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首页 [经济学人2005].The.Economist.-.2005-09-17.pdf

[经济学人2005].The.Economist.-.2005-09-17.pdf

[经济学人2005].The.Economist.-.2005…

上传者: 刹那芳华的爱 2012-02-21 评分 5 0 161 22 732 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《[经济学人2005].The.Economist.-.2005-09-17pdf》,可适用于经济金融领域,主题内容包含SEARCHadvancedsearchEconomistcomRESEARCHTOOLSChoosearesearchtoolASubscribe符等。

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billion(includingdebt,thetransactionisworth$billion)LastJune,thecarmakerfiledpaperstofloatHertzonthestockmarket,butanumberofbuyoutspecialistsexpressedastronginterestinbuyingitdirectlyinsteadThesaleprovidessomemuchneededliquidityforForditscreditratingwasdowngradedto“junk”statusearlierthisyearSeearticleEBayconfirmedthatitwasbuyingSkype,aleadingprovideroffreephonecallsovertheinternetThedealisinitiallyworth$billion,butcouldriseto$billionbyifperformancetargetsaremetLuxembourgbasedSkypehasexcitedanalysts,whothinkitwilltransformthetelecomsindustrySeearticleOracleannouncedanotherlargeacquisitionItisbuyingSiebelSystems,arivalbusinesssoftwarecompany,inadealvaluedat$billionSiebelisOracle'sbiggesttakeoversinceitsrecentcontentiousmergerwithPeopleSoftSeearticleAjudgeruledthataformerexecutiveatMicrosoft,KaiFuLee,coulddosome,butnotall,ofthedevelopmentworkinChinaaskedbyhisnewemployerGoogleMicrosoftsaysMrLeeknowstoomuchaboutitsstrategyinChina,buturgedGoogletoacceptthedecisionThecasehashighlightedtheboundariesthatfirmscanplaceonformeremployeesNotexactlyalazysummerLehmanBrotherssaidnetincomeforthethreemonthsendingAuguststhadrisenby,comparedwithayearearlier,to$mOtherbigWallStreetinvestmentbanksareexpectedtofollowLehman'sleadandpostequallystartlingquarterlyresultsWachoviaagreedtopay$billionforWestcorp,afinancialservicesholdingcompany(thedealincludesthestakeinWFSFinancial,acarloancompany,thatWestcorpdoesnotalreadyown)America'sfourthlargestbankwilldoubleitscarfinancingbusiness,andalsogainatoeholdinsouthernCalifornia'sretailbankingmarketanotherWestcorpsubsidiaryisWesternFinancialBankDeutscheBörseaskedRetoFrancioni,chairmanofSWXGroup,whichrunstheSwissstockexchange,tobeitsnewchiefexecutiveTheGermanfinancialexchangegrouphasbeenseekinganewbosssinceMay,whenWernerSeifertwasoustedbyshareholdersdissatisfiedwithabidfortheLondonStockExchangeBancaPopolareItalianasaidthatithadapprovedthesaleofitsstakeinBancaAntonvenetatoABNAmro,oftheNetherlandsThesalewouldsealthefirstsignificantforeigntakeoverofanItalianbank,andendacontroversialbattlethathaslastedseveralmonthsSeearticleIthinkIcahnCarlIcahnputmorepressureonTimeWarnerTheinvestor,wholastmonthrevealedthatheandthreepartnershadbuiltastakeinthecompany,saidhewouldmountaproxyfighttowinseatsonTimeWarner'sboardMrIcahn'sgroupwantsthemediagianttospinoffitscableTVunitandbuyback$billionworthofsharesinordertoboostitssharepriceVivendiUniversalreportedariseinnetincome,tobillion($billion),forthefirsthalfoftheyearcomparedwithayearearlierIn,themediagrouppostedFrance'sbiggesteverannualcorporatelossbillionAustralia'sgovernmentovercamestrongoppositiontopasslegislationenablingthesaleofitsremainingstakeinTelstra,thecountry'slargesttelecomfirmWorthA$billion($billion)andexpectednextyear,itisthecountry'sbiggestprivatisationEnCana,aCanadianoilandgasproducer,saiditwassellingitsassetsinEcuadortoAndesPetroleum,aconsortiumofChineseenergyfirmsthatincludesChinaNationalPetroleumCorporation,for$billionThedealisfurtherdisappointmentforIndia'sOilandNaturalGasCorporation,whichwasalsointherunningforEnCanaLastmonth,CNPCpippedittobuyPetroKazakhstanPutitinperspectiveFollowingJunichiroKoizumi'selectionwin,Japan'sNikkeistockmarketindexreachedafouryearhigh(thoughthisisstillalongwayfromitspeakinlate)MarketswerealsobuoyedbyanupwardrevisiontoJapan'ssecondquarterGDPgrowth,whichstandsatanannualisedrateofSeearticleTelecomsandtheinternetHowtheinternetkilledthephonebusinessSepthFromTheEconomistprinteditionAlmostfreeinternetphonecallsheraldtheslowdeathoftraditionaltelephonyTHEterm“disruptivetechnology”ispopular,butiswidelymisusedItrefersnotsimplytoaclevernewtechnology,buttoonethatunderminesanexistingtechnologyandwhichthereforemakeslifeverydifficultforthemanybusinesseswhichdependontheexistingwayofdoingthingsTwentyyearsago,thepersonalcomputerwasaclassicexampleItsweptasideanoldermainframebasedstyleofcomputing,andeventuallybroughtIBM,oneoftheworld'smightiestfirmsatthetime,toitskneesThisweekhasbeenacomingoutpartyofsortsforanotherdisruptivetechnology,“voiceoverinternetprotocol”(VOIP),whichpromisestobeevenmoredisruptive,andofevengreaterbenefittoconsumers,thanpersonalcomputers(seearticle)VOIP'sleadingproponentisSkype,asmallfirmwhosesoftwareallowspeopletomakefreecallstootherSkypeusersovertheinternet,andverycheapcallstotraditionaltelephonesallofwhichspellstroubleforincumbenttelecomsoperatorsOnSeptemberth,eBay,theleadingonlineauctionhouse,announcedthatitwasbuyingSkypefor$billion,plusanadditional$billionifSkypehitscertainperformancetargetsincomingyearsThisseemsavastsumtopayforacompanythathasonly$minrevenuesandhasyettoturnaprofitYeteBaywasnottheonlycompanyinterestedinbuyingSkypeMicrosoft,Yahoo!,NewsCorporationandGooglewereallsaidtohavealsoconsideredtheideaPerhapseBay,ratherlikesomeoverexcitedbidderinoneofitsownauctions,haspaidtoomuchThecompanysaysitplanstouseSkype'stechnologytomakeiteasierforbuyersandsellerstocommunicate,andtooffernew“clicktocall”advertisements,butmanyanalystsarescepticalthateBayisthebestownerofSkypeWhateverthemeritsofthedeal,however,thefussoverSkypeinrecentweekshashighlightedthesignificanceofVOIP,andtheenormousthreatitposestoincumbenttelecomsoperatorsFortheriseofSkypeandotherVOIPservicesmeansnothinglessthanthedeathofthetraditionaltelephonebusiness,establishedoveracenturyagoSkypeismerelythemostvisiblemanifestationofadramaticshiftinthetelecomsindustry,asvoicecallingbecomesjustanotherdataservicedeliveredviahighspeedinternetconnectionsSkype,whichhasovermusers,hasreceivedthemostattention,butotherfirmsroutingcallspartiallyorentirelyovertheinternethavealsosignedupmillionsofcustomersApriceofzeroTheabilitytomakefreeoralmostfre

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