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Black sheep.pdf

Black sheep.pdf

上传者: slgfrank 2012-03-03 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Black sheeppdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含TheBlackSheep(LaRabouilleuse)HonoredeBalzacTranslatedbyKatharinePrescottWo符等。

TheBlackSheep(LaRabouilleuse)HonoredeBalzacTranslatedbyKatharinePrescottWormeley第页共页http:wwwencomcn原版英语阅读网(Thisnovelisalsoknownas'TheTwoBrothers'or'ABachelor'sEstablishment')DedicationToMonsieurCharlesNodier,memberoftheFrenchAcademy,etcHere,mydearNodier,isabookfilledwithdeedsthatarescreenedfromtheactionofthelawsbythecloseddoorsofdomesticlifebutastowhichthefingerofGod,oftencalledchance,suppliestheplaceofhumanjustice,andinwhichthemoralisnonethelessstrikingandinstructivebecauseitispointedbyascofferTomymind,suchdeedscontaingreatlessonsfortheFamilyandforMaternityWeshallsomedayrealize,perhapstoolate,theeffectsproducedbythediminutionofpaternalauthorityThatauthority,whichformerlyceasedonlyatthedeathofthefather,wasthesolehumantribunalbeforewhichdomesticcrimescouldbearraignedkingsthemselves,onspecialoccasions,tookpartinexecutingitsjudgmentsHowevergoodandtenderamothermaybe,shecannotfulfilthefunctionofthepatriarchalroyaltyanymorethanawomancantaketheplaceofakinguponthethronePerhapsIhaveneverdrawnapicturethatshowsmoreplainlyhowessentialtoEuropeansocietyistheindissolublemarriagebond,howfataltheresultsoffeminineweakness,howgreatthedangersarisingfromselfishinterestswhenindulgedwithoutrestraintMayasocietywhichisbasedsolelyonthepowerofwealthshudderasitseestheimpotenceofthelawindealingwiththeworkingsofasystemwhichdeifiessuccess,andpardonseverymeansofattainingitMayitreturntotheCatholicreligion,forthepurificationofitsmassesthroughtheinspirationofreligiousfeeling,andbymeansofaneducationotherthanthatofalayuniversityInthe"ScenesfromMilitaryLife"somanyfinenatures,somanyhighandnobleselfdevotionswillbesetforth,thatImayherebeallowedtopointoutthedepravingeffectofthenecessitiesofwaruponcertainmindswhoventuretoactindomesticlifeasifuponthefieldofbattleYouhavecastasagaciousglanceovertheeventsofourowntimeitsphilosophyshines,inmorethanonebitterreflection,throughyourelegantpagesyouhaveappreciated,moreclearlythanothermen,thehavocwroughtinthemindofourcountrybytheexistenceoffourdistinctpoliticalsystemsIcannot,therefore,placethishistoryundertheprotectionofamorecompetentauthority第页共页http:wwwencomcn原版英语阅读网Yournamemay,perhaps,defendmyworkagainstthecriticismsthatarecertaintofollowit,forwhereisthepatientwhokeepssilencewhenthesurgeonliftsthedressingfromhiswoundTothepleasureofdedicatingthisScenetoyou,isjoinedtheprideIfeelinthusmakingknownyourfriendshipforonewhoheresubscribeshimselfYoursincereadmirer,DeBalzacParis,November,第页共页http:wwwencomcn原版英语阅读网CHAPTERIInthetownspeopleofIssoudunenjoyedtheservicesofaphysiciannamedRouget,whomtheyheldtobeamanofconsummatemalignityWerewetobelievecertainboldtongues,hemadehiswifeextremelyunhappy,althoughshewasthemostbeautifulwomanoftheneighborhoodPerhaps,indeed,shewasrathersillyButthepryingoffriends,theslanderofenemies,andthegossipofacquaintances,hadneversucceededinlayingbaretheinteriorofthathouseholdDoctorRougetwasamanofwhomwesayincommonparlance,"Heisnotpleasanttodealwith"Consequently,duringhislifetime,histownsmenkeptsilenceabouthimandtreatedhimcivillyHiswife,ademoiselleDescoings,feebleinhealthduringhergirlhood(whichwassaidtobeareasonwhythedoctormarriedher),gavebirthtoason,andalsotoadaughterwhoarrived,unexpectedly,tenyearsafterherbrother,andwhosebirthtookthehusband,doctorthoughhewere,bysurpriseThislatecomerwasnamedAgatheTheselittlefactsaresosimple,socommonplace,thatawriterseemsscarcelyjustifiedinplacingthemintheforefrontofhishistoryyetiftheyarenotknown,amanofDoctorRouget'sstampwouldbethoughtamonster,anunnaturalfather,when,inpointoffact,hewasonlyfollowingouttheeviltendencieswhichmanypeopleshelterundertheterribleaxiomthat"menshouldhavestrengthofcharacter,"amasculinephrasethathascausedmanyawoman'smiseryTheDescoings,fatherinlawandmotherinlawofthedoctor,werecommissionmerchantsinthewooltrade,anddidadoublebusinessbysellingfortheproducersandbuyingforthemanufacturersofthegoldenfleecesofBerrythuspocketingacommissiononbothsidesInthiswaytheygrewrichandmiserlytheoutcomeofmanysuchlivesDescoingstheson,youngerbrotherofMadameRouget,didnotlikeIssoudunHewenttoseekhisfortuneinParis,wherehesetupasagrocerintherueSaintHonoreThatstepledtohisruinButnothingcouldhavehinderedit:agrocerisdrawntohisbusinessbyanattractingforcequiteequaltotherepellingforcewhichdrivesartistsawayfromitWedonotsufficientlystudythesocialpotentialitieswhichmakeupthevariousvocationsoflifeItwouldbeinterestingtoknowwhatdeterminesonemantobeastationerratherthanabakersince,inourday,sonsarenotcompelledtofollowthecallingoftheirfathers,astheywereamongtheEgyptiansInthisinstance,lovedecidedthevocationofDescoingsHesaidtohimself,"I,too,willbeagrocer!"andinthesamebreathhesaid(alsotohimself)someotherthingsregardinghisemployer,abeautifulcreature,withwhomhehadfallen第页共页http:wwwencomcn原版英语阅读网desperatelyinloveWithoutotherhelpthanpatienceandthetriflingsumofmoneyhisfatherandmothersenthim,hemarriedthewidowofhispredecessor,MonsieurBixiouInDescoingswasthoughttobedoinganexcellentbusinessAtthattime,theoldDescoingswerestilllivingTheyhadretiredfromthewooltrade,andwereemployingtheircapitalinbuyinguptheforfeitedestates,anothergoldenfleece!TheirsoninlawDoctorRouget,who,aboutthistime,feltprettysurethatheshouldsoonhavetomournforthedeathofhiswife,senthisdaughtertoParistothecareofhisbrotherinlaw,partlytoletherseethecapital,butstillmoretocarryoutanartfulschemeofhisownDescoingshadnochildrenMadameDescoings,twelveyearsolderthanherhusband,wasingoodhealth,butasfatasathrushafterharvestandthecannyRougetknewenoughprofessionallytobecertainthatMonsieurandMadameDescoings,contrarytothemoraloffairytales,wouldlivehappyeverafterwithouthavinganychildrenThepairmightthereforebecomeattachedtoAgatheThatyounggirl,thehandsomestmaideninIssoudun,didnotresembleeitherfatherormotherHerbirthhadcausedalastingbreachbetweenDoctorRougetandhisintimatefriendMonsieurLousteau,aformersubdelegatewhohadlatelyremovedfromthetownWhenafamilyexpatriatesitself,thenativesofaplaceasattractiveasIssoudunhavearighttoinquireintothereasonsofsosurprisingastepItwassaidbycertainsharptonguesthatDoctorRouget,avindictiveman,hadbeenheardtoexclaimthatMonsieurLousteaushoulddiebyhishandUtteredbyaphysician,thisdeclarationhadtheforceofacannonballWhentheNationalAssemblysuppressedthesubdelegates,LousteauandhisfamilyleftIssoudun,andneverreturnedthereAftertheirdepartureMadameRougetspentmostofhertimewiththesisterofthelatesubdelegate,MadameHochon,whowasthegodmotherofherdaughter,andtheonlypersontowhomsheconfidedhergriefsThelittlethatthegoodtownofIssouduneverreallyknewofthebeautifulMadameRougetwastoldbyMadameHochon,thoughnotuntilafterthedoctor'sdeathThefirstwordsofMadameRouget,wheninformedbyherhusbandthathemeanttosendAgathetoParis,were:"Ishallneverseemydaughteragain""Andshewasright,"saidtheworthyMadameHochonAfterthis,thepoormothergrewasyellowasaquince,andherappearancedidnotcontradictthetonguesofthosewhodeclaredthatDoctorRougetwaskillingherbyinchesThebehaviorofher第页共页http:wwwencomcn原版英语阅读网boobyofasonmusthaveaddedtothemiseryofthepoorwomansounjustlyaccusedNotrestrained,possiblyencouragedbyhisfather,theyoungfellow,whowasineverywaystupid,paidherneithertheattentionsnortherespectwhichasonowestoamotherJeanJacquesRougetwaslikehisfather,especiallyonthelatter'sworstsideandthedoctorathisbestwasfarfromsatisfactory,eithermorallyorphysicallyThearrivalofthecharmingAgatheRougetdidnotbringhappinesstoheruncleDescoingsforinthesameweek(orrather,weshouldsaydecade,fortheRepublichadthenbeenproclaimed)hewasimprisonedonahintfromRobespierregiventoFouquierTinvilleDescoings,whowasimprudentenoughtothinkthefaminefictitious,hadtheadditionalfolly,undertheimpressionthatopinionswerefree,toexpressthatopiniontoseveralofhismaleandfemalecustomersasheservedtheminthegroceryThecitoyenneDuplay,wifeofacabinetmakerwithwhomRobespierrelodged,andwholookedaftertheaffairsofthateminentcitizen,patronized,unfortunately,theDescoingsestablishmentSheconsideredtheopinionsofthegrocerinsultingtoMaximiliantheFirstAlreadydispleasedwiththemannersofDescoings,thisillustrious"tricoteuse"oftheJacobinclubregardedthebeautyofhiswifeasakindofaristocracySheinfusedavenomofherownintothegrocer'sremarkswhensherepeatedthemtohergoodandgentlemaster,andthepoormanwasspeedilyarrestedonthewellwornchargeof"accaparation"Nosoonerwasheputinprison,thanhiswifesettoworktoobtainhisreleaseButthestepsshetookweresoilljudgedthatanyonehearinghertalktothearbitersofhisfatemighthavethoughtthatshewasinrealityseekingtogetridofhimMadameDescoingsknewBridau,oneofthesecretariesofRoland,thenministeroftheinterior,therighthandmanofalltheministerswhosucceededeachotherinthatofficeSheputBridauonthewarpathtosavehergrocerThatincorruptibleofficialoneofthevirtuousdupeswhoarealwaysadmirablydisinterestedwascarefulnottocorruptthemenonwhomthefateofthepoorgrocerdependedonthecontrary,heendeavoredtoenlightenthemEnlightenpeopleinthosedays!AswellmighthehavebeggedthemtobringbacktheBourbonsTheGirondistminister,whowasthencontendingagainstRobespierre,saidtohissecretary,"Whydoyoumeddleinthematter"andallotherstowhomtheworthyBridauappealedmadethesameatrociousreply:"Whydoyoumeddle"BridauthensagelyadvisedMadameDescoingstokeepquietandawaiteventsButinsteadofconciliatingRobespierre'shousekeeper,shefrettedandfumedagainstthatinformer,andevencomplainedtoamemberoftheConvention,who,tremblingforhimself,repliedhastily,"Iwillspeakofitto第页共页http:wwwencomcn原版英语阅读网Robespierre"Thehandsomepetitionerputfaithinthispromise,whichtheothercarefullyforgotAfewloavesofsugar,orabottleortwoofgoodliqueur,giventothecitoyenneDuplaywouldhavesavedDescoingsThislittlemishapprovesthatinrevolutionarytimesitisquiteasdangeroustoemployhonestmenasscoundrelsweshouldrelyonourselvesaloneDescoingsperishedbuthehadthegloryofgoingtothescaffoldwithAndreChenierThere,nodoubt,groceryandpoetryembracedforthefirsttimeinthefleshalthoughtheyhave,andeverhavehad,intimatesecretrelationsThedeathofDescoingsproducedfarmoresensationthanthatofAndreChenierIthastakenthirtyyearstoprovetoFrancethatshelostmorebythedeathofChenierthanbythatofDescoingsThisactofRobespierreledtoonegoodresult:theterrifiedgrocersletpoliticsaloneuntilDescoings'sshopwasnotahundredyardsfromRobespierre'slodgingHissuccessorwasscarcelymorefortunatethanhimselfCesarBirotteau,thecelebratedperfumerofthe"QueenofRoses,"boughtthepremisesbut,asifthescaffoldhadleftsomeinexplicablecontagionbehindit,theinventorofthe"PasteofSultans"andthe"CarminativeBalm"cametohisruininthatveryshopThesolutionoftheproblemheresuggestedbelongstotherealmofoccultscienceDuringthevisitswhichRoland'ssecretarypaidtotheunfortunateMadameDescoings,hewasstruckwiththecold,calm,innocentbeautyofAgatheRougetWhileconsolingthewidow,who,however,wastooinconsolabletocarryonthebusinessofherseconddeceasedhusband,hemarriedthecharminggirl,withtheconsentofherfather,whohastenedtogivehisapprovaltothematchDoctorRouget,delightedtohearthatmattersweregoingbeyondhisexpectations,forhiswife,onthedeathofherbrother,hadbecomesoleheiressoftheDescoings,rushedtoParis,notsomuchtobepresentattheweddingastoseethatthemarriagecontractwasdrawntosuithimTheardentanddisinterestedloveofcitizenBridaugavecarteblanchetotheperfidiousdoctor,whomadethemostofhissoninlaw'sblindness,asthefollowinghistorywillshowMadameRouget,or,tospeakmorecorrectly,thedoctor,inheritedalltheproperty,landedandpersonal,ofMonsieurandMadameDescoingstheelder,whodiedwithintwoyearsofeachotherandsoonafterthat,Rougetgotthebetter,aswemaysay,ofhiswife,forshediedatthebeginningoftheyearSohehadvineyardsandheboughtfarms,heownedironworksandhesoldfleecesHiswellbelovedsonwasstupidlyincapableofdoinganythingbutthefatherdestinedhimforthestateinlifeofalandproprietorandallowedhimtogrowupinwealthandsilliness,certain第页共页http:wwwencomcn原版英语阅读网thattheladwouldknowasmuchasthewisestifhesimplylethimselfliveanddieAfter,thecipherersofIssoudunput,attheveryleast,thirtythousandfrancs'incometothedoctor'screditFromthetimeofhiswife'sdeathheledadebauchedlife,thoughheregulatedit,sotospeak,andkeptitwithinthecloseddoorsofhisownhouseThisman,endowedwith"strengthofcharacter,"diedin,andGodonlyknowswhatthetownspeopleofIssoudunsaidabouthimthen,andhowmanyanecdotestheyrelatedofhishorribleprivatelifeJeanJacquesRouget,whomhisfather,recognizinghisstupidity,hadlatterlytreatedwithseverity,remainedabachelorforcertainreasons,theexplanationofwhichwillformanimportantpartofthishistoryHiscelibacywaspartlyhisfather'sfault,asweshallseelaterMeantime,itiswelltoinquireintotheresultsofthesecretvengeancethedoctortookonadaughterwhomhedidnotrecognizeashisown,butwho,youmustunderstandatonce,waslegitimatelyhisNotapersoninIssoudunhadnoticedoneofthosecapriciousfactsthatmakethewholesubjectofgenerationavastabyssinwhichsciencefloundersAgatheboreastronglikenesstothemotherofDoctorRougetJustasgoutissaidtoskipagenerationandpassfromgrandfathertograndson,resemblancesnotuncommonlyfollowthesamecourseInlikemanner,theeldestofAgathe'schildren,whophysicallyresembledhismother,hadthemoralqualitiesofhisgrandfather,DoctorRougetWewillleavethesolutionofthisproblemtothetwentiethcentury,withafinecollectionofmicroscopicanimalculaeourdescendantsmayperhapswriteasmuchnonsenseasthescientificschoolsofthenineteenthcenturyhaveutteredonthismysteriousandperplexingquestionAgatheRougetattractedtheadmirationofeveryonebyafacedestined,likethatofMary,themotherofourLord,tocontinueevervirgin,evenaftermarriageHerportrait,stilltobeseenintheatelierofBridau,showsaperfectovalandaclearwhitenessofcomplexion,withoutthefaintesttingeofcolor,inspiteofhergoldenhairMorethanoneartist,lookingatthepurebrow,thediscreet,composedmouth,thedelicatenose,thesmallears,thelonglashes,andthedarkblueeyesfilledwithtenderness,inshort,atthewholecountenanceexpressiveofplacidity,hasaskedthegreatartist,"IsthatacopyofaRaphael"Nomaneveractedunderatruerinspirationthantheminister'ssecretarywhenhemarriedthisyounggirlAgathewasanembodimentoftheidealhousekeeperbroughtupintheprovincesandneverpartedfromhermotherPious,thoughfarfromsanctimonious,shehadnoothereducationthanthatgiventowomenbytheChurchJudged,by第页共页http:wwwencomcn原版英语阅读网ordinarystandards,shewasanaccomplishedwife,yetherignoranceoflifepavedthewayforgreatmisfortunesTheepitaphontheRomanmatron,"Shedidneedleworkandkeptthehouse,"givesafaithfulpictureofhersimple,pure,andtranquilexistenceUndertheConsulate,BridauattachedhimselffanaticallytoNapoleon,whoplacedhimattheheadofadepartmentintheministryoftheinteriorin,ayearbeforethedeathofDoctorRougetWithasalaryoftwelvethousandfrancsandveryhandsomeemoluments,BridauwasquiteindifferenttothescandaloussettlementofthepropertyatIssoudun,bywhichAgathewasdeprivedofherrightfulinheritanceSixmonthsbeforeDoctorRouget'sdeathhehadsoldonehalfofhispropertytohisson,towhomtheotherhalfwasbequeathedasagift,andalsoinaccordancewithhisrightsasheirAnadvanceoffiftythousandfrancsonherinheritance,madetoAgatheatthetimeofhermarriage,representedhershareofthepropertyofherfatherandmotherBridauidolizedtheEmperor,andservedhimwiththedevotionofaMohammedanforhisprophetstrivingtocarryoutthevastconceptionsofthemoderndemigod,who,findingthewholefabricofFrancedestroyed,wenttoworktoreconstructeverythingThenewofficialnevershowedfatigue,nevercried"Enough"Projects,reports,notes,studies,heacceptedall,eventhehardestlabors,happyintheconsciousnessofaidinghisEmperorHelovedhimasaman,headoredhimasasovereign,andhewouldneverallowtheleastcriticismofhisactsorhispurposesFromto,theBridauslivedinahandsomesuiteofroomsontheQuaiVoltaire,afewstepsfromtheministryoftheinteriorandclosetotheTuileriesAcookandfootmanweretheonlyservantsofthehouseholdduringthisperiodofMadameBridau'sgrandeurAgathe,earlyafoot,wenttomarketwithhercookWhilethelatterdidtherooms,shepreparedthebreakfastBridauneverwenttotheministrybeforeeleveno'clockAslongastheirunionlasted,hiswifetookthesameunwearyingpleasureinpreparingforhimanexquisitebreakfast,theonlymealhereallyenjoyedAtallseasonsandinallweathers,Agathewatchedherhusbandfromthewindowashewalkedtowardhisoffice,andneverdrewinherheaduntilshehadseenhimturnthecorneroftherueduBacThensheclearedthebreakfasttableherself,gaveaneyetothearrangementoftherooms,dressedfo

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