenanysingleoneofthemdesists:andall,thoughnearalike,ofvariouspitchandinthisunisonThesesweetpalestreamingsinthelightliftouttheirpallorsandtheirvoicesalltogether,mothershushingtheirchildren,thehushingunnaturallyprolonged,themengentleandsilentandeachsnaillikewithdrawnintothequietudeofwhathesinglyisdoing,theurinationofhugechildrenstoodlooselymilitaryagainstaninvisiblewall,andgentlehappyandpeaceful,tastingthemeangoodnessoftheirlivinglikethelastoftheirsuppersintheirmouthswhilethelocustscarryonthisnoiseofhosesontheirmuchhigherandsharperkeyThenoiseofthelocustisdry,anditseemsnottoberaspedorvibratedbuturgedfromhimasifthroughasmallorificebyabreaththatcannevergiveoutAlsothereisneveronelocustbutanillusionofatleastathousandThenoiseofeachlocustispitchedinsomeclassiclocustrangeoutofwhichnoneofthemvariesmorethantwofulltones:andyetyouseemtoheareachlocustdiscretefromalltherest,andthereisalong,slow,pulseintheirnoise,likethescarcelydefinedarchofalongandhighsetbridgeTheyareallaroundineverytree,sothatthenoiseseemstocomefromnowhereandeverywhereatonce,fromthewholeshellheaven,shiveringinyourfleshandteasingyoureardrums,theboldestofallthesoundsofnightAndyetitishabitualtosummernights,andisofthegreatorderofnoises,likethenoisesoftheseaandofthebloodherprecociousgrandchild,whichyourealizeyouarehearingonlywhenyoucatchyourselflisteningMeantimefromlowinthedark,justoutsidetheswayinghorizonsofthehoses,conveyingalwaysgrassinthedampofdewanditsstronggreenblacksmearofsmell,theregularyetspacednoisesofthecrickets,eachasweetcoldsilvernoisethreenoted,liketheslippingeachtimeofthreematchedlinksofasmallchainButthemenbynow,onebyone,havesilencedtheirhosesanddrainedandcoiledthemNowonlytwo,andnowonlyone,isleft,andyouseeonlyghostlikeshirtwiththesleevegarters,andsobermysteryofhismildfaceliketheliftedfaceoflargecattleenquiringofyourpresenceinapitchdarkpoolofmeadowandnowhetooisgoneandithasbecomethattimeofeveningwhenpeoplesitontheirporches,rockinggentlyandtalkinggentlyandwatchingthestreetandthestandingupintotheirsphereofpossessionofthetrees,ofbirdshunghavens,hangarsPeoplegobythingsgobyAhorse,drawingabuggy,breakinghishollowironmusicontheasphaltaloudauto,aquietauto,peopleinpairs,notinahurry,scuffling,switchingtheirweightofaestivalbody,talkingcasually,thetastehoveringoverthemofvanilla,strawberry,pasteboardandstarchedmilk,theimageuponthemofloversandhorsemen,squaredwithclownsinhuelessamberAstreetcarraisingitsironmoan,stopping,beltingandstartingstertorousrousingandraisingagainitsironincreasingmoanandswimmingitsgoldwindowsandstrawseatsonpastandpastandpast,thebleaksparkcracklingandcursingaboveitlikeasmallmalignantspiritsettodogitstrackstheironwhinerisesonrisingspeedstillrisen,faints,haltsthefaintstingingbell,risesagain,stillfainter,fainting,lifting,lifts,faintsforgone:forgottenNowisthenightonebluedewNowisthenightonebluedew,myfatherhasdrained,hehascoiledthehoseLowonthelengthoflawns,a(railingoffirewhobreathesContent,silver,likepeepsoflight,eachcricketmakeshiscommentoverandoverinthedrownedgrassAcoldtoadthumpilyfloundersWithintheedgesofdampshadowsofsideyardsarehoveringchildrennearlysickwithjoyoffear,whowatchtheunguardingofatelephonepoleAroundwhitecarboncornerlampsbugsofallsizesareliftedelliptic,solarsystemsBighardshellsbruisethemselves,assailant:heisfallenonhisback,legssquigglingParentsonporchesrockandrock:Fromdampstringsmorningglories:hangtheirancientfaceshttp:wwwencomcnThedryandexaltednoiseofthelocustsfromalltheairatonceenchantsmyeardrumsOntheroughwetgrassofthebackyardmyfatherandmotherhavespreadquiltsWeallliethere,mymother,myfather,myuncle,myaunt,andItooamlyingthereFirstweweresittingup,thenoneofuslaydown,andthenwealllaydown,onourstomachs,oronoursides,oronourbacks,andtheyhavekeptontalkingTheyarenottalkingmuch,andthetalkisquiet,ofnothinginparticular,ofnothingatallinparticular,ofnothingatallThestarsarewideandalive,theyseemeachlikeasmileofgreatsweetness,andtheyseemverynearAllmypeoplearelargerbodiesthanmine,quiet,withvoicesgentleandmeaninglesslikethevoicesofsleepingbirdsOneisanartist,heislivingathomeOneisamusician,sheislivingathomeOneismymotherwhoisgoodtomeOneismyfatherwhoisgoodtomeBysomechance,heretheyare,allonthisearthandwhoshallevertellthesorrowofbeingonthisearth,lying,onquilts,onthegrass,inasummerevening,amongthesoundsofthenightMayGodblessmypeople,myuncle,myaunt,mymother,mygoodfather,oh,rememberthemkindlyintheirtimeoftroubleandinthehouroftheirtakingawayAfteralittleIamtakeninandputtobedSleep,softsmiling,drawsmeuntoher:andthosereceiveme,whoquietlytreatme,asonefamiliarandwellbelovedinthathome:butwillnot,oh,willnot,notnow,noteverbutwillnotevertellmewhoIamhttp:wwwencomcnPARTIChapterAtsupperthatnight,asmanytimesbefore,hisfathersaid,“Well,sposewegotothepictureshow”“Oh,Jay!”hismothersaid“Thathorridlittleman!”“What’swrongwithhim”hisfatherasked,notbecausehedidn’tknowwhatshewouldsay,butsoshewouldsayit“He’ssonasty!”shesaid,asshealwaysdid“Sovulgar!Withhisnastylittlecanehookingupskirtsandthings,andthatnastylittlewalk!”Hisfatherlaughed,ashealwaysdid,andRufusfeltthatithadbecomeratheranemptyjokebutasalwaysthelaughteralsocheeredhimhefeltthatthelaughterenclosedhimwithhisfatherTheywalkeddowntowninthelightofmotherofpearl,totheMajestic,andfoundtheirwaytoseatsbythelightofthescreen,intheexhilaratingsmellofstaletobacco,ranksweat,perfumeanddirtydrawers,whilethepianoplayedfastmusicandgallopinghorsesraisedagrandioseflagofdustAndtherewasWilliamSHartwithbothgunsblazingandhislong,horsefaceandhislong,hardlip,andthegreatcountryrodeawaybehindhimaswideastheworldThenhemadeabashfulfaceatagirlandhishorseraiseditsupperlipandeverybodylaughed,andthenthescreenwasfilledwithacityandwiththesidewalkofasidestreetofacity,alonglineofpalmsandtherewasCharlieeveryonelaughedtheminutetheysawhimsquattilywalkingwithhistoesoutandhiskneeswideapart,asifhewe

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