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首页 初中英语语法

初中英语语法.doc

初中英语语法

zwj720626
2012-01-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初中英语语法doc》,可适用于初中教育领域

一、定语从句概念定语从句(attributiveclause)顾名思义就是一个句子作定语从属于主句。定语一般是由形容词充当所以定语从句又称作形容词从句。另外定语从句是由关系代词或关系副词引导的故又称作关系从句。定语从句一般放在它所修饰的名词或代词之后这种名词或代词被称作先行词。请看示例:Thewomanwholivesnextdoorisateacher先行词定语从句在所有的从句中算定语从句最难掌握因为汉语里没有定语从句汉语里只有定语而且总是放在名词之前来修饰名词。二、关系代词引导的定语从句关系代词代替前面的先行词并且在定语从句中充当句子成分可以作主语、宾语、定语等。常见的关系代词有:who,that,which。它们的主格、宾格和所有格如下表所示:格先行词主格宾格所有格人whowhomwhose物whichwhichwhoseofwhich人、物thatthat(一)关系代词who,whom和whose的用法who代替人是主格在定语从句中作主语。例如:Anarchitectisapersonwhodesignsbuildings建筑师是设计房屋的人。Iwillneverforgettheteacherwhotaughtuschemistryinthefirstyearofmyseniormiddleschool我将永远不会忘记在高一时教我们化学的那位老师。Anyonewhowantstoapplyforthisjobmustsendustheresumebyemailfirst想应聘这个职位的任何人都必须先通过电子邮件向我们发送简历。whom代替人是宾格在定语从句作宾语在非正式英语常可省略。例如:Doyouknowthegentlemanwhomwemetintheschoollibraryyesterday昨天我们在学校图书馆里遇到的那位先生你认识吗?Thisisthestudentwhommyfathertaughttenyearsago这是我爸爸十年前教的学生。ThegirlwhoIsawiscalledMary我见到的那个女孩名叫玛丽。(在非正式英语中主格who代替了宾格whom亦可省略)whose一般代替人有时亦可代替物是所有格在定语从句作定语。例如:Thegirlstudentwhosefatherisaseniorengineerusedtostudyabroad其父是一位高级工程师的那个女学生过去在国外留学。Doyouknowthenameofthehotelwhosewindowwecanseehere我们这儿能看到窗户的那个宾馆叫什么名字你知道吗?(关系代词whose指代先行词hotel正式用法应该用ofwhich。whosewindow=thewindowofwhich意思是:thewindowofthehotel。)【透视高考题】真题:Lookout!Don’tgettooclosetothehouseroofisunderrepairAwhoseBwhichCofwhichDthat(福建卷)简析:考查关系代词whose引导的定语从句。whose在这个句子里代替物whoseroof=theroofofwhich定语从句用另外一句话表达即为:…Theroofofthehouseisunderrepair。所以A是正确答案。(二)关系代词which的用法which代替物在定语从句作主语或宾语作宾语时还可省略。例如:Idonotlikestorieswhichhaveunhappyendings我不喜欢有不幸结局的小说。(which可以换成that)Tomworksforafactorywhichmakeswatches汤姆在一个制表厂工作。(which可以换成that)(三)关系代词that的用法that既可指人又可指物在当代英语中大多指物在定语从句作主语或宾语作宾语时还可省略。例如:Isshethegirlthatsellsnewspapers她是卖报纸的那个女孩吗?(that可以换成who)Whereistheicecreamthatwasinthefridge放在冰箱的冰激凌哪儿去了?(that可以换成which)Isthisthebookthatyouwanttobuy这是你要买的那本书吗?(that可以换成which在定语从句作宾语还可以省略)三、关系副词引导的定语从句常用的关系副词只有三个:when,where,why在定语从句中充当时间、地点和原因状语。它们的用法大家不妨记住一个口诀:thetimewhentheplacewherethereasonwhy(一)关系副词when的用法关系副词when代替的先行词表示的是时间when在定语从句作时间状语。例如:InBeijingJulyandAugustarethemonthswhenitrainsveryoften北京的七月和八月是常下雨的月份。(when先行词是months)DoyourememberthedaywhenwefirstwenttotheSummerPalace你还记得我们第一次去颐和园的那一天吗?(when先行词是day当代英语里when可以用that替代这时关系代词that就变成了表示时间的关系副词)Ihaven’tseenhersincetheyearwhenIleftTokyo自从我离开东京的那一年我就一直没见到过她。(when先行词是year同样when可以用that代替)【透视高考题】真题:GreatchangeshavetakenplaceinthatschoolItisnolongeritwasyearsago,itwassopoorlyequippedAwhatwhenBthatwhichCwhatwhichDwhichthat(安徽卷)简析:考查关系代词when引导的定语从句。第一个空填连接代词what第二个空前的先行词是yearsago故这个空应填表示时间的关系副词when。故A是正确答案。(二)关系副词where的用法关系副词where代替的先行词表示的是地点where在定语从句作地点状语。例如:DuringtheSpringFestivalIwentbacktothetownwhereIwasbroughtup春节期间我回到了生我养我的家乡。(where的先行词是town)ThisistheplacewhereLiBaioncelived这是李白曾经生活过的地方。(where先行词是place)上面这个句子不可以将where改为that因为that不能作为表示地点的关系副词。试比较下句:ThisistheplacethatLiBaioncevisited这是李白曾经游览过的地方。(that的先行词同样是place但这个that是关系代词在定语从句中作宾语可以省略还可以用which替换)【透视高考题】真题:Ifashophaschairswomencanparktheirmen,womenwillspendmoretimeintheshopAthatBwhichCwhenDwhere(上海卷)简析:考查关系副词where引导的定语从句。定语从句的意思是说男人可以停留在椅子上休息显然是表示地点故D是正确答案。(三)关系副词why的用法关系副词why代替的先行词表示的是原因why在定语从句作原因状语。例如:ThereasonwhyIamphoningyouistoaskyouwhetheryouhavegotmyemail我打电话给你的原因是想问问你是否收到了我的电子邮件。(why先行词是reason当代英语里why可以用that替代这时关系代词that就变成了表示原因的关系副词还可以将why省略)Thisisthereasonwhyhecamelatetoschool这就是他为什么上学迟到的原因。(why先行词是reasonwhy可以用that替代还可以省略)注意:如果上面的句子将thereason省略那么这个句子就变成了(Thisiswhyhecamelatetoschool)表语从句句子意思丝毫未变。四、特殊关系代词as引导的定语从句as是个比较特殊的关系代词一是用在某些句型搭配里二是独立于主句之外。下面分别讲解。(一)在固定搭配as…as,so…as,such…as,thesame…as中as引导定语从句Youmaytakeasmanybooksasyouwant你想要拿多少书就拿多少。(第一个as是副词修饰many的第二个as才是关系代词代替先行词books在定语从句中作宾语)Ihavegotsuchacomputerasyours我有一台你这样的电脑。(as是关系代词代替先行词computer在定语从句中作表语因为yours后省略了is)IhaveneverseensobeautifulaplaceasGuilin我从未见过像桂林那样美丽的地方。(as是关系代词代替先行词place在定语从句中作表语因为Guilin后省略了is)(二)独立于主句之外as引导定语从句Asweknow,theearthturnsaroundthesun正如我们所知地球围绕太阳旋转。Asisknowntous,(Asweknow和Asisknowntous均为定语从句as分别作宾语和主语替代后面的主句。)Taiwanis,asyouknow,isaninseparablepartofChina你知道台湾是中国不可分割的一部分。(关系代词as指代整个主句在定语从句中作宾语。)【透视高考题】真题:TheBeatles,manyofyouareoldenoughtoremember,camefromLiverpoolAwhatBthatChowDas(天津卷)简析:考查关系代词as引导的定语从句。as代替先行词theBeatles同时又在从句中作remember的宾语as的功能同which但as有“正如”的意思故D是正确答案。真题:isoftenthecase,wehaveworkedouttheproductionplanAWhichBWhenCWhatDAs(江苏卷)简析:考查关系代词as引导的定语从句。which与as引导定语从句均可代表整个一句话或整个主句但which不能放在句首另外as有“正如”的意思而which却没有故D正确。五、关系代词who,which与that的区别(一)关系代词who与that的区别当关系代词用作主语时多用主格who。例如:Hewholoseshopelosesall失去希望的人就失去一切。(先行词为代词he,they,any,all,one等时多用who)ImetAlice,whotoldmethatshewaslearningChinese我遇见艾丽斯她告诉我她在学汉语。(在非限制性定语从句中用who)当关系代词用作介词后的宾语时用宾格whom不用that。例如:ThemantowhomourheadmastertalkedjustnowisourEnglishteacher我们校长刚才与他谈话的那个人是我们的英语老师。(介词与关系代词紧密相连时只能用宾格whom不可用主格who)注意:介词与关系代词不是紧密相连时或者说介词放在句子后面时这时可以用主格who也可用that还可以省略关系代词。因此上面的这句话还可以有如下四种说法:()ThemanwhomourheadmastertalkedtojustnowisourEnglishteacher()ThemanwhoourheadmastertalkedtojustnowisourEnglishteacher()ThemanthatourheadmastertalkedtojustnowisourEnglishteacher()ThemanourheadmastertalkedtojustnowisourEnglishteacher第句简洁、自然所以口语中用得最多。当关系代词泛指人时多用that。例如:Heisamanthatisneverafraidoffailure他是个从不怕失败的人。(that用来泛指人)当关系代词出现在who开头的疑问句时应用that。例如:WhoisthegirlthatistalkingtoTominEnglish用英语同汤姆交谈的那个女孩是谁?(避免重复使用who以免造成误解或语义含混不清)(二)关系代词which与that的区别当先行词为all,much,little以及不定代词anything,something,everything等时关系代词多用that。例如:Allthatglittersisnotgold闪闪发光物未必尽黄金。Shetoldmeeverythingthatsheknew她把她所知道的一切都告诉了我。当先行词的前面有形容词最高级、序数词或限定词theonly,thevery,all,every,any,no等时关系代词一般都用that。例如:ThisisthebestnovelthatIhaveeverread这是我读过的最好的一部小说。Heistheonlypersonthathasbeeninvitedtotheball他是惟一应邀参加舞会的人。当关系代词出现在which开头的疑问句时应用that。例如:Whichwasthehotelthatwasrecommendedtotheforeignguest哪一个是推荐给外宾的宾馆?(这里使用that很明显是为了避免重复which)在非限制性定语从句中关系代词一般只用which。例如:Beijing,whichisthecapitalofthePeople’sRepublicofChina,willhosttheOlympicGames北京是中华人民共和国的首都将主办年奥运会。介词后的关系代词用which而不用that。例如:Shehascollectedstamps,ofwhichareGermanstamps她收集了张邮票其中%是德国邮票。【透视高考题】真题:IsawawomenrunningtowardsmeinthedarkBeforeIcouldrecognizewhoshewas,shehadrunbackinthedirectionshehadcomeAofwhichBbywhichCinwhichDfromwhich(重庆卷)简析:考查介词+关系代词which引导的定语从句。先行词为事物时关系代词既可用which也可用that但介词后的关系代词却只能用which。由于词组为comefrom故此句应选fromwhich。真题:Hewaseducatedatalocalgrammarschool,hewentontoCambridgeAfromwhichBafterthatCafterwhichDfromthis(山东卷)简析:考查介词+关系代词which引导的定语从句。句意是上完中学后到剑桥大学深造所以应选afterwhich。如果在空格前加上and那么就要选B。真题:TheEnglishplaymystudentsactedattheNewYear’spartywasagreatsuccessAforwhichBatwhichCinwhichDonwhich(广东卷)简析:考查“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句。表达“在英语剧中”介词用in故选择Cinwhich。六、限制性定语从句和非制性定语从句限制性定语从句中从句与其所修饰的先行词之间关系很密切若缺少句意则不完整故从句前不用逗号隔开非限制性定语从句中从句与其所修饰的先行词之间关系不太密切若缺少句意则仍完整故从句前一般都用逗号隔开。试比较以下两组句子:Thewaterwhichhasbeenpollutedbythefactoryisnotfittodrink被工厂污染的水不宜饮用。(如果缺少定语从句句子的主要意思会受到影响)Water,whichisaclearliquid,iswidelyusedinoureverydaylife水是一种清澈的液体在我们的日常生活中应用非常广泛。(如果缺少定语从句句子的主要意思不会受到影响)Hisbrotherwhoisnineteenyearsoldisservinginthearmynow他的一个十九岁的哥哥现在部队服役。(表明他不只一个哥哥)Hisbrother,whoisnineteenyearsold,isservinginthearmynow他的哥哥今年十九岁现在部队服役。(表明他只有一个哥哥)【透视高考题】真题:Theownerofthecinemaneededtomakealotofimprovementsandemploymorepeopletokeepitrunning,meansspendingtensofthousandsofpoundsAwhoBthatCasDwhich(江苏卷)简析:考查非限制性定语从句。在非限制性定语从句一般不用thatwhich可以替代前面整个一句话因此选D。真题:Ihavemanyfriends,somearebusinessmenAofthemBfromwhichCwhoofDofwhom(全国卷III)简析:考查非限制性定语从句。这句话若用并列句表达就可写成:Ihavemanyfriends,andsomeofthemarebusinessmen因此D是正确答案。七、定语从句的位置如前所述定语从句一般总是直接置于所修饰的名词或代词之后。有时候定语从句与先行词之间插入了其他的短语这样它们被分隔了这种情况下的定语从句被称作隔离定语从句。例如:Therewasagirlupstairswhowasshoutingandcrying,obviouslymad楼上有一个女孩大喊大叫。很明显她疯了。(定语从句whowasshoutingandcrying修饰thegirl被upstairs所隔开)AnewmasterwillcometomorrowwhowillteachyouGerman明天要来一位新老师教你们德语了。(定语从句置于句末以示强调)【透视高考题】真题:Thefactoryproducedhalfamillionofshoeseveryyear,aresoldabroadAofwhichBwhichofCofthemDofthat(辽宁卷)简析:考查隔离定语从句或非限定性定语从句。形式上看把关系代词与先行词分离了另外of前后表示部分与整体的关系其中%的鞋子售往国外市场。故A是正确答案。八、定语从句与同位语从句的区别同位语从句与定语从句从形式上看好像没什么区别实际上从含义和功能上看还是比较易区分的。同位语从句的先行词一般为fact,idea,news,thought,reply,report,problem等抽象名词而且关联词大都为that在idea,problem等词后根据句意可能用到who,when,why,how等其他关联词。关联词that在同位语从句中仅仅起连接作用不作任何成分但又不可省略。定语从句的关联词(关系代词和关系副词)在从句中是要充当句子成分的且有实际含义。试比较以下两句:ThesuggestionthatweshouldpractisespeakingEnglisheverydaycamefromourmonitor我们每天都应练习说英语的建议是我们的班长提出来的。(同位语从句)Thesuggestionthatourmonitorputforwardatthemeetingisveryvaluable我们的班长在会上提出的建议很有价值。(定语从句)【透视高考题】真题:AwarmthoughtsuddenlycametomeImightusethepocketmoneytobuysomeflowersformymother’sbirthdayAifBwhenCthatDwhich(安徽卷)简析:考查关联词that引导的同位语从句。先行词为thoughtthat引导的同位语从句表达thought的内容由于从句太长故移至句末以保持句子平衡。C正确注意不能误选which。真题:Wehaven’tsettledthequestionofitisnecessaryforhimtostudyabroadAifBwhereCwhetherDthat(江苏卷)简析:考查whether引导的同位语从句。这个句子中的of可以省略形式上看of后面的从句为介词的宾语从句但实际上of连接的question与whether引导的从句是同位关系。因此C正确注意不能误选if在表示“是否”含义时用在介词后或在同位语从句中不可用if。九、定语从句与强调句型的区别强调句型一般总是使用Itis…that…这个句式将被强调的成分(主语、宾语或状语)放在句式里。这个关联词that没有任何实际意义仅仅起连接作用但一般情况下不省略。当代英语有一种趋势:如果强调的主语是人则可用who如果强调的宾语是人则可用宾格whom如果强调时间状语则可用when如果强调地点状语则可用where。定语从句一般不用Itis开头而且定语从句的关联词that在从句中担当句子成分。试比较以下两个句子:ItisProfessorJohnsonwhoistovisitChinaAgriculturalUniversitynextweek是约翰逊教授计划下周访问中国农业大学。(强调句型who可以换成that)ThisisProfessorJohnson,whoistovisitChinaAgriculturalUniversitynextweek这是约翰逊教授他计划下周访问中国农业大学。(定语从句who不可以换成that)【透视高考题】真题:ItwaswithgreatjoyhereceivedthenewsthathislostdaughterhadbeenfoundAbecauseBwhichCsinceDthat(福建卷)简析:考查强调句型。强调原因状语但不能误选because强调句型不管强调什么成分都可以用that。故D是正确答案。十、定语从句专项训练I语法鉴赏。下列这句话的英语表达有种它们都正确请观察、分析和体会它们在句式、用词和文体上的区别。他出生的那天是元旦。①ThedayonwhichhewasbornwasNewYear’sDay②ThedaywhichhewasbornonwasNewYear’sDay③ThedaythathewasbornonwasNewYear’sDay④ThedayhewasbornonwasNewYear’sDay⑤ThedaywhenhewasbornwasNewYear’sDay⑥ThedaythathewasbornwasNewYear’sDay⑦ThedayhewasbornwasNewYear’sDay⑧WhenhewasbornwasNewYear’sDayII选择填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳选项填空。Anyway,thatevening,I’lltellyoumoreaboutlater,IendedupstayingatRachel’splaceAwhenBwhereCwhatDwhich(湖南卷)ShewaseducatedatBeijingUniversity,shewentontohaveheradvancedstudyabroadAafterthatBfromthatCfromwhichDafterwhich(陕西卷)Lastmonth,partofSoutheastAsiawasstruckbyfloods,fromeffectsthepeoplearestillsufferingAthatBwhoseCthoseDwhat(天津卷)Markwasastudentatthisuniversityfromto,hestudiedveryhardandwasmadeChairmanoftheStudents’UnionAduringwhichtimeBforwhichtimeCduringwhosetimeDbythattime(重庆卷)TheschoolsthemselvesadmitthatnotallstudentswillbesuccessfulinthejobstheyarebeingtrainedAinthatBforthatCinwhichDforwhich(江西卷)Iwalkedinourgarden,TomandJimweretyingabigsignontooneofthetreesAwhichBwhenCwhereDthat(辽宁卷)DoyouhaveanyideaisactuallygoingonintheclassroomAthatBwhatCasDwhich(辽宁卷)–Isthatthesmalltownyouoftenreferto–Right,justtheoneyouknowIusedtoworkforyearsAthatBwhichCwhereDwhat(福建卷)SomeresearchersbelievethatthereisnodebtacureforAIDSwillbefoundAwhichBthatCwhatDwhether(广东卷)isreportedinthenewspapers,talksbetweenthetwocountriesaremakingprogressAItBAsCThatDWhat(北京卷)III句型转换。将下列的句子使用关系代词或关系副词合并成定语从句。AbusgoestotheairportItrunseverytenminutesOurteacheristalkingtoanEnglishwomanDoyouknowherI’vegotabrothercalledTomHelivesintheUnitedStatesHe’sanengineerCanyoutellmethenameoftheschoolYourfatheroncestudiedinthatschoolWemetacoupleonthehighwayTheircarhadbrokendownIV句子改错。下列的定语从句使用有误请改正。ThevalleyinthatthetownliesisheavilypollutedIsthistheshopwheresellschildren’sshoesThisistheplacewherewefirstmetinIdonotknowthereasonwhichshecamelateTherearealtogetherelevenbooksontheshelf,ofthatfivearemine附定语从句专项训练参考答案I语法鉴赏。第①句最为正式第⑧句最为非正式。II选择填空。【答案】D【简析】考查关系代词which引导的非限制性定语从句。从动词句型tellsbaboutsth可以得知定语从句中少了宾语所以选择which不能误选when。【答案】D【简析】考查介词+关系代词which引导的定语从句。句意为北大毕业后出国留学深造故选afterwhich。【答案】B【简析】考查关系代词whose引导的定语从句。whose在这个句子里代替物whoseeffects=theeffectsofwhich意指“洪水的影响”。【答案】A【简析】考查“介词+关系代词”引导的非限制性定语从句。which替代词先行词fromto在那一段时间里故用duringwhichtime。【答案】D【简析】考查介词+关系代词which引导的定语从句。根据词组trainsbforsth故选forwhich。【答案】C【简析】考查关系副词where引导的定语从句。在花园里显然是表示地点关系代词用inwhich或关系副词where。【答案】B【简析】考查同位语从句。句意是:你知道教室里真正发生了什么事吗?根据句意从句的关联词应使用what。【答案】C【简析】考查关系副词where引导的定语从句。这里替代词theone实际上指的就是thesmalltown我过去多年在那里工作过的故选表示地点的关系副词。【答案】B【简析】考查同位语从句。that引导的从句表明doubt的内容。.【答案】B【简析】考查关系代词as引导的定语从句。句意是:正如报纸所报道的两国会谈正取得进展。as在从句中作主语又代替后面整个主句。III句型转换。Abuswhich(that)goestotheairportrunseverytenminutesDoyouknowtheEnglishwomanourteacheristalkingto或:DoyouknowtheEnglishwomanwho(whomthat)ourteacheristalkingto或:DoyouknowtheEnglishwomantowhomourteacheristalkingMybrotherTom,wholivesintheUnitedStates,isanengineerCanyoutellmethenameoftheschoolwhereyourfatheroncestudiedWemetacoupleonthehighwaywhosecarhadbrokendownIV句子改错。Thevalleyinwhichthetownliesisheavilypolluted或:Thevalleywherethetownliesisheavilypolluted或:Thevalleywhich(that)thetownliesinisheavilypolluted或:ThevalleythetownliesinisheavilypollutedIsthistheshopwhich(that)sellschildren’sshoesThisistheplacewherewefirstmet或:ThisistheplaceinwhichwefirstmetIdonotknowthereasonwhyshecamelate或:Idonotknowthereasonthatshecamelate或:IdonotknowthereasonshecamelateTherearealtogetherelevenbooksontheshelf,ofwhichfivearemine高考英语语法专项练习定语从句精练题WeshouldlearnfromthosearealwaysreadytohelpothersAwhoBwhomCtheyDthatMrHerpinisoneoftheforeignexpertswhoinChinaAworksBisworkingCareworkingDhasbeenworkingTomistheonlyoneofthestudentswhotoShanghaiAhavegoneBhavebeenChasbeenDhadgoneI,yourgoodfriend,willtrymybesttohelpyououtAwhoisBwhoamCthatisDwhichamTheoldmanhastwosons,arelawyersAbothofthemBbothofwhoCbothofwhomDbothoftheyHeisamanofgreatknowledge,muchcanbelearnedAinwhomBaboutwhomCfromwhomDofwhomDoyouknowthemanjustnowAtowhoInoddedBInoddedtoCwhomInoddedDWhomInoddedtohimThemanhasgonetoJapanAwhomItoldyouBthatItoldyouCwhomItoldyouabouthimDItoldyouaboutPleasepassmethedictionarycoverisblackAwhichBitsCwhoseDwhichofTheradiosetlastweekhasbeenoutoforderAIboughtBIboughtitCwhichIboughtitDwhatIboughtAlltheapplesfelldownfromthetreewereeatenupbythepigsAwhichBCthatDtheyIcantellyouhetoldmelastweekAallwhichBallwhatCthatallDallthatThisisthebiggestlabwehaveeverbuiltinouruniversityAwhichBwhatCthatDwhereIsoxygentheonlygashelpsfireburnAthatBCwhichDwhatAir,webreatheeveryday,isaroundusallthetimeAthatBCwhichDitThisisthemuseumwesawanexhibitiontheotherdayAthatBwhichCwhereDinthatThismuseumisyouvisitedtheotherdayAthatBwhichCwhereDtheoneThisisthemuseumyousawtheotherdayAthatBwhereCinwhichDinthatItisthethirdtimelatethismonthAthatyouarrivedBwhenyouarrivedCthatyou’vearrivedDwhenyou’vearrivedItwasintheAmericanastronautsucceededinlandingonthemoonAthatBwhichCinwhichDwhenWeoftenthinkofthedayswespenttogetherontheislandAwhenBwhichCinwhichDduringwhichHaveyoueverbeentoShanghai,IlefttenyearsagoAwhereBwhichCthatDwhenHehasleftBeijing,ameetingistobeheldAwhenBwhereCasDwhichThisistheveryplaceI’mwishingtoliveinAwhereBwhichCthatDinwhichIsitinthatfactory“RedFlag”carsaremadeAinwhichBwhereCthatDwhichIhaveboughtthesamedresssheiswearingAasBthatCwhichDthanCanyousolvesuchproblemsraisedbytheaudienceAwhatwereBaswereCthatwereDwhichwereThereasonhedidn’tcomewashewasinjuredAthat,becauseBwhy,thatCwhy,becauseDthat,thatHemustbefromAfrica,canbeseenfromhisskinAthatBasCitDwhatHisfatherdiedlastyear,madeitimpossibleforhimtogoabroadAwhenBwhichCasDthatisnatural,hemarriedMaryAItBWhatCWhichDAsThebuses,werealready

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