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WORDSWORTH_UNDERSONG_EDUCATION_RHETORIC_AND_POETIC_TRUTH.pdf

WORDSWORTH_UNDERSONG_EDUCATION_…

君诚五月
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简介:本文档为《WORDSWORTH_UNDERSONG_EDUCATION_RHETORIC_AND_POETIC_TRUTHpdf》,可适用于高等教育领域

Wordsworth'sClassicalUndersongEducation,RhetoricandPoeticTruthRichardWClanceyWordsworth'sClassicalUndersongWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectThispageintentionallyleftblankWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectWordsworth'sClassicalUndersongEducation,RhetoricandPoeticTruthRichardWClanceyProfessorofEnglishJohnCarrollUniversityCleveland,OhioWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnecttFirstpublishedinGreatBritainbyMACMILLANPRESSLTDHoundmills,Basingstoke,HampshireRGXSandLondonCompaniesandrepresentativesthroughouttheworldAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryISBN^ffiFirstpublishedintheUnitedStatesofAmericabySTMARTIN'SPRESS,INC,ScholarlyandReferenceDivision,FifthAvenue,NewYork,NYISBNLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataClancey,RichardW,Wordsworth'sclassicalundersong:education,rhetoricandpoetictruthRichardWClanceypcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN(cloth)Wordsworth,William,KnowledgeLiteratureWordsworth,William,KnowledgeClassicalphilologyClassicaleducationEnglandHistorythcenturyClassicismEnglandHistorythcenturyEnglishpoetryClassicalinfluencesRhetoric,AncientPoeticsITitlePRLC'dcCIP©RichardWClanceyAllrightsreservedNoreproduction,copyortransmissionofthispublicationmaybemadewithoutwrittenpermissionNoparagraphofthispublicationmaybereproduced,copiedortransmittedsavewithwrittenpermissionorinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheCopyright,DesignsandPatentsAct,orunderthetermsofanylicencepermittinglimitedcopyingissuedbytheCopyrightLicensingAgency,TottenhamCourtRoad,LondonWPLPAnypersonwhodoesanyunauthorisedactinrelationtothispublicationmaybeliabletocriminalprosecutionandcivilclaimsfordamagesTheauthorhasassertedhisrighttobeidentifiedastheauthorofthisworkinaccordancewiththeCopyright,DesignsandPatentsActThisbookisprintedonpapersuitableforrecyclingandmadefromfullymanagedandsustainedforestsourcesPrintedandboundinGreatBritainbyAntonyRoweLtd,Chippenham,WiltshireWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectTomybelovedteacher,FatherJosephMcMahon,andtoJohnCarrollWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectThispageintentionallyleftblankWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectContentsAcknowledgementsviiiListofAbbreviationsxIntroductionxiPARTI:Wordsworth'sAcademicTrainingEarlyYearsWordsworthatHawkshead:theEthosofanEnglishGrammarSchoolTheMancunianParadigm,JamesPeakeandtheHawksheadofWilliamWordsworthCambridgeand'knowledgesincerelysoughtandprizedForitsownsake'PARTII:WordsworthandHorace:EthosandPoeticTruthHoratianPoeticsTheMindofthePoetThePoet'sTruthPARTIII:ClassicalUndersong:'livelyimages','strongfeelings','purestPoesy'EthosandthePowerofThePreludeThePoet'sCallingClassicalUndersong,Text,'angelsstoppeduponthewing'Appendix:Aristotle'sEthicalProof:aSamplingofitsUseinRecentCriticismNotesWorksCitedIndexvnWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectAcknowledgementsIwouldliketothanktheWordsworthTrustandespeciallyitsChairman,JonathanWordsworth,anditsDirector,RobertWoof,fortheirkindhelpinmyresearch,forallowingmetostudyWordsworthmaterialsintheWordsworthLibrary,Grasmere,andforpermissiontoquotefrommylecturesgivenatvariousWordsworthWinterSchoolsHerealsoIacknowledgemydebttoSylviaandthelateRichardWordsworthItwasthroughtheirkindnessandencouragementthatIwasabletobeginmyresearchonWordsworth'seducationIthanktheGovernorsofHawksheadSchoolforpermissiontostudythecontentsoftheschoollibraryanddocumentsconnectedwiththeschool'shistory,andformetousemyphotographofHawksheadGrammarSchoolonthejacketofthisbook,andespeciallyIamindebtedtoJohnWest,curatoroftheschool,forhisgenerouskindnessinhelpingmewithmyresearchThanksareduetotheCumbriaCountyArchives,Kendal,andespeciallyitsarchivistSheilaMacPherson,formuchassistanceandallowingmetostudytheHawksheadSchoolmaterialsintheirkeepingEileenJayandtheArmittTrust,anditsonetimeDirector,JohnGavin,fortheirassistanceandforallowingmetostudytheTWThompsonpapersintheirkeepingtheLancashireCountyArchives,especiallyitsArchivist,BruceJackson,MA,DAA,forpermissiontostudyHawksheadSchoolmaterialsandforpermissionespeciallytostudythelastwilloftheRevdWilliamTaylor(documentreferenceWRWF)CambridgeUniversityLibrary,especiallyESLeedhamGreen,AssistantKeeper,theArchives,forallowingmetostudymanuscriptsandothermaterialsconnectedwiththehistoryofCambridgeUniversitytheMaster,FellowsandScholarsofStJohn'sCollege,Cambridge,inpermittingmetheuseoftheirarchives,particularlyforallowingmetoquotevmWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectAcknowledgementsixfromtheStJohn'sCollegeOrderBook:especiallyIwouldliketothankMalcolmUnderwood,Archivist,forallhiskindassistanceinmyresearchtheMaster,FellowsandScholarsofEmmanuelCollege,Cambridge,forallowingmetheuseoftheirarchives,andespeciallyDrFrankStubbings,onetimeKeeperofRareBooks,forallhisassistanceinmyresearchandthestaffoftheGrasselliLibrary,JohnCarrollUniversity,andespeciallyRuthReider,foralltheirassistanceIamgratefultoPamelaTaborfortypingthefirstversionofthemanuscriptandforherexcellenteditorialassistance,andtoJaneandJohnPanzafortypingthefinalversionand,inturn,fortheirexcellenteditorialassistanceSpecialthanksareduetomychairperson,JeanneColleran,forherveryhelpfulreadingofmymanuscriptandforallhergeneroussupportinmakingthisbookpossibleIalsothankmycolleaguesGeorgeBilgereandJohnMcBratneyfortheirveryhelpfulreadingofmymanuscriptandtheirexcellentadvice,andBruceGraverofProvidenceCollegeforhisverycarefulreadingofmymanuscriptandforhisveryhelpfuladviceIofferspecialthankstotheAdministrationofJohnCarrollUniversityforitsgenerosityinawardingmeaGeorgeGrauelFacultyFellowshipandforallitsgeneroussupportoveranumberofyearsenablingmetocompletethisbookEspeciallyIwouldliketothankDrDavidLaGuardia,AssociateProvostofJohnCarrollUniversity,myformerchairperson,withoutwhosepatienceandcontinuedkindhelpthisbookwouldneverhaveseenthelightofdayEspecially,ImustthankMaryWedd,onetimePrincipalLecturerinEnglish,Goldsmith'sCollege,UniversityofLondon,andDuncanWu,ReaderinEnglish,UniversityofGlasgow,fortheirinspiration,kindnessandgeneroushelpinmakingthisbookpossibleFinally,IwouldliketothankHarvardUniversityPressforitspermissiontoquotefromitseditionoftheLoebClassicalLibrarytextandtranslationsofHorace'sSatires,EpistlesandArsPoeticaWJBOwenforpermissiontoquotefromthethreevolumeeditionofTheProseWorksofWilliamWordsworth,editedbyhimandJWSmyserandCornellUniversityPressforitspermissiontoquotefromTheFourteenBookPrelude,editedbyWJBOwenFullbibliographicaldetailsfortheseeditionsaregiveninthelistofworkscitedattheendofthisbookWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectListofAbbreviationsAPDNBEY,MY,LYBkNPProsePWTWTWCHoraceArsPoeticaLoebClassicalLibrary:Satires,EpistlesandArsPoeticaTransHRushtonFaircloughRevednCambridge,MA:HarvardUniversityPress,DictionaryofNationalBiographyTheLettersofWilliamandDorothyWordsworthTheEarlyYears,TheMiddleYears,TheLaterYearsEdErnestdeSelincourtndednrevChesterLShaver,MaryMoormanandAlanGHillOxford:Clarendon,Wordsworth,WilliamTheFourteenBook'Prelude'EdWJBOwenIthaca:CornellUniversityPress,JonathanWordsworth,MHAbrams,andStephenGill,edsThePrelude:,,ByWilliamWordsworthNewYork:Norton,TheProseWorksofWilliamWordsworthEdWJBOwenandJaneWorthingtonSmyservolsOxford:Clarendon,ThePoeticalWorksofWilliamWordsworthEdErnestdeSelincourtRevHelenDarbishirevolsOxford:Clarendon,Thompson,TWWordsworth'sHawksheadEdwithIntroduction,Notes,andAppendixesbyRobertWoofLondon:OxfordUniversityPress,TheWordsworthCirclexWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectIntroductionThisstudybeganinaschoolhouse,inanalmostancientclassroomaboutfeetlongandfeetwideAtoneendisafireplaceandtheraiseddeskoftheschoolmasterattheother,onthewallnearthecorner,acrudelypaintedlistoftheschoolmastersgoingbacktothesixteenthcenturyIsatatoneofthenarrowdesksnearthespotwhere'WWordsworth'hadbeendugintothewoodOtherdesktopshadbeendeeplyscoredbysimilarcarvingsIstaredatthewhitewalls,listenedasayoungOxfordgraduatearticulatelyexplainedthehistoryoftheschoolHundredsandhundredsofboyshadpassedthroughthisschoolhouseWilliamWordsworthspenteightyearshereIwonderedaboutthisschool,itsteachers,itsstudents,andespeciallyitscurriculumofLatin,GreekandmathematicsIwonderedespeciallyabouthowmuchthisschoolanditsteachinghadaffectedalively,talentedladwhowastobecomeoneofEngland'sgreatestpoets,apoetwhosespecialgeniuswassoparticularlyindebtedtohisearliestyears,apoetwhoseyouthhadbecomethesubstanceofsomeofthefinestpoetryintheEnglishlanguageAsIspeculatedaboutHawksheadSchoolanditspossibleeffectsonWilliamWordsworth,IresolvedtodothisstudySincethatdecisionIhavecometofindhowintriguingresearchintotheearlyyearsofawritercanbeUsually,muchinformationissimplynotavailableButinWordsworth'scase,undoubtedlybecausehisyouthisthesourceofsomuchofhispoetry,thatisnotthecaseTherehavebeenespeciallygoodbiographiesofWordsworthbyEmileLegouis,GWMeyerandMaryMoorman,coveringthegeneralcharacterofhisyouthindetailTherearealsoMarkReed'ssplendidvolumesWordsworth:theChronologyoftheEarlyYears,andWordsworth:theChronologyoftheMiddleYears,,meticulouslyaccountingXIWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectxiiIntroductionforeverythinginWordsworth'slifeduringthisperiodTheCornellWordswortheditionshavealsobeenofenormoushelp,ashasbeenthebiographyofWordsworthbyStephenGill,aworkreflectingsowellitsauthor'sintimateknowledgeoftheWordsworthmanuscriptsAlanLiu,Wordsworth:theSenseofHistory,andKennethJohnston,TheHiddenWordsworth,provideuswithawealthofdetail,andJohnMahoney,WilliamWordsworth:aPoeticLife,illustrateshowmuchpoetandtextareoneIshouldalsomentionBruceGraver'sworkonWordsworth'stranslationsandtheworkofDuncanWu,acompletecriticaleditionofWordsworth'sjuveniliadoneasadoctoraldissertationatOxford,andhisexcellentvolumesWordsworth'sReadingandWordsworth'sReadingInadditiontothese,therearetwovaluablerelatedvolumes,BenRossSchneider'sWordsworth'sCambridgeEducationandTWThompson'sWordsworth'sHawkshead,editedbyRobertWoof,whohasaddedextensiveappendixesonHawksheadSchoolandlibraryMorrisMarpleshasgivenusageneralsurveyofthesecondaryeducationofsixromanticpoetsandafinediscussionofWordsworthatHawkshead()MyintenthasbeentocomplementtheseworksOnemayquestionthevalueofyetanotherstudyinthisarea,butmyconcerniswiththatschoolroom,withwhathappenedwithinthosewalls,withtheteacherswhotaughtthere,withtheirtraditionalandseeminglynarrowcurriculum,andespeciallywiththeirmodeofclassicalinstructionOnecannothelpbutwonderhowWordsworthrelatedtosomuchstructure,forintheyearswhenhewasoccupiedinthatschoolroom,hewasalsoabroadinthemountainsimmediatelyoutsideOnecannothelpbutthinkoftheboywhoisdescribedsovividlyunderaverydifferentkindoftutelage:Oh!whenIhavehungAbovetheRaven'snest,byknotsofgrassAndhalfinchfissuresintheslipperyrockButillsustainedandalmost(soitseemed)Suspendedbytheblastthatblewamain,WithwhatstrangeutterancedidthelouddrywindBlowthroughmyears!theskyseemednotaskyOfearth,andwithwhatmotionmovedtheclouds!{Prelude)Wordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectIntroductionxiiiWhatteacher'svoicecouldevercompetewith'thelouddrywind'whattextcouldholdtheeyesofayouthwho,asthoughsuspended,free,hadseentheskyandmovingcloudsasWordsworthhadHowcouldalgebraorEuclid,declensionsorconditionalsentences,poeticfiguresorthepompositiesofclassicaloratoryevercontainWordsworth'simaginationHewas'theinfantBabe',hethechild,'creatorandreceiverboth,WorkingbutinalliancewiththeworksWhichitbeholds'(,)WordsworthhimselfhadclaimedthatatCambridgehe'wasnotforthathour,Norforthatplace'()Wordsworth'sdisaffectionwithCambridgecosthimafellowship,deprivedhimofasecurefuture,andchangedhislifeDidthisdisaffectionbegininthatruralschoolroomAndyetitwasatHawksheadthatWordsworthtrulybecameapoetWithdeepaffectionhetellsusinBookofThePreludethathebegantowritepoetryattheurgingofhisbelovedteacherWilliamTaylor:ThisfaithfulGuideHelovedthePoets,andifnowaliveWouldhavelovedme,asOnenotdestituteOfpromise,norbelyingthekindhopeThathehadformed,whenI,athiscommand,BegantospinwithtoilmyearliestSongs()By,whenWordsworthleftHawksheadforCambridge,hehadwrittennotjustsomegoodschoolboyverse,butasPaulSheatshasshownsowellsomegoodpoetryStill,thequestionnaturallyarises:didWordsworthbecomeapoetcompletelyoutsideoforperhapsevendespiteHawksheadAsanAmerican,IwasalwaystemptedtoreadTomSawyerintotheWilliamWordsworthofthisperiodBookofThePreludeseemstoinvitesuchanassociationThereWordsworthsatirizesthoseeducatorswhoattemptedtomakeprodigiesofordinarychildrenthroughelaborateandunnaturaleducationalmeansHispurposeissimplytoemphasizehisownnaturaleducationHewasnever'forcefed'HewasnevertrammeledbyideologiesorconstraintsHewasfreehewaseducatedbyandforNature:ThisVerseisdedicatetoNature'sselfAndthingsthatteachasNatureteaches:thenWordsworth'sClassicalUndersong,RichardClanceyCopyrightmaterialfromwwwpalgraveconnectcomlicensedtoUniversitetsbiblioteketiTromsoPalgraveConnectxivIntroductionOh!wherehadbeentheMan,thePoetwhere,Wherehadwebeen,wetwo,belovedFriendIfintheseasonofunperilouschoice,Wehadbeenfollowed,hourlywatched,andnoosed()Thequestionthenarises,didHawkshead,particularlyinitsclassicalliterarytuition,'teachasNatureteaches'AnsweringthisquestionisoneofthemajorgoalsofthisbookItisacrucialquestionPracticallynopoethasbuiltsomuchofhispoetryoutofhisexperiencesinyouthHowmuchofapositiveelementwasWordsworth'sHawksheadeducationinthoseexperiencesFurthermore,BenRossSchneidershowsthatWordsworthwasdisaffectedwithCambridgeforphilosophicalandpoliticalreasons,andalsoforspecificallyliteraryreasons()AtCambridgethemajoremphasiswasplacedonmathematicseventhoughclassicalandliter

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