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首页 水利水电专业英语词汇

水利水电专业英语词汇.doc

水利水电专业英语词汇

西风草575
2011-11-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《水利水电专业英语词汇doc》,可适用于工程科技领域

施工总平面布置Constructiongenerallayout  施工总平面布置(施工总体布置)constructiongenerallayout施工组织ConsructionProgramming施工组织设计constructionplanning施工坐标系(建筑坐标系)constructioncoordinatesystem湿化变形soakingdeformation湿润比percentageofwettedarea湿润灌溉wettingirrigation湿室型泵房wetpittypepumphouse湿陷变形系数soakingdeformationcoefficient湿陷起始压力initialcollapsepressure湿陷系数(湿陷变形系数)coefficientofcollapsibility湿周wettedperimeter十字板剪切试验vanesheartest石袋honeycomb时均流速timeaveragevelocity时均能量timeaverageenergy时效硬化(老化)agehardening(ageing)时针式喷灌系统(中心支轴自走式系统)centralpivotsprinklersystem实测放大图surveyedamplificationmap实腹柱solidcolumn实际材料图primitivedatamap实时接线分析realtimeconnectionanalysis实时控制realtimecontrol实时数据和实时信息realtimedataandrealtimeinformation实体坝soliddike实体重力坝solidgravitydam实物工程量realworkquantity实验站experimentalstation实用堰practicalweir示流信号器liquidflowannunciator示坡线slopeindicationline示误三角形errortriangle示踪模型tracermodel事故failure(accident)事故备用容量reservecapacityforaccident事故低油压trippingloweroilpressure事故音响信号emergencysignal(alarmsignal)事故运行方式accidentoperationmode事故闸门emergencygate事故照明accidentlighting事故照明切换屏accidentlightingchangeoverpanel势波potentialwave势流potentialflow势能potentialenergy势涡(自由涡)potentialvortex视差parallax视差法测距(基线横尺视差法)subtensemethodwithhorizontalstaff视差角parallacticangle视准线法collimationlinemethod视准轴(照准轴)coolimationaxis试验处理treatmentofexperiment试验端子testterminal试验项目Testingitem试验小区experimentalblock试运行testrun试运行testrun收敛测量convergencemeasurement收敛约束法convergenceconfinementmethod收缩断面venacontracta收缩缝(温度缝)contractionjoint(temperaturejoint)收缩水深contracteddepth手动自动复归manualautomaticreset手动自动准同期manualautomaticprecisesynchronization手动调节manualregulation手动控制manualcontrol手动运行manualoperation手工电弧焊manualarcwelding首曲线(基本等高线)standardcontour首子午线(本初子午线起始子午线)primemeridian受油器oilhead枢纽布置layoutofhydroproject疏浚dredging输电系统transmissionsystem输电线transmissionline输入功率试验inputtest输沙量sedimentrunoff输沙率sedimentdischarge输水钢管steelpipeforwaterconveyance输水沟conveyanceditch输水建筑物waterconveyancestructure输水渠道waterconveyancecanal鼠道moledrains鼠道犁moleplough鼠笼型感应电动机squirrelcageinductionmotor竖井定向测量shaftorientationsurvey竖井贯流式水轮机pitturbine竖井联系测量shaftconnectionsurvey竖井排水drainagewell竖井式进水口shaftintake竖轴弧形闸门radialgatewithverticalaxes数字地面模型digitalterrainmodel(DTM)数字化测图digitizedmapping数字通信digitalcommunication数字图像处理digitalimageprocessing数字仪表digitalinstrument甩负荷loaddump(loadrejection,loadshutdown)甩负荷试验loadrejectiontest(loadshutdowntest)双层布置doublestoreylayout双调节调速器dualregulationgovernor双扉闸门doubleleafgate双回线doublecircuitline双击式水轮机crossflowturbine,Bankiturbine双极高压直流系统bipolarHVDCsystem双金属标bimetalbenchmark双列布置doublerowlayout双母线接线doublebusconnection双曲拱坝doublecurvaturearchdam双曲拱渡槽doublecurvaturearchaqueduct双室式调压室doublechambersurgeshaft双吸式离心泵doublesuctionpump双向挡水人字闸门bidirectionalretainingmitregate水泵水泵水轮机的水泵工况的反向最大稳态飞逸转速steadystatereverserunawayspeedofpump水泵比转速specificspeedofpump水泵并联扬程曲线headcurveofparallelpumpingsystem水泵参数与特性Parametersandcharacteristicsofpump水泵串联扬程曲线headcurveofseriespumpingsystem水泵的最大最小输入功率maximumminimuminputpowerofpump水泵电动机机组Motorpumpunit水泵反常运行pumpabnormaloperating水泵工况(抽水工况)pumpoperation水泵工作点(水泵工况点)pumpoperatingpoint水泵供水waterfeedbypump水泵机械效率mechanicalefficiencyofpump水泵机组pumpunit水泵类型Classificationofpumps水泵零部件Componentsofpumps水泵流量pumpdischarge水泵容积效率volumetricefficiencyofpump水泵输出功率outputpowerofpump水泵输入功率(水泵轴功率)inputpowerofpump水泵水力效率hydraulicefficiencyofpump水泵水轮机Pumpturbine水泵无流量输入功率nodischargepowerofpump水泵效率pumpefficiency水泵扬程(水泵总扬程)totalheadofpump水泵站PumpingStation水泵装置pumpsystem水锤(水击)waterhammer水锤泵站hydraulicrampumpstation水锤波(水击波)waveofwaterhammer水锤波波速wavevelocityofwaterhammer水电站HydroelectricStation水电站(水力发电站)Hydroelectricstation(hydroelectricpowerstation)水电站保证出力firmpower,firmoutput水电站厂房(发电厂房)powerhouse水电站厂房的类型Typesofpowerhouseofhydroelectricstation水电站出力poweroutputofhydropowerstation水电站出力和发电量Powerandenergyoutputofhydropowerstation水电站的水头、流量、水位Waterhead,discharge,waterleverofhydropowerstation水电站发电成本generationcostofhydropowerstation水电站发电量energyoutputofhydropowerstation水电站建筑物hydroelectricstationstructure水电站经济指标Economieindexofhydropowerstation水电站类型Typesofhydroelectricstation水电站引用流量quotativedischargeofhydropowerstation水电站装机容量installedcapacityofhydropowerstation水电站自动化automationofhydroelectricstation水跌hydraulicdrop水动力学Hydrodynamics水斗bucket水斗式水轮机(贝尔顿式水轮机)peltonturbine水工建筑物hydraulicstructure水工建筑物的类别及荷载Classificationandloadofhydraulicstructures水工建筑物级别gradeofhydraulicstructure水工金属结构及安装MetalStructuresandTheirInstallation水工隧洞hydraulictunnel水工隧洞Hydraulictunnels水工隧洞构造Componentsofhydraulictunnel水工隧洞类型Classificationofhydraulictunnels水管冷却pipecooling水柜waterpool水环真空泵liquidringpump水灰比watercementratio水窖(旱井)watercallar(drywall)水静力学Hydrostatics水库并联运用operationofparallelconnectedresertvoir水库测量reservoirsurvey水库串联运用operationofserialconnectedreservoirs水库调度reservoiroperation水库调度图graphofreservoiroperation水库回水变动区fluctuatingbackwaterzoneofreservoir水库浸没reservoirimmersion水库控制缓洪controlledfloodretarding水库库底清理cleaningofreservoirzone水库泥沙Reservoirsediment水库泥沙防治Preventionofsediment水库年限ultimatelifeofreservoir水库渗漏reservoirleakage水库水文测验reservoirhydrometry水库塌岸bankruinofreservoir水库特征库容Characteristiccapacityofreservoir水库特征水位Characteristiclevelofreservoir水库泄空排沙sedimentreleasingbyemptyingreservoir水库蓄清排浑clearwaterimpoundingandmuddyflowreleasing水库淹没补偿compensationforreservoirinundation水库淹没处理Treatmentofreservoirinundation水库淹没处理范围treatmentzoneofreservoirinundation水库淹没界线测量reservoirinundationlinesurvey水库淹没区zoneofreservoirinundation水库淹没实物指标materialindexofreservoirinundation水库异重流densitycurrentinreservoir水库异重流排沙sedimentreleasingbydensitycurrent水库诱发地震reservoirinducedearthquake水库淤积Sedimentdepositioninreservoir水库淤积测量reservoiraccretionsurvey水库淤积极限limitstateofsedimentdepositioninreservoir水库淤积平衡比降equilibriumslopeofsedimentdepositioninreservoir水库淤积上延(翘尾巴)upwardextensionofreservoirdeposition水库淤积纵剖面longitudinalprofileofdepositinreservoir水库滞洪排沙floodretardingandsedimentreleasing水库自然滞洪freefloodretarding水冷式空压机watercooledcompressor水力半径hydraulicradius水力冲填hydraulicexcavationandfilling水力冲填坝hydraulicfilldam水力冲洗式沉沙池hydraulicflushingsedimentationbasin水力粗糙度hydraulicroughness水力粗糙区hydraulicroughnessregion水力共振hydraulicresonance水力光滑区hydraulicsmooth水力机械HydraulicMachinery水力机械与电气设备HYDRAULICMACHINERYANDELECTRICEQUIPMENT水力机组hydropowerunit水力机组测试Measurementandtestforhydropowerunit水力机组的安装和试运行Installationandstartingoperationofhydropowerunit水力机组调节系统Regulatingsystemofhydropowerunit水力机组辅助系统Auxiliarysystemforhydropowerunit水力开挖hydraulicexcavation水力坡降(水力比降)hydraulicslope(energygradient)水力破裂法(水力致裂法)hydrofracturingmethod水力侵蚀(水蚀)watererosion水力学Hydraulics水力要素(水力参数)hydraulicelements水力指数hydraulicexponent水力自动闸门hydraulicoperatinggate水力最优断面optimalhydrauliccrosssection水利工程经营管理managementandadministrationofwaterproject水利计算Computationofwaterconservancy水利区划zoningofwaterconservancy水利枢纽hydroproject水利水电工程等别rankofhydroproject水利水电工程规划PLANNINGOFHYDROENGINEERING水利水电工程技术术语标准StandardofTechnicalTermsonHydroengineering水工建筑物专业英语词汇岸墙landwall坝顶damcrestdamtop坝踵damheel坝趾damtoe板桩sheetpile边墩sidepierlandpier变形模量deformationmodulus鼻坎bucketlip毕肖普法Bishopmethod冰压力icepressure剥离desquamation侧槽式溢洪道sidechannelSpillway沉降settlement齿墙cutofftrench冲沙闸(排沙闸)siltreleasingSluice纯拱法independentarchmethod刺墙keywall大头坝massiveheadbuttressdam*buttress是扶壁的意思单宽流量dischargeperunitwidth单曲拱坝singlecurvaturearchdam挡潮闸tidalsluice导流隧洞riverdiversiontunnel倒悬度Overhangdegree底流消能energydissipationbyunderflow地震作用earthquakeaction垫座cushionabutment动水压力hydrodynamicpressure断层fault堆石坝rockfilldam多拱梁法multiarchbeammethod阀门valvegate防浪墙wavewall防渗铺盖imperviousblanket非常溢洪道emergencyspillway分洪闸flooddiversionsluice副坝auxiliarydam刚体极限平衡法limitequilibriummethodforrigidblock拱坝archdam拱冠梁crowncantilever拱冠粱法crowncantilevermethod工作桥servicebridge固结灌浆consolidationgrouting灌溉隧洞irrigationtunnel灌浆帷幕groutcurtain管涌piping海漫apronextension横缝transversejoint虹吸式溢洪道siphonspillway蝴蝶阀butterflyvalve护坡slopeprotection护坦apron弧形闸门radialgate滑雪道式溢洪道skijumpspillway化学管涌chemicalpiping混凝土防渗墙concretecutoffwall混凝土面板堆石坝concretefacedrockfilldam基本断面primarysection简化毕肖普法simplifiedBishopmethod浆砌石拱坝stonemasonryarchdam浆砌石重力坝stonemasonrygravitydam交通桥trafficbridge接触冲刷contactscouring接触灌浆contactgrouting接缝灌浆jointgrouting截水槽cutofftrench节制闸checksluice进水口waterinlet进水闸inletsluice井式溢洪道shaftspillway静水压力hydrostaticpressure均质坝homogeneousearthdam抗滑稳定分析analysisofstabilityagainstsliding抗滑稳定性stabilityagainstsliding空腹重力坝hollowgravitydam空化cavitation空蚀cavitationerosion空注阀hollowjetvalve宽缝重力坝slottedgravitydam宽尾墩flaringpier廊道gallery浪压力waveforce理论计算theoreticalcomputation拦河闸riversluice沥青混凝土asphaltconcrete连拱坝multiplearchdam流土soilflow流网法flownetmethod锚杆anchorrod面板faceslab面流消能energydissipationbysurfaceflow模型试验modelexperiment泥沙压力siltpressure碾压混凝土坝RollerCompactedConcreteDam牛腿Corbel排沙隧洞siltreleasingtunnel排水drainage排水闸outletsluice喷混凝土sprayedconcrete平板坝flatslabbuttressdam平面闸门planegate破碎带crushedzone铺盖blanket砌石护坡stonepitching人工材料面板坝artificialmaterialfaceddam人工材料心墙坝artificialmaterialcoredam溶洞solutioncavern软基重力坝gravitydamonsoftfoundation软弱夹层softintercalatedlayer实用断面practicalsection试载法trialloadmethod双曲拱坝doublecurvaturearchdam水工建筑物hydraulicstructure水工隧洞hydraulictunnelwaterwaytunnel水力发电隧洞hydropowertunnel水利枢纽hydrocomplex水力学方法hydraulicsmethod水平施工缝horizontaljoint水闸sluice弹性模量elasticmodulus挑流消能energydissipationbytrajectoryjet土工膜geomembrane土石坝earthrockdam土质斜墙坝earthdamwithinclinedsoilwall土质斜心墙坝earthdamwithinclinedsoilcore土质心墙坝earthdamwithsoilcore帷幕灌浆curtaingrouting温度荷载temperatureload温度控制temperaturecontrol温度应力temperaturestress温度作用temperatureaction无压隧洞freeleveltunnel消力池stillingpool消力戽rollerbucket消能工energydissipater泄洪隧洞spillwaytunnel泄水建筑物dischargestructure泄水孔outlethole新奥法NATM(NewAustrianTunnelingMethod)胸墙breastwall扬压力uplift溢洪道spillway水垫塘plungepool溢流坝overflowdam、翼墙wingwall应力分析stressanalysis优化设计optimizationdesign有限单元法finiteelementmethod有压隧洞pressuretunnel闸墩pier闸门gate闸门槽gateslot正槽式溢洪道normalchannelspillway整体式重力坝monolithicgravitydam趾板toeslab支墩坝buttressdam重力坝gravitydam重力墩gravityabutment周边缝peripheraljoint驻波standingwave锥形阀conevalve自由跌流freedrop自重deadweight纵缝longitudinaljoint键槽keystrench伸缩缝contractionjoint施工缝constructionjoint反弧段flipbucket拦污栅trashrack渐变段transition泄槽chute发电进水口powerintake通气管airvent检修门bulkheadgate事故门emergencygate工作门servicegate堰weir通气管airvent胸墙breastwall梁beam柱column回填混凝土backfillconcrete接地earth一期混凝土primaryconcrete二期混凝土secondaryconcrete叠梁门stoplog门机gantrycrane止水waterstop钢筋reinforcement模板formwork围堰cofferdam马道benchberm蜗壳volute水轮机turbine电站powerhouse车间workshop发电机generator变电站transformerstation副厂房auxiliarypowerhouse安装间erectionbay尾水闸门taillock尾水渠tailrace引水渠approachchannel前池forebay导墙leadwall隔墙partitionwall接触灌浆contactgrouting回填混凝土backfillconcrete帷幕灌浆curtaingrouting挡墙retainingwall港口harbour港口建筑物portstructure船闸navigationlock船闸充水lockfilling船闸充水和泄水系统lockingfillingandemptyingsystem船闸前池upperpool船闸上下游水位差locklift船闸闸首lockhead升船机shipelevatorshiplift鱼道fishcanal旁通管bypass齿槽cutoffwall水工建筑物专业词汇岸墙landwall坝顶damcrestdamtop坝踵damheel坝趾damtoe板桩sheetpile边墩sidepierlandpier变形模量deformationmodulus鼻坎bucketlip毕肖普法Bishopmethod冰压力icepressure剥离desquamation侧槽式溢洪道sidechannelSpillway沉降settlement齿墙cutofftrench冲沙闸(排沙闸)siltreleasingSluice纯拱法independentarchmethod刺墙keywall大头坝massiveheadbuttressdam*buttress是扶壁的意思单宽流量dischargeperunitwidth单曲拱坝singlecurvaturearchdam挡潮闸tidalsluice导流隧洞riverdiversiontunnel倒悬度Overhangdegree底流消能energydissipationbyunderflow地震作用earthquakeaction垫座cushionabutment动水压力hydrodynamicpressure断层fault堆石坝rockfilldam多拱梁法multiarchbeammethod阀门valvegate防浪墙wavewall防渗铺盖imperviousblanket非常溢洪道emergencyspillway分洪闸flooddiversionsluice副坝auxiliarydam刚体极限平衡法limitequilibriummethodforrigidblock拱坝archdam拱冠梁crowncantilever拱冠粱法crowncantilevermethod工作桥servicebridge固结灌浆consolidationgrouting灌溉隧洞irrigationtunnel灌浆帷幕groutcurtain管涌piping海漫apronextension横缝transversejoint虹吸式溢洪道siphonspillway蝴蝶阀butterflyvalve护坡slopeprotection护坦apron弧形闸门radialgate滑雪道式溢洪道skijumpspillway化学管涌chemicalpiping混凝土防渗墙concretecutoffwall混凝土面板堆石坝concretefacedrockfilldam基本断面primarysection简化毕肖普法simplifiedBishopmethod浆砌石拱坝stonemasonryarchdam浆砌石重力坝stonemasonrygravitydam交通桥trafficbridge接触冲刷contactscouring接触灌浆contactgrouting接缝灌浆jointgrouting截水槽cutofftrench节制闸checksluice进水口waterinlet进水闸inletsluice井式溢洪道shaftspillway静水压力hydrostaticpressure均质坝homogeneousearthdam抗滑稳定分析analysisofstabilityagainstsliding抗滑稳定性stabilityagainstsliding空腹重力坝hollowgravitydam空化cavitation空蚀cavitationerosion空注阀hollowjetvalve宽缝重力坝slottedgravitydam宽尾墩flaringpier廊道gallery浪压力waveforce理论计算theoreticalcomputation拦河闸riversluice沥青混凝土asphaltconcrete连拱坝multiplearchdam流土soilflow流网法flownetmethod锚杆anchorrod面板faceslab面流消能energydissipationbysurfaceflow模型试验modelexperiment泥沙压力siltpressure碾压混凝土坝RollerCompactedConcreteDam牛腿Corbel排沙隧洞siltreleasingtunnel排水drainage排水闸outletsluice喷混凝土sprayedconcrete平板坝flatslabbuttressdam平面闸门planegate破碎带crushedzone铺盖blanket砌石护坡stonepitching人工材料面板坝artificialmaterialfaceddam人工材料心墙坝artificialmaterialcoredam溶洞solutioncavern软基重力坝gravitydamonsoftfoundation软弱夹层softintercalatedlayer实用断面practicalsection试载法trialloadmethod双曲拱坝doublecurvaturearchdam水工建筑物hydraulicstructure水工隧洞hydraulictunnelwaterwaytunnel水力发电隧洞hydropowertunnel水利枢纽hydrocomplex水力学方法hydraulicsmethod水平施工缝horizontaljoint水闸sluice弹性模量elasticmodulus挑流消能energydissipationbytrajectoryjet土工膜geomembrane土石坝earthrockdam土质斜墙坝earthdamwithinclinedsoilwall土质斜心墙坝earthdamwithinclinedsoilcore土质心墙坝earthdamwithsoilcore帷幕灌浆curtaingrouting温度荷载temperatureload温度控制temperaturecontrol温度应力temperaturestress温度作用temperatureaction无压隧洞freeleveltunnel消力池stillingpool消力戽rollerbucket消能工energydissipater泄洪隧洞spillwaytunnel泄水建筑物dischargestructure泄水孔outlethole新奥法NATM(NewAustrianTunnelingMethod)胸墙breastwall扬压力uplift溢洪道spillway水垫塘plungepool溢流坝overflowdam、翼墙wingwall应力分析stressanalysis优化设计optimizationdesign有限单元法finiteelementmethod有压隧洞pressuretunnel闸墩pier闸门gate闸门槽gateslot正槽式溢洪道normalchannelspillway整体式重力坝monolithicgravitydam趾板toeslab支墩坝buttressdam重力坝gravitydam重力墩gravityabutment周边缝peripheraljoint驻波standingwave锥形阀conevalve自由跌流freedrop自重deadweight纵缝longitudinaljoint键槽keystrench伸缩缝contractionjoint施工缝constructionjoint反弧段flipbucket拦污栅trashrack渐变段transition泄槽chute发电进水口powerintake通气管airvent检修门bulkheadgate事故门emergencygate工作门servicegate堰weir通气管airvent胸墙breastwall梁beam柱column回填混凝土backfillconcrete接地earth一期混凝土primaryconcrete二期混凝土secondaryconcrete叠梁门stoplog门机gantrycrane止水waterstop钢筋reinforcement模板formwork围堰cofferdam马道benchberm蜗壳volute水轮机turbine电站powerhouse车间workshop发电机generator变电站transformerstation副厂房auxiliarypowerhouse安装间erectionbay尾水闸门taillock尾水渠tailrace引水渠approachchannel前池forebay导墙leadwall隔墙partitionwall接触灌浆contactgrouting回填混凝土backfillconcrete帷幕灌浆curtaingrouting挡墙retainingwall港口harbour港口建筑物portstructure船闸navigationlock船闸充水lockfilling船闸充水和泄水系统lockingfillingandemptyingsystem船闸前池upperpool船闸上下游水位差locklift船闸闸首lockhead升船机shipelevatorshiplift鱼道fishcanal旁通管bypass齿槽cutoffwall第页共页

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