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首页 乔布斯2005年在斯坦福大学的演讲稿

乔布斯2005年在斯坦福大学的演讲稿.doc

乔布斯2005年在斯坦福大学的演讲稿

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2012-01-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《乔布斯2005年在斯坦福大学的演讲稿doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

SteveJobs’OutstandingStanfordCommencementSpeechinIamhonoredtobewithyoutodayatyourcommencementfromoneofthefinestuniversitiesintheworldInevergraduatedfromcollegeTruthbetold,thisistheclosestI’veevergottentoacollegegraduationTodayIwanttotellyouthreestoriesfrommylifeThat’sitNobigdealJustthreestoriesThefirststoryisaboutconnectingthedotsIdroppedoutofReedCollegeafterthefirstmonths,butthenstayedaroundasadropinforanothermonthsorsobeforeIreallyquitSowhydidIdropoutItstartedbeforeIwasbornMybiologicalmotherwasayoung,unwedcollegegraduatestudent,andshedecidedtoputmeupforadoptionShefeltverystronglythatIshouldbeadoptedbycollegegraduates,soeverythingwasallsetformetobeadoptedatbirthbyalawyerandhiswifeExceptthatwhenIpoppedouttheydecidedatthelastminutethattheyreallywantedagirlSomyparents,whowereonawaitinglist,gotacallinthemiddleofthenightasking:“Wehaveanunexpectedbabyboydoyouwanthim”Theysaid:“Ofcourse”MybiologicalmotherlaterfoundoutthatmymotherhadnevergraduatedfromcollegeandthatmyfatherhadnevergraduatedfromhighschoolSherefusedtosignthefinaladoptionpapersSheonlyrelentedafewmonthslaterwhenmyparentspromisedthatIwouldsomedaygotocollegeAndyearslaterIdidgotocollegeButInaivelychoseacollegethatwasalmostasexpensiveasStanford,andallofmyworkingclassparents’savingswerebeingspentonmycollegetuitionAftersixmonths,Icouldn’tseethevalueinitIhadnoideawhatIwantedtodowithmylifeandnoideahowcollegewasgoingtohelpmefigureitoutAndhereIwasspendingallofthemoneymyparentshadsavedtheirentirelifeSoIdecidedtodropoutandtrustthatitwouldallworkoutOKItwasprettyscaryatthetime,butlookingbackitwasoneofthebestdecisionsIevermadeTheminuteIdroppedoutIcouldstoptakingtherequiredclassesthatdidn’tinterestme,andbegindroppinginontheonesthatlookedinterestingItwasn’tallromanticIdidn’thaveadormroom,soIsleptonthefloorinfriends’rooms,Ireturnedcokebottlesforthe¢depositstobuyfoodwith,andIwouldwalkthemilesacrosstowneverySundaynighttogetonegoodmealaweekattheHareKrishnatempleIloveditAndmuchofwhatIstumbledintobyfollowingmycuriosityandintuitionturnedouttobepricelesslateronLetmegiveyouoneexample:ReedCollegeatthattimeofferedperhapsthebestcalligraphyinstructioninthecountryThroughoutthecampuseveryposter,everylabeloneverydrawer,wasbeautifullyhandcalligraphedBecauseIhaddroppedoutanddidn’thavetotakethenormalclasses,IdecidedtotakeacalligraphyclasstolearnhowtodothisIlearnedaboutserifandsanseriftypefaces,aboutvaryingtheamountofspacebetweendifferentlettercombinations,aboutwhatmakesgreattypographygreatItwasbeautiful,historical,artisticallysubtleinawaythatsciencecan’tcapture,andIfounditfascinatingNoneofthishadevenahopeofanypracticalapplicationinmylifeButtenyearslater,whenweweredesigningthefirstMacintoshcomputer,itallcamebacktomeAndwedesigneditallintotheMacItwasthefirstcomputerwithbeautifultypographyIfIhadneverdroppedinonthatsinglecourseincollege,theMacwouldhaveneverhadmultipletypefacesorproportionallyspacedfontsAndsinceWindowsjustcopiedtheMac,itslikelythatnopersonalcomputerwouldhavethemIfIhadneverdroppedout,Iwouldhaveneverdroppedinonthiscalligraphyclass,andpersonalcomputersmightnothavethewonderfultypographythattheydoOfcourseitwasimpossibletoconnectthedotslookingforwardwhenIwasincollegeButitwasvery,veryclearlookingbackwardstenyearslaterAgain,youcan’tconnectthedotslookingforwardyoucanonlyconnectthemlookingbackwardsSoyouhavetotrustthatthedotswillsomehowconnectinyourfutureYouhavetotrustinsomethingyourgut,destiny,life,karma,whateverThisapproachhasneverletmedown,andithasmadeallthedifferenceinmylifeMysecondstoryisaboutloveandlossIwasluckyIfoundwhatIlovedtodoearlyinlifeWozandIstartedAppleinmyparentsgaragewhenIwasWeworkedhard,andinyearsApplehadgrownfromjustthetwoofusinagarageintoa$billioncompanywithoveremployeesWehadjustreleasedourfinestcreationtheMacintoshayearearlier,andIhadjustturnedAndthenIgotfiredHowcanyougetfiredfromacompanyyoustartedWell,asApplegrewwehiredsomeonewhoIthoughtwasverytalentedtorunthecompanywithme,andforthefirstyearorsothingswentwellButthenourvisionsofthefuturebegantodivergeandeventuallywehadafallingoutWhenwedid,ourBoardofDirectorssidedwithhimSoatIwasoutAndverypubliclyoutWhathadbeenthefocusofmyentireadultlifewasgone,anditwasdevastatingIreallydidn’tknowwhattodoforafewmonthsIfeltthatIhadletthepreviousgenerationofentrepreneursdown–thatIhaddroppedthebatonasitwasbeingpassedtomeImetwithDavidPackardandBobNoyceandtriedtoapologizeforscrewingupsobadlyIwasaverypublicfailure,andIeventhoughtaboutrunningawayfromthevalleyButsomethingslowlybegantodawnonmeIstilllovedwhatIdidTheturnofeventsatApplehadnotchangedthatonebitIhadbeenrejected,butIwasstillinloveAndsoIdecidedtostartoverIdidn’tseeitthen,butitturnedoutthatgettingfiredfromApplewasthebestthingthatcouldhaveeverhappenedtomeTheheavinessofbeingsuccessfulwasreplacedbythelightnessofbeingabeginneragain,lesssureabouteverythingItfreedmetoenteroneofthemostcreativeperiodsofmylifeDuringthenextfiveyears,IstartedacompanynamedNeXT,anothercompanynamedPixar,andfellinlovewithanamazingwomanwhowouldbecomemywifePixarwentontocreatetheworldsfirstcomputeranimatedfeaturefilm,ToyStory,andisnowthemostsuccessfulanimationstudiointheworldInaremarkableturnofevents,AppleboughtNeXT,IreturnedtoApple,andthetechnologywedevelopedatNeXTisattheheartofApple’scurrentrenaissanceAndLaureneandIhaveawonderfulfamilytogetherI’mprettysurenoneofthiswouldhavehappenedifIhadn’tbeenfiredfromAppleItwasawfultastingmedicine,butIguessthepatientneededitSometimeslifehitsyouintheheadwithabrickDon’tlosefaithI’mconvincedthattheonlythingthatkeptmegoingwasthatIlovedwhatIdidYou’vegottofindwhatyouloveAndthatisastrueforyourworkasitisforyourloversYourworkisgoingtofillalargepartofyourlife,andtheonlywaytobetrulysatisfiedistodowhatyoubelieveisgreatworkAndtheonlywaytodogreatworkistolovewhatyoudoIfyouhaven’tfoundityet,keeplookingDon’tsettleAswithallmattersoftheheart,you’llknowwhenyoufinditAnd,likeanygreatrelationship,itjustgetsbetterandbetterastheyearsrollonSokeeplookinguntilyoufinditDon’tsettleMythirdstoryisaboutdeathWhenIwas,Ireadaquotethatwentsomethinglike:“Ifyouliveeachdayasifitwasyourlast,somedayyou’llmostcertainlyberight”Itmadeanimpressiononme,andsincethen,forthepastyears,Ihavelookedinthemirroreverymorningandaskedmyself:“Iftodaywerethelastdayofmylife,wouldIwanttodowhatIamabouttodotoday”Andwhenevertheanswerhasbeen“No”fortoomanydaysinarow,IknowIneedtochangesomethingRememberingthatI’llbedeadsoonisthemostimportanttoolI’veeverencounteredtohelpmemakethebigchoicesinlifeBecausealmosteverythingallexternalexpectations,allpride,allfearofembarrassmentorfailure–thesethingsjustfallawayinthefaceofdeath,leavingonlywhatistrulyimportantRememberingthatyouaregoingtodieisthebestwayIknowtoavoidthetrapofthinkingyouhavesomethingtoloseYouarealreadynakedThereisnoreasonnottofollowyourheartAboutayearagoIwasdiagnosedwithcancerIhadascanat:inthemorning,anditclearlyshowedatumoronmypancreasIdidn’tevenknowwhatapancreaswasThedoctorstoldmethiswasalmostcertainlyatypeofcancerthatisincurable,andthatIshouldexpecttolivenolongerthanthreetosixmonthsMydoctoradvisedmetogohomeandgetmyaffairsinorder,whichisdoctor’scodeforpreparetodieItmeanstotrytotellyourkidseverythingyouthoughtyou’dhavethenextyearstotelltheminjustafewmonthsItmeanstomakesureeverythingisbuttonedupsothatitwillbeaseasyaspossibleforyourfamilyItmeanstosayyourgoodbyesIlivedwiththatdiagnosisalldayLaterthateveningIhadabiopsy,wheretheystuckanendoscopedownmythroat,throughmystomachandintomyintestines,putaneedleintomypancreasandgotafewcellsfromthetumorIwassedated,butmywife,whowasthere,toldmethatwhentheyviewedthecellsunderamicroscopethedoctorsstartedcryingbecauseitturnedouttobeaveryrareformofpancreaticcancerthatiscurablewithsurgeryIhadthesurgeryandI’mfinenowThiswastheclosestI’vebeentofacingdeath,andIhopeitstheclosestIgetforafewmoredecadesHavinglivedthroughit,Icannowsaythistoyouwithabitmorecertaintythanwhendeathwasausefulbutpurelyintellectualconcept:NoonewantstodieEvenpeoplewhowanttogotoheavendon’twanttodietogetthereAndyetdeathisthedestinationweallshareNoonehaseverescapeditAndthatisasitshouldbe,becauseDeathisverylikelythesinglebestinventionofLifeItisLife’schangeagentItclearsouttheoldtomakewayforthenewRightnowthenewisyou,butsomedaynottoolongfromnow,youwillgraduallybecometheoldandbeclearedawaySorrytobesodramatic,butitisquitetrueYourtimeislimited,sodon’twasteitlivingsomeoneelse’slifeDon’tbetrappedbydogmawhichislivingwiththeresultsofotherpeople’sthinkingDon’tletthenoiseofothers’opinionsdrownoutyourowninnervoiceAndmostimportant,havethecouragetofollowyourheartandintuitionTheysomehowalreadyknowwhatyoutrulywanttobecomeEverythingelseissecondaryWhenIwasyoung,therewasanamazingpublicationcalledTheWholeEarthCatalog,whichwasoneofthebiblesofmygenerationItwascreatedbyafellownamedStewartBrandnotfarfromhereinMenloPark,andhebroughtittolifewithhispoetictouchThiswasinthelate′s,beforepersonalcomputersanddesktoppublishing,soitwasallmadewithtypewriters,scissors,andPolaroidcamerasItwassortoflikeGoogleinpaperbackform,yearsbeforeGooglecamealong:itwasidealistic,andoverflowingwithneattoolsandgreatnotionsStewartandhisteamputoutseveralissuesofTheWholeEarthCatalog,andthenwhenithadrunitscourse,theyputoutafinalissueItwasthemids,andIwasyourageOnthebackcoveroftheirfinalissuewasaphotographofanearlymorningcountryroad,thekindyoumightfindyourselfhitchhikingonifyouweresoadventurousBeneathitwerethewords:“StayHungryStayFoolish”ItwastheirfarewellmessageastheysignedoffStayHungryStayFoolishAndIhavealwayswishedthatformyselfAndnow,asyougraduatetobeginanew,IwishthatforyouStayHungryStayFoolishThankyouallverymuch

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乔布斯2005年在斯坦福大学的演讲稿

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