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首页 2011年6月英语六级真题及答案.doc

2011年6月英语六级真题及答案.doc

2011年6月英语六级真题及答案.doc

上传者: jingjing 2011-11-22 评分 5 0 268 36 1216 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《2011年6月英语六级真题及答案doc》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含年月大学英语六级真题及答案详解Part Ⅰ           Writing       (minutes)Directions: Forthis符等。

年月大学英语六级真题及答案详解Part Ⅰ           Writing       (minutes)Directions: Forthispart,youareallowedminutestowriteashortessayentitled TheCertificateCrazeYoushouldwriteatleastwordsfollowingtheoutlinegivenbelow.现在许多人热衷于各类证书考试.其目的各不相同.在我看来……TheCertificateCraze注意:此部分试题在答题卡上。PartII     ReadingComprehension(SkimmingandScanning)        (minutes)Directions: Inthispart,youwillhaveminutestogooverthepassagequicklyandanswerthequestionson AnswerSheet Forquestions,choosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)Forquestions,completetheseentenseswiththeinformationgiveninthepassageMinorityReportAmericanuniversitiesareacceptingmoreminoritiesthaneverGraduatingthemisanothermatterBarryMills,thepresidentofBowdoinCollege,wasjustifiablyproudofBowdoin'seffortstorecruitminoritystudentsSincethesmall,eliteliberalartsschoolinBrunswick,Maine,hasboostedtheproportionofsocalledunderrepresentedminoritystudentsinenteringfreshmanclassesfromto"Itisourresponsibilitytoreachoutandattractstudentstocometoourkindsofplaces,"hetolda NEWSWEEK reporterButBowdoinhasnotdonequiteaswellwhenitcomestoactuallygraduatingminoritiesWhileoutofwhitestudentsroutinelygettheirdiplomaswithinsixyears,onlyoutofblackstudentsmadeittograduationdayinseveralrecentclasses"Ifyoulookatwhoenterscollege,itnowlookslikeAmerica,"saysHilaryPennington,directorofpostsecondaryprogramsfortheBillMelindaGatesFoundation,whichhascloselystudiedenrollmentpatternsinhighereducation"Butifyoulookatwhowalksacrossthestageforadiploma,it'sstilllargelythewhite,upperincomepopulation"TheUnitedStatesoncehadthehighestgraduationrateofanynationNowitstandsthForthefirsttimeinAmericanhistory,thereistheriskthattherisinggenerationwillbelesswelleducatedthanthepreviousoneThegraduationrateamongtoyearoldsisnobetterthantherateforthetoyearoldswhoweregoingtocollegemorethanyearsagoStudiesshowthatmoreandmorepoorandnonwhitestudentswanttograduatefromcollege–buttheirgraduationratesfallfarshortoftheirdreamsThegraduationratesforblacks,Latinos,andNativeAmericanslagfarbehindthegraduationratesforwhitesandAsiansAstheminoritypopulationgrowsintheUnitedStates,lowcollegegraduationratesbecomeathreattonationalprosperityTheproblemispronouncedatpublicuniversitiesIntheUniversityofWisconsinMadison–oneofthetopfiveorsoprestigiouspublicuniversities–graduatedofitswhitestudentswithinsixyears,butonlyofitsblacksAtlessselectivestateschools,thenumbersgetworseDuringthesametimeframe,theUniversityofNorthernIowagraduatedofitswhitestudents,butonlyofitsblacksCommunitycollegeshavelowgraduationratesgenerally–butrockbottomratesforminoritiesArecentreviewofCaliforniacommunitycollegesfoundthatwhileathirdoftheAsianstudentspickeduptheirdegrees,onlyofAfricanAmericansdidsoaswellPrivatecollegesanduniversitiesgenerallydobetter,partlybecausetheyoffersmallerclassesandmorepersonalattentionButwhenitcomestoasignificantgraduationgap,BowdoinhascompanyNearbyColbyCollegeloggedanpointdifferencebetweenwhiteandblackgraduatesinandpointsinMiddleburyCollegeinVermont,anothertopschool,hadapointgapinandapointgapinThemostselectiveprivateschools–Harvard,Yale,andPrinceton–showalmostnogapbetweenblackandwhitegraduationratesButthatmayhavemoretodowiththeirabilitytoselectthebeststudentsAccordingtodatagatheredbyHarvardLawSchoolprofessorLainGainer,themostselectiveschoolsaremorelikelytochooseblackswhohaveatleastoneimmigrantparentfromAfricaortheCaribbeanthanblackstudentswhoaredescendantsofAmericanslaves"Highereducationhasbeenabletoduckthisissueforyears,particularlythemoreselectiveschools,bysayingtheresponsibilityisontheindividualstudent,"saysPenningtonoftheGatesFoundation"Iftheyfail,it'stheirfault"Somecriticsblameaffirmativeaction–studentsadmittedwithlowertestscoresandgradesfromshakyhighschoolsoftenstruggleateliteschoolsButabiggerproblemmaybethatpoorhighschoolsoftensendtheirstudentstocollegesforwhichtheyare"undermatched":theycouldgetintomoreelite,richerschools,butinsteadgotocommunitycollegesandlowratedstateschoolsthatlacktheresourcestohelpthemSomeschoolsoutforprofitcynicallyincreasetuitionsandcountonstudentloansandfederalaidtofootthebill–knowingfullwellthatthestudentswon'tmakeit"Theschoolkeepsthemoney,butthekidleaveswithloadsofdebtandnodegreeandnoabilitytogetabetterjobCollegesarenotholdinguptheirend,"saysAmyWilkinsoftheEducationTrustAcollegeeducationisgettingevermoreexpensiveSincetuitionshavebeenrisingatroughlytwicetherateofinflationInthenetcostofattendingafouryearpublicuniversity–afterfinancialaid–equaledof median (中间的)familyincome,whileafouryearprivateuniversitycostofmedianfamilyincomeMoreandmorescholarshipsarebasedonmerit,notneedPoorerstudentsarenotalwaysthebestinformedconsumersOftentheywindupdeeplyindebtorsimplyunabletopayafterayearortwoandmustdropoutThereoncewasatimewhenuniversitiestookprideintheirdropoutratesProfessorswouldbegintheyearbysaying,"LooktotherightandlooktotheleftOneofyouisnotgoingtobeherebytheendoftheyear"ButsuchaDarwinianspiritisbeginningtogivewayasatleastafewcollegesfaceuptothegraduationgapAttheUniversityofWisconsinMadison,thegaphasbeenroughlyhalvedoverthelastthreeyearsTheuniversityhaspouredresourcesintopeercounselingtohelpstudentsfrominnercityschoolsadjusttothe rigor (严格要求)andfasterpaceofauniversityclassroom–andalsotohelpminoritystudentsovercomethestereotypethattheyarelessqualifiedWisconsinhasa"laserlikefocus"onbuildingupstudentskillsinthefirstthreemonths,accordingtoviceprovost (教务长)DamonWilliamsStateandfederalgovernmentscouldsharpenthatfocuseverywherebybroadlypublishingminoritygraduationratesForyearsprivatecollegessuchasPrincetonandMIThavehadsuccessbringingminoritiesontocampusinthesummerbeforefreshmanyeartogivethemsomeprepareTorycoursesThenewertrendistostartrecruitingpoorandnonwhitestudentsasearlyastheseventhgrade,usinginnovativetoolstoidentifykidswithsophisticatedverbalskillsSuchprogramscanbeexpensive,ofcourse,butcheapcomparedwiththemillionsalreadyinvestedinscholarshipsandgrantsforkidswhohavelittlechancetograduatewithoutspecialsupportWitheffortandmoney,thegraduationgapcanbeclosedWashingtonandLeeisasmall,selectiveschoolinLexington,VaItsstudentbodyislessthanblackandlessthanLatinoWhiletheschoolusuallygraduatedaboutofitswhites,thegraduationrateofitsblacksandLatinoshaddippedtoby"Wewentthroughadramaticshift,"saysDawnWatkins,thevicepresidentforstudentaffairsTheschoolaggressivelypushed mentoring (辅导)ofminoritiesbyotherstudentsand"partnering"withparentsataspecialpreenrollmentsessionTheschoolhaditsfirsteverblackhomecomingLastspringtheschoolgraduatedthesameproportionofminoritiesasitdidwhitesIftheUnitedStateswantstokeepupintheglobaleconomicrace,itwillhavetopaysystematicattentiontograduatingminorities,notjustenrollingthem注意:此部分试题请在答题卡上作答。  Whatistheauthor'smainconcernaboutAmericanhighereducationA)  ThesmallproportionofminoritystudentsB)  ThelowgraduationratesofminoritystudentsC)  ThegrowingconflictsamongethnicgroupsD)  Thepooracademicperformanceofstudents  WhatwastheprideofPresidentBarryMillsofBowdoinCollegeA)TheprestigeofitsliberalartsprogramsB)  ItsrankingamonguniversitiesinMaineC)  ThehighgraduationratesofitsstudentsD)Itsincreasedenrollmentofminoritystudents  WhatistheriskfacingAmericaA)ItsschoolswillbeoverwhelmedbythegrowingnumberofillegalimmigrantsB)  TherisinggenerationwillbelesswelleducatedthanthepreviousoneC)  MorepoorandnonwhitestudentswillbedeniedaccesstocollegeD)Itisgoingtoloseitscompetitiveedgeinhighereducation  HowmanyAfricanAmericanstudentsearnedtheirdegreesinCaliforniacommunitycollegesaccordingtoarecentreviewA)  Fiftysixpercent  B)  Thirtyninepercent   C)FifteenpercentD)Sixtysevenpercent  Harvard,Yale,andPrincetonshowalmostnogapbetweenblackandwhitegraduationratesmainlybecause  A)Theirstudentsworkharder B)  Theyrecruitthebeststudents   C)TheirclassesaregenerallysmallerD)Theygivestudentsmoreattention  HowdoesAmyWilkinsoftheEducationTrustviewminoritystudents'failuretogetadegreeA)UniversitiesaretoblameB)  Studentsdon'tworkhardC)  ThegovernmentfailstoprovidethenecessarysupportD)Affirmativeactionshouldbeheldresponsible  WhydosomestudentsdropoutafterayearortwoaccordingtotheauthorA)TheyhavelostconfidenceinthemselvesB)  TheycannotaffordthehightuitionC)  TheycannotadapttotherigoroftheschoolD)Theyfailtodevelopinterestintheirstudies Totackletheproblemofgraduationgap,theUniversityofWisconsinMadisonhelpsminoritystudentsgetoverthestereotypethat Foryears,privatecollegessuchasPrincetonandMIThaveprovidedminoritystudentswithduringthesummerbeforefreshmanyear  WashingtonandLeeUniversityiscitedasanexampletoshowthatthegapofgraduationratesbetweenwhitesandminoritiescanPartIIIListenComprehensionSectionAAShewillgivehimthereceiptlaterBThemanshouldmakehisowncopiesCShehasnotgottheman’scopiesreadyDThemanforgottomakethecopiesforherAShephonesFredaboutthebookBShewaslatefortheappointmentCSheranintoFredonherwayhereDSheoftenkeepsotherpeoplewaitingAMarkisnotfittotakechargeoftheStudentUnionBMarkisthebestcandidateforthepostofchairmanCItwon’tbeeasyforMarktowintheelectionDFemalesaremorecompetitivethanmalesinelectionsAItfailedtoarriveatitsdestinationintimeBItgotseriouslydamagedonthewayCItgotlostattheairportinPairsDItwasleftbehindinthehotelAJustmakeuseofwhateverinformationisavailableBPutmoreeffortintopreparingforthepresentationCFindmorerelevantinformationfortheirworkDSimplyraisetheissueintheirpresentationAThemanhasdecidedtochooseLanguageStudiesashismajorBThewomanisn’tinterestedinthepsychologyoflanguageCThemanisstilltryingtosignupforthecourseheisinterestedinDThemanisn’tqualifiedtotakethecoursethemanmentionedATheyarebothtoblameBTheyarebotheasytopleaseCTheycanmanagetogetalongDTheywillmakepeaceintimeATheyareindesperateneedoffinancialassistanceBTheyhopetodomiracleswithlimitedresourcesCTheywanttoborrowahugesumfromthebankDTheyplantobuyouttheirbusinesspartnersAWesimplycannothopereactinginstinctivelythatwayBWewishtohideourindifferencetotheirmisfortuneCWederivesomehumoroussatisfactionfromtheirmisfortuneDWethinkitservesthemrightforbeingmeantootherpeopleATheywanttoshowtheirgenuinesympathyBTheyhavehadsimilarpersonalexperiencesCTheydon’tknowhowtocopewiththesituationDTheydon’twanttorevealtheirownfrustrationATheythemselveswouldliketodoitbutdon’tdaretoBIt’sanopportunityforrelievingtheirtensionCIt’sararechanceforthemtoseethebosslosefaceDTheyhaveseenthismanytimesinoldfilmsAToirritatethemBToteachthemalessonCTorelieveherfeelingDToshowhercourageASmugglingdrugsintoHongKongBHavingcommittedarmedrobberyCStealingafellowpassenger’sbagDBringingahandgunintoHongKongAHesaidnotasinglewordduringtheentireflightBHetookawayKumar’sbaggagewhilehewasasleepCHewastravellingonascholarshipfromDelhiUniversityDHeissuspectedofhavingslippedsomethinginKumar’sbagAGivehimaliftBFindAlfredFosterCCheckthepassengerlistDSearchallsuspiciouscarsSectionBPassageOneATheythinktravelhasbecomearendBTheythinktravelgivesthemtheirmoney’sworthCTheyfindmanyofthebanksuntrustworthyDTheylacktheexpertisetomakecapitalinvestmentsALowertheirpricestoattractmorecustomersBIntroducetravelpackagesforyoungtravelersCDesignprogramstargetedatretiredcouplesDLaunchanewprogramofadventuretripsATheroleoftravelagentsBThewaypeopletravelCThenumberoflastminutebookingsDThepricesofpolarexpeditionsPassageTwoATheoldstereotypesaboutmenandwomenBThechangingrolesplayedbymenandwomenCThedivisionoflaborbetweenmenandwomenDThewidespreadprejudiceagainstwomenAOffersomecreativeandpracticalideasthanmenDAskquestionsthatoftenleadtocontroversyCSpeakloudlyenoughtoattractattentionDRaiseissuesonbehalfofwomenAToprovethatshecouldearnherlivingasagardenerBToshowthatwomenaremorehardworkingthanmenCToshowthatwomenarecapableofdoingwhatmendoDToprovethatshewasreallyirritatedwithherhusbandPassageThreeACoveringmajoreventsofthedayinthecityBReportingcriminaloffensesinGreenvilleCHuntingnewsforthedailyheadlinesDWritingarticlesonfamilyviolenceAItisamuchsaferplacethanitusedtobeBRapesrarelyoccurinthedowntownareasCAssaultsoftenhappenonschoolcampusesDIthasfewerviolentcrimesthanbigcitiesAThereareawiderangeofcasesBTheyareverydestructiveCTherehasbeenariseinsuchcrimesDTheyhavearousedfearamongtheresidentsAWriteaboutsomethingpleasantBDosomeresearchonlocalpoliticsCOfferhelptocrimevictimsDWorkasanewspapereditorSectionCInAmerica,peoplearefacedwithmoreandmoredecisionseveryday,whetherit’spickingoneofthirtyoneicecream,ordecidingwhetherandwhentogetmarriedThatsoundslikeagreatthing,butasarecentstudyhasshown,toomanychoicescanmakeus,unhappy,evenparalyzedwithindecisionThat’struewhenitcomestotheworkplace’,saysBarrySchwartz,anauthorofsixbooksabouthumanStudentsaregraduatingwithaofskillsandinterests,butoftenfindthemselveswhenitcomestochoosinganultimatecareergoalInastudy,SchwartzobserveddecisionmakingamongcollegestudentsduringtheiryearBasedonanswerstoquestionsregardingtheirjobhuntingandcareerdecisions,hedividedthestudentsintotwogroups:maximizers,whoconsidereverypossibleoption,andsatisficers,wholookuntiltheyfindanoptionthatisgoodenoughYoumightexpectthatthestudent,butitturnsoutthat’snottrueSchwartzfoundthatwhilemaximizersendedupwithbetterpayingjobsthansatisficersonaverage,theyweren’tashappywiththeirdecisionThereasonWhenyoulookateverypossibleoption,youtendtofocusmoreonwhatwasgivenupthanwhatwasgainedAftersurveyingeveryoption,PartIV            ReadingComprehension(ReadinginDepth)            (minutes)SectionADirections: Inthissection,thereisashortpassagewithquestionsorincompletestatementsReadthepassagecarefullyThenanswerthequestionsorcompletethestatementsinthefewestpossiblewordsPleasewriteyouranswerson AnswerSheetQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageHowgoodareyouatsaying"no"Formany,it'ssurprisinglydifficultThisisespeciallytrueofeditors,whobynaturetendtobeeagerandengagedparticipantsineverythingtheydoConsiderthesescenarios:It'slateinthedayThatfrontpagepackageyou'vebeenworkingonisnearlycompleteonelasteditandit'sfinishedEntertheexecutiveeditor,whomakesasuggestionrequiringamorethanmodestrearrangementofthedesignandtheadditionofaninformationboxYouwanttoscream:"No!It'sdone!"WhatdoyoudoThefirstruleofsayingnotothebossisdoingsaynoSheprobablyhassomethinginmindwhenshemakessuggestions,andit'suptoyoutofindoutwhatThesecondruleisdoingraisethestakesbychallengingherauthorityThatissueisalreadydecidedThethirdruleistobereadytociteoptionsandconsequencesTheboss'ssuggestionsmightbeappropriate,buttherearealwaysconsequencesShemightnotknowaboutthepagesbackingupthatneedattention,oraboutthedesignerwhohadtogohomesickTellhershecanhavewhatshewants,butexplaintheconsequencesUnderstandwhatshe'stryingtoaccomplishandproposeaPlanBthatwillmakeithappenwithoutdestroyingwhatyou'vedonesofarHere'sanothercaseYourleastfavoritereportersuggestsadumbstoryideaThisoneshouldbeeasy,butit'snotIfyousayno,evenpolitely,youriskinhibitingfurtherideas,notjustfromthatreporter,butfromotherswhoheardthatyouturneddowntheideaThisscenarioiscommoninnewsroomsthatlackasystematicwaytofilterstorysuggestionsTwostepsarenecessaryFirst,youneedasystemforhowstoriesareproposedandreviewedReporterscantoleraterejectionoftheirideasiftheybelievetheyweregivenafairhearingYour gutreaction (本能反应)anddismissiverejection,evenofaworthlessidea,mightnotqualifyassystematicorfairSecond,thepeopleyouworkwithneedtonegotiatea"Whatif"agreementcovering"Whatifmyideaisturneddown"HowarepeopleexpectedtoreactIsthereanappealprocessCantheyrefinetheideaandresubmititByanticipating"Whatif"situationsbeforetheyhappen,youcanreachunderstandingthatwillhelpeaseyououtofconfrontations  Insteadofdirectlysayingnotoyourboss,youshouldfindout  Theauthor'ssecondwarningisthatweshouldavoidrunningagreaterriskby  onewayofrespondingtoyourboss'ssuggestionistoexplainthetoherandofferanalternativesolution  Toensurefairnesstoreporters,itisimportanttosetupasystemforstoriesto  Peoplewholearntoanticipate"Whatif"situationswillbeabletoreachunderstandingandavoid

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