下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 形合意合与翻译(改写)

形合意合与翻译(改写).ppt

形合意合与翻译(改写)

123466784
2011-12-04 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《形合意合与翻译(改写)ppt》,可适用于考试题库领域

从形合意合谈汉译英(改写版供写论文参考。) OnCETranslationfromthePerspectiveofHypotaxisandParataxis从形合意合谈汉译英(改写版供写论文参考。) OnCETranslationfromthePerspectiveofHypotaxisandParataxisOutlineHypotaxisandParataxisTwoWaysofForminganEnglishSentenceMajorDifferencesinStructureSentenceCombinationWhatareHypotaxisandParataxisIngeneral,hypotaxisisharmonyinform,andparataxisisharmonyinmeaningThedefinitionofhypotaxisHypotaxisisthegrammaticalarrangementoffunctionallysimilarbut"unequal"constructs(hypo="beneath",taxis="arrangement"),ie,constructsplayinganunequalroleinasentenceAcommonexampleofsyntacticexpressionofhypotaxisissubordinationinacomplexsentenceThedefinitionofparataxisParataxisisawayofwritingorspeakingthatfavorsshort,simplesentences,withtheuseofcoordinatingratherthansubordinatingconjunctions(fromGreekfor“actofplacingsidebyside”Para=besidetassein=arrange)Itisaliterarytechnique,contrastedwithhypotaxisThethreedevicestoformasentenceWordsareconnectedinthreewaystoformasentence:syntacticaldevices,lexicaldevicesandsemanticdevicesSyntacticaldevicesandlexicaldevicespertaintohypotaxis,andsemanticdevicespertaintoparataxisTwoWaysofFormingEnglishSentencesCoordination(并列)andsubordination(从属)arewaysofcombiningwords,phrases,andclausesintomorecomplexformsThediscussionbelowexaminescoordinationandsubordinationofclausesCoordination(并列)CoordinationofsentencesisagrammaticalstrategythattheideasintwoormoreINDEPENDENTCLAUSESareequivalentorbalancedCoordinationcanproduceharmonybybringingrelatedelementstogetherCoordinationusescoordinatingconjunctions(centralcoordinatorsareand,but,andor)(只有以上三个常用的并列连词)orpunctuation(mainlysemicolon分号)tocombineshortindependentclausesintoasinglesentenceSubordination(从属)SubordinationisagrammaticalstrategythatoneideainasentenceismoreimportantthananotherideainthesamesentenceTousesubordination,youplacethemoreimportantideainanINDEPENDENTCLAUSE(finiteclause)andthelessimportant(thesubordinate)ideainaDEPENDENTCLAUSE(finiteclauseornonfiniteclause)Subordinationusessubordinatingconjunctions(从属连词)(conjunctivepronouns,conjunctiveadverbs,relativepronouns,relativeadverbs)(egthat,who,what,which,when,where,how,etc)totransformindependentclauses(mainclauses)intodependentclauses(subordinateclauses)Oritusesinfinitive,ingparticipleor–edparticipletoformanonfiniteclause(includingabsoluteconstruction)ExamplesofcoordinationandsubordinationwithdifferentemphasisEgThegirlcried,andshethrewthegiftoutofthewindow(Acompoundsentenceorcoordinationgivesequalimportancetobothideas)EgThegirlcriedasshethrewthegiftoutofthewindow(Thesubordinateclausedownplaysthegirl’sthrowingofthegiftoutofthewindowandshowshowtheactionofthrowingthegiftoutofthewindowrelatestotheactionofcrying)EgThegirlcried,throwingthegiftoutofthewindow(Theparticipialphrasefurthersubordinatesthegirl’sthrowingofthegiftoutofthewindow)EgCrying,thegirlthrewthegiftoutofthewindow(Theparticipialphrasemakestheactionofcryinglessimportantandemphasizestheactionofthrowingthegiftoutofthewindow)EgThecryinggirlthrewthegiftoutofthewindow(Adjectivesgivetheleastemphasistothegirl’scrying)MeaningsinCompoundSentenceswith“and”Timesequence:Heopenedthedoor,andthenweenteredtherestaurantResult:Hedroppedtheplateofpastaonmymap,andIletoutacryofpainandhorrorContrast:Mysisterorderstea,andIalwaystakecoffeeConcession:Therestaurantownerswanttoservegoodfood,andyettheyneverquitegeteverythingrightCondition:Theyhavetolearntomakebettercoffee,andthenI’llbehappierGostraightandyou’llseeachurchDothatagainandI’llcallapoliceman"Pure"addition:Theyservepasta,andtheyalsohaveanicerangeofpizzasExplanation:Theyhaveonlyonechoicetostayinbusinessandthat'stoimprovebothfoodandserviceimmediatelyMajorDifferencesinStructureFlowingwatersentencesandrunonsentences(汉语普遍采用流水句。而英语粘连句或称不断句则是错误的。)Eg不觉冬去春来久困思动今日醒来阳光照屋精神为之一振扔在屋角的包袱一直未曾打开趁天气晴朗一把拎了过来抖出冬天换下的衣裳上面尚有点点雨渍雪痕便将它摊在窗前晒起。《牡丹亭》(只有一个句号)Beforeverylong,winterpassedandspringarrivedOnedaywhenLiuMengmeiwokeuphewaspleasedtofindthattheroomfullofsunshineHehadlainonthebedforalongtimeandnowfounditbettertogetupandmovearoundHejumpedupandtookupthebundlewhichhehadthrowninthecorneroftheroommanydaysagoHiswinterclothesstillhadstainsofrainandsnowandhehungthemupbythewindowtodry(五个句号)Eg凭窗站了一会,微微的觉得凉意侵入。转过身来,忽然眼花缭乱。Standingatthewindowforawhile,IfeltabitchillyAsIturnedround,myeyessuddenlydazzledbeforethebrightlightandcouldnotseethingsdistinctlyEg在第一章首先讨论了浪漫主义的起源然后在第二章讨论了浪漫主义的特点。Atfirst,theoriginofromanticismisdealtwithinchapterone,thenthecharacteristicsofromanticismarestudiedinchaptertwo(有问题的句子打问号)√First,theoriginofromanticismisdealtwithinChapterOne,andthenitscharacteristicsarestudiedinChapterTwo(正确句子打钩)Adverbsorconjunctions(不要把副词当做连词)Eg他似乎并不想去另外他的衣服也不够好。?Heseemedtohavenodesiretogothere,besides,hisclotheswerenotgoodenough√Heseemedtohavenodesiretogotherebesides,hisclotheswerenotgoodenough√HeseemedtohavenodesiretogothereBesides,hisclotheswerenotgoodenough√Heseemedtohavenodesiretogothere,andbesides,hisclotheswerenotgoodenoughEg房价太高而且地段也不太合适。?Thepriceistoohigh,moreover,thehouseisn’tinasuitableposition√Thepriceistoohighmoreover,thehouseisn’tinasuitableposition√ThepriceistoohighMoreover,thehouseisn’tinasuitableposition√Thepriceistoohigh,andmoreover,thehouseisn’tinasuitablepositionEg房子对我们来讲不够大而且离城里太远。?Thehouseisn’tbigenoughforus,furthermore,itistoofarfromthetown√Thehouseisn’tbigenoughforusfurthermore,itistoofarfromthetown√Thehouseisn’tbigenoughforusFurthermore,itistoofarfromthetown√Thehouseisn’tbigenoughforus,andfurthermore,itistoofarfromthetownEg她说是这样的可是她错了。?Shesaiditwasso,however,shewasmistaken√Shesaiditwassohowever,shewasmistaken√ShesaiditwassoHowever,shewasmistaken√Shesaiditwasso,butshewasmistaken(nevertheless与此同)Eg一方面你收了她的礼物另一方面你对全家都不礼貌。?Ononehandyouhaveacceptedherpresents,ontheother(hand)youarerudetothewholefamily√Ontheonehandyouhaveacceptedherpresentsontheother(hand)youarerudetothewholefamily√OntheonehandyouhaveacceptedherpresentsOntheother(hand)youarerudetothewholefamily√Ontheonehandyouhaveacceptedherpresents,butontheother(hand)youarerudetothewholefamilyEg下雨了比赛取消了。?Itrainedthereforethegamewascalledoff√Itrainedthereforethegamewascalledoff√ItrainedThereforethegamewascalledoff√Itrained,sothegamewascalledoffEg他不努力挂科了。?Hedidn’tstudyhard,thusfailedthetest√Hedidn’tstudyhard,andthusfailedthetestEg他们聊了一会儿然后上班去了。?Theychattedforawhile,thentheywenttowork√TheychattedforawhileandthenwenttoworkWithconjunctionsandwithoutconjunctions(汉语常省略连词或根本就不用连词英语则多用连词。)Eg他不来信我不回信。Becausehedoesn’twritetome,Idon’twon’twritebackHedoesn’twritetome,andsoIdon’twritebacktohimEg要提倡科学靠科学才有希望。Wemustpromotescience,forthatiswhereourhopeliesEg善欲人见不是真善恶恐人知便是大恶。AgooddeedisnogooddeedifitisdoneforshowAnevilisalltheworseifitiscoveredupEg车未停稳请勿上下。Nevergetonoroffthebusbeforeitcomestoastandstill.Eg你来了我走。Ifyoucome,I’llleaveWhenyoucome,I’llleaveSinceyouhavecome,I’mleavingTopicprominentorsubjectobjectprominent(汉语是主题鲜明即可英语多必须写明主语和宾语。)Eg全国到处都在兴建新工厂。Thewholecountryisbuildingnewfactories√NewfactoriesarebeingbuiltalloverthecountryEg刚才校门口发生了一起交通事故。?Theschoolgatehappenedatrafficaccidentjustnow√AtrafficaccidenthappenedattheschoolgatejustnowEg三十年来中国发生了巨大的变化。?Chinahastakenplacedgreatchangesinthelastyears√GreatchangeshavetakenplacedinChinainthelastyearsEg听到这个消息她的手都在发抖。?Hearingthenews,herhandsweretrembling(她的手不能听)√Whensheheardthenews,herhandsweretremblingEg往窗外一看有几个学生在打篮球。?Lookingoutofthewindow,thereweresomestudentsplayedbasketball√Lookingoutofthewindow,IsawsomestudentsplayingbasketballEg首先讨论了浪漫主义的起源最后讨论了浪漫主义的影响。AtFirstdiscussestheoriginofromanticism,atlastdealswiththeinfluenceofromanticism√First,theoriginofromanticismisdiscussed,andfinallyintheenditsinfluenceisdealtwithEg不了解中国的第一手资料是一大遗憾。DonotknowChinafirsthandisagreatpity√ItisagreatpitythatyoudonotknowChinafirsthand√ThatyoudonotknowChinafirsthandisagreatpity√NotknowingChinafirsthandisagreatpityEg酒不喝了。Idon’tfeellikedrinkinganymoreEg只有勤奋才能取得好成绩。AgoodscoredependsondiligenceEg今天食堂吃饺子。JiaoziareservedinthecanteentodayEg叉子不好吃。Ican’teatwellwithaforkEg从历史上看每个时代的人类互不相同没有所谓共同的“人性”。Anexaminationofthehistoryofhumanitysuggestedthatmaninourepochissodifferentfrommaninprevioustimesthatitseemedunrealistictoassumethatmenineveryagehavehadincommonsomethingthatcanbecalled“humannature”Eg他开车心不在焉几乎肇事。HisabsentmindduringthedrivingnearlycausedanaccidentEg午夜空气凉爽她又振作了精神。ThecoolmidnightairrestoredherspiritsEg欲购从速。WastenotimeifyouwanttobuyitEg电影糟透了劝你别看。?Filmisverybad,Iadviseyounotsee√Thefilmisverybad,andIadviseyounotseeit√ThefilmissobadthatIadviseyounotseeitMarkednounsorunmarkednouns(英语的名词可数名词多应当表明其数、归属等特性。)Eg马是有用的动物。?Horseisusefulanimal√Ahorseisausefulanimal√Horsesareusefulanimals√ThehorseisausefulanimalEg我每天早上都一样洗脸刷牙吃早点然后去上班。?Iamthesameeveryday,washface,brushteeth,havebreakfast,thengotowork√Everydayisthesametome:Iwashmyface,brushmyteeth,havemybreakfast,andthengotoworkEg他到图书馆借书去了。?Hehasgonetothelibrarytoborrowbook√HehasgonetothelibrarytoborrowabooksomebooksSentenceCombinationTherearethreemajorwaystocombinedifferentpartsintoonesentence(连接句子的三个手段:并列连词、从属连词、非谓语)Usingcoordinatorssuchas“and,or,but…”(并列连词)Usingsubordinatorssuchas“when,which,who,what,whose,that,when,where,…”(从属连词)Usingnonfiniteforms(非谓语)Example:我坐在椅子上看电视。原句:IsatinthechairIwatchedTV合句:IsatinthechairandwatchedTV(并列连词)IsatinthechairwhenIwatchedTV(从属连词)Isatinthechair,watchingTV(非谓语)*Thefollowingisadiagramtoshowhowasentencecanbeconstructed

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/26

形合意合与翻译(改写)

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利