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首页 英语不规则动词过去式、过去分词

英语不规则动词过去式、过去分词.doc

英语不规则动词过去式、过去分词

Plume_YU
2012-02-02 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语不规则动词过去式、过去分词doc》,可适用于高中教育领域

英语不规则动词过去式、过去分词(初中篇)英语不规则动词过去式、过去分词一般过去式构成:表示一般过去式的动词通常用动词的过去式形式来表示而动词的过去式是在动词原形的基础上变化的。动词的过去式可分为规则动词和不规则动词。规则动词的过去式变化如下:·一般情况下动词词尾加ed如:workedplayedwantedacted·以不发音的e结尾动词动词词尾加d如:·livedmoveddecideddeclinedhopedjudgedraisedwiped·以辅音字母y结尾的动词把y变为i再加ed如:·studiedtriedcopiedjustifiedcriedcarriedembodiedemptied·以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词双写词尾辅音字母再加ed如:·stoppedbeggedfretteddraggeddroppedplanneddotteddripped·注:不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强须多加记忆。·gowentmakemadegetgotbuyboughtcomecameflyflew初中篇一、AAA型(原形、过去式与过去分词同)原形过去式过去分词含义costcostcost多少)钱cutcutcut割砍fitfitfit适合合身hithithit伤害伤痛hurthurthurt撞打letletlet让putputput放readreadread读setsetset树立创造shutshutshut关闭合拢二、ABA型(原形与过去分词相同)原形过去式过去分词含义becomebecamebecome变为comecamecome来runranrun跑、ABB型(过去式与去分词相同)原形过去式过去分词含义babysitbabysatbabysat临时照看小孩sitsatsat坐bendbentbent(使)弯曲屈服buildbuiltbuilt建筑建造建设lendlentlent把……借给sendsentsent寄送spendspentspent花费burnburntburnt燃烧learnlearntlearnt学习meanmeantmeant意思是feelfeltfelt感觉smellsmeltsmelt嗅spellspeltspelt拼写sleepsleptslept睡keepkeptkept保持sweepsweptswept扫bringbroughtbrought带来buyboughtbought买fightfoughtfought打架打仗thinkthoughtthought想catchcaughtcaught抓teachaughttaught教feedfedfed喂养leadledled领导paypaidpaid付款saysaidsaid说standstoodstood站understandunderatoodunderstoo理解sellsoldsold卖telltoldtold告诉hanghunghung悬挂swingswungswung摇摆旋转findfoundfound发现shineshoneshone发光loselostlost丢失lightlitlit(使)燃烧点燃digdugdug挖winwonwon赢getgotgot获得holdheldheld握makemademade制造havehadhad有hearheardheard听见leaveleftleft离开四、ABC型(原形、过去式与过去分词不相同)原形过去式过去分词含义beginbeganbegun开始drinkdrankdrunk饮ringrangrung响singsangsung唱sinksanksunk下沉swimswamswum游泳blowblewblown吹growgrewgrown种植生长throwthrewthrown抛掷knowknewknown认识知道flyflewflown飞drawdrewdrawn画拉eatateeaten吃fallfellfallen落下givegavegiven给hidehidhidden躲藏taketooktaken拿走mistakemistookmistaken弄错seesawseen看见showshowedshown出示表现drivedrovedriven驾驶riseroserisen升strivestrovestriven努力奋斗rideroderidden骑writewrotewritten写forgetforgotforgotten忘记getgotgotten得到breakbrokebroken打碎choosechosechosen选择freezefrozefrozen结冰speakspokespoken讲wakewokewoken醒stealstolestolen偷dodiddone做gowentgone去teartoretorn哭泣wearworeworn穿lielaylain躺bewaswerebeen是成为五、AAB型(原形与过去式相同)原形过去式过去分词含义beatbeatbeaten打败六、没有过去分词的动词(情态动词)原形过去式过去分词含义cancould能shallshould将要willwould愿要将会maymight可以mustmust必须七、可作规则或不规则的动词原形过去式过去分词含义burnburntburnedburntburned燃烧learnlearntlearnedlearntlearned学习fitfitfittedfitfitted适合合身lightlitlightedlitlighted(使)燃烧点燃hanghunghung悬挂hanghangedhanged绞死smellsmeltsmelledsmeltsmelled嗅spellspeltspelledspeltspelled拼写shineshoneshinedshoneshined发光高中篇(根据高中英语教材和新课标词汇表整理)动词原形中文意思过去式过去分词arise出现arosearisenawake醒来awokeawakedawokenbabysit临时照顾babysatbabysatbe(amisare)是waswerebeenbeat击打beatbeatenbecome变成becamebecomebegin开始beganbegunbend使弯曲bentbentbet赌betbetbite咬bitbittenbitblow吹blewblownbreak打破brokebrokenbring拿来broughtbroughtbuild建造builtbuiltburn燃烧burntburnedburntburnedbuy买boughtboughtcan能could×cast抛castcastcatch捕捉caughtcaughtchoose选择chosechosencome来camecomecost花费costcostcut割cutcutdeal分配dealtdealtdig挖dugdugdodoes做diddonedraw画拉拖drewdrawndream做梦dreameddreamtdreameddreamtdrink喝drankdrunkdrive驾驶drovedriveneat吃ateeatenfall掉落fellfallenfeed喂fedfedfeel触摸feltfeltfight作战foughtfoughtfind找出foundfoundfly飞flewflownforbid禁止forbadeforbadforbiddenforget忘记forgotforgotforgottenforgive原谅forgaveforgivenfreeze结冰frozefrozenget得到gotgotgive给gavegivengo去wentgonegrow成长grewgrownhang挂绞死hunghangedhunghangedhavehas有hadhadhear听到heardheardhide隐藏hidhiddenhidhit打hithithold拿住heldheldhurt受伤hurthurtkeep保持keptkeptknow知道knewknownlay放置laidlaidlead引导ledledlearn学习learntlearnedlearntlearnedleave离开leftleftlend借贷lentlentlet让letletlie躺laylainlight点着litlightedlitlightedlose遗失lostlostmake制作mademademay可以might×mean表…意思meantmeantmeet遇到metmetmistake误认mistookmistakenmisunderstand误会misunderstoodmisunderstoodpay支付paidpaidprove证明provedprovedprovenput放置putputquit放弃quitquittequitquittedread读readreadrebuild改建rebuiltrebuiltretell复述retoldretoldrid免除ridriddedridriddedride骑roderiddenrise上升roserisenrun跑ranrunsaw锯sawedsawedsawnsay说saidsaidsee看sawseenseek寻觅soughtsoughtsell卖soldsoldsend送寄sentsentset安置setsetsew缝合sewedsewnsewedshake摇shookshakenshall将should×shine发光shoneshone擦亮shinedshinedshoot放(炮)shotshotshow显露showedshowedshownsing唱歌sangsungsink下沉sanksunksunksunkensit坐satsatsleep睡sleptsleptsmell发出气味smeltsmeltsow种植sowedsownsowedspeak说spokespokenspell拼写speltspelledspeltspelledspend花费spentspentspit吐出spatspitspatspitspring跳跃sprangsprungsprungstand站立stoodstoodsteal偷stolestolensweep打扫sweptsweptswim游泳swamswumtake拿tooktakenteach教taughttaughttear撕裂toretorntell告诉toldtoldthink思考thoughtthoughtthrow投扔threwthrownunderstand了解understoodunderstoodwake醒着wokewakedwakedwokenwear穿着worewornwet淋湿wetwettedwetwettedwill将would×win获胜wonwonwrite书写wrotewrittenPAGE

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