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首页 初中英语短语

初中英语短语.doc

初中英语短语

zi0o
2011-11-24 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初中英语短语doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

(see、hear、notice、find、feel、listento、lookat(感官动词)doeg:Ilikewatchingmonkeysjump(比较级and比较级)表示越来越怎么样apieceofcake=easy小菜一碟(容易)agreewithsb赞成某人allkindsof各种各样akindof一样allovertheworld=thewholeworld整个世界alongwith同……一道伴随……eg:Iwillgoalongwithyou我将和你一起去thestudentsplantedtreesalongwiththeirteachers学生同老师们一起种树Assoonas一怎么样就怎么样asyoucansee你是知道的askfor……求助向…要…(直接接想要的东西)eg:askyouformybookasksbforsth向某人什么asksbtodosth询问某人某事asksbnottodo叫某人不要做某事attheageof在……岁时eg:IamsixteenIamattheageofsixteenatthebeginningof…………的起初……的开始attheendof地点时间最后尽头末尾eg:Attheendofthedayatthistimeofyear在每年的这个时候befeelconfidentofsththatclause从句感觉对什么有信心自信eg:IamfeelconfidentofmyspokenEnglishIfeelthatIcanpassthetestbedoing表:现在进行时将来时beableto(v原)=can(v原)能够……eg:SheisabletosingShecansingbeabletodosth能够干什么eg:sheisabletosingbeafraidtodo(ofsth恐惧害怕……eg:I'mafraedtogooutatnightI'mafraidofdogbeallowedtodo被允许做什么eg:I'mallowedtowatchTV我被允许看电视IshouldbeallowedtowatchTV我应该被允许看电视beangrywithsb生某人的气eg:Don'tbeangrywithmebeangrywith(at)sbfordoingsth为什么而生某人的气beas…原级…as和什么一样eg:Sheisastallasme她和我一样高beashamedtobeawayfrom远离beawayfrom从……离开bebadfor对什么有害eg:Readingbooksinthesunisbadforyoureyes在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好beborn出生于bebusydoingsth忙于做什么事bebusywithsth忙于……becareful当心小心bedifferentfrom……和什么不一样befamousfor以……著名befriendlytosb对某人友好befrom=comefrom来自eg:HeisfromBejingHecomesfromBejingIshefromBejingDoeshecomefromBejingbefullof装满……的befilledwith充满eg:theglassisfullofwatertheglassisfilledwithwaterbegladtodo从句begoingtov(原)将来时begoodat(doing)=dowellin在某方面善长,善于……begoodfor对什么有好处eg:ReadingaloudisgoodforyourEnglishbehappytodo很高兴做某事behelpfultosb对某人有好处eg:Readingaloudishelpfultoyou大声朗读对你有好处Exercisingishelpfultoyourbady锻炼对你的身体有好处beingoodhealth身体健康beintrouble处于困难中eg:SheisintroubleTheyareintronblebeinterestedin对某方面感兴趣belatefor=comelateto迟到eg:Belateforclass上课迟到belike像……eg:I'mlikemymotherbemadat生某人的气bemadefrom由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)bemadeof由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)benotsure表不确定beonavisitto参观bepopularwithsb受某人欢迎bequiet安静beshortfor表**的缩写eg:陶isshortfor陶俊杰besickinbed生病在床besorrytodosthbesorryforsbeg:Iamsorryforyoubesorrytohearthatbesorrytotroublesbeg:Iamsorrytotroubleyoubestrictindoingsth严于做某事eg:He'sstrictinobeyingnolesbestrictwithsb对某人要求严格eg:Somestudentsarenotstrictwiththemselves这些学生对自己不严格bestrictwithsbinsth某方面对某人严格besupposedtodo被要求干什么besure表确定besureofdoingsth对做某事有信心eg:HeissureofwinningIamsureoflearningEnglishwellbesureofsth对做某事有信心eg:I'msureofmyhead(myteacher我相信我的大脑(老师)besurethatsth对做某事有信心eg:I'msuerthathecanpassthetest我相信他能通过考试besuretodosth一定会做某事eg:Wearesuretopassthetest我们一定会通过这次考试WearesuretolearnEnglishwell我们一定能学好英语beterrifiedof名动doing害怕……beterrifiedtodosth害怕做某事bethesameas…和什么一样beusedtodoingsth习惯做某事eg:Myfatherisusedtogettingupearly我爸爸习惯早Heisusedtosleepinginclass他习惯上课睡觉beworthdoing值得做什么be(feel)afraidtodosth害怕做某事beafraidofsth害怕某物beafraidthat丛句because句子becauseof短语eg:HewaslatebecausehehadaheadacheHewaslatebecauseofhisheadachebegintodo=starttodo开始做某事start…with…=begin…with…以什么开始什么eg:Let'sbeginthegamewiththesongIbegintogohomebetween…and…两者之间borrowsthfromsb向……借……lendsthtosb(lendsbsth借给……什么东西eg:Iborrowedapenfromhimhelentapentome(helentmeapenboth=thesame(as)=notdifferent(from)表相同bother打扰bothersbtodostheg:I'msorrytobotheryou,butcanyoutellmetowaytothestation我十分道歉打扰你但是你能告诉我怎么去车站theproblemhasbeenbotheringmeforweeks这个问题困扰了我几个周了He'sbotheringmetolendhimmoneybytheendof到……为止callsbstheg:Wecallhimoldwangcare关心eg:Don'tyoucareaboutthiscountry'sfuture你为什么不关心国家的未来catchupwithsb赶上某人chatwithsb和某人闲谈takesbto地点带某人去某地comein进comeoverto过来comeupwith提出eg:Canyoucomeupwithagoodidea你能想出一个好办法吗?communicatewithsb和某人交流considerdoing考虑做什么eg:Whynotconsidergoingtoluzhou为什么不考虑去泸州?danceto随着……跳舞eg:Shelikesdancingtothemusic她喜欢随着音乐跳舞decidetodosth决定做某事doasurveyof做某方面的调查dobetterin在……方面做得更好dowrong做错Don'tforgettodosth不要忘了做某事Don'tminddoing从句名词不要介意……each名(单)每一个…eg:Eachstudenthasmanybooks每一个学生都有一些书endupdoingenjoydoing喜欢escapefrom从……逃跑eg:Theprisonershaveescapedfromtheprison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来expecttodosth期待做某事falldown摔下来falloff从哪摔下来fallinlovewithsbsth爱上什么farfrom离某地远eg:Theschoolisfarfrommyhomefinditadjtodo发现做某事怎么样findsbsthadj发现什么怎么样eg:Ifindthebookinterestingfinish完成doing(名词)fittosb=befitforsb适合某人forgettodo没有做而忘了forgetdoing做了而又忘了eg:Don'tforgettogohomeIforgetclosingdoorfrom…to…从某某到某某eg:Frommeforhergethavesthdown做完被(别人)做…eg:Ihavemyhaircut我理了发(头发被剪了)Tomgothisbadtoothpulledout汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)getaparttimejob=findaparttimejobgetalongwellwithsb=getonwellwithsb与某人相处得好getalongwithsb=getonwithsb与某人相处getreadyfor=bereadyfor为什么而准备eg:IgetreadyformathIamreadyformathgetsbintotrouble给某人麻getsbtodosthget…from…从某处得到某物giveatalk做报告eg:Heisgiveatallgivesthtosbgivesbsth给某人某物gofish钓鱼goswimming游泳goontodo去做下一件事goondoing继续做这件事gooutawayfromgooutofgotoschool上学(用于专业的)gototheschool去学校(不一定是上学)goodwayto好方法hatetodo讨厌没做过的事hatedoing讨厌做过的事haveapartyforsb举办谁的晚会haveatalk听报告谈一谈havebeendoing现在完成进行时eg:YouhavebeentalkingYouhavebeensleepingsincehavebeento…(地方)……去过某过地方havegoneto…(地方)去了某地还没回来havefundoing玩得高兴havesthtodo有什么事要做eg:Ihavealotofhomeworktodo我有很多家庭作业要做Ihavenothingtodo我没什么事情做havetodosth必须做某事havetrouble(problem)(in)doingsth做什么事情有麻烦have…timedoinghave…(时间)…off放……假eg:Ihavemonthoff我请一个月得假hearsbdodoing听见某人做某事正在做某事helpalot很大用处helpsbwithsthone'ssth帮助某人某事(某方面)helpsb(to)dosth帮助某人做某事hopetodosth希望做某事Howabout(doing)=Whatabout(doing)howdoyoulike=whatdoyouthinkof你对什么的看法if:是否=wethereg:Idon'tknowif(wether)Ishouldgototheparty我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会Hedon'tknowif(wether)wewillarriveontimetomorrowmorning他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达if:如果假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句eg:I'llgotoLuZhouifitdoes'train假如明天不下雨我就去泸州Iftheychangetheplantheywillletmeknow假如他们要改变计划他们会让我知道的I'llgotoEngland,ifIhaveenoughmoneynextyear如果我明年由足够的钱我就要去英国inone'sopinion=sbthink某人认为insomeways在某些方面intheend=finally(adv)最后inthenorthof…什么在什么的北方(north北sowth南west西east东)inthesun在太阳下increase增加eg:They'veincreasedthepreceofpetrolby他们把石油价增加了thepopulationhasincreasedfrommilliontenyearsagotomillionnowinsteadof(名)代替eg:I'dlikeanappleinsteadofapear我想要苹果而不要梨子IlikeEnglishinsteadofmath我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学introducesbtosb介绍某人给某人introduceoneself自我介绍invitesbtodosth邀请某人做某事Ittakessbsometimetodosth做某人花掉某人多少时间eg:IttookmeminutestodomyhomeworkIttakesmehalfanhourtocookIt'sadjforsbtodosth对某人来说做某事怎么样It'sadjtodo做某事怎么样It'sadjforsb对于某人来说怎么样It'sadjofsb对某人来说太怎么样It'sadj(forsb)todo(对某人来说)做某事怎么样It'sadjofsbtodosth对某人来说做某事太怎么样eg:It'sniceofyoutohelpmewithmyEnglishIt'sagoodideaforsbtodosth对……来说是个好主意It'simportanttosb对某人来说很重要eg:It'simportanttomeIt'stimetodosthIt'stimeforsth到了该去做某事的时间eg:It'stimetohaveclassIt'stimeforclass该去上课了join=takepartin参加justnow刚才keepsbsthadj介词短语让什么保持什么样?keepout不让……进入keepsbadj让……保持……eg:Iwanttokeepmymotherhappykeephealthy保持健康keyto名词表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案keyto…anserto…key可以是答题或钥匙laughat…取笑……eg:Don'tlanghatothersWelanghedatthejokelearnbyoneslfe自学learnfromsb向某人学习eg:WeshouldlearnfromLeiFenglearntodosth学做某事letsbdosth让某人做某事Letsbdown让某人失望eg:Weshouldn'tletourfarentsdown我们不应该让我们的父母失望livefrom:离某地远livein大地方at小地方居住在某地eg:IliveinLuZhouShelivesatXuanTanlookafter=takecareof照顾照看loseone'sway谁迷路eg:Loseyourway你迷路makeadecisiontodosth决定做某事makefriendswithsb和谁成为朋友eg:Iwanttomakefriendswithyoumakeitearly把时间定的早一点makeonexhibitionofoneself让某人出洋相makesbnn使什么成为什么eg:ImadehermystepmollerImadeyoumywifemakesbsthadj使某人(某物)怎么样eg:Youmustmadeyourbedcleanmakesbsthadj使某人某物怎么样makesbdosth让某人做某事eg:Imadehimwrite我以前让他写makeupbemadeupof(被动语态)由……组成make…differenceto…mindsbtodomindone'sdoing介意……做什么most名mostof代muchtoo形容词mustbe一定need名词needsbdosth需要某人做某事needtodo(实义动词)needdo(情态动词)noneithrofhatetodononeithrofhatedoingno名词notanymore=nomore再也不……eg:Hedidn'tcryanymoreHecriednomore他再也不哭not…(形、副)atalleg:He'snottallatallshedoesn'tjunpfaratallnot…atall一点都不not…either表否定也不eg:Idon'tjapanseeitherIdon'thavesister,either我也没有姐姐not…until直到……才……eg:Ididn'tsleepuntilmymothercamebackThechilddidn'tstopcryinguntilIgivehersugarofferprovidesbwithsth给某人提供offersbsth(offersthtosb提供什么东西给某人eg:Iofferyouwater(Iofferwatertoyou我给你提供水onone'swayto…在谁去那的路上ontheonehand一方面ontheotherhand另一方面onthephone=overthephone用电话交谈ontime准时intime及时oneday=someday=someday一天有一天oneof可数名词的复数形式onetoanother一个到另一个overandoveragin一遍又一遍的eg:Hecleanedtheflooroverandoveraginparttimejob兼职工作falltimejob全职工作payfor…付……钱paythebill开钱付钱pleasedopleasehelpyourselfpleasedwithsbpoolinto=poreintopracticedoing练习做某事prefersthtosth相对……更喜欢……eg:Ipreferphysicstochemisty在物理和化学中我更喜欢物理preferdoingtosth更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…eg:Heprefersridingabiketodiving他更喜欢骑自行车不开小车prefertodosthratherthandosth宁愿做…也不愿eg:Myundepreferstobuyanowcarratherthanrepaivtheusedone我叔叔更喜欢买新的车也不去修旧车prefersbnottodosth更愿意…eg:Ipreferhernottocome我不喜欢她不来pretendtodosth装着去做什么pretendthat从句eg:Thetwocheatspretendedtobeworkingveryhard这两个骗子装着努力工作Hepretendedthathedidnotknowtheanswer他装着不知道答案rather…than宁可……也不……eg:Iwouldratherbeadoctorthanateacher我愿肯当医生也不当老师Helikesdogsratherthancats他喜欢狗不喜欢猫regard…as把……当作……eg:Pleasegivemybestregardstoyourfamily请带我向你的家人我最好的问候Iregardyouasmyfriend我把你当作我的朋友Heshowslittleregardforothers他不爱关心别人remidsbaboutsth提醒某人什么事remidsbtodosth提醒某人做某事eg:heremidsmeaboutcooking(heremidsmetocook他提醒我做饭remidsbofsth使某人想起什么eg:thepicturesremindmeofmyschooldays这照片使我想起了我的学校thewordsthat(which)theteachertalketoremindmeofmymotherreturnsthtosb还什么东西给某人saytooneself对自己说saytosb对某人说sbspendsomemoneyonsth花了多少钱在某事上sbspendsometimewithsb花了多少时间陪谁sbspendsometime(in)doingsth花了多少时间做某事sbwithsbissbandsbareseesbdo看见某人做过某事seesbdoing看见某人正在做某事seemtodobeadj显得怎么样eg:YouseemtobetiredYouseemtobehappysendsbsth送给某人某物send…to…把什么寄到哪里去?shock使……震惊eg:Oh,It'sonlyyou!Yougivemeashock啊是你呀!吓我一跳showsbsth向某人展示某物eg:Ishowherthebookshowsbsth=showsthtosb拿什么东西给某人看eg:ShowmeyourpenShowyourpentomeshowsthtosb向某人展示某物eg:Ishowthebooktohersome…others…一些……另一些……start…with…从……开始begin…with…从……开始stayawayfrom远离……eg:We'retoldtostayawayfromtheanimalswhevisitingthezoo当我们参观zoo时我们要远离动物Ifyouwanttoloseweightyou'dbetterstayauayfromthesweetfood徒工你想减肥你最好远离甜食stopdoing停下正在做的事stopsbfromdoingsth阻止某人做某事stopsb(from)doing阻止某人做某事stoptodo停下正在做的事去做下一件事such名这样这种suitsb适合某人surprisesb使某人惊奇toone'ssurprise令某人惊奇takeclasses上课takesbto把某人带去eg:Itakeyoutothehospitaltakewalks=takeawalk=goforawalk散步①talkto对谁说eg:Italktoyou②talkwith和谁说eg:Italkwithhim③talkof谈到eg:wetalkedofyou④talkabout谈论关于……talkwithsb和某人说话teachsbsth教某人做某事tellsbdosth告诉某人做某事tellsbsthtellsbthat丛句tellsbnottodosthtellastorytellsbsth告诉某人某事tellsbtodosth告诉某人做什么tellsbnottodosth告诉某人不要做什么tell…from…thankyoufordoingthesame名词(doing)as……thesame…(名)…asas…(adjadv)…as相同thewaytodosth=thewayofdoingst做某方面的方法thewayto地方去哪的路eg:DoyouknowthewaytolearnEnglishDoyouknowthewayoflearningEnglishthewayto…(地点)到哪的too…to…太怎样而不能……adjenoughto足够…能…so…that丛句eg:Heistooyoungtogotoschool=Heissoyoungthathecan'tgotoschoolHeisoldenoughtogotoschool=Heissooldthathecangotoschooltransalte……into……把什么翻译成什么eg:TrasalteEnglishintochinesetravelwithsb和某人去旅游tryone'sbesttodosth尽某人最大的努力去做某事eg:IwilltrymybesttolearnEnglishwelltrytodosth想干什么但没成功trydoingsth想干什么已经做过了eg:Hetriedtoclimb他想爬上去但没成功Hetriedclimbing他想爬上去已经做过了try…试衣服haveatry试一下turndown开小←→turnup开大turnoff关上←→turnon打开open拆开upsidedown倒着visitto…参观某个地方waitforsb等某人注:版权归徐闯所有未经本人同意擅自转载!

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