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首页 MSA(第四版)_英文版.pdf

MSA(第四版)_英文版.pdf

MSA(第四版)_英文版.pdf

上传者: wush_v 2012-02-05 评分 5 0 271 37 1234 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《MSA(第四版)_英文版pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含iMEASUREMENTSYSTEMSANALYSISReferenceManualFourthEditionFirstEdition,Octobe符等。

iMEASUREMENTSYSTEMSANALYSISReferenceManualFourthEditionFirstEdition,October•SecondEdition,FebruarySecondPrinting,JuneThirdEdition,MarchSecondPrinting,MayFourthEdition,JuneCopyright,,,ChryslerGroupLLC,FordMotorCompany,GeneralMotorsCorporationISBN#:iiiiiFOREWORDThisReferenceManualwasdevelopedbyaMeasurementSystemsAnalysis(MSA)WorkGroup,sanctionedbytheChryslerGroupLLC,FordMotorCompany,andGeneralMotorsCorporationSupplierQualityRequirementsTaskForce,andundertheauspicesoftheAutomotiveIndustryActionGroup(AIAG)TheWorkGroupresponsibleforthisFourthEditionwereMichaelDown(GeneralMotorsCorporation),FrederickCzubak(ChryslerGroupLLC),GregoryGruska(Omnex),SteveStahley(Cummins,Inc)andDavidBenhamThemanualisanintroductiontomeasurementsystemanalysisItisnotintendedtolimitevolutionofanalysismethodssuitedtoparticularprocessesorcommoditiesWhiletheseguidelinesareintendedtocovernormallyoccurringmeasurementsystemsituations,therewillbequestionsthatariseThesequestionsshouldbedirectedtoyourauthorizedcustomerrepresentativeThisManualiscopyrightedbyChryslerGroupLLC,FordMotorCompany,andGeneralMotorsCorporation,withallrightsreserved,AdditionalmanualscanbeorderedfromAIAGatUwwwaiagorgTPermissiontoreproduceportionsofthismanualforusewithinsupplierorganizationsmaybeobtainedfromAIAGatUwwwaiagorgTJuneivMSAthEditionQuickGuideTypeofMeasurementSystemMSAMethodsChapterBasicVariableRange,AverageRange,ANOVA,Bias,Linearity,ControlChartsIIIBasicAttributeSignalDetection,HypothesisTestAnalysesIIINonReplicable(eg,DestructiveTests)AlternateApproachesIVComplexVariableRange,AverageRange,ANOVA,BiasLinearityControlChartsIII,IVMultipleSystems,GagesorTestStandsControlChartsANOVARegressionAnalysisIII,IVMiscellaneousAlternateApproachesIVOtherWhitePapers–availableatAIAGwebsite(wwwaiagorg)NOTE:RegardingtheuseoftheGRRstandarddeviationHistorically,byconvention,aspreadhasbeenusedtorepresentthe“full”spreadofmeasurementerror,representedbyamultiplyingfactor(whereGRRismultipliedbytorepresentatotalspreadof)Aspreadisrepresentedbyamultiplierof,whichisandrepresentsthefullspreadofa“normal”curveIfthereaderchoosestoincreasethecoveragelevel,orspread,ofthetotalmeasurementvariationto,useasamultiplierinplaceofinthecalculationsNote:TheapproachusedinthethEditionistocomparestandarddeviationsThisisequivalenttousingthemultiplierofinthehistoricalapproachAwarenessofwhichmultiplyingfactorisusediscrucialtotheintegrityoftheequationsandresultantcalculationsThisisespeciallyimportantifacomparisonistobemadebetweenmeasurementsystemvariabilityandthetoleranceConsequently,ifanapproachotherthanthatdescribedinthismanualisused,astatementofsuchmustbestatedclearlyinanyresultsorsummaries(particularlythoseprovidedtothecustomer)vTABLEOFCONTENTSMSAthEditionQuickGuideivTABLEOFCONTENTSvListofTablesviiListofFiguresviiiCHAPTERIGeneralMeasurementSystemGuidelinesSectionAIntroduction,PurposeandTerminologyIntroductionPurposeTerminologySectionBTheMeasurementProcessPMeasurementSystemsTheEffectsofMeasurementSystemVariabilitySectionCMeasurementStrategyandPlanningSectionDMeasurementSourceDevelopmentGageSourceSelectionProcessSectionEMeasurementIssuesSectionFMeasurementUncertaintySectionGMeasurementProblemAnalysisCHAPTERIIGeneralConceptsforAssessingMeasurementSystemsSectionABackgroundSectionBSelectingDevelopingTestProceduresSectionCPreparationforaMeasurementSystemStudySectionDAnalysisoftheResultsCHAPTERIIIRecommendedPracticesforReplicableMeasurementSystemsSectionAExampleTestProceduresSectionBVariableMeasurementSystemStudyGuidelinesGuidelinesforDeterminingStabilityGuidelinesforDeterminingBiasPF–IndependentSampleMethodGuidelinesforDeterminingBias–ControlChartMethodGuidelinesforDeterminingLinearityPGuidelinesforDeterminingRepeatabilityandReproducibilityPRangeMethodAverageandRangeMethodAnalysisofVariance(ANOVA)MethodSectionCAttributeMeasurementSystemsStudyRiskAnalysisMethodsSignalDetectionApproachAnalyticMethodPCHAPTERIVOtherMeasurementConceptsandPracticesSectionAPracticesforNonReplicableMeasurementSystemsDestructivemeasurementsystemsSystemswherethepartchangesonusetestSectionBStabilityStudiesSectionCVariabilityStudiesSectionDRecognizingtheEffectofExcessiveWithinPartVariationSectionEAverageandRangeMethod–AdditionalTreatmentSectionFGagePerformanceCurvePSectionGReducingVariationThroughMultipleReadingsSectionHPooledStandardDeviationApproachtoGRRPAPPENDICESviAppendixAAnalysisofVarianceConceptsAppendixBImpactofGRRontheCapabilityIndexCpFormulas:Analysis:GraphicalAnalysisAppendixCAppendixDGageRStudyAppendixEAlternatePVCalculationUsingErrorCorrectionTermAppendixFPISMOEAErrorModelGlossaryReferenceListSampleFormsIndexviiListofTablesTableIB:ControlPhilosophyandDrivingInterestTableIID:GRRCriteriaTableIIIB:BiasStudyDataTableIIIB:BiasStudy–AnalysisofBiasStudyPTableIIIB:BiasStudy–AnalysisofStabilityStudyforBiasTableIIIB:LinearityStudyDataTableIIIB:LinearityStudy–IntermediateResultsTableIIIB:GageStudy(RangeMethod)TableIIIBa:GageRepeatabilityandReproducibilityDataCollectionSheetTableIIIB:ANOVATableTableIIIB:ANOVAAnalysisVariationContributionTableIIIB:ComparisonofANOVAandAverageandRangeMethodsTableIIIB:GRRANOVAMethodReportTableIIIC:AttributeStudyDataSetTableIIIC:CrosstabulationStudyResultsTableIIIC:KappaSummaryTableIIIC:ComparisonsofAppraiserstoReferenceTableIIIC:StudyEffectivenessTableTableIIIC:ExampleEffectivenessCriteriaGuidelinesTableIIIC:StudyEffectivenessSummaryTableIIIC:TableIIICsortedbyRefValueTableIVA:MethodsBasedonTypeofMeasurementSystemTableIVH:PooledStandardDeviationAnalysisDataSetTableA:EstimateofVarianceComponentsTableA:SigmaSpreadTableA:AnalysisofVariance(ANOVA)TableA:TabulatedANOVAResultsTableA:TabulatedANOVAResultsTableB:ComparisonofObservedtoActualCpTableC:*dTableTableF:ExamplesofthePISMOEAModelviiiListofFiguresUFigureIA:ExampleofaTraceabilityChainforaLengthMeasurementTUFigureIB:MeasurementSystemVariabilityCauseandEffectDiagramTUFigureIE:DiscriminationTUFigureIE:ImpactofNumberofDistinctCategories(ndc)oftheProcessDistributiononControlandAnalysisActivitiesTUFigureIE:ProcessControlChartsTUFigureIE:CharacteristicsoftheMeasurementProcessVariationTUFigureIE:RelationshipsbetweenBiasandRepeatabilityTUFigureIIIB:ControlChartAnalysisforStabilityTUFigureIIIB:BiasStudy–HistogramofBiasStudyT

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