加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 William_Wordsworth_Modern_Critical_Views

William_Wordsworth_Modern_Critical_Views.pdf

William_Wordsworth_Modern_Criti…

君诚五月
2012-02-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《William_Wordsworth_Modern_Critical_Viewspdf》,可适用于外语资料领域

AfricanAmericanPoets:Wheatley–TolsonAfricanAmericanPoets:Hayden–DoveEdwardAlbeeDanteAlighieriIsabelAllendeAmericanandCanadianWomenPoets,–presentAmericanWomenPoets,–HansChristianAndersenMayaAngelouAsianAmericanWritersMargaretAtwoodJaneAustenPaulAusterJamesBaldwinHonorédeBalzacSamuelBeckettTheBibleWilliamBlakeJorgeLuisBorgesRayBradburyTheBrontësGwendolynBrooksElizabethBarrettBrowningRobertBrowningItaloCalvinoAlbertCamusTrumanCapoteLewisCarrollMigueldeCervantesGeoffreyChaucerAntonChekhovGKChestertonKateChopinAgathaChristieSamuelTaylorColeridgeJosephConradContemporaryPoetsJulioCortázarStephenCraneDanielDefoeDonDeLilloCharlesDickensEmilyDickinsonELDoctorowJohnDonneandthethCenturyPoetsFyodorDostoevskyWEBDuBoisGeorgeEliotTSEliotRalphEllisonRalphWaldoEmersonWilliamFaulknerFScottFitzgeraldSigmundFreudRobertFrostWilliamGaddisJohannWolfgangvonGoetheGeorgeGordon,LordByronGrahamGreeneThomasHardyNathanielHawthorneRobertHaydenErnestHemingwayHermannHesseHispanicAmericanWritersHomerLangstonHughesZoraNealeHurstonAldousHuxleyHenrikIbsenJohnIrvingHenryJamesJamesJoyceFranzKafkaJohnKeatsJamaicaKincaidStephenKingRudyardKiplingMilanKunderaTonyKushnerUrsulaKLeGuinDorisLessingCSLewisSinclairLewisNormanMailerBernardMalamudDavidMametChristopherMarloweGabrielGarcíaMárquezCormacMcCarthyCarsonMcCullersHermanMelvilleArthurMillerJohnMiltonMolièreToniMorrisonNativeAmericanWritersJoyceCarolOatesFlanneryO’ConnorGeorgeOrwellOctavioPazSylviaPlathEdgarAllanPoeKatherineAnnePorterBloom’sModernCriticalViewsMarcelProustThomasPynchonPhilipRothSalmanRushdieJDSalingerJoséSaramagoJeanPaulSartreWilliamShakespeareWilliamShakespeare’sRomancesGeorgeBernardShawMaryWollstonecraftShelleyAlexanderSolzhenitsynJohnSteinbeckJonathanSwiftAmyTanAlfred,LordTennysonHenryDavidThoreauJRRTolkienLeoTolstoyIvanTurgenevMarkTwainJohnUpdikeKurtVonnegutDerekWalcottAliceWalkerRobertPennWarrenHGWellsEudoraWeltyEdithWhartonWaltWhitmanOscarWildeTennesseeWilliamsTomWolfeVirginiaWoolfWilliamWordsworthJayWrightRichardWrightWilliamButlerYeatsÉmileZolaBloom’sModernCriticalViewsBloom’sModernCriticalViewsWILLIAMWORDSWORTHUpdatedEditionEditedandwithanintroductionbyHaroldBloomSterlingProfessoroftheHumanitiesYaleUniversityBloom’sModernCriticalViews:WilliamWordsworthUpdatedEditionCopyright©InfobasePublishingIntroduction©byHaroldBloomAllrightsreservedNopartofthispublicationmaybereproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,includingphotocopying,recording,orbyanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystems,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublisherFormoreinformationcontact:ChelseaHouseAnimprintofInfobasePublishingWeststStreetNewYorkNYLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataWilliamWordsworthHaroldBloom,editorUpdatededpcm(Bloom’smodencriticalviews)IncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBNWordsworth,William,–CriticismandinterpretationIBloom,HaroldPRW’dcChelseaHousebooksareavailableatspecialdiscountswhenpurchasedinbulkquantitiesforbusinesses,associations,institutions,orsalespromotionsPleasecallourSpecialSalesDepartmentinNewYorkat()or()YoucanfindChelseaHouseontheWorldWideWebathttp:wwwchelseahousecomContributingEditor:JanyceMarsonCoverdesignbyTakeshiTakahashiCoverphoto©TheGrangerCollection,NewYorkPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaBangEJBThisbookisprintedonacidfreepaperAlllinksandwebaddresseswerecheckedandverifiedtobecorrectatthetimeofpublicationBecauseofthedynamicnatureoftheweb,someaddressesandlinksmayhavechangedsincepublicationandmaynolongerbevalidEditor’sNoteviiIntroductionHaroldBloomTwoRoadstoWordsworthMHAbramsTheSceneofInstruction:“TinternAbbey”HaroldBloomThePreludeandtheLoveofManFrancesFergusonWordsworth’sSevereIntimationsPaulHFryWordsworthandtheDefileoftheWordThomasWeiskel“Wasitforthis”:WordsworthandtheBirthoftheGodsGeoffreyHartmanFromWordsworthtoEmersonDavidBromwichContents“WhileWeWereSchoolboys”:HawksheadEducationandReadingKennethRJohnstonWilliamWordsworth,ThePreludeJonathanWordsworthWordsworth’sAbbeyRuinsDennisTaylorTheExcursion:DramaticComposition,DramaticDefinitionSallyBushellChronologyContributorsBibliographyAcknowledgmentsIndexContentsviviiMyintroductioncentersuponWordsworth’sexaltationofthenaturalman,particularlyinthesublimepoignanceof“TheOldCumberlandBeggar”MHAbrams,deanofRomanticscholarcritics,contraststhetwotraditionsofWordsworthcriticism,MatthewArnold’s“PoetofNature”andACBradley’sHegeliansenseofWordsworthianSublimityMyinterpretationof“TinternAbbey”exploresthepoem’striumphoveritsownmythofmemory,whileFrancesFergusonsubtlyfindsimplicitinThePreludeapoeticallyenabling“extensivechainofaffections”The“IntimationsofImmortality”OdeisseenbyPaulHFryasmediatingbetweentheSimpleWordsworth(Arnoldian)andtheSublimeWordsworth(Bradleyan)ThomasWeiskelprovidesanappropriateRomanticSublimeexegesisofThePrelude’sSimplonPasspassageinBook,afterwhichGeoffreyHartman,luminaryoftwentiethcenturyWordsworthcriticism,demonstratesthealliancebetweenradicalinwardnessandexpressionisticpowerinThePreludeTheaffinitybetweenWordsworthandEmerson,despitetheirdifferentvisionsoftheself,isanalyzedbyDavidBromwich,whileKennethJohnstonexaminesearlypoeticinfluencesupontheyoungWordsworthSomethingofthecomplexdifferencesbetweentheseparateversionsofThePreludeisgivenbyJonathanWordsworth,afterwhichDennisTaylorarguesforaCatholicelementinWordsworth’sachievementInthisvolume’sfinalessay,SallyBushelltracesconnectionsbetweenWordsworth’sdramaTheBorderersandhislongnarrativepoemTheExcursionEditor’sNoteThereisahumanloneliness,Apartofspaceandsolitude,InwhichknowledgecannotbedeniedInwhichnothingofknowledgefails,Theluminouscompanion,thehand,Thefortifyingarm,theprofoundResponse,thecompletelyansweringvoiceWallaceStevensThePreludewastobeonlytheantechapeltotheGothicchurchofTheRecluse,butthepoetWordsworthknewbetterthantheman,andThePreludeisacompleteandclimacticworkThekeytoThePreludeasaninternalizedepicwrittenincreativecompetitiontoMiltonistobefoundinthoselines(–)oftheReclusefragmentthatWordsworthprefacedtoTheExcursion()Wordsworth’sinvocation,likeBlake’stotheDaughtersofBeulahinhisepicMilton,isadeliberateaddresstopowershigherthanthosethatinspiredParadiseLost:Urania,IshallneedThyguidance,oragreaterMuse,ifsuchHAROLDBLOOMIntroductionHaroldBloomDescendtoearthordwellinhighestheaven!ForImusttreadonshadowyground,mustsinkDeepand,aloftascending,breatheinworldsTowhichtheheavenofheavensisbutaveilTheshadowyground,thedepthsbeneath,andtheheightsaloftareallinthemindofman,andMilton’sheavenisonlyaveil,separatinganallegoricalunrealityfromthehumanparadiseofthehappiestandbestregionsofapoet’smindAweofthepersonalGodheadfadesbeforethepoet’sreverenceforhisownimaginativepowers:Allstrengthallterror,singleorinbands,ThateverwasputforthinpersonalformJehovahwithhisthunder,andthechoirOfshoutingAngels,andtheempyrealthronesIpassthemunalarmedBlake,moreultimatelyunorthodoxthanWordsworthashewas,hadyettoostrongasenseoftheBible’spowertoacceptthisdismissalofJehovahAfterreadingthispassage,heremarkedsardonically:Solomon,whenheMarriedPharaoh’sdaughterbecameaConverttotheHeathenMythology,talkedexactlyinthiswayofJehovahasaVeryinferiorobjectofMan’sContemplationshealsopassedhimbyunalarm’dwaspermittedJehovahdroppedatearfollow’dhimbyhisSpiritintotheAbstractVoiditiscalledtheDivineMercyTomarryPharaoh’sdaughteristomarryNature,theGoddessoftheHeathenMythology,andindeedWordsworthwillgoontospeakofamarriagebetweentheMindofManandthegoodlyuniverseofNatureWordsworthispermittedhiseffrontery,asSolomontheWisewasbeforehim,and,likeSolomon,WordsworthwandersintotheUlroorAbstractVoidofgeneralreasoningfromNature,pursuedbytheambiguouspityoftheDivineMercyButthis(thoughpowerful)isadarkviewtotakeofWordsworth’sreciprocaldealingswithNatureCourageouslybutcalmlyWordsworthputshimselfforwardasarenovatedspirit,anewAdamuponwhomfearandawefallashelooksintohisownMind,theMindofManAsbefitsanewAdam,anewworldwithagreaterbeautywaitsuponhisstepsThemostdefianthumanisminWordsworthsalutestheimmediatepossibilityofthisearthlyparadisenaturalizingitselfinthehereandnow:IntroductionParadise,andgrovesElysian,FortunateFieldslikethoseofoldSoughtintheAtlanticMainwhyshouldtheybeAhistoryonlyofdepartedthings,OramerefictionofwhatneverwasForthediscerningintellectofMan,WhenweddedtothisgoodlyuniverseInloveandholypassion,shallfindtheseAsimpleproduceofthecommondayNowordsaremorehonorificforWordsworththan“simple”and“common”ThemarriagemetaphorherehasthesameHebraicsourcesasBlakehadforhisBeulah,or“marriedland”ThetrueEdenisthechildofthecommonday,whenthatdaydawnsuponthegreatconsummationofthereciprocalpassionofManandNatureWhatWordsworthdesirestowriteis“thespousalverse”incelebrationofthisfulfillment:and,bywordsWhichspeakofnothingmorethanwhatweare,WouldIarousethesensualfromtheirsleepOfDeath,andwinthevacantandthevainTonoblerapturesThisparallelsBlake’ssinginginJerusalem:OfthesleepofUlro!andofthepassagethroughEternalDeath!andoftheawakingtoEternalLifeButWordsworthwouldarouseusbyspeakingofnothingmorethanwhatwealreadyareamorenaturalistichumanismthanBlakecouldendureWordsworthcelebratesthegivenwhatwealreadypossess,andforhimitisasforWallaceStevensAsiftheair,themiddayair,wasswarmingWiththemetaphysicalchangesthatoccur,MerelyinlivingasandwhereweliveForWordsworth,asforStevens,theearthisenoughforBlakeitwaslessthanthatallwithoutwhichmancannotbesatisfiedWeneedtodistinguishthisargumentbetweenthetwogreatestoftheRomanticsfromthesimplisticdissensionwithwhichtoomanyreadershaveconfoundedit,HaroldBloomthatbetweenthedoctrinesofinnategoodnessandoriginalsinWordsworthisnotRousseau,andBlakeisnotStPaultheyhavemoreincommonwithoneanotherthantheyhavewitheitherthenaturalreligionistortheorthodoxChristianWordsworth’sImaginationislikeWallaceStevens’sAngelSurroundedbyPaysans:notanangelofheaven,butthenecessaryangelofearth,as,initssight,weseetheearthagain,butclearedandinitshearingwehearthestillsadmusicofhumanity,itstragicdrone,riseliquidly,notharshorgrating,butlikewaterywordsawash,tochastenandsubdueusButtheImaginationofWordsworthandofStevensis“afigurehalfseen,orseenforamoment”Itriseswiththesuddenmountainmists,andassuddenlydepartsBlake,aliteralistoftheImagination,wishedforitsmorehabitualswayTomarryMindandNatureistoenterBeulahthereWordsworthandBlakeareatoneBlakeinsistedthatamanmorefullyredeemedbyImaginationwouldnotneedNature,wouldregardtheexternalworldashindranceThesplitbetweenWordsworthandBlakeisnottheologicalatall,thoughBlakeexpressesitinhisdeliberatelydisplacedProtestantvocabularybyusingthemetaphoroftheFallwhereWordsworthrejectsitForWordsworththeindividualMindandtheexternalWorldareexquisitelyfitted,eachtotheother,evenasmanandwife,andwithblendedmighttheyaccomplishacreationthemeaningofwhichisfullydependentuponthesexualanalogytheygivetousanewheavenandanewearthblendedintoanapocalypticunitythatissimplythematterofcommonperceptionandcommonsexualityraisedtothefreedomofitsnaturalpowerWordsworthianManisFreudianMan,butBlake’sHumanFormDivineisnot“Youshallnotbringmedowntobelievesuchafittingfitted”ishisreactiontoWordsworth’sexquisiteadjustingsoftheUniverseandMindToacceptNatureasman’sequalisforBlaketheineradicableerrorBlake’sdoctrineisthateithertheImaginationtotallydestroysNatureandputsathoroughlyHumanforminitsplace,orelseNaturedestroystheImaginationWordsworthsaysofhistaskthatheisforcedtohear“HumanityinfieldsandgrovesPipesolitaryanguish”andBlakereactswithferocity:DoesnotthisFit,isnotFittingmostExquisitelytoo,buttowhatnottoMind,buttotheVileBodyonlytoitsLawsofGoodEvilitsEnmitiesagainstMindThisisnotthecommentofanembitteredGnosticBlakeconstructshispoetryasacommentaryuponScriptureWordsworthwriteshispoetryasacommentaryuponNatureWordsworth,whilenotsoBiblehauntedasBlake,ishimselfapoetintheHebraicpropheticlineThevisiblebodyofIntroductionNatureismorethananoutertestimonyoftheSpiritofGodtohimitisouronlywaytoGodForBlakeitisthebarrierbetweenusandtheGodwithinourselvesOrdinaryperceptionisthenamodeofsalvationforWordsworth,providedthatweareawakefullytowhatweseeThecommonearthistobehallowedbythehumanheart’sandmind’sholyunionwithit,andbythatuniontheheartandmindinconcertaretoreceivetheirbride’sgiftofphenomenalbeauty,agloryinthegrass,asplendorintheflowerUntilatlasttheGreatConsummationwillbeachieved,andrenovatedManwillstandinEdenonceagainThehumangloryofWordsworth,whichhebequeathedtoKeats,isinthisnaturalisticcelebrationofthepossibilitiesinherentinourcondition,hereandnowThatWordsworthhimself,inthesecondhalfofhislonglife,couldnotsustainthisvisionisacriticismofneitherthevisionnortheman,butmerelyhislossandoursTheOldCumberlandBeggar()isWordsworth’sfinestvisionoftheirreduciblenaturalman,thehumanstrippedtothenakednessofprimordialconditionandexposedasstillpowerfulindignity,stillinfiniteinvalueTheBeggarremindsusofthebeggars,solitaries,wanderersthroughoutWordsworth’spoetry,particularlyinThePreludeandResolutionandIndependenceHediffersfromtheminthatheisnottheagencyofarevelationheisnotresponsibleforasuddenreleaseofWordsworth’simaginationHeisnotevenofvisionaryutilityheissomethingfiner,beyonduse,avisionofrealityinhimselfIamnotsuggestingthatTheOldCumberlandBeggaristhebestofWordsworth’spoemsoutsideThePreludeitisnotinthesublimemode,asareTinternAbbey,theGreatOde,ResolutionandIndependenceButitisthemostWordsworthianofpoems,andprofoundlymovingNothingcouldbesimplerthanthepoem’sopening:“IsawanagedBeggarinmywalk”TheOldMan(thecapitalizationisthepoet’s)hasputdownhisstaff,andtakeshisscrapsandfragmentsoutofaflourbag,onebyoneHescansthem,fixedlyandseriouslyTheplainbeginningyieldstoamusicoflove,thebeautyofthereal:Inthesun,Uponthesecondstepofthatsmallpile,Surroundedbythosewildunpeopledhills,Hesat,andatehisfoodinsolitude:Andever,scatteredfromhispalsiedhand,That,stillattemptingtopreventthewaste,Wasbaffledstill,thecrumbsinlittleshowersFellonthegroundandthesmallmountainbirds,Notventuringyettopecktheirdestinedmeal,ApproachedwithinthelengthofhalfhisstaffHaroldBloomItisdifficulttodescribehowthisisbeautiful,butwecanmakeastartbyobservingthatitisbeautifulbothbecauseitissomatteroffact,andbecausethefactisitselfatransfigurationTheOldManisinhisownstate,andheisradicallyinnocentThe“wildunpeopledhills”complementhisownsolitudeheisaphenomenonoftheirkindAndheisnomoresentimentalizedthantheyareHislotisnotevenmiserableheistooabsorbedintoNatureforthat,asabsorbedashecanbeandstillretainhumanidentityHeisevenpastfurtheragingThepoethasknownhimsincehischildhood,andeventhen“hewassoold,heseemsnotoldernow”TheOldManissohelplessinappearancethateveryonesaunteringhorsemanortollgatekeeperorpostboymakeswayforhim,takingspecialcaretokeephimfromharmForhecannotbediverted,butmovesonlikeanaturalprocess“Hetravelson,asolitaryMan,”Wordsworthsays,andthenrepeatsit,makingarefrainforthatincessantmovementwhoseonlymeaningisthatitremainshumanthoughattheedgeofourcondition:Hetravelson,asolitaryManHisagehasnocompanionOnthegroundHiseyesareturned,and,ashemovesalong,Theymovealongthegroundand,evermore,InsteadofcommonandhabitualsightOffieldswithruralworks,ofhillanddale,Andthebluesky,onelittlespanofearthIsallhisprospectHeisbentdouble,liketheLeechGatherer,andhisvisionofonelittlespanofearthrecallsthewanderingoldmanofChaucer’sPardoner’sTaleButChaucer’ssolitarylongedfordeath,andonthegroundhecalledhismother’sgateheknockedoftenwithhisstaff,crying,“Dearmother,letmein”Wordsworth’sOldManseesonlytheground,butheistenaciouslyalive,andisbeyonddesire,eventhatofdeathHesees,andyethardlyseesHemovesconstantly,butissostillinlookandmotionthathecanhardlybeseentomoveHeisallprocess,hardlycharacter,andyetalmoststasisItissoextremeapicturethatwecanbetemptedtoask,“IsthislifeWhereisitsuse”Thetemptationdehumanizesus,Wordsworthwouldhaveit,andthetwoquestionsareradicallydissimilar,buthisanswertothefirstisvehementlyaffirmativeandtothesecondanabsolutemoralpassionThereisIntroductionaspiritandpulseofgood,Alifeandsoul,toeverymodeofbeingInseparablylinkedTheOldManperformsmanyfunctionsThemostimportantisthatofabindingagentforthememoriesofgoodimpulsesinallaroundhimWhereverhegoes,ThemildnecessityofusecompelsToactsofloveTheseactsoflove,addedonetoanother,atlastinsensiblydisposetheirperformerstovirtueandtruegoodnessWeneedtobecarefulinourreactiontothisWordsworthisnotpreachingtheviciousandmaddoctrinethatbeggaryisgoodbecauseitmakescharitypossibleThatwouldproperlyinvokeBlake’sblisteringreplyinTheHumanAbstract:P

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/49

William_Wordsworth_Modern_Critical_Views

仅供在线阅读

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利