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首页 [经济学人2005].The.Economist.-.2005-04-16.-.nEo.pdf

[经济学人2005].The.Economist.-.2005-04-16.-.nEo.pdf

[经济学人2005].The.Economist.-.2005…

上传者: 刹那芳华的爱 2012-02-21 评分 5 0 169 23 766 暂无简介 简介 举报

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lities(RWU)inKosovoIncorporationoftheSevenRegJobsDirectorofCorporateCommunicationsDIRECTOROFCORPORATECOMMUNICATIONSLondonsixfigurepackageThSponsors'featureAboutsponsorshipProudlyPresentedby=nEo=PoliticsthisweekAprthFromTheEconomistprinteditionMexico'spresidentialelectionThemayorofMexicoCity,AndrésManuelLópezObrador,threatenedacampaignofdisobedienceafterMexico'sCongressvotedtostriphimofhisimmunityfromprosecutionoverchargesarisingfromaplanningdisputeThevoteislikelytopreventMrLópez,Mexico'smostpopularpolitician,fromstandinginnextyear'spresidentialelectionSeearticleMorebadnewsforCanada'sminorityLiberalgovernmentMorethanLiberalMPsjoinedtheoppositiontovotedownagovernmentbilltorecognisesamesexmarriage,whiletestimonyataninquiryintoLiberalsleazehurttheparty'sstandingintheopinionpolls,promptingspeculationthattheoppositionwouldforceanearlyelectionSeearticleVenezuela'sgovernmentsaiditwouldsueElNuevoHerald,aMiaminewspaper,forlibelThepaperpublishedareportclaimingthatVenezuela'sstateoilcompanypaidmultimilliondollarcommissionstointermediariesforoilsalesTheOrganisationofAmericanStatesfailedtoelectanewsecretarygeneralAfterfiveballots,thetwocandidates,Chile'sJoséMiguelInsulzaandMexico'sLuisErnestoDerbez,eachreceivedvotesTheelectionwillresumeonMaynd,possiblywithnewcandidatesAtitsannualmeeting,theInterAmericanDevelopmentBankputoffuntilconsiderationofarequestbyChinatobecomeamemberChina'seconomiclinkswithLatinAmericaaregrowingfast,butJapanandtheUnitedStatesarebothreportedtoopposeitsmembershipABritishcourtsentencedKamelBourgass,afailedasylumseekerfromAlgeria,toyearsinjailforaplottousericinandotherpoisonsinaterroristplotButanotherfourdefendants,accusedofbeingpartofanalQaedaterroristcell,wereacquittedAndthecourtheardthatnoricinhadactuallybeenmadeUndiplomaticJohnBolton,GeorgeBush'schoiceasambassadortotheUnitedNations,wasquizzedbytheSenateForeignRelationsCommitteeabouthostileremarkshehadmadeabouttheUNandabouthisconductasanundersecretaryattheStateDepartmentSeearticleCalifornia'sgovernor,ArnoldSchwarzenegger,withdrewhisplantoreformthestate'spublicpensionssystemhewillrefinehisplanwiththelegislatureandpublicsectorworkers,whobitterlyopposedthereformsSeearticleAboutsponsorshipAFPTheHouseofRepresentativesvotedtorepealpermanentlytheestatetaxThebillnowgoestotheSenate,whereitwillhavetroubleovercominganexpectedfilibusterAfederalgrandjuryinNewYorkindictedthreeBritons(currentlyheldinBritain)inconnectionwithanallegedplottoattackfinancialinstitutionsinWashington,DC,NewYorkandNewJerseyAnintelligencetipoffregardingapossiblethreatlastAugustledtheDepartmentofHomelandSecuritytoraiseitswarningsinthetargetedareasNotquitetherightreformTheGermangovernmentsaiditwouldintroduceafederalminimumwagetocombatlowcostcompetition,especiallyfromitseasternneighboursItisnotclearhowaminimumwagecanhelpGermany'smunemployedGermany'schancellor,GerhardSchröder,joinedsurvivorsofBuchenwaldtomarkthethanniversaryoftheliberationoftheconcentrationcampnearWeimarSome,peoplediedatthehandsoftheNazisthereTheEuropeanCommissionrecommendedthattalksshouldbeginwithSerbiaandMontenegroonastabilisationandassociationagreementthatcouldleadtoEuropeanUnionmembershipSeearticleStanislavGross,theCzechprimeminister,steppeddowntomakewayforanewgovernmentMembersoftheEuropeanParliamentrejectedreformstoclampdownonabusesofexpensesandallowancesSoMEPswillgoonclaimingreimbursementforbillstheyhavenotincurred,hardlyawayofmakingtheirunlovedinstitutionmorelovedTheEuropeanCommissionsaidthatitwouldinitiateactionagainstItalyforbreachingthestabilitypact'sceilingforbudgetdeficitsofofGDPThecommissionpredictsthatItaly'sdeficitwillbeinandinNotexactlyfriendlyChinesedemonstratorsstagedantiJapaneseprotestsinBeijing,ShenzhenandGuangzhouTheyopposeJapan'shopesofbecomingapermanentmemberoftheUNSecurityCouncil,andobjecttoaschooltextbookthatglossesoverJapanesewartimeatrocitiesChinaalsocalledJapan'sdecisiontoissuedrillingrightsintheEastChinaSeaa“provocation”Inwhattheycalleda“historic”meeting,ChinaandIndiapledgedtosettleaHimalayanborderdisputeSeearticleUptopilgrimsinIndiawerefeareddrownedinthestateofMadhyaPradeshafterthegatesonanupstreamdamtotheNarmadariverwereopenedwithoutwarningAround,HindushadgatheredtobatheintheriveraheadofanewmoonNowgovernAftertwomonthsofwrangling,anIraqigovernmentbegantotakeshape,afterparliament'sendorsementofJalalTalabani,aKurd,aspresidentandafterthenominationofIbrahimalJaafari,aShiaArab,asprimeministerThemainShiaallianceseemedlikelytotaketheministriesofinterior,financeandoiltheKurdsaresettooverseeforeignaffairs,whileSunniArabslooklikelytoholdthepostsofspeakerandministerofdefenceAPAPSeearticlePresidentGeorgeBushtoldIsrael'sprimeminister,ArielSharon,whowasvisitinghimathisranchinTexas,thatthereshouldbe“noexpansionofIsraelisettlements”intheWestBankButMrSharondidnotruleoutcontinuingtobuildnewhousesinexistingsettlementsSeearticleThegovernmentofSudanandrebelsfromthesouthofthecountryagreedtoallowunarmedoppositiongroupsmoresayinthedraftingofanewnationalconstitutionthatissupposedtounitethewarscarrednationNigeria'spresident,OlusegunObasanjo,askedanyonewithallegationsofcorruptionagainsthimselforhisfamilytomakethempublicAmemberofparliamentsuggesteditwouldbemoreusefultoauditthepetroleumministry,whichMrObasanjoheadsCopyrightTheEconomistNewspaperandTheEconomistGroupAllrightsreservedBusinessthisweekAprthFromTheEconomistprinteditionTightlippedMaurice“Hank”Greenberg,formerchairmanandCEOofAIG,invokedhisconstitutionalrightsbyremainingsilentatadepositionbasedonallegationsthattheinsurancegroupmanipulateditsfinancialstatementsWarrenBuffettalsospokewiththeregulators(aunitofMrBuffett'sBerkshireHathawayiscentraltotheinvestigation)butsaidheknewlittleofthetransactionsMoreturmoilatMorganStanley,astwooftheinvestmentbank'stopstarsresignedPressureismountingonPhilipPurcell,thebank'sembattledchiefexecutive,tostemawaveofdefectionsFifteencurrentandformertradersattheNewYorkStockExchangewereindictedonchargesthattheycheatedinvestorsoutof$mbymanipulatingstockstoenrichtheirownaccountsThecriminalchargesfollowatwoyearinvestigationbytheUSattorney'sofficeinManhattanTheNYSE,inasettlementwiththeSecuritiesandExchangeCommission,agreedtoimproveitsmonitoringoftradersSeearticleThetrialbeganinEquitableLife'sbillion($billion)claimfordamagesagainstErnstYoung,itsformerauditor,andformerdirectorsEquitable,aBritishmutuallyownedassurer,blamesthedefendantsforitsnearcollapseinSeearticleFortis,aBelgianDutchbankingandinsurancegroup,saiditwouldacquireDisbank,aTurkishbank,inadealwortheurom($billion)ThemovemakesFortisthelargestforeignretailbankinTurkeySeearticleLazard,aninternationalinvestmentbankwithayearpedigree,gavedetailsofitsplannedIPOTheproceedswillbeusedtobuyoutLazard'schairmanMichelDavidWeill,whosefamilyfoundedthebank,andotherlongstandingownersMrDavidWeillhadapublicfallingoutwithCEOBruceWassersteinoverthebank'sstrategySeearticleShoptillyoudropTesco,theworld'sthirdbiggestretailer,postedajumpinunderlyingpretaxprofittobillion($billion)fortheyearendingFebruarythOnefifthoftheBritishcompany'ssalescamefromitsoverseasstoresCarrefour,theworld'ssecondbiggestretailer,basedinFrance,saidfirstquarterrevenueincreasedbyittoowashelpedbystrongoverseassalesButKarstadtQuelle,atroubledGermandepartmentstorechain,reportedanetlossforofbillion($billion)SeearticleHarleyDavidsonreportedanriseinnetprofitforthequarterendingMarchthcomparedwithayearagoButitssharesfellasthecelebratedmotorcyclemanufacturerreduceditsproductionandAboutsponsorshipearningsforecastforduetoflatsalesinAmericaAppleComputerrecordedaincreaseinnetprofitforthequarterendedMarchthcomparedwithlastyearRevenuerosebyHowever,Apple'ssharesfellslightlyasinvestorsworriedifsuchgrowthcouldcontinueSiebelSystems,asoftwarecompanybasedinCalifornia,namedGeorgeShaheenasitsnewchiefexecutiveMichaelLawriesteppeddownafterfailingtoincreasesaleslastweekthecompanywarnedthatfirstquartersaleswouldbefarshortofexpectationsGenentech,abiotechnologycompany,postedariseinfirstquarternetprofitto$mcomparedwithayearagoRevenueincreasedbyto$billionVerizonboughtastakeinMCIheldbyCarlosSlimHelu,aMexicanbillionaireandMCI'slargestshareholder,for$billioninanefforttobolsteritsbidtobuythelongdistancetelecomoperatorColdcomfortAmerica'stradedeficithitanothermonthlyhighof$billioninFebruarySomeanalyststookcomfortthatthedeficitwithChinanarrowedslightlyfrom$billioninJanuaryto$billioninFebruaryeventhoughthisstillrepresentedaincreaseonFebruarySeearticleTheInternationalEnergyAgencyreviseddownitsforecastforthedemandforoilin,leadingtheoilpricetofalltojustabove$,itslowestlevelforsevenweeksSeearticleTheInternationalMonetaryFundforecastthattheworld'seconomicgrowthwouldslowintofrominSeearticleWiredCoppertradersandexecutivesmetattheFourthWorldCopperConferenceinChile,theworld'sbiggestcopperproduceraccountingforofmineproductionlastyearTheprimaryinterestwasthemetal'sprice,whichhitarecordhigh(fordeliveryinthreemonths)of$,atonnethisweekbeforefallingbackGlobalsuppliesaretight,drivenbydemandfromChina,whichisexpectedtoconsumeoftheworld'scopperinCopyrightTheEconomistNewspaperandTheEconomistGroupAllrightsreservedSimplertaxesTheflattaxrevolutionAprthFromTheEconomistprinteditionFineintheory,butitwillneverhappenOhreallyTHEmorecomplicatedacountry'staxsystembecomes,theeasieritisforgovernmentstomakeitmorecomplicatedstill,inanacceleratingprocessofproliferatinginsanityuntil,perhaps,alimitofmadnessisreachedandaspasmofradicalsimplificationisdemandedIn,manyoftheworld'srichcountriesseemfaralongthiscurveTheUnitedStates,whichlastsimplifieditstaxcodein,andwhichspentthenexttwodecadesfeverishlyunsimplifyingit,maysoonbecomingtoapointofrenewedfiscalcatharsisOtherrichcountries,withatolerancefortaxcodesclerosisevengreaterthanAmerica's,maynotbesofarbehindRevenuemustberaised,ofcourseButistherenorealisticalternativetotaxcodeswhich,astheydischargethatsadbutnecessaryfunction,squanderresourcesonanepicscaleandgrindthespiritofthehelplesstaxpayeraswellTheanswerisyes:thereisindeedanalternative,andexperienceisprovingthatitisaneminentlyrealisticoneTheexperimentstartedinasmallwayin,whenEstoniabecamethefirstcountryinEuropetointroducea“flattax”onpersonalandcorporateincomeIncomeistaxedatasingleuniformrateof:noscheduleofrates,nodeductionsTheeconomyhasflourishedOthersfollowed:first,LatviaandLithuania,Estonia'sBalticneighbourslaterRussia(witharateofonpersonalincome),thenSlovakia(onpersonalandcorporateincome)OneofPoland'scentrerightoppositionpartiesiscampaigningforasimilarcode(witharateof)SofareightcountrieshavefollowedEstonia'sexample(seearticle)Anoldideathatfordecadeselicitedtheresponse,“Fineintheory,justn

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