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首页 Moonwalking_with_Einstein_-_Foer__Joshua

Moonwalking_with_Einstein_-_Foer__Joshua.pdf

Moonwalking_with_Einstein_-_Foer…

绝望的小呆 2012-02-23 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Moonwalking_with_Einstein_-_Foer__Joshuapdf》,可适用于其他资料领域,主题内容包含TableofContentsTitlePageCopyrightPageDedicationONETHESMARTESTMANISHARDTOFI符等。

TableofContentsTitlePageCopyrightPageDedicationONETHESMARTESTMANISHARDTOFINDTWOTHEMANWHOREMEMBEREDTOOMUCHTHREETHEEXPERTEXPERTFOURTHEMOSTFORGETFULMANINTHEWORLDFIVETHEMEMORYPALACESIXHOWTOMEMORIZEAPOEMSEVENTHEENDOFREMEMBERINGEIGHTTHEOKPLATEAUNINETHETALENTEDTENTHTENTHELITTLERAINMANINALLOFUSELEVENTHEUSMEMORYCHAMPIONSHIPEPILOGUEAcknowledgementsNOTESBIBLIOGRAPHYINDEXTHEPENGUINPRESSPublishedbythePenguinGroupPenguinGroup(USA)Inc,HudsonStreet,NewYork,NewYork,USAPenguinGroup(Canada),EglintonAvenueEast,Suite,Toronto,Ontario,CanadaMPY(adivisionofPearsonPenguinCanadaInc)PenguinBooksLtd,Strand,LondonWCRRL,EnglandPenguinIreland,StStephen’sGreen,Dublin,Ireland(adivisionofPenguinBooksLtd)PenguinBooksAustraliaLtd,CamberwellRoad,Camberwell,Victoria,Australia(adivisionofPearsonAustraliaGroupPtyLtd)PenguinBooksIndiaPvtLtd,CommunityCentre,PanchsheelPark,NewDelhi,IndiaPenguinGroup(NZ),ApolloDrive,Rosedale,NorthShore,NewZealand(adivisionofPearsonNewZealandLtd)PenguinBooks(SouthAfrica)(Pty)Ltd,SturdeeAvenue,Rosebank,Johannesburg,SouthAfricaPenguinBooksLtd,RegisteredOffices:Strand,LondonWCRRL,EnglandFirstpublishedinbyThePenguinPress,amemberofPenguinGroup(USA)IncCopyrightJoshuaFoer,AllrightsreservedLIBRARYOFCONGRESSCATALOGINGINPUBLICATIONDATAFoer,JoshuaMoonwalkingwithEinstein:theartandscienceofrememberingeverythingJoshuaFoerpcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexeISBN:MnemonicsMemoryITitleBFF’dcWithoutlimitingtherightsundercopyrightreservedabove,nopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinorintroducedintoaretrievalsystem,ortransmitted,inanyformorbyanymeans(electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recordingorotherwise),withoutthepriorwrittenpermissionofboththecopyrightownerandtheabovepublisherofthisbookThescanning,uploading,anddistributionofthisbookviatheInternetorviaanyothermeanswithoutthepermissionofthepublisherisillegalandpunishablebylawPleasepurchaseonlyauthorizedelectroniceditionsanddonotparticipateinorencourageelectronicpiracyofcopyrightablematerialsYoursupportoftheauthor’srightsisappreciatedhttp:uspenguingroupcomForDinah:EverythingTherewerenoothersurvivorsFamilymembersarrivingatthesceneofthefifthcenturyBCbanquethallcatastrophepawedatthedebrisforsignsoftheirlovedonesrings,sandals,anythingthatwouldallowthemtoidentifytheirkinforproperburialMinutesearlier,theGreekpoetSimonidesofCeoshadstoodtodeliveranodeincelebrationofScopas,aThessaliannoblemanAsSimonidessatdown,amessengertappedhimontheshoulderTwoyoungmenonhorsebackwerewaitingoutside,anxioustotellhimsomethingHestoodupagainandwalkedoutthedoorAttheverymomenthecrossedthethreshold,theroofofthebanquethallcollapsedinathunderingplumeofmarbleshardsanddustHestoodnowbeforealandscapeofrubbleandentombedbodiesTheair,whichhadbeenfilledwithboisterouslaughtermomentsbefore,wassmokyandsilentTeamsofrescuerssettoworkfranticallydiggingthroughthecollapsedbuildingThecorpsestheypulledoutofthewreckageweremangledbeyondrecognitionNoonecouldevensayforsurewhohadbeeninsideOnetragedycompoundedanotherThensomethingremarkablehappenedthatwouldchangeforeverhowpeoplethoughtabouttheirmemoriesSimonidessealedhissensestothechaosaroundhimandreversedtimeinhismindThepilesofmarblereturnedtopillarsandthescatteredfriezefragmentsreassembledintheairaboveThestonewarescatteredinthedebrisreformedintobowlsThesplintersofwoodpokingabovetheruinsonceagainbecameatableSimonidescaughtaglimpseofeachofthebanquetguestsathisseat,carryingonoblivioustotheimpendingcatastropheHesawScopaslaughingattheheadofthetable,afellowpoetsittingacrossfromhimsponginguptheremnantsofhismealwithapieceofbread,anoblemansmirkingHeturnedtothewindowandsawthemessengersapproaching,asifwithsomeimportantnewsSimonidesopenedhiseyesHetookeachofthehystericalrelativesbythehandand,carefullysteppingoverthedebris,guidedthem,onebyone,tothespotsintherubblewheretheirlovedoneshadbeensittingAtthatmoment,accordingtolegend,theartofmemorywasbornONETHESMARTESTMANISHARDTOFINDDomDeLuise,celebrityfatman(andfiveofclubs),hasbeenimplicatedinthefollowingunseemlyactsinmymind’seye:Hehashockedafatglobuleofspittle(nineofclubs)onAlbertEinstein’sthickwhitemane(threeofdiamonds)anddeliveredadevastatingkaratekick(fiveofspades)tothegroinofPopeBenedictXVI(sixofdiamonds)MichaelJackson(kingofhearts)hasengagedinbehaviorbizarreevenforhimHehasdefecated(twoofclubs)onasalmonburger(kingofclubs)andcapturedhisflatulence(queenofclubs)inaballoon(sixofspades)RheaPerlman,diminutiveCheersbartendress(andqueenofspades),hasbeencaughtcavortingwiththesevenfootsevenSudanesebasketballstarManuteBol(sevenofclubs)inahighlyexplicit(andinthiscase,anatomicallyimprobable)twodigitactofcongress(threeofclubs)Thistawdrytableau,whichI’mnotproudtocommittothepage,goesalongwaytowardexplainingtheunlikelyspotIfindmyselfinatthemomentSittingtomyleftisRamKolli,anunshaventwentyfiveyearoldbusinessconsultantfromRichmond,Virginia,whoisalsothedefendingUnitedStatesmemorychampionTomyrightisthemuzzleofatelevisioncamerafromanationalcablenetworkSpreadoutbehindme,whereIcan’tseethemandtheycan’tdisturbme,areaboutahundredspectatorsandapairofTVcommentatorsofferingplaybyplayanalysisOneisablowdriedveteranboxingannouncernamedKennyRice,whosegravelly,bedtimevoicecan’tconcealthefactthatheseemsbewilderedbythisjamboreeofnerdsTheotheristhePeléofUSmemorysport,abeardedfortythreeyearoldchemicalengineerandfourtimenationalchampionfromFayetteville,NorthCarolina,namedScottHagwoodInthecorneroftheroomsitstheobjectofmyaffection:akitschytwotieredtrophyconsistingofasilverhandwithgoldnailpolishbrandishingaroyalflush,and,inapatrioticflourish,threebaldeaglesperchedjustbelowIt’snearlyastallasmytwoyearoldniece(andlighterthanmostofherstuffedanimals)TheaudiencehasbeenaskednottotakeanyflashphotographsandtomaintaintotalsilenceNotthatRamorIcouldpossiblyhearthemBothofusarewearingearplugsI’vealsogotonapairofindustrialstrengthearmuffsthatlookliketheybelongonanaircraftcarrierdeckhand(becauseintheheatofamemorycompetition,thereisnosuchthingasdeafenough)MyeyesareclosedOnatableinfrontofme,lyingfacedownbetweenmyhands,aretwoshuffleddecksofplayingcardsInamoment,thechiefarbiterwillclickastopwatchandIwillhavefiveminutestomemorizetheorderofbothdecksTheunlikelystoryofhowIendedupinthefinalsoftheUSMemoryChampionship,stockstillandsweatingprofusely,beginsayearearlieronasnowyhighwayincentralPennsylvaniaIhadbeendrivingfrommyhomeinWashington,DC,totheLehighValleytodoaninterviewforDiscovermagazinewithatheoreticalphysicistatKutztownUniversity,whohadinventedavacuumchamberdevicethatwassupposedtopoptheworld’slargestpopcornMyroutetookmethroughYork,Pennsylvania,homeoftheWeightliftingHallofFameandMuseumIthoughtthatsoundedlikesomethingIdidn’twanttodiewithouthavingseenAndIhadanhourtokillAsitturnedout,theHallofFamewaslittlemorethanasterilecollectionofoldphotographsandmemorabiliadisplayedonthegroundfloorofthecorporateofficesofthenation’slargestbarbellmanufacturerMuseologically,itwascrapButit’swhereIfirstsawablackandwhitephotoofJoe“TheMightyAtom”Greenstein,ahulkingfivefootfourJewishAmericanstrongmanwhohadearnedhisnicknameinthesbyperformingsuchinspiringfeatsasbitingquartersinhalfandlyingonabedofnailswhileafourteenmanDixielandbandplayedonhischestHeoncechangedallfourtiresonacarwithoutanytoolsAcaptionnexttothephotobilledGreensteinas“thestrongestmanintheworld”Staringatthatphoto,Ithoughtitwouldbeprettyinterestingiftheworld’sstrongestpersonevergottomeettheworld’ssmartestpersonTheMightyAtomandEinstein,armswrappedaroundeachother:anepicjuxtapositionofmuscleandmindAneatphototohangabovemydesk,atleastIwonderedifithadeverbeentakenWhenIgothome,IdidalittleGooglingTheworld’sstrongestpersonwasprettyeasytofind:HisnamewasMariuszPudzianowskiHelivedinBiałaRawska,Poland,andcoulddeadliftpounds(aboutthirtyofmynieces)Theworld’ssmartestperson,ontheotherhand,wasnotsoeasilyidentifiedItypedin“highestIQ,”“intelligencechampion,”“smartestintheworld”IlearnedthattherewassomeoneinNewYorkCitywithanIQof,andachessplayerinHungarywhoonceplayedfiftytwosimultaneousblindfoldedgamesTherewasanIndianwomanwhocouldcalculatethetwentythirdrootofatwohundreddigitnumberinherheadinfiftyseconds,andsomeoneelsewhocouldsolveafourdimensionalRubik’scube,whateverthatisAndofcoursetherewereplentyofmoreobviousStephenHawkingtypesofcandidatesBrainsarenotoriouslytrickiertoquantifythanbrawnInthecourseofmyGoogling,though,Ididdiscoveroneintriguingcandidatewhowas,ifnotthesmartestpersonintheworld,atleastsomekindoffreakishgeniusHisnamewasBenPridmore,andhecouldmemorizethepreciseorderof,randomdigitsinanhourandtoimpressthoseofuswithamorehumanistbentanypoemhandedtohimHewasthereigningworldmemorychampionOverthenextfewdays,mybrainkeptreturningtoBenPridmore’sMyownmemorywasaverageatbestAmongthethingsIregularlyforgot:whereIputmycarkeys(whereIputmycar,forthatmatter)thefoodintheoventhatit’s“its”andnot“it’s”mygirlfriend’sbirthday,ouranniversary,Valentine’sDaytheclearanceofthedoorwaytomyparents’cellar(ouch)myfriends’phonenumberswhyIjustopenedthefridgetopluginmycellphonethenameofPresidentBush’schiefofstafftheorderoftheNewJerseyTurnpikereststopswhichyeartheRedskinslastwontheSuperBowltoputthetoiletseatdownBenPridmore,ontheotherhand,couldmemorizetheorderofashuffleddeckofplayingcardsinthirtytwosecondsInfiveminuteshecouldpermanentlycommittomemorywhathappenedonninetysixdifferenthistoricaldatesThemanknewfiftythousanddigitsofpiWhatwasnottoenvyIhadoncereadthattheaveragepersonsquandersaboutfortydaysayearcompensatingforthingsheorshehasforgottenPuttingasideforamomentthefactthathewastemporarilyunemployed,howmuchmoreproductivemustBenPridmorebeEverydaythereseemstobemoretoremember:morenames,morepasswords,moreappointmentsWithamemorylikeBenPridmore’s,Iimagined,lifewouldbequalitativelydifferentandbetterOurcultureconstantlyinundatesuswithnewinformation,andyetourbrainscapturesolittleofitMostjustgoesinoneearandouttheotherIfthepointofreadingweresimplytoretainknowledge,itwouldprobablybethesingleleastefficientactivityIengageinIcanspendahalfdozenhoursreadingabookandthenhaveonlyafoggynotionofwhatitwasaboutAllthosefactsandanecdotes,eventhestuffinterestingenoughtobeworthunderlining,haveahabitofbrieflymakinganimpressiononmeandthendisappearingintowhoknowswhereTherearebooksonmyshelfthatIcan’tevenrememberwhetherI’vereadornotWhatwoulditmeantohaveallthatotherwiselostknowledgeatmyfingertipsIcouldn’thelpbutthinkthatitwouldmakememorepersuasive,moreconfident,and,insomefundamentalsense,smarterCertainlyI’dbeabetterjournalist,friend,andboyfriendButmorethanthat,IimaginedthathavingamemorylikeBenPridmore’swouldmakemeanaltogethermoreattentive,perhapsevenwiser,personTotheextentthatexperienceisthesumofourmemoriesandwisdomthesumofexperience,havingabettermemorywouldmeanknowingnotonlymoreabouttheworld,butalsomoreaboutmyselfSurelysomeoftheforgettingthatseemstoplagueusishealthyandnecessaryIfIdidn’tforgetsomanyofthedumbthingsI’vedone,I’dprobablybeunbearablyneuroticButhowmanyworthwhileideashavegoneunthoughtandconnectionsunmadebecauseofmymemory’sshortcomingsIkeptreturningtosomethingBenPridmoresaidinanewspaperinterview,whichmademeponderjusthowdifferenthismemoryandmyownmightreallybe“It’sallabouttechniqueandunderstandinghowthememoryworks,”hetoldthereporter“Anyonecoulddoit,really”AcoupleweeksaftermytriptotheWeightliftingHallofFame,IstoodinthebackofanauditoriumonthenineteenthflooroftheConEdisonheadquartersnearUnionSquareinManhattan,anobserverattheUSMemoryChampionshipSpurredbymyfascinationwithBenPridmore,IwastheretowriteashortpieceforSlatemagazineaboutwhatIimaginedwouldbetheSuperBowlofsavantsThesceneIstumbledon,however,wassomethinglessthanaclashoftitans:abunchofguys(andafewladies),widelyvaryinginbothageandhygienicupkeep,poringoverpagesofrandomnumbersandlonglistsofwordsTheyreferredtothemselvesas“mentalathletes,”orjustMAsforshortTherewerefiveeventsFirstthecontestantshadtolearnbyheartafiftylineunpublishedpoemcalled“TheTapestryofMe”ThentheywereprovidedwithninetyninephotographicheadshotsaccompaniedbyfirstandlastnamesandgivenfifteenminutestomemorizeasmanyofthemaspossibleThentheyhadanotherfifteenminutestomemorizealistofthreehundredrandomwords,fiveminutestomemorizeapageofathousandrandomdigits(twentyfivelinesofnumbers,fortynumberstoaline),andanotherfiveminutestolearntheorderofashuffleddeckofplayingcardsAmongthecompetitorsweretwooftheworld’sthirtysixgrandmastersofmemory,arankattainedbymemorizingasequenceofathousandrandomdigitsinunderanhour,thepreciseorderoftenshuffleddecksofplayingcardsinthesameamountoftime,andtheorderofoneshuffleddeckinlessthantwominutesThoughonthefaceofitthesefeatsmightseemlikelittlemorethangeekypartytricksessentiallyuseless,andperhapsevenvaguelypatheticwhatIdiscoveredasItalkedtothecompetitorswassomethingfarmoreserious,astorythatmademereconsiderthelimitsofmyownmindandtheveryessenceofmyeducationIaskedEdCooke,ayounggrandmasterfromEnglandwhohadcometotheUSeventasspringtrainingforthatsummer’sWorldChampionship(sincehewasanonAmerican,hisscorescouldn’tbecountedintheUScontest),whenhefirstrealizedhewasasavant“Oh,I’mnotasavant,”hesaid,chuckling“Photographicmemory”IaskedHechuckledagain“Photographicmemoryisadetestablemyth,”hesaid“Doesn’texistInfact,mymemoryisquiteaverageAllofusherehaveaveragememories”ThatseemedhardtosquarewiththefactthatI’djustwatchedhimrecitebackrandomdigitsaseffortlesslyasifthey’dbeenhisowntelephonenumber“Whatyouhavetounderstandisthatevenaveragememoriesareremarkablypowerfulifusedproperly,”hesaidEdhadablockyfaceandashoulderlengthmopofcurlybrownhair,andcouldbecountedamongthecompetitorswhowereleastconcernedwithhabitsofpersonalgroomingHewaswearingasuitwithaloosenedtieand,incongruously,apairofflipflopsemblazonedwiththeUnionJackHewastwentyfouryearsoldbutcarriedhisbodylikesomeonethreetimesthatageHehobbledaboutwithacaneathisside“awinningprop,”hecalleditwhichwasnecessitatedbyarecentpainfulrelapseofchronicjuvenilearthritisHeandalltheothermentalathletesImetkeptinsisting,asBenPridmorehadinhisinterview,thatanyonecoulddowhattheydoItwassimplyamatteroflearningto“thinkinmorememorableways”usingthe“extraordinarilysimple”,yearoldmnemonictechniqueknownasthe“memorypalace”thatSimonidesofCeoshadsupposedlyinventedintherubbleofthegreatbanquethallcollapseThetechniquesofthememorypalacealsoknownasthejourneymethodorthemethodofloci,andmorebroadlyasthearsmemorativa,or“artofmemory”wererefinedandcodifiedinanextensivesetofrulesandinstructionmanualsbyRomanslikeCiceroandQuintilian,andfloweredintheMiddleAgesasawayforthepioustomemorizeeverythingfromsermonsandprayerstothepunishmentsawaitingthewickedinhellThesewerethesametricksthatRomansenatorshadusedtomemorizetheirspeeches,thattheAthenianstatesmanThemistocleshadsupposedlyusedtomemorizethenamesoftwentythousandAthenians,andthatmedievalscholarshadusedtomemorizeentirebooksEdexplainedtomethatthecompetitorssawthemselvesas“participantsinanamateurresearchprogram”whoseaimwastorescuealonglosttraditionofmemorytrainingthathaddisappearedcenturiesagoOnceuponatime,Edinsisted,rememberingwaseverythingAtrainedmemorywasnotjustahandytool,butafundamentalfacetofanyworldlymindWhat’smore,memorytrainingwasconsideredaformofcharacterbuilding,awayofdevelopingthecardinalvirtueofprudenceand,byextension,ethicsOnlythroughmemorizing,thethinkingwent,couldideastrulybeincorporatedintoone’spsycheandtheirvaluesabsorbedThetechniquesexistednotjusttomemorizeuselessinformationlikedecksofplayingcards,butalsotoetchintothebrainfoundationaltextsandideasButthen,inthefifteenthcentury,Gutenbergcamealongandturnedbooksintomassproducedcommodities,andeventuallyitwasnolongerallthatimportanttorememberwhattheprintedpagecouldrememberforyouMemorytechniquesthathadoncebeenastapleofclassicalandmedievalculturegotwrappedupwiththeoccultandesotericHermetictraditionsoftheRenaissance,andbythenineteenthcenturytheyhadbeenrelegatedtocarnivalsideshowsandtackyselfhelpbooksonlytoberesurrectedinthelastdecadesofthetwentiethcenturyforthisbizarreandsingularcompetitionTheleaderofthisrenaissanceinmemorytrainingisaslicksixtysevenyearoldBritisheducatorandselfstyledgurunamedTonyBuzan,whoclaimstohavethehighest“creativityquotient”intheworldWhenImethim,inthecafeteriaoftheConEdisonbuilding,hewaswearinganavysuitwithfiveenormousgoldrimmedbuttonsandacollarlessshirt,withanotherlargebuttonathisthroatthatgavehimtheairofanEasternpriestAneuronshapedpinadornedhislapelHiswatchfaceboreareproductionofDali’sPersistenceofMemory(theonewiththe

用户评论(3)

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  • onechance 2012-12-30 23:41:10

    好书

  • mike 2012-11-19 03:38:25

    电子书排版版式不友好

  • wjgoooooo 2012-05-07 21:08:15

    thank you VERY MUCH

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