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首页 法国商法典 英文版.pdf

法国商法典 英文版.pdf

法国商法典 英文版.pdf

上传者: wangcibao 2011-12-10 评分 3 0 45 6 203 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《法国商法典 英文版pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含COMMERCIALCODECOMMERCIALCODEWiththeparticipationofLouisVOGEL,Professoratth符等。

COMMERCIALCODECOMMERCIALCODEWiththeparticipationofLouisVOGEL,ProfessorattheUniversityofParisIIBOOKICommerceingeneralArticlesLtoLTITLEIThecommercialactArticlesLtoLArticleLThelawprovidesthatcommercialinstrumentsare:Allpurchasesofchattelsinordertoresellthis,eitherinkindorafterhavingworkedanddevelopedthisAllpurchasesofrealpropertyinordertoresellthis,unlessthepurchaserhasactedinordertoconstructoneormorebuildingsandtoselltheseenblocorsitebysiteAllintermediateoperationsforthepurchase,subscriptionorsaleofbuildings,businessorsharesofpropertycompaniesAllchattelsrentalundertakingsAllmanufacturing,commissionandlandorwatertransportundertakingsAllsupply,agency,businessoffice,auctionhouseandpublicentertainmentundertakingsAllexchange,bankingorbrokerageoperationsAllpublicbankingoperationsAllobligationsbetweendealers,merchantsandbankersBillsofexchangebetweenallpersonsArticleLThelawalsodeemscommercialinstrumentstobe:Allconstructionundertakingsandallpurchases,salesandresalesofshipsforinlandandforeigngoingnavigationAllseashipmentsAllpurchasesandsalesofship’stackle,apparatusandfoodstuffsAllcharteringorcharteringandbottomryloansAllinsurancesandothercontractsrelatingtomaritimetradeAllagreementsandconventionsoncrewwagesandrentsAllengagementsofseamenfortheserviceofcommercialshipsArticleLWithregardtotraders,commercialinstrumentsmaybeprovenbyanymeansunlessthelawspecifiesotherwiseArticleLIObligationsderivingfromtradebetweentradersorbetweentradersandnontradersshallbeprescribedaftertenyearsunlesstheyaresubjecttospecialshorterperiodsofprescriptionIIAllclaimsforpaymentshallbeprescribed:Forfoodsuppliedtoseamenonthecaptain’sorders,oneyearafterdeliveryForthesupplyofmaterialsandotheritemsneededfortheconstruction,equipmentorsupplyoftheship,oneyearafterthesefoodstuffsareprovidedForbuiltstructures,oneyearaftertheacceptanceofthestructuresIIIClaimsforpaymentofthewagesofofficers,seamenandothercrewmembersshallbeprescribedafterfiveyearsinaccordancewithArticleoftheCivilCodeTITLEIITradersArticlesLtoLCHAPTERIDefinitionandstatusArticlesLtoLSECTIONIUpdatedPageCOMMERCIALCODECapacityoftraderArticlesLtoLArticleLTradersarethosewhocarryoutcommercialinstrumentsandwhomakethistheirusualprofessionArticleLMinors,evenwhendeclaredoffullageandcapacity,maynotbetradersArticleLSpousesoftradersshallbedeemedtobetradersonlyiftheycarryoutaseparatecommercialactivityfromthatoftheirspouseSECTIONIISpousesofcraftspeopleandtradersworkinginthefamilyownedundertakingArticlesLtoLArticleLISpousesoftheheadsofcraftorcommercialundertakingsmayworkinaprofessionalcapacityintheseundertakings,particularlyinthecapacityof:Collaboratingspouseindicatedinthecommercialandcompaniesregister,thetradesregisterortheregisterofundertakingsheldbythechambersoftradeofAlsaceandMoselleSalariedspouseSpouseandbusinesspartnerIITheirprofessionalandsocialrightsandobligationsshallresultfromthisArticleLPersonsregisteredinthetradesregisterortraderscannot,withouttheexpressconsentoftheirspouse,whenthelatterparticipatesintheirprofessionalactivityinthecapacityofaspouseworkingintheundertaking,disposeoforsubjecttorightsinremtheelementsofthebusinessorcraftmanufacturingcompanywhicharejointlyownedandwhich,duetotheirimportanceornature,arerequiredfortheoperationoftheundertakingTheymayalsonotleaseoutthisbusinessorthiscraftmanufacturingcompanyTheymaynot,withoutthisexpressconsent,receivethecapitalresultingfromtheseoperationsSpouseswhohavenotgiventheirexpressconsenttotheactmayrequestthatthisbedeclaredvoidTheactiontodeclarethisvoidmaybebroughtwithintwoyearsofthedatewhenthespousebecameawareoftheactHowever,theactionmaynotunderanycircumstancesbebroughtmorethantwoyearsafterthejointownershipisterminatedArticleLCollaboratingspouses,whentheyareindicatedinthecommercialandcompaniesregister,thetradesregisterortheregisterofundertakingsheldbythechambersoftradeofAlsaceandMoselle,shallbedeemedtohavereceivedfromtheheadoftheundertakingtheauthoritytocarryout,onbehalfofthelatter,theadministrativeactsrelatingtotherequirementsoftheundertakingByadeclarationmadebeforeanotaryinordertobevalid,eachspouseshallbeentitledtoendthepresumptionofauthority,withtheirspousebeingpresentordulyinvitedtoattendThenotarisedstatementshallenterintoforce,withregardtothirdparties,threemonthsafterithasbeenenteredinthecommercialandcompaniesregister,thetradesregisterortheregisterofundertakingsheldbythechambersoftradeofAlsaceandMoselleIntheabsenceofthisentry,itshallbebindingonthirdpartiesonlyifitisestablishedthattheyknewaboutthisThepresumptionofauthorityshallalsoceaseipsojureintheeventofthepresumedabsenceofoneofthespouses,theirjudicialseparationorthedivisionoftheirpropertyandalsowhentheconditionsspecifiedinthefirstparagraphabovearenolongermetCHAPTERIIForeigntradersArticlesLtoLArticleL(OrderNoofMarchArtOfficialJournalofMarch)Aforeignnationalshallnotbeengagedinacommercial,industrialorhandicraftoccupationinFranceinamannerwhichrequireshisregistrationorinclusionintheregisterofcompaniesorthetraderegisterwithoutthepriorconsentofthePrefectoftheDepartmentinwhichheenvisagesconductinghisbusinessinitiallyArticleLAnybreachoftherequirementsofArticleLandofthoseintheimplementingdecreespecifiedinArticleLshallbepunishedbyaprisonsentenceofsixmonthsandafineofFIncasesofrecidivism,thepenaltiesshallbedoubledThecourtmayalsoordertheclosureoftheestablishmentArticleL(OrderNoofMarchArtOfficialJournalofMarch)ITheprovisionsofArticlesLandLdonotapplytothecitizensofaEuropeanCommunitymemberUpdatedPageCOMMERCIALCODEstate,aEuropeanEconomicAreamemberstateoramemberstateoftheOrganisationforEconomicCooperationandDevelopmentactingontheirownbehalforonbehalfofeitheranothercitizenofsuchaStateoracompanyincorporatedpursuanttothelegislationofsuchaStateandhavingitsregisteredoffice,itsprincipaladministrativeestablishmentoritsprincipalplaceofbusinessinsuchaStateIIHowever,whenaforeignnationaloracompanyreferredtoinIcreatesanagency,abranchorasubsidiaryonFrenchsoilorprovidesservicesthere,thebenefitofIshallbegrantedonlyif:TheforeignnationalisestablishedinaEuropeanCommunitymemberstate,aEuropeanEconomicAreamemberstateoramemberstateoftheOrganisationforEconomicCooperationandDevelopmentThecompany,ifithasonlyitsregisteredofficeintheEuropeanCommunity,aEuropeanEconomicAreamemberstateoramemberstateoftheOrganisationforEconomicCooperationandDevelopment,conductsabusinesswhichhasaneffectiveandcontinuouslinkwiththeeconomyofsuchaStateArticleLAConseild'EtatdecreeshallfixtheconditionsforimplementingthischapterCHAPTERIIIGeneralobligationsoftradersArticlesLtoLSECTIONICommercialandcompaniesregisterArticlesLtoLSubsectionPersonsrequiredtoregisterArticlesLtoLArticleLIAcommercialandcompaniesregistershallbekeptinwhichthefollowingshallberegisteredasaresultoftheirdeclaration:Naturalpersonswiththecapacityoftrader,eveniftheyarerequiredtoregisterinthetradesregisterCompaniesandeconomicinterestgroupswhichhavetheirregisteredofficeinaFrenchdepartmentandwhichhavealegalpersonalityinaccordancewithArticleoftheCivilCodeorwithArticleLCommercialcompanieswhoseregisteredofficeissituatedoutsideaFrenchdepartmentandwhichhaveanestablishmentinoneofthesedepartmentsFrenchpublicestablishmentsofanindustrialorcommercialnatureOtherlegalpersonswhoseregistrationisspecifiedbytheactsandregulationsCommercialdelegationsorcommercialagentsofforeignStates,authoritiesorpublicestablishmentsestablishedinaFrenchdepartmentIITheregistrationsandinstrumentsordocumentsfiledasspecifiedbyaConseild'EtatdecreeshallappearintheregisterinordertobebroughttotheattentionofthepublicArticleLNoonemayberegisteredintheregisteriftheydonotmeettheconditionsrequiredinordertocarryouttheiractivityLegalpersonsmustalsohavecompliedwiththeformalitiesspecifiedbythelegislationandregulationsinforcerelatingtheretoArticleLIfatraderwhoisanaturalpersonfailstorequestregistrationbythespecifieddeadline,thejudgehearingthecaseshall,eitherautomaticallyorattherequestoftheprocureurdelaRépubliqueoranypersonprovingthattheyhaveaninterestinthis,makeanorderrequiringthetradertorequestregistrationInaccordancewiththesameconditions,thejudgemayorderanypersonregisteredinthecommercialandcompaniesregister,whohasnotrequestedthesebythespecifieddeadlines,tomaketheadditionalentriesorcorrectionswhichmustbemadeintheregister,tomaketheentriesorcorrectionsneededintheeventofincorrectorincompletedeclarationsortoderegisterTheclerkofacourtdeliveringadecisionrequiringapersontoregistermustnotifythisdecisiontotheclerkofthetribunaldecommercewhosejurisdictioncoverstheregisteredofficeormainestablishmentoftheinterestedpartyTheclerkofthetribunaldecommercereceivingthedecisionshallreferthistothejudgeresponsibleforoverseeingtheregisterArticleL(LawNoofSeptemberArticleOfficialGazetteofSeptembereffectiveJanuary)(LawNoofJanuaryArticle(II)OfficialGazetteofJanuary)Ifanypersonorderedtorequestaregistration,asupplementaryoramendingentry,orastrikingoffinthetraderegistershouldfailtocomplywiththatrequirementwithoutanexcusedeemedtobevalidwithintwoweeksofthedateonwhichtheordermadebythejudgeentrustedwithsupervisionofthelistdirectinghimtocompleteoneofthoseformalitiesbecomingfinal,afineof,eurosshallbeimposedonthatpersonUpdatedPageCOMMERCIALCODEThecourtmay,moreover,deprivethepersonconcernedoftherighttovotein,andtostandin,electionstothecommercialcourts,thechambersofcommerceandindustryandtheindustrialtribunalsforaperiodofuptofiveyearsThecourtordersthattheregistration,thenotationsorthestrikingoffthatmustberecordedinthecompaniesregisterbeenteredthereinwithinaspecifiedtimeframe,attherequestofthepersonconcernedArticleLTheactofgiving,inbadfaith,incorrectorincompleteinformationwithaviewtoregistration,removaloftheregistrationoradditionalentriesorcorrectionsinthecommercialandcompaniesregistershallbepunishedbyafineofFandaprisonsentenceofsixmonthsTheprovisionsofthesecondandthirdparagraphsofArticleLshallapplyinthecasesspecifiedinthisarticleArticleL(insertedbyActNoofMay,ArticleII,OfficialGazetteofMay)AttherequestofanyinterestedpartyortheprocureurdelaRépublique,thepresidentofthecourt,rulingininterlocutoryproceedings,mayenjoin,subjecttoapenalty,themanagerofanylegalpersontofilethedocumentsandinstrumentswiththecommercialandcompaniesregisterwhichthislegalpersonisrequiredtodobytheactsorregulationsThepresidentmay,inaccordancewiththesameconditionsandtothissameend,appointarepresentativeresponsibleforfulfillingtheseformalitiesSubsectionKeepingoftheregisterandeffectsattachedtoregistrationArticlesLtoLArticleLThecommercialandcompaniesregistershallbekeptbytheclerkofeachtribunaldecommerceItshallbeoverseenbythepresidentofthecourtorajudgeentrustedwiththisresponsibilitywhoshallbecompetentforalldisputesbetweenthepersonunderobligationandtheclerkArticleLTheregistrationofanaturalpersonshallinvolvethepresumptionofthecapacityoftraderHowever,thispresumptionshallnotbebindingonthirdpartiesandadministrationswhichprovideprooftothecontraryThirdpartiesandadministrationsshallnotbepermittedtorelyonthispresumptioniftheyknowthattheliablepersonisnotatraderArticleLThepersonobligedtoregisterwhohasnotrequestedthisbytheexpirationofaperiodoffifteendaysfromthestartoftheiractivitymaynotrelyon,untilregistration,thecapacityoftraderwithregardtoboththirdpartiesandpublicadministrationsHowever,thispersonmaynotinvoketheirfailuretoregisterinordertoavoidtheresponsibilitiesandobligationsinherentinthiscapacityWithoutprejudicetotheapplicationofArticleL,registeredtraderswhoassigntheirbusinessorhandovertheoperationofthis,particularlyintheformofrealestatemanagement,maynotpleadthecessationoftheircommercialactivityinordertoavoidclaimsfordamagestowhichtheyshallbesubjectduetotheobligationscontractedbytheirsuccessorsintheoperationofthebusinessuntilthedaywhenthecorrespondingadditionalentryorremovaloftheregistrationhasbeencarriedoutArticleLPersonsobligedtoregistermaynot,incarryingouttheiractivity,raiseinrespectofthirdpartiesorpublicadministrations,whichmay,however,relyonthese,theactsandinstrumentssubjecttoentryunlessthelatterhavebeenpublishedintheregisterInaddition,personsobligedtofileinstrumentsordocumentsintheannextotheregistermaynotraisetheseagainstthirdpartiesoradministrationsunlessthecorrespondingformalityhasbeencarriedoutHowever,thirdpartiesoradministrationsmayrelyontheseinstrumentsordocumentsTheprovisionsoftheaboveparagraphsshallapplytotheactsorinstrumentssubjecttoentryorfilingeveniftheyarecoveredbyanotherlegalpublicationThirdpartiesandadministrationswhichpersonallyknewabouttheseactsorinstrumentsmaynot,however,relyontheseArticleL(insertedbyLawNoofAugustArticle(I)OfficialGazetteofAugust)ThecourtregistrarorthebodyreferredtointhelastparagraphofArticleofLawNoofFebruaryrelatingtoindividualinitiativeandenterpriseshalldeliverareceipt,freeofcharge,forthesubmissionofanapplicationtocreateabusinesstoanypersonsubjecttoregistration,assoonasthatpersonhassubmittedadulycompletedapplicationforregistrationThesaidreceiptallowsthenecessaryformalitiestobecompletedwiththepublicbodiesandtheprivatebodiesentrustedwithrenderingapublicservice,underthepersonalresponsibilityofthenaturalpersonhavingtradesmanstatusorwhoisactingonbehalfofthecompanybeingformedItbearsthelegend:"Registrationpending"TheimplementingprovisionsforthepresentArticlearedefinedinaConseild'EtatdecreeSubsectionUpdatedPageCOMMERCIALCODEPlaceofdomicileofregisteredpersonsArticlesLtoLArticleL(insertedbyLawNoofAugustArticle(I)()OfficialGazetteofAugust)NaturalpersonsapplyingforregistrationinthecompaniesregisterorthetraderegistermustdeclaretheirbusinessaddressandsubstantiatepossessionthereofNaturalpersonsmaydeclaretheaddressoftheirplaceofresidenceandconducttheirbusinessthere,barringanylegislativeprovisionorcontractualstipulationtothecontraryNaturalpersonswhodonothavebusinesspremisesmaydeclaretheirplaceofresidence,solelyforthepurposeofprovidingabusinessaddressSuchadeclarationdoesnotgiverisetoanychangeofuseortoapplicationofthecommercialleaseregulationsNB:LawNoofAugustArticleII:TheseprovisionsapplytobusinesseslistedinthecompaniesregisterorthetraderegisteronthedateofpromulgationofLawNoofAugustArticleL(LawNoofAugustArticle(I)()OfficialGazetteofAugust)Anylegalentityapplyingforregistrationinthecompaniesregistermustsubstantiatepossessionofthepremiseswhichwillhouseitsregisteredoffice,aloneorwithothers,or,iftheregisteredofficeistobelocatedabroad,theagency,branchorrepresentationestablishedonFrenchsoilAcompanyisallowedtohaveitsregisteredaddressinpremisesoccupiedbyseveralbusinessesundertheconditionsdeterminedinaConseild'EtatdecreeThatdecreealsostipulatestheequipmentorservicesthatarerequiredtojustifytherealityoftheregisteredofficeofthecompanydomiciledthereNB:LawNoofAugustArticleII:TheseprovisionsapplytobusinessesregisteredinthecompaniesregisterorthetraderegisteronthedateofpromulgationofLawNoofAugustArticleL(insertedbyLawNoofAugustArticle(I)()OfficialGazetteofAugust)Alegalentitywhichappliesforregistrationinthecompaniesregisterisauthorisedtolocateitsregisteredofficeatthedomicileofitslegalrepresentativeandtoconductbusinessthere,barringanylegislativeprovisionsorcontractualstipulationstothecontraryWhenthelegalentityissubjecttosuchlegislativeprovisionsorcontractualstipulations,itsregisteredofficemaybelocatedatitslegalrepresentative'sdomi

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