下载
加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 Thomas Hart Benton’s Remarks to the Senate(西奥多罗斯…

Thomas Hart Benton’s Remarks to the Senate(西奥多罗斯福传).pdf

Thomas Hart Benton’s Remarks to…

啦啦的豆豆
2011-12-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Thomas Hart Benton’s Remarks to the Senate(西奥多罗斯福传)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

"ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION""ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION"byThomasHartBenton"ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION""ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION"MrPresident:ItisnowthreeyearssincetheresolvewasadoptedbytheSenate,whichitismypresentmotiontoexpungefromthejournalAtthemomentthatthisresolvewasadopted,IgavenoticeofmyintentiontomovetoexpungeitandthenexpressedmyconfidentbeliefthatthemotionwouldeventuallyprevailThatexpressionofconfidencewasnotanebullitionofvanity,orapresumptuouscalculation,intendedtoacceleratetheeventitaffectedtoforetellItwasnotavainboast,oranidleassumption,butwastheresultofadeepconvictionoftheinjusticedonePresidentJackson,andathoroughrelianceuponthejusticeoftheAmericanpeopleIfeltthatthePresidenthadbeenwrongedandmyhearttoldmethatthiswrongwouldberedressed!TheeventprovesthatIwasnotmistakenThequestionofexpungingthisresolutionhasbeencarriedtothepeople,andtheirdecisionhasbeenhaduponitTheydecideinfavoroftheexpurgationandtheirdecisionhasbeenbothmadeandmanifested,andcommunicatedtousinagreatvarietyofwaysAgreatnumberofStateshaveexpresslyinstructedtheirSenatorstovoteforthisexpurgationAverygreatmajorityoftheStateshaveelectedSenatorsandRepresentativestoCongress,upontheexpressgroundoffavoringthisexpurgationTheBankoftheUnitedStates,whichtooktheinitiativeintheaccusationagainstthePresident,andfurnishedthematerial,andworkedthemachinerywhichwasusedagainsthim,andwhichwasthensopowerfulonthisfloor,hasbecomemoreandmoreodioustothepublicmind,andmustersnowbutaslenderphalanxoffriendsinthetwoHousesofCongressThelatePresidentialelectionfurnishesadditionalevidenceofpublicsentimentThecandidatewhowasthefriendofPresidentJackson,thesupporterofhisadministration,andtheavowedadvocatefortheexpurgation,hasreceivedalargemajorityofthesuffragesofthewholeUnion,andthatafteranexpress"ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION"declarationofhissentimentsonthisprecisepointTheevidenceofthepublicwill,exhibitedinalltheseforms,istoomanifesttobemistaken,tooexplicittorequireillustration,andtooimperativetobedisregardedOmittingdetailsandspecificenumerationofproofs,IrefertoourownfilesfortheinstructionstoexpungetothecomplexionofthetwoHousesforthetemperofthepeopletothedenationalizedconditionoftheBankoftheUnitedStatesforthefateoftheimperiousaccuserandtotheissueofthePresidentialelectionfortheansweroftheUnionAllthesearepregnantproofsofthepublicwill,andthelastpreeminentlyso:because,boththequestionoftheexpurgation,andtheformoftheprocess,weredirectlyputinissueuponitAssuming,then,thatwehaveascertainedthewillofthepeopleonthisgreatquestion,theinquirypresentsitself,howfartheexpressionofthatwilloughttobeconclusiveofouractionhereIholdthatitoughttobebindingandobligatoryuponusandthat,notonlyupontheprinciplesofrepresentativegovernment,whichrequireobediencetotheknownwillofthepeople,butalsoinconformitytotheprinciplesuponwhichtheproceedingagainstPresidentJacksonwasconductedwhenthesentenceagainsthimwasadoptedTheneverythingwasdonewithespecialreferencetothewillofthepeopleTheirimpulsionwasassumedtobethesolemotivetoactionandtothemtheultimateverdictwasexpresslyreferredThewholemachineryofalarmandpressureeveryengineofpoliticalandmoneyedpowerwasputinmotion,andworkedformanymonths,toexcitethepeopleagainstthePresidentandtostirupmeetings,memorials,petitions,travellingcommittees,anddistressdeputationsagainsthimandeachsymptomofpopulardiscontentwashailedasanevidenceofpublicwill,andquotedhereasproofthatthepeopledemandedthecondemnationofthePresidentNotonlylegislativeassemblies,andmemorialsfromlargeassemblies,werethenproducedhereasevidenceofpublicopinion,butthepetitionsofboysunderage,theremonstrancesofafewsigners,andtheresultsofthemostinconsiderableelectionswereostentatiouslyparadedandmagnified,astheevidenceofthesovereignwillofourconstituentsThus,sir,thepublicvoicewaseverything,whilethatvoice,partiallyobtainedthroughpoliticaland"ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION"pecuniarymachinations,wasadversetothePresidentThenthepopularwillwastheshrineatwhichallworshippedNow,whenthatwillisregularly,soberly,repeatedly,andalmostuniversallyexpressedthroughtheballotboxes,atthevariouselections,andturnsouttobeinfavorofthePresident,certainlynoonecandisregardit,norotherwiselookatitthanasthesolemnverdictofthecompetentandultimatetribunaluponanissuefairlymadeup,fullyargued,anddulysubmittedfordecisionAssuchverdict,IreceiveitAsthedeliberateverdictofthesovereignpeople,IbowtoitIamcontentIdonotmeantoreopenthecasenortorecommencetheargumentIleavethatworktoothers,ifanyotherschoosetoperformitFormyself,Iamcontentand,dispensingwithfurtherargument,Ishallcallforjudgment,andasktohaveexecutiondone,uponthatunhappyjournal,whichtheverdictofmillionsoffreemenfindsguiltyofbearingonitsfaceanuntrue,illegal,andunconstitutionalsentenceofcondemnationagainsttheapprovedPresidentoftheRepublicBut,whiledecliningtoreopentheargumentofthisquestion,andrefusingtotreadoveragainthegroundalreadytraversed,thereisanotherandadifferenttasktoperformonewhichtheapproachingterminationofPresidentJackson'sadministrationmakespeculiarlyproperatthistime,andwhichitismyprivilege,andperhapsmyduty,toexecute,asbeingthesuitableconclusiontothearduouscontestinwhichwehavebeensolongengagedIalludetothegeneraltenorofhisadministration,andtoitseffect,forgoodorforevil,upontheconditionofhiscountryThisisthepropertimeforsuchaviewtobetakenThepoliticalexistenceofthisgreatmannowdrawstoacloseInlittlemorethanfortydaysheceasestobeanobjectofpoliticalhopetoany,andshouldceasetobeanobjectofpoliticalhate,orenvy,toallWhateverofmotivetheservileandtimeservingmighthavefoundinhisexaltedstationforraisingthealtarofadulation,andburningtheincenseofpraisebeforehim,thatmotivecannolongerexistThedispenserofthepatronageofanempire,thechiefofthisgreatconfederacyofStates,issoontobeaprivateindividual,strippedofallpowertoreward,ortopunishHisownthoughts,ashehasshownusintheconcludingparagraphofthatmessagewhichistobethelastofitskindthatweshalleverreceivefromhim,aredirectedtothatbeloved"ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION"retirementfromwhichhewasdrawnbythevoiceofmillionsoffreemen,andtowhichhenowlooksforthatintervalofreposewhichageandinfirmitiesrequireUnderthesecircumstances,heceasestobeasubjectfortheebullitionofthepassions,andpassesintoacharacterforthecontemplationofhistoryHistorically,then,shallIviewhimandlimitingthisviewtohisciviladministration,Idemand,whereisthereaChiefMagistrateofwhomsomuchevilhasbeenpredicted,andfromwhomsomuchgoodhascomeNeverhasanymanenteredupontheChiefMagistracyofacountryundersuchappallingpredictionsofruinandwoe!neverhasanyonebeensopursuedwithdirefulprognostications!neverhasanyonebeensobesetandimpededbyapowerfulcombinationofpoliticalandmoneyedconfederates!neverhasanyoneinanycountrywheretheadministrationofjusticehasrisenabovetheknifeorthebowstring,beensolawlesslyandshamelesslytriedandcondemnedbyrivalsandenemies,withouthearing,withoutdefence,withouttheformsoflawandjustice!HistoryhasbeenransackedtofindexamplesoftyrantssufficientlyodioustoillustratehimbycomparisonLanguagehasbeentorturedtofindepithetssufficientlystrongtopainthimindescriptionImaginationhasbeenexhaustedinhereffortstodeckhimwithrevoltingandinhumanattributesTyrant,despot,usurperdestroyerofthelibertiesofhiscountryrash,ignorant,imbecileendangeringthepublicpeacewithallforeignnationsdestroyingdomesticprosperityathomeruiningallindustry,allcommerce,allmanufacturesannihilatingconfidencebetweenmanandmandeliveringupthestreetsofpopulouscitiestograssandweeds,andthewharvesofcommercialtownstotheencumbranceofdecayingvesselsdeprivinglaborofallrewarddeprivingindustryofallemploymentdestroyingthecurrencyplunginganinnocentandhappypeoplefromthesummitoffelicitytothedepthsofmisery,want,anddespairSuchisthefaintoutline,followedupbyactualcondemnation,oftheappallingdenunciationsdailyutteredagainstthisoneMAN,fromthemomenthebecameanobjectofpoliticalcompetition,downtotheconcludingmomentofhispoliticalexistenceThesacredvoiceofinspirationhastoldusthatthereisatimeforallthingsTherecertainlyhasbeenatimeforeveryevilthathumannature"ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION"admitsoftobevaticinatedofPresidentJackson'sadministrationequallycertainthetimehasnowcomeforallrationalandwelldisposedpeopletocomparethepredictionswiththefacts,andtoaskthemselvesifthesecalamitousprognosticationshavebeenverifiedbyeventsHavewepeace,orwar,withforeignnationsCertainly,wehavepeacewithalltheworld!peacewithallitsbenign,andfelicitous,andbeneficentinfluences!Arewerespected,ordespisedabroadCertainlytheAmericannameneverwasmorehonoredthroughoutthefourquartersoftheglobethaninthisverymomentDowehearofindignityoroutrageinanyquarterofmerchantsrobbedinforeignportsofvesselssearchedonthehighseasofAmericancitizensimpressedintoforeignserviceofthenationalflaginsultedanywhereOnthecontrary,weseeformerwrongsrepairednonewonesinflictedFrancepaystwentyfivemillionsoffrancsforspoliationscommittedthirtyyearsagoNaplespaystwomillionsonehundredthousandducatsforwrongsofthesamedateDenmarkpayssixhundredandfiftythousandrixdollarsforwrongsdoneaquarterofacenturyagoSpainengagestopaytwelvemillionsofrealsvellonforinjuriesoffifteenyears'dateandPortugal,thelastinthelistofformeraggressors,admitsherliabilityandonlywaitstheadjustmentofdetailstocloseheraccountbyadequateindemnitySofarfromwar,insult,contempt,andspoliationfromabroad,thisdenouncedadministrationhasbeentheseasonofpeaceandgoodwillandtheauspiciouseraofuniversalreparationSofarfromsufferinginjuryatthehandsofforeignpowers,ourmerchantshavereceivedindemnitiesforallformerinjuriesIthasbeenthedayofaccounting,ofsettlement,andofretributionThetotallistofarrearages,extendingthroughfoursuccessivepreviousadministrations,hasbeenclosedandsettledupThewrongsdonetocommerceforthirtyyearsback,andundersomanydifferentPresidents,andindemnitieswithheldfromall,havebeenrepairedandpaidoverunderthebeneficentandgloriousadministrationofPresidentJacksonButonesingleinstanceofoutragehasoccurred,andthatattheextremitiesoftheworld,andbyapiraticalhorde,amenabletonolawbutthelawofforceTheMalaysofSumatracommittedarobberyandmassacreuponanAmericanvesselWretches!theydidnot"ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION"thenknowthatJACKSONwasPresidentoftheUnitedStates!andthatnodistance,notime,noidleceremonialoftreatingwithrobbersandassassins,wastoholdbackthearmofjusticeCommodoreDowneswentoutHiscannonandhisbayonetsstrucktheoutlawsintheirdenTheypaidinterrorandbloodfortheoutragewhichwascommittedandthegreatlessonwastaughttothesedistantpiratestoourantipodesthemselvesthatnoteventheentirediameterofthisglobecouldprotectthem,andthatthenameofAmericancitizen,likethatofRomancitizeninthegreatdaysoftheRepublicandoftheempire,wastobetheinviolablepassportofallthatworeitthroughoutthewholeextentofthehabitableworldFromPresidentJackson,thecountryhasfirstlearnedthetruetheoryandpracticalintentoftheConstitution,ingivingtotheExecutiveaqualifiednegativeonthelegislativepowerofCongressFarfrombeinganodious,dangerous,orkinglyprerogative,thispower,asvestedinthePresident,isnothingbutaqualifiedcopyofthefamousvetopowervestedinthetribunesofthepeopleamongtheRomans,andintendedtosuspendthepassageofalawuntilthepeoplethemselvesshouldhavetimetoconsideritThequalifiedvetoofthePresidentdestroysnothingitonlydelaysthepassageofalaw,andrefersittothepeoplefortheirconsiderationanddecisionItisthereferenceofalaw,nottoacommitteeoftheHouse,orofthewholeHouse,buttothecommitteeofthewholeUnionItisarecommitmentofthebilltothepeople,forthemtoexamineandconsiderandif,uponthisexamination,theyarecontenttopassit,itwillpassatthenextsessionThedelayofafewmonthsistheonlyeffectofaveto,inacasewherethepeopleshallultimatelyapprovealawwheretheydonotapproveit,theinterpositionofthevetoisthebarrierwhichsavesthemtheadoptionofalaw,therepealofwhichmightafterwardbealmostimpossibleThequalifiednegativeis,therefore,abeneficentpower,intendedasGeneralHamiltonexpresslydeclaresinthe"Federalist,"toprotect,first,theexecutivedepartmentfromtheencroachmentsofthelegislativedepartmentand,secondly,topreservethepeoplefromhasty,dangerousorcriminallegislationonthepartoftheirrepresentativesThisisthedesignandintentionofthevetopowerandthefearexpressedbyGeneralHamiltonwas,thatPresidents,sofar"ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION"fromexercisingittoooften,wouldnotexerciseitasoftenasthesafetyofthepeoplerequiredthattheymightlackthemoralcouragetostakethemselvesinoppositiontoafavoritemeasureofthemajorityofthetwoHousesofCongressandthusdeprivethepeople,inmanyinstances,oftheirrighttopassuponabillbeforeitbecomesafinallawThecasesinwhichPresidentJacksonhasexercisedthevetopowerhaveshownthesoundnessoftheseobservationsNoordinaryPresidentwouldhavestakedhimselfagainsttheBankoftheUnitedStatesandthetwoHousesofCongressinItrequiredPresidentJacksontoconfrontthatpowertostemthattorrenttostaytheprogressofthatcharter,andtoreferittothepeoplefortheirdecisionHismoralcouragewasequaltothecrisisHearrestedthecharteruntilitcouldbegottothepeople,andtheyhavearresteditforeverHadhenotdoneso,thecharterwouldhavebecomelaw,anditsrepealalmostimpossibleThepeopleofthewholeUnionwouldnowhavebeenintheconditionofthepeopleofPennsylvania,bestrodebythemonster,indailyconflictwithhim,andmaintainingadoubtfulcontestforsupremacybetweenthegovernmentofaStateandthedirectoryofamoneyedcorporationSir,Ithinkitright,inapproachingtheterminationofthisgreatquestion,topresentthisfaintandrapidsketchofthebrilliant,beneficent,andgloriousadministrationofPresidentJacksonItisnotformetoattempttodoitjusticeitisnotforordinarymentoattemptitshistoryHismilitarylife,resplendentwithdazzlingevents,willdemandthepenofanervouswriterhisciviladministration,repletewithsceneswhichhavecalledintoactionsomanyandsuchvariouspassionsofthehumanheart,andwhichhasgiventonativesagacitysomanyvictoriesoverpracticedpoliticians,willrequiretheprofound,luminous,andphilosophicalconceptionsofaLivy,aPlutarch,oraSallustThishistoryisnottobewritteninourdayThecontemporariesofsucheventsarenotthehandstodescribethemTimemustfirstdoitsofficemustsilencethepassions,removetheactors,developconsequences,andcanonizeallthatissacredtohonor,patriotism,andgloryInafteragesthehistoricgeniusofourAmericashallproducethewriterswhichthesubjectdemandsmenfarremovedfromthecontestsofthisday,whowillknowhowtoestimatethis"ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION"greatepoch,andhowtoacquireanimmortalityfortheirownnamesbypainting,withamaster'shand,theimmortaleventsofthepatriotPresident'slifeAndnow,sir,Ifinishthetaskwhich,threeyearsago,IimposedonmyselfSolitaryandalone,andamidthejeersandtauntsofmyopponents,IputthisballinmotionThepeoplehavetakenitup,androlleditforward,andIamnolongeranythingbutaunitinthevastmasswhichnowpropelsitInthenameofthatmassIspeakIdemandtheexecutionoftheedictofthepeopleIdemandtheexpurgationofthatsentencewhichthevoiceofafewSenators,andthepoweroftheirconfederate,theBankoftheUnitedStates,hascausedtobeplacedonthejournaloftheSenateandwhichthevoiceofmillionsoffreemenhasorderedtobeexpungedfromit"ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION""ONTHEEXPUNGINGRESOLUTION"

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/9

Thomas Hart Benton’s Remarks to the Senate(西奥多罗斯福传)

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利