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Angle of Repose.pdf

Angle of Repose

slgfrank 2012-03-03 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Angle of Reposepdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含TableofContentsTitlePageCopyrightPageDedicationAcknowledgementsIntroductio符等。

TableofContentsTitlePageCopyrightPageDedicationAcknowledgementsIntroductionIGRASSVALLEYChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterIINEWALMADENChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterIIISANTACRUZChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterIVLEADVILLEChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterVMICHOACANChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterVIONTHEBOUGHChapterChapterVIITHECANYONChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterVIIITHEMESAChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterChapterIXTHEZODIACCOTTAGEChapterReadmoreWallaceStegnerinPenguinFORTHEBESTINPAPERBACKS,LOOKFORTHEPENGUINCLASSICSANGLEOFREPOSEWallaceStegner()wastheauthorof,amongothernovels,RememberingLaughter,TheBigRockCandyMountain,JoeHill,AlltheLittleLiveThings,(CommonwealthClubGoldMedal)AShootingStar,AngleofRepose,(PulitzerPrize)TheSpectatorBird,(NationalBookAward,)Recapitulation,andCrossingtoSafety,HisnonfictionincludesBeyondtheHundredthMeridian,WolfWillow,TheSoundofMountainWater(essays),TheUneasyChair:ABiographyofBernardDeVoto,andWheretheBluebirdSingstotheLemonadeSprings:LivingandWritingintheWest()ThreeofhisshortstorieshavewonOHenryPrizes,andinhereceivedtheRobertKirschAwardfromtheLosAngelesTimesforhislifetimeliteraryachievementsHisCollectedStorieswaspublishedinJacksonJBensonwasbornandraisedinSanFrancisco,graduatedfromStanford,andreceivedhisMAfromSanFranciscoStateUniversityandhisPhDfromtheUniversityofSouthernCaliforniaFromtoheservedasprofessorofEnglishandcomparativeliteratureatSanDiegoStateUniversity,wherehetaughttwentiethcenturyAmericanliteratureTwiceafellowoftheNationalEndowmentoftheHumanities,hehaspublishedelevenbooksonmodernAmericanliteratureAmongthemistheauthorizedbiographyTheTrueAdventuresofJohnSteinbeck,Writer(),whichwonthePENWestUSAawardfornonfictionHislatestworkwastheauthorizedbiographyWallaceStegner:HisLifeandWork(),whichwontheDavidWoolleyandBeatriceCannonEvansBiographyAwardTorequestPenguinReadersGuidesbymail(whilesupplieslast),pleasecall()oremailreadinguspenguingroupcomToaccessPenguinReadersGuidesonline,visitourWebsiteatwwwpenguincomPENGUINBOOKSPublishedbythePenguinGroupPenguinGroup(USA)Inc,HudsonStreet,NewYork,NewYork,USAPenguinGroup(Canada),EglintonAvenueEast,Suite,Toronto,Ontario,CanadaMPY(adivisionofPearsonPenguinCanadaInc)PenguinBooksLtd,Strand,LondonWCRORL,EnglandPenguinIreland,StStephen'sGreen,Dublin,Ireland(adivisionofPenguinBooksLtd)PenguinGroup(Australia),CamberwellRoad,Camberwell,Victoria,Australia(adivisionofPearsonAustraliaGroupPtyLtd)PenguinBooksIndiaPvtLtd,CommunityCentre,PanchsheelPark,NewDelhi,IndiaPenguinGroup(NZ),ApolloDrive,Rosedale,NorthShore,NewZealand(adivisionofPearsonNewZealandLtd)PenguinBooks(SouthAfrica)(Pty)Ltd,SturdeeAvenue,Rosebank,Johannesburg,SouthAfricaPenguinBooksLtd,RegisteredOffices:Strand,LondonWCRORL,EnglandFirstpublishedintheUnitedStatesofAmericabyDoubledayCompany,Inc,PublishedbyarrangementwithDoubleday,adivisionofRandomHouse,IncPublishedinPenguinBooksThiseditionwithanintroductionbyJacksonJBensonpublishedinPenguinBooksCopyrightWallaceStegner,Introductioncopyright(c)JacksonJBenson,AllrightsreservedPUBLISHER'SNOTEThisisaworkoffictionNames,characters,places,andincidentseitheraretheproductoftheauthor'simaginationorareusedfictitiously,andanyresemblancetoactualpersons,livingordead,businessestablishments,events,orlocalesisentirelycoincidentalLIBRARYOFCONGRESSCATALOGINGINPUBLICATIONDATAStegner,WallaceEarle,AngleofreposeWallaceStegnerwithanintroductionbyJacksonJBensonpcm(Penguintwentiethcenturyclassics)IncludesbibliographicalreferenceseISBN:HistoriansFictionPhysicallyhandicappedFictionMarriedpeopleFictionGrandparentsFictionAgedFictionCaliforniaFictionITitleIISeriesPSTAb'dcThescanning,uploadinganddistributionofthisbookviatheInternetorviaanyothermeanswithoutthepermissionofthepublisherisillegalandpunishablebylawPleasepurchaseonlyauthorizedelectroniceditions,anddonotparticipateinorencourageelectronicpiracyofcopyrightedmaterialsYoursupportoftheauthor'srightsisappreciatedhttp:uspenguingroupcomFormyson,PageMythankstoJMandhersisterfortheloanoftheirancestorsThoughIhaveusedmanydetailsoftheirlivesandcharacters,IhavenothesitatedtowarpbothpersonalitiesandeventstofictionalneedsThisisanovelwhichutilizesselectedfactsfromtheirreallivesItisinnosenseafamilyhistoryINTRODUCTIONAngleofReposeisWallaceStegner'smasterpiece,thecrownjewelinamultifacetedwritingcareerFromthetimehefinishedhisPhDintohisdeathin,hepublishedsomefiftyeightshortstories,adozennovels,twohistories,twobiographies,amemoirhistory,andfivecollectionsofessaysHewasgivennumerousawardsforhiswritings,includingthePulitzerPrizeforAngleofRepose,theNationalBookAwardforTheSpectatorBird,andtheLifetimeAchievementAwardbytheLosAngelesTimesFromtheearlys,hebecameaswellknownforhisenvironmentalactivitiesandwritingsasforhisfictionHowever,itwasthewritingofnovelsthatwasclosesttohisheart,anditwasasanovelistthathewantedtoberememberedInarecentpollofreadersoftheSanFranciscoChroniclevotingonthebestonehundrednovelswrittenabouttheWest,AngleofReposewaslistednumberoneOftenmentionedbycriticsasoneofthemostimportantAmericannovelsofthetwentiethcentury,italoneshouldensureStegner'sreputation(InaChroniclepollofbestnonfictionbooks,hisJohnWesleyPowellbiography,BeyondtheHundredthMeridian,waslistednumbertwo)WallaceStegner'slifealmostspannedthetwentiethcentury,fromthelasthomesteadfrontierinSaskatchewantotheinformationageinSiliconValley,fromhorseandplowtomouseandcomputerThemajorstrandsofhiscareerhisloveoftheland,hisconcernforhistory,hisadvocacyofcooperationandantagonismtowardruggedindividualismandhisdedicationtowritingcanbeclearlyseenasproductsofhisearlylifeHewasborninIowain,theyoungeroftwosons,butthefamilysoonmovedtoNorthDakota,toWashingtonState,andthentoEastend,SaskatchewanHisfather,GeorgeStegner,waswhathissonlatercalleda"boomer,"amanlookingtofindafortuneintheWestandwho,notfindingitinoneplace,wenttoanotherHismotherwaswhatWallacecalleda"nester"ShewantednothingmorethanahomeofherowninwhichtoraiseafamilyWallace'saccountsofhisgrowingupmakeitclearthatadichotomydevelopedearlyinhisconsciousnessbetweentheproud,tough,intolerantruggedindividualismrepresentedbyhisfatherandthefriendly,tolerant,neighborlytendenciestowardcaringandcooperationrepresentedbyhismotherAndaswecanseethroughouthiswriting,Wallace'ssympathieslaywithhismotherandthevaluessherepresentedAlthoughlikeherhusbandhismotherneverwentbeyondtheeighthgradeinschool,shelovedbooksandpassedonaloveofreadingtohersonTogetherhisparentswouldseemtohavebeenthearchetypalwesterncoupleInlateryears,asawriter,Wallacesawthemasrepresentingtheexploiter,ontheonehand,andthecivilizerontheotherAlthoughtheyarequitedifferentincharacterandbackground,wecanseeOliverandSusanWardintheirrolesinAngleofReposeasdimreflectionsofStegner'sparents(CertainlyWallace'sdeeploveandrespectforhismothercontributedtohisabilitytocreatesuchcomplexandsympatheticwomencharactersasSusanBurlingWard)WhenaskedbyaninterviewerifthelifeofMaryHallockFoote,themodelfortheheroineofAngleofRepose,hadremindedhimofthelifeofElsaMason,themotherinthesemiautobiographicalTheBigRockCandyMountain,Stegnersaid,NotconsciouslyItneveroccurredtomethattherewasanyrelationbetweenAngleofReposeandBigRockCandyMountaintillafterIhadfinishedwritingitThenIsawthattherewereallkindsofconnectionsTherewasthewanderinghusbandandthenestingwoman,andthewholebusinessreproducedinmanywaysinsomewhatmorecultivatedtermsandindifferentplaceswhatTheBigRockCandyMountainwasaboutIt'sperfectlyclearthatifeverywriterisborntowriteonestory,that'smystoryTwoperiodsinhisgrowinguphadamajorinfluenceonforminghisoutlookandinterestsThefirstwashissixyearsinchildhoodspentinthevillageofEastendandeverysummeronthehomesteadfarminSaskatchewanneartheMontanaborderAfterthefirstyear,hisolderbrother,Cecil,gotasummerjobatthegrocerystoreintown,andsoWallacewasalonewithhisparents,outonthehotprairie,livinginatarpapershackItwasaplacewith"searingwind,scorchingsky,tormentedandheatwarpedlight,andnotatree"Yet,amazinglyenoughconsideringsuchabarrenandhostileenvironment,hecouldstilllookbackonachildhoodnotofsufferingandboredom,butof"wildfreedom,aclosenesstoearthandweather,afamiliaritywithbothtameandwildanimals"Hissummersonthehomesteadandwintersinthefrontiervillageduringhismostimpressionableyearsmarkedhim,ashehassaid,"awesternerforlife"Andtheywouldeventuallyproduceawriterdeterminedtorepresentthewesternexperienceasitreallywas,andtherelationshipofitspeopletothelandasitwas,is,andshouldbeAsidefromtheemptyflatnessofitsacres,thehomestead'smostprominentfeaturewasitsdrynesstherewasasourceofwater,butjustbarelyTheStegners'cropwaswheat,whichrequiredsummerraintogrow,andinfouryearsoutoffivetheyweredustedoutDuringasixthsummertherewassomuchrainthatthewheatwasruinedbyrustThisperiodinEastendwastheonlytimeinWallace'slifethathisfamilywastogetherintheirownhome,andsohavingtoleaveSaskatchewanwasforhimatraumaheneverforgotFamily,home,andcommunityarevaluedthroughouthiswork,andwhileSusan,inAngleofRepose,isonamuchhighersociallevelthanWallace'smother,shetooisanesterwhotriestocreatecommunitywherevershemustmoveinresponsetoherhusband'ssearchWallace'ssenseoftheimportanceofwaterintheWest,whichhadbeendrilledintohimsoforcefully,eventuallyledhimtowriteaboutJohnWesleyPowelloneofthefewtounderstandthebasicdrynessoftheWest(contradictingthepropagandaofthedeveloperswhopromiseda"newEden")AndstilllaterhewoulduseasthecentralepisodeinAngleofReposeOliverWard'sattempttotransportwatertotheneardesertofsouthernIdahoHisexperienceinSaskatchewanalsoledhimtoaconsuminginterestinhistoryAngleofRepose,whichisaboutthelifeandthoughtsofahistorianandthehistoryofhisfamilythatheuncovers,wouldseemtohavebeenwrittenasmuchbyahistorianasbyanovelist,andWallacewasbothAsachild,sooftenalone,Wallacebecameanomnivorousreader,readingwhatevercamehisway,evendevouringtheEatonCatalogButneitherhiseducationinCanada,whichtriedtomakeaEuropeanofhim,norhisownreadingingeographyorhistoryhadanyrelevancetotheplacewherehelived:"LivingintheCypressHills,IdidnotevenknowIlivedthere,andhadn'tthefaintestnotionofwhohadlivedtherebeforeme"Thesenseofhisownlackofhistorygrewinhimashematured,leadinghimtorecognizetheimportanceofknowingthehistoryofone'sownfamilyandregionLater,inadditiontowritinghistoriesandthememoirhistoryWolfWillow,whichcameoutofaninvestigationofhisownroots,hewoulddoextensivehistoricalresearchasabasisforseveralofhisnovels,including,ofcourse,AngleofReposeThesecondimportantperiodinWallace'slifewouldbringfurthersupporttohispassionforhistoryandtohisinterestinhisrootsAfterleavingSaskatchewan,thefamilyeventuallyendedupinSaltLakeCity,whereWallacespenthisteenageyears"TheMormonswhobuiltitandlivedinit,"hehaswritten,"hadastrongsenseoffamilyandcommunity,somethingtheStegnersandthepeopletheyhadlivedamongwerenotablyshortof"WallaceneverbecameaMormon,butalmostallofhisfriendsweremembersofthechurch,andtheybroughthimintoitssocialactivitiesAnddespitethedislocationscausedbyhisfatherandadysfunctionalfamily,hecametobelievethathecouldbelong,thathewasnotanoutsiderInlateryearsheconsideredSaltLakehishometown,andhechronicledhisreturninghomeandrediscoveringhisyouthinthenovelRecapitulationHewasattractednotonlybytheMormonemphasisoncommunityandcooperation,butalsobytheMormondevotiontothestudyofhistoryandgenealogyHewassoimpressedbyhisexperiencesinMormonculturethathelaterwrotehistwohistories,MormonCountryandTheGatheringofZion,aboutthedevelopmentofthatcultureAsenseofcommunityandasenseoffamilyunitywerenot,however,thingsthathehadinhisownimmediate,personallifeduringthoseyearsHisfather,givingupwheatfarming(withwhichhehadplannedtomakeafortunebecauseofthedemandduringWorldWarI),turnedtobootleggingandrunninga"blindpig,"anillegalsaloon,intheirhomeThefamilymovedsometwentytimesduringWallace'shighschoolandcollegeyearsinordertoescapediscoverybythepoliceThisrootlessness,hismother'sisolation,andthefactthathecouldnotbringfriendstohisownhomefurtherreinforcedhissenseoftheimportanceoffamilyandcommunityWecanseethisbackgroundreflectedinAngleofRepose'sconcerns:fortheeffectsofculturaltransplantation,forthequestionsofwhatholdsafamilytogetherandwhatdrivesitapart,andforhavingroots,inbothfamilyandplace,andknowingaboutthemWallaceworkedhiswaynotonlythroughcollegebutthroughgraduateschoolaswellHehadafellowshipatIowathatkepthiminschoolaftergraduatingfromtheUniversityofUtahAfterhewrotethreeshortstoriesforhisMA,hisadviser,NormanFoerster,toldhimheshouldswitchfromcreativewritingandgethisdoctorateinanacademicsubjectifhewantedtogetajobteachingFoersterfurthersuggestedthatheinvestigatethewritingsofthewesternnaturalistgeologistClarenceDutton,afigureoutofthelatenineteenthcenturyandearlytwentiethwhohadbeenlargelyoverlookedBytakingupthischallenge,StegnercommittedhimselftowhatturnedouttobealifelonginterestinnaturewritingHewouldalsodevelopastrong,continuinginterestinthatgroupofsurveyorsandgeologicalexplorerswho,aftertheCivilWar,mappedanddescribedtheWest(TheyincludednotonlyJohnWesleyPowellbutArthurDeWintFoote,thereallifecounterpartofOliverWardinAngleofRepose)Andhisdissertationtopicledhimtobecomeanexpertontheliteratureandhistoryoftherealisticnaturalisticperiod(fromtheCivilWartoWorldWarI)theperiodthatheconcentratesoninthehistoricalsectionsofAngleofReposeStegnerwouldgoontoteachtheliteratureofthatperiodtheworksofMarkTwain,HenryJames,HamlinGarland,EdithWharton,StephenCrane,andTheodoreDreiserthroughoutmostofhisteachingcareerHenotonlytaughtthestandardfarehespentmuchtimeinthelibraryreadingthemagazinesandjournalsoftheperiodinordertogetabetterfeelingforthetimesandtodiscovernewmaterialforananthologyhewaseditingWhiledoingso,hediscoveredMaryHallockFoote,thereallifecounterpartofHelenBurlingWardinAngleofReposeInthenovelWard'strueloveisthemostfamousmagazineeditoroftheperiod,ThomasHudson,andasaresultofhisresearch,StegnerwasquitefamiliarwiththecareersofnineteenthcenturyeditorsandwiththeirmagazinesWardisseeninthenovelasanillustratorandstorywriter(asinlifewasFoote),andherwork,likethatofhercounterpart,ismuchindemandbytheperiodicalsofherdayWallacehadnoplanstobecomeaprofessor,butitwastheDepression,andtherewashardlyanyplaceforhimbesidesschoolNordidhehaveanynotionofbecomingawriterAfterwritinghisdissertationaboutDutton,gettinghisdoctorate,andcomingbacktoUtahtoteach,hehappenedtoseeanadvertisementforanovelettecompetitionwithaprizeof$,Hewasmakingonly$,ayearasaprofessor,andhiswife,Mary,waspregnantAlmostwiththedesperationthatleadsustobetonthelottery,hesatdownandwroteastoryhehadheardfromhiswifeaboutsomeofherdistantrelativesTheresultwasRememberingLaughter,which,muchtotheStegners'surpriseanddelight,wontheLittleBrownNovelettePrizeAtthatpoint,forthefirsttime,hethoughtthatwritingasacareermightbepossibleHowever,twoundistinguishednovelsfollowed,andhewashavingmoresuccesswithhisshortstoriesthanhisnovelsItwasn'tuntilhewrotethenovelthattoldthestoryofhisgrowingup,TheBigRockCandyMountain(),thathehadanothersuccesswiththelongerformLeavingHarvard,wherehehadbeenteachingwritingasaBriggsCopelandFellow,hewenttoStanfordafterWorldWarIIandbeganwhatbecameoneofthemostrenownedcreativewritingprogramsinthecountryHecontinued,however,tohavemoresuccesswiththeshortstory(winningseveralOHenryMemorialShortStoryAwards)andwithhisnonfiction(includingthePowellbiographyaPulitzerfinalist)thanwiththenovelHewasdiscouraged,andthoughtthathemightgiveupwritingnovelsaltogetherAbreakthroughdidnotcomeuntillateinhiscareer,whenhewroteAlltheLittleLiveThings()Itwaswiththisnovelthatheatlastfoundhi

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