关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 【德勒兹研究】黑格尔与德勒兹:内在性与他者.pdf

【德勒兹研究】黑格尔与德勒兹:内在性与他者.pdf

【德勒兹研究】黑格尔与德勒兹:内在性与他者.pdf

上传者: 猫科动物 2011-12-10 评分 5 0 165 23 751 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《【德勒兹研究】黑格尔与德勒兹:内在性与他者pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含HegelandDeleuze:ImmanenceandOthernessbyChristopherGrovesAthesissubmittedfo符等。

HegelandDeleuze:ImmanenceandOthernessbyChristopherGrovesAthesissubmittedforthedegreeofDoctorofPhilosophyinPhilosophyUniversityofWarwick,DepartmentofPhilosophySeptemberContentsChIChChChChChChChAcknowledgernentsandDeclarationIIIAbstractIN"AbbreviationsvIntroduction:Philosophy,,ImmanenceandOthernessIKant,FichteandSchelling:TheTraumaofReasonDeleuzePhilosophyasPracticeDeleuzeandtheAbsoluteHegel'sCritiqueofRepresentationalConsciousnesssHegel'sAccountofAbsoluteKnowing:LogicandBeingHegel'sConceptasanAntifoundationalistPrincipleConclusion:RegelandDkeleuzeACriticalAssessmentBibliographyAcknowledgementsIwouldRetothankmysupervisor,,ProfessorStephenHoulgate,forallhisadviceandsupportduringthewritingofthisthesisThanksarealsoduetotheHmnairutiesResearchBoardoftheBritishAcademy,whoprovidedmewithathreeyearResearchStudentshiptotheDeutscherAkadernischerAustauschdienstwhoseprovisionofashorttermresearchgrantenabledmetospendthreemonthsinattheHegelArchiv,basedattheRuhrUniversitAt,Bochum,GermanyandtoDTWolfgwigBonslepen,forhisinvaluableassistanceandreadinesstodiscussmyworkduringmystayinBochumDeclarationSomematerialfromchaptersandofthisthesishasbeenpublishedinanotherformas'EcstasyofReason,CnsisofReason:SchellingandAbsoluteDifference',inPLITheWanvickJournalqfPhilosopky,(),ppAllmatefialinthistbesisismyownwoTkandhasnotbeensubmittedpreviouslyforadegreeatanotheruniversityiiiAbstractThethesiscriticallyanalysesthedominantfoundationalisttendencyofmodernphilosophy,withspecialreferencetothesophisticatedantifoundationalstcritiquesoffoundationalism,formulatedbvGWFHerzelandGillesDeleuzeItbeginsbyoutliningageneralmethodologicalaspectoffoundationalismregardingthenecessityofradicalselfcritiqueinphilosophy,whichdirectlyconnectscontemporarythoughtwithCartesianism,viaclassicalGermanphilosophyInthephilosophiesofKant,FichteandSchelling,thisselfchticalprojectistransformed:theyundertaketoshowthatreasoncan,byexaminingitselfgpigiveanaccountofexpenencethatissystematic,orconsistentwithitselfHowever,eachofthesethinkersfailstoaccomplishthis,andindeectthecommitmenttoapriorifoundationsisitselfunderminedinSchelling'swork,whereaphilosophicalcrisisofmeaning(a'traumaofreason',philosophicalnibilism)emergesDeleuzeandHegel'scontrastingcritiquesoffoundationalism,andtheirpositivereconstructionsofthestandpointofphilosophy,aretheninterpretedasnonfoundationalistattemptstoovercomethisintemalcnsisoffoundationalistthoughtasinadvertentlyexposedbySchelbrigBothCnticisecertainsubJectivepresuppositionscommontofoundationalistphilosophies,whichtheyconsiderconstituteadogmatic,image'ofphilosophy,akindoftranscendentalillusionthatistheguidingforcebehindfoundationalismBothalsoaimtoreplacethiswithagenuinelyphilosophicalimageThethesisprovidesanoriginalhistoricalcontextualisationofDeleuze'sthoughtinrelationtoGennanIdealism,andSchellinginparticular,withwhom,itisargued,DeleuzehasmuchincommonDeleuze'sconceptionofpuredifferenceistreatedinthisregardasakindof'absoluteknowledge'ThiscontextualisationalsoallowsthesometimescrudelyunderstoodantipathybetweenHegelandDeleuzetobeaddressedinamorepenetratingfashion,whichshowsthatthevhavemoreincommonintermsoftheircriticalorientationthanisusuallysupposedThethesisconcludeswithacnticalcompansonofthesethinkers,whicharguesthaýalthoughbothsucceedintheirowntenns,inrelationtoacritenonofselfconsistency,Hegel'sphilosophyoffersamoresatisfactorytreatmentoftheontologicalandhistoricalconditionsofphilosophicalactivityIVAbbreviadonsStandardAfBformatisusedforreferencestoKant'sCrifiqueofPureReasonOtherreferencesaretotheonginaltextandtheEnglishtranslationasperthefollowingabbreviationsandtheBibliographyandaregivenintheform:WSIncaseswherenoEnglishversionwasavailable,translationsaremyownDeleuzeAAnaývsedeLogiqueetexistenceparJeanHyppoliteAOLAnljOedipe,AntlOedipusBLebergsonisme,'BergsonismCDLaconcepliondedýffijrencechezBergsonDialQguesDialoguesDRDiffirenceelrjpehljon,ýDifferenceandRepetitionECCEssaysCriticalandClinicalILL'immanence:unevieImmanence:ALifeKPLaphilosophiecriliquedeKant,Kant'sCnticalPhilosophyLSLaIQgjqueAsensbeLogicofSenseNPourparlersNegotiationsCýNPNietzscheeilaphiosophieNietzscheandPhilosophySPSpinozzaetleproWmetieexpression,ExpressionisminPhilosophySpmozaVSQSurquairesformulespoiliquesquipourraientrisupierlaphilosophiekanlienneTPMillesPlateauxAThousandPlateausWPOu'estcequelaphilosophie,ýWhatisPhilosophyFichte:cc(ýberdenBegrýffderVivsenvchaftslehrelConcerninL,,theConceptoftheWissenschaftslehreDSLOberdenUnterschieddesGeisiesunddesBuchstabensinderPhilosophielCancernIng,theDifferencebetweentheSpiritandtheLetterwithinPhilosophyRARezensiondesAenesidemusReviewofAenesidemusWLGrundlagedergesamtenWissenschaftslehrelFoundationsoftheEntireWissenschaftslehreWLrunWissenschafislehrenowmethodo,WissenschaftslehrenovamethodoiwErsterundweiterEinleitungenzurWissenschaionsfi,glehreIntroduct*totheWissenschaftslehreHegel:DSDifferentiesFichteschenundSchellingschenývstemderPhilosophielTheDifferencebetweenFicbte'sandScbellMg'sSystemofPhilosophyELEnzyklopddiederphilosophischenWiý,ýenschqfienEnterTedEncyclopaediaLogicFKWaubenundWissenFaithandKnowledgePRGnindlinienderPhilosophiedesRechisElementsofthePhilosophYofRightviPsPhdnomenologiedesGeistesPbenomenologyofSpiritSLWissenschaftderLoVkScienceofLogicKant:ciKritikder(IrteilskrajiCritiqueofJudgementCPrRKrifikderpraldischenVernunfit,CritiqueofPracticalReasonCPuRKritikderreinenVernutýftCnÜqueofPureReasonGMMGrundleguWzurMelaphysikderSjuenGroundwoTkoftheMetaphysicsofMoralspProlegomena,'ProlegomenaSchelfing:DPEDantellungdesphilosophischenEmpirismusEEEinleitungzuseinemerster,,ntwurfeinesSysIemýderNalurphilosophieWNIdeenzureinerPhilosophiederNaturlIdeasforaPhilosophyofNatureLMPVorlesungenüberdieGeschichtederneuerenPhilosophielLecturesontheHistoryofModemPhilosophyPOPhilosophiederOfjýnbarungSPLStuttgartPritatvorlesunaenIStuttgartSenunarsSTISystemdestranszendentalenIdealismusISystemofTranscendentalIdealismTHF(ýberdasWesendermenschhchenFreiheillreatiseonHurnanFreedomWADieWellallerrMeAgesoftheWorldWSSvstemderPhilosophieüberhaupilSvstemofPhilosophyinGeneral('WiirzburgSystem'),ChapterOneIntroduction:Philosophy,InimanenceandOthernessi)PreliminariesThus,becauseoursensessometimesdeceiveus,IdecidedtosupposethatnothingwassuchastheyledustoimagineAndbecausetherearepeoplewhomakemistakesinreasoning,committinglogicalfallaciesconcermimgeventhesimplestquestionsingeometry,andasIjudgedthatIwasjustaspronetoerrorasanyoneelse,IrejectedasunsoundalltheargumentsIhadpreviouslytakenasdemonstrativeproofs'WiththeselinesfromtheDiscourseonMethod,DescartesannouncedtheReformationofScholasticphilosophyandadecisiveredefinitionofphilosophy'sconceptionofitselfThemodemityofCartesianismtiesinitsconfidenceintheabilityoftheindividualreasoningsubjecttodeterminethetruthaboutbeing,andfurther,initsconfidenceintheabilityoftheindividualtoprovethatitpossessesthistruthItisthislatterassurancethatrepresentsadirectassaultonmedievalism,foritconfersfinalauthorityonthefacultyofreason,andthusremovesitfromthehegemonyoftraditionanditsinstitutions,theultimatesourcesofallScbolasticargumentspreviouslyacceptedas'demonstrativeproofs'Atthecloseofthetwentiethcentury,suchconfidenceseemstobeatonceanintimatelyfamiliarfeatureofthewayweimagineourselvesandyetsomehowoutdatedtobespokenofWithironic,evencynicaldetachmentOvertwohundredyearsofDescartes,,prelentlesscriticismoftraditionalaccretionsofauthoritystretchingfromtheAmericanandFrenchRevolutions,andtakinginthenseofmassindustrialsocietiesandthesocialandpoliticalconvulsionsofthetwentiethcentury,haveseenCartesianconfidencereplacedbytherivenstanceoftheindividualwholistenstoandacceptsthelongfarniliarclaimsofreason,withoutevergenuinelybelievinginthem,seeingreasoninsteadassimplyanothertraditionalauthoritytobecriticised,withoutknowingwheretheresourcesforsuchacntiquearetobefoundThiscondition,whichNietzschereferredtoas'modernnihilism',findsaparticularlysuitablehomeinthetwentiethcentury,thetimeofgenocidecarriedoutbyregimesthatemployedbureaucraticreasonexclusivelyintheserviceoftheir'passions'HowdoesthissituationmakeitselffeltinWesternphilosophyOnedefinitionofitsviolentlyalteredselfimageisgivenbytheBritishphilosopherGillianRoseCommentatingonaselectionofmodernJewishthinkerswithinthepantheonsofexistentialism,criticaltheoryandpoststructuralism,rangingfromMartinBubeTtoJacquesDerrida,Rosewrotethat'theirdifferentwaysofseveringexistentialerosfromphilosophicallogosamounttoatraumawilhinreasonitsefThemeaningofsuchastatementisnotimmediatelyapparentTraumainitsusualmeaningreferstotheexperiencingofaviolentphysiologicalorpsychologicalshockthatinducesapathologicalconditionwithintheorgamcorthepsychicsystemWhatcanitmeantosaythatreasonexpenencessuchashockandisconfinedbysuchaconditionOnethingisclearfromRose'sremarks,howeverThistraumacannotbereducedtoaneffectofconditionsexternaltotheactivityofphilosophyPhilosophy,insomesense,inflictsthewoundonitselfToanticipatealittle,wecansaythatthetrawnaofreasonappearsinthemodemagebecauseofthenatureofthevocationthatphilosophyassumesforitselfnamely,theCartesianepistemologicalprOjectwhosegoalisthediscoveivofincomgiblecriteriaforobjectiveknowledge,andalongwiththis,theIRose,,pIjustificationoftheautonomyofpurereasonThegoalofmythesisisfirstlytooutlineaconvincingdefinitionofthephilosopbicalprovenanceofthetraumaofreason,andthen,inthemainpartofthethesis,toassesstheworkoftwoofthemosttrenchantcriticsofthemodemCartesianproject,GWFHegelandGillesDeleuze,consideredaswaysofworkingthrough'thisconditionthatprovideresourcesforreconceivingthevocationofpbilosopbyii)TheAmbitionofPhilosophy:ImmanenceOurfirstobjectofenquiryhastobetheCartesianrevolutionitself,withtheaimofpenetratingalittledeeperintoitsmeaningasaphilosophicaleventThescepticalmetbodisawayofredefiningpbilosopbyaccordingtoPlato'squestionintheTheaeletus:'whatisknowledgeTDescartes'visionthusstillaffirinsphilosophyasthehighestdisciplineofhumanknowledge,thatis,astheknoWingofthemeaningqjknowledgeCriticalepistemology,despiteitsmodernity,remainsknottedtothelongestthreadsofWestemthoughtAconstitutiveelementofitsdefinitionisthedistinctionbetweenphilosophy,whichdealswithknowledgeassuch,andspecificsciencesthatdealwithparticularmodesofknowing:naturalscience,psychology,politicalscience,economicsandsoonBehindthisprivilegeaccordedtophilosophyisstillthecomplexGreeknotionofs,the'gathering'ofbeingthatinforrnsPlato'sconceptionofdialecticandAristotle'sviewofmetaphysicsasfirstphilosophyPhilosophyremainsthedisciplinewhoseerosforbeingispure,andwhichconsequentlypossessesthelogosabsolutely,gatheringbeingforknowledgewithoutpresupposinganythingspecificaboutthenatureofbeingThisiswhatdividesphilosophyfrom,forexample,thenaturalsciences,whichassumefortheirpurposestheexistenceofamatterwhosenaturecanbedescribedmathematicallyorempiricallyTheAristotelianandPlatoniclegacytophilosophyisthisfaithintheessentialpurityofreason,andintheuniversalityofwhatitwhenunhindered,discoversofbeingThereisanaffinitybetweenreasonandbeingReasonisthemostdirectformofaccesstobeing,apurermodeofseeingBeingisamediumwithinwhichreasonmoveswithouthindranceThatwhichactuallyexists,theworldthatenfoldseverydaylifeandconstantlyupsetsourplansandevadesourpredictions,possessesanessential,internalorderwhichreasoncanrevealpreciselybecauseitcorrespondstotheinternalstructureofreasonitselfthediscursiveinterconnectionoforderlyentailments,ofgroundsandconsequencesReason,tousemorePlatoniclanguage,isthetruesuitorofbeingItisalwaysalreadyinunionwith,isimmanentinbeingInrelationtoreason,ourotherfacultiesthroughwhichwebecomeawareoftheworld,suchasoursenses,ourmemoryandsoon,mustbejudgedandfoundwantingasmodesof'seeinginto'beingTbroughthem,theworldisnecessarilydistorted,forbeingresiststhemThisdoesnotsimplymeanthatoccasionallywemaybermstakenabouttheworld,butmoreradically,thattheworlditselfappearsthroughoursensesandmemoryasshiffing,provisional,elusiveinshort,withoutcertaintyThroughourotherfaculties,theunityofreasonwithbeingislost,andwebecomeawareoftheworldasanopaquehonzonofawarenesswerecogniseitinitsothernessReassurance,however,isprovidedthroughreason,beforewhichothernessrecedesThis,wearesure,isbecausebeingalwaysalreadybelongedtoreasonanywayItisreason,forexample,thatallowsustocorrectthemistakeswemakethroughrelyingtoomuchonoursensesTheideaofphilosophyasanactivityintimatelyboundupWiththeinternalorderofbeing,andwhichcanthereforedowithoutpresuppositionsaboutspecificmodesofbeing,alreadyconstitutesanattackonsuchparticularpresuppositionsFromParmenidesonward,theimplicationisthat,despitetheirnecessityinthesubordinatesciences,specificassumptionsabouttheessenceormeaningofbeingcannotultimatelyresultinanythingmorethanadistortionofpureknowledgeTheroleofphilosophyisthereforeascepticaloneinrelationtoothersciencesInclaimingforitselftheroleofarchscience,philosophysimultaneouslywithholdsfromsubordinatedisciplinesthepossibilityofjustifyingtheirownclaimaboutknowledgeEach'inferior'scienceislinkedtoaspecificregionofbeing,whichiscutoutofthewhole,asitwere,throughtheacceptanceofaxiomaticpresuppositionsInrelationtothefundamentalphilosophicalfaithinreason,ScholasticismrepresentedforDescartesanegativedevelopmentScholasticphilosophy,frornhispointofview,didnotallowitselftobeguidedsolelybythereasonoftheindividual,butwasinsteadassuredofitsstatusbyChurchdogma,acorpusoftraditionalbeliefswhoseauthoritywassimplyassumedConsequently,theideaofthepurityofthephilosophicalerosforbeingtakesonanactive,asceticaspectintheCartesianscepticalmethodThecertaintyofreason'simmanenceinbeingcannotbesecuredsIMPlythroughtraditionaldoctrineandbeliefIthastobedemonstrated,andthiscanonlyoccurthroughafteeprocessofreasonmgthatisscepticalaboutallacceptedbeliefs,andwhichresultsinthediscoveryofanob,ectivefoundationoftheunityofreasonandbeingUnlessthiscertaintyissecuredinthisway,thenitwillitselfremainabelief,amatteroffaithIfthisisthecase,thentheCartesianviewofphilosophyasarchofLscienceisnodifferentfromthatwhichitcnticisesTheneedtoprovethatindiVldualsýsiMPlybecausetheyreason,haveaprioriknowledgewithouttheneedtorelyontradition,thusaddressestwoissues:a)whetheracriticalviewpointcanbetakenuponacceptedbeliefandtradition,andb)whetherthisviewpomtcan,onceithasraisedtheissueofthelegitimacyofcommonassumptions,justifyitsownassumptionoftheunityofreasonandbeingImportantly,thisunityisinterpretedbyDescartesasthecorrespondenceofthesubject'sownrepresentationsoftheworld(sensory,mnemonic,conceptualetc)WitharealitythatisreallyexternaltooroherthanthesubjectAllknowledgeoftheworld,ofthesoulorofGodnecessarilyimpliesthepresenceofsubjectiverepresentationalcontentofoneforrnoranotherThusitisfromthiscontentthatafoundationmustbeextractedNospecificcontent(dova)canbeassumedtobesuchafirmfoundationuntilithasbeensubjectedtoatest,designedtoexposeanycontentwhosecorrespondencewithrealitycouldbeconditionaloraccidentalItisDescartes'thirdmethodologicalhypothesistheexcessivegesturewhich(temporarily)transfonnsGod(thetheologicalguaranteeofcorrespondence)intoanevil,deceivingdemon,thatmakesthequestionofconditionalknowledgedecisive:anythingthatobjectively(inallcasesofitsoccurrenceasanopinionordoxa)presupposeseitherpregivenconceptualknowledge,asinthecaseofapropositionlike'manisarationalanima',ortheinterventionoffacultiesotherthanthought,aswithallopinionsthatrelyuponsensoryevidence,canbeconsideredtobeonlydoubffuRyvalidSuchopinionsareobjectivelydependentfortheirvalidityuponconditions,andaslongasthisisthecase,wecannotknowthatweknowtherntobetrue,forthepossibilityofdeceptionisheldopenaslongasthereremainsadifferencebetweenanopinionandthecriteriaofitstruthThisproblemofcerlaintyrequiresitssolutiontobeintheformofuncondifionalknowledge,foundationalknowledgethatweimmediatelyknowtobetruewithoutfurthercnteriaTheCartesiancogitoissupposedtoserveassuchmitnediateknowledgebyvirtueofbothitscontentanditsformtheproposition'Iamthinking'Uepense)togetherwiththeimmediacyoftheselfreflectionthatconstitutesthisthoughtisindubitableproofofmyexistenceWhenIentertaintheproposition'Iamthinking'Iknowthiswithoutreferencetocriteriathatmaybedoubted,indeed,todoubtthetruthofthispropositionistoproduceacontradictionThoughtandthenatureofanexistentherecorrespondperfectly,ifonlytemporarily,fortheimmediatecertaintythatguaranteesthecogno,preciselybecauseitisconstitutedinanactofattendingthatissupposedtobeadirectsee

职业精品

精彩专题

上传我的资料

热门资料

资料评价:

/ 302
所需积分:0 立即下载

意见
反馈

返回
顶部

Q