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首页 人教版英语七年级(下册)1-12单元知识点总结

人教版英语七年级(下册)1-12单元知识点总结.doc

人教版英语七年级(下册)1-12单元知识点总结

七七黛
2011-11-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《人教版英语七年级(下册)1-12单元知识点总结doc》,可适用于初中教育领域

人教版新目标英语七年级(下)各单元知识概要UnitWhere’syourpenpalfrom一、词组befrom=comeform来自penpal=penfriend笔友likeanddislike好恶爱憎livein…在居住speakEnglish讲英语playsports做体育运动alittleFrench一些法语gotothemovies去看电影anactionmovie一部动作片onweekends在周末Excuseme对不起打扰getto到达、抵达beginningof在开始的时候attheendof在结束的时候arriveat二、句型()、Where主be主语+from主语+befrom地点()、Wheredodoes主语+live主语+livelivesin…()、Whatlanguagedodoes主语speak主语+speakspeaks…()、主语+likelikesdoing…三、日常交际用语-Whereisyourpenpalfrom-He’sfromChina-Wheredoesshelive-ShelivesinTokyo-DoesshespeakEnglish-Yes,shedoesNo,shedosen’t-Isthatyournewpenpal-Yes,heisNo,heisn’t-Whatlanguagedoesshespeak-ShespeaksEnglishUnitWhere’sthepostoffice一、词组postoffice邮局payphone投币式公用电话nextto在隔壁acrossfrom在对面infrontof在前面between…and…在和之间onastreet在街上intheneighborhood在附近ontherightleft在右边/在左边onone’srightleft在某人的右边/左边turnrightleft向右/左转takeawalk散步havefun玩得开心thewayto…去的路takeataxi打的/乘出租车godown(along)…沿着走gothrough穿过haveagoodtrip旅途愉快二、句型()、IsthereabanknearhereYes,thereisIt’sonCentreStreetNo,thereisn’t()、Where’sthesumpermarketIt’snexttothelibrary()、BridgeStreetisagoodplacetohavefun()、Ihopeyouhaveagoodtrip()、Ifyouarehungry,youcanbuyfoodintherestaurant()、Talkawalkthoughthepark()、enjoy后接名词或动词ing形式Doyouenoy(=like)yourworkDoyouenjoy(=like)livinginthecity三、日常交际用语()、Istherea…句型Eg:ExcusemeIsthereahotelintheneighborhoodYes,thereisNothereisn’t()、Whereis…句型Eg:Whereisthepark,pleaseIt’sbehindthebank(肯定回答)I’msorryIdon’tknow(否定回答)()、Whichisthewayto地点句型例如:Whichisthewaytothelibrary()、HowcanIgetto地点句型例如:HowcanIgettotherestaurant()、Canyoutellmethewayto地点?句型例Canyoutellmethewaytothepostoffice()、Letmetellyouthewaytomyhouse()、JustgostraightandturnleftUnitWhydoyoulikekoalas一、词组wanttodosth想要做某事wantsbtodosth想要某做某事wantsth想要某物Letsbdosth让某人做某事kindof有几分种类akindof一种……yearsold…年龄如:tenyearsold十岁liketodosth喜欢做某事likedoingsthplaywith…与一起玩bequiet安静duringtheday在白天atnight在夜间havealookat看one…theother一个另一个二、句型()、whydoyoulikepandasBecausethey’reverycure()、WhydosehelikekoalasBecausetheyarekindofinteresting()、WherearelionsfromLionsarefromSouthAfrica()、WhatanimalsdoyoulikeIlikeelephants三、日常交际用语()、Let’sseethelions()WhydoyouwanttoseethelionsBecasetheyareverycute()DoyoulikegiraffesYes,IdoNo,Idon’t()WhatotheranimaldoyoulikeIlikedogstooother名词的复数表示没有特定的数量范围theother名词的复数表示有特定的数量范围()WhyareyoulookingatmeBecauseyouareverycute()Letusplaygames–Great!LetmeseeUnitIwanttobeanactor一、词组wanttobe职业想要成为。。。shopassistant店员bankclerk银行职员workwith与。。。一起工作workhard努力工作workfor为。。。而工作workas作为。。而工作getfrom…从。。。获得。。。givesthtosbgivesbsth把某物给某人正确的表示:giveitthemtosb错误的表示:givesbitthemintheday在白天atnight在夜间talktowith与…讲话goouttodinners外出吃饭inahospital在医院newspaperreporter报社记者movieactor电影演员二、句型()Whatdodoes某人do例:WhatdoyoudoI’mastudentWhatdosehedoHe’sateacher()Whatdodoes某人wanttobe例:WhatdoyouwanttobeIwanttobeateacherWhatdoesshewanttobeShewanttobeanuser()WheredoesyoursisterworkSheworksinahospital()DoesheworkinthehospiatYeshedoesNo,hedoesn’t()DoessheworklateYes,shedoesNoshedoesn’t()-英语中询问职业的几种表达方式:Whatdodoes…doWhatis…WhatisyourfatherWhat’sone’sjob例:What’syourfather’sjobUnitI’mwatchingTV一、词组dohomework做家庭作业watchTV看电视eatdinner吃饭就餐cleantheroom打扫房间readnewspaperabook看报纸/看书gotothemovies看电影writealetter写信waitfor等待等候talkabout谈论。。。。playbasketballsoccer打篮球/踢足球takephotos拍照TVshow电视节目Someof。。。。。。中的一些aphotoofmyfamily我的家庭照atschool在学校bewith和。。。一起inthetree在树上二、句型()Whatbe主语doing…正在做什么?主语+bedoing。。。…正在做某事。例:-whatareyoudoingI’mdoingmyhomework()Thanksfor…为。。。而感谢例:Thanksforyourletter()Hereareis…例:HerearesomeofmyphotosHereisaphotoofmyfamily()Thatsoundsgood()ThisTVshowisboring三、日常交际用语()Doyouwanttogotothemovices–Sure()Whendoyouwanttogo–Let’sgoatseven()Wheredopeopleplaybasketball–Atschool()What’shewaitingforHe’swaitingforabus()What’shereadingHe’sreadinganewspaper)现在在进行时的形式是:助动词be(am,is,are)动词ing形式(也叫现在分词)表示现在(说话的瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。)现在进行时的肯定句形式主语be(am,is,are)动词现在分词其他I’mwatchingTV)现在进行时的否定句形式主语be(am,is,are)not动词现在分词其他Theyarenotplayingsoccer)现在进行时的一般疑问句形式及回答:Is(am,are)主语动词现在分词其他Yes,主语isamareNo,主语isn’taren’tamnotAreyoureadingYes,IamNo,Iamnot)现在进行时的特殊疑问句形式:特殊疑问词isamare主语现在分词其他例:Whatisyourbrotherdoing)动词ing形式(现在分词)的构成一般情况下在动词词结尾加ing如:eateating,dodoing,cleancleaning,playplaying,以不发音的元音字母e结尾的动词,先去掉e再加ing如:taketaking,writewriting,havehavingcomecomingdancedancing词尾如果是以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节词应该先双写这个辅音字母,再加ing如:runruning,sitsitting,swimswimmingShopshoppingputputting,sitsittingUnitIt’sraning!一、词组AroundTheWorld世界各地Onvacation度假Takephotos拍照Onthebeach在海边agroupofpeople一群人playbeachvolleyball打沙滩排球besurprised惊讶的besurprisedatsthsb对某人或某人感到惊讶inthisheat在酷暑中berelaxed放松haveagoodtime玩得很痛快indifferentkindofweather在不同的天气里Thanksbfor(doing)sth由于(做)某事而感谢某人How’sitgoing近况如何Some…others…一些…另一些…Looklike看起来像。。。二、句型/日常交际用语()How’stheweather(地点)–It’sraining()What’stheweatherlikeIt’ssunnyIt’scoldandsnowing()How’sitgoing–GreatNotbad()ThanksyouforjoiningCCTV’sAroundTheWorldshow()IsAuntWangthere–Yes,sheisNo,sheisn’tUnitWhatdosehelooklike一、词组looklike看起来像curlyshortstraightlonghair卷/短/直发mediumheightbuild中等高度/身体alittlebit一点儿…apopsinger一位流行歌手play的用法。wearglasses戴眼镜haveanewlook呈现新面貌goshopping去购物thecaptainofthebasketballteam篮球队队长Nobodyknowsme没有人认识我二、句型)WhatdoeshelooklikeHe’sreallyshortHehasshorthair)Shehasbeautiful,longblackhair)Idon’tthinkhe’ssogreat)WhatdoyoulooklikeI’mtallI’mthin)WhatdotheylooklikeTheyaremediumheight)SheneverstopstalkingStopdoing(sth)表示停止正在干的事如:Hestoplisteningstoptodo(sth)表示停下来去做某事如:Hestopstolisten)IcangoshoppingandnobodyknowsmeUnitI’dlikesomenoodles词组wouldlike想要alargemediumsmallbowl大碗中碗小碗whatsize什么尺寸orangejuice桔汁greentea绿茶phonenumber电话号码aswellas而且whatkindof表示…的种类akindof一种…somekindof许多种…abowlofrice一碗米饭abottlefoorangejuice一瓶桔子汁threeoranges三个桔子(可数)abottlefoorangej一瓶桔子汁(不可数)somechicken一些鸡肉(不可数)threechickens三只小鸡(可数)二句型)Whatkindof…wouldyoulike你想要…EG:WhatkindofnoodleswouldyoulikeBeefandtomatonoodlesplease)Wehavelare,medium,andsmallbowls)Ilikedumplings,Idon’tlkeenoodles三日常交际用语()CanIhelpyouI’dlikesomenoodlesplease()whatkindofnoodleswouldyoulikeI’dlikemuttonandpotatonoodlesPlease()WouldyoulikeacupfogreenteaYes,pleaseNo,thankswouldlike后面还可以跟不定式即:A:wouldliketodosth想要做某事HewouldliketoseeyoutodayB:wouldlikesbtodosth想要某人做某事WhatwouldyoulikemetodoUnitHowwasyourweekend一、词组doone’shomework做某人的家庭作业如:domyhomework做我的家庭作业play运动或棋类如:playsoccer踢足球playchess下棋play乐器如:playtheguitar弹吉他gotothemovies去看电影dosomereading阅读studyforthe(math)test准备(数学)考试stayathome呆家里gotosummercamp去夏令营gotothemountains去爬山visitsb拜访某人goshopping去购物lastmonth上个月threedaysago三天前yesterday昨天lookfor寻找goforawalk散步inthemorningafternoonevening在早上/在下午/在晚上playcomputergames玩电脑游戏Itwastimetodosth该。。。的时候了二、句型()Ivisitedmyauntlastweekend()HowwasyourweekendItwasgreatOK()Itwastimetogohome三、日常交际用语()WhatdidyoudolastweekendOnSaturdaymorning,Iplayedteenis()HowwasyourweekendItwasgreatIwenttothebrach一般过去时态一般过去时态表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,动词通常用一般过去式来表示,除动词be的过去式waswere有人称变化,其他都没人称的变化过去式的构成()一般情况下在动词词尾加ed如:staystayedhelphelpedvisitvisited()词尾是e的动词加d如:likelikedlivelived()以一个元音字母加一个辅音结尾的重读闭章节应双写该辅音字母,再加ed如:stopstoppedplanplanned()以辅音字母y结尾的动词,要将y改为i再加ed如:studystudiedworryworried()不规则动词的过去amiswasarewerehavehadgowentfindfounddodidseesawUnitWheredidyougoonvacation一、词组ptettygood相当好不错intheconner在角落kindofboring有点无聊belost迷路feelhappy感到高兴befun很有趣onvacation在度假CentralPark中央公园theGreatWall长城thePalaceMuseum故宫Tian’anMenSquare天安门广场二、句型()WheredidyougoonvacationIwenttothebreach()HowwastheweatherItwashotandhumid()Itwaskindofboring()Thatmademefeelveryhappy()Wehadgreatfunplayinginthewaterhavegreatfundoingsth表示“愉快地做某事”“做某事很有趣”()IhelpedhimfindhisfatherThatmademefeelveryhappyhelpsb(to)dosth帮助某人做某事(to可省)makesbdosth使某人做某事letsbdosthLetmehelpyoucarry(搬动)it()Ifoundasmallboycryingintheconnerfindsbdoingsth发现某人正在做某事。findsbdosth发现某人做某事(整个过程)UnitWhatdoyouthinkofgameshows一、词组talkshow谈话节目soapopera肥皂剧sportsshow体育节目gameshow比赛节目thinkof认为howabout……怎么样?=whatabout…infact事实上athirteenyearoldboy一个十三岁的男孩=Theboyisthirteenyearsoldtalkto(with)…跟…谈话thanksfor…为…感谢eachstudent每个学生keyring钥匙链baseballcap棒球帽theschoolmagazine校刊can’tstand不能忍受don’tmind不介意/无所谓/不在乎二、句型()WhatdoyouthinkofsituationcomedyIlovethem()Iaskedstudentsaboutfashion()ThisiswhatIthink()Idon’tmindwhatyoungpeoplethinkofme!()Canyoupleaseputmyletterinnextmonth’smagazine三、日常交际用语()WhatdoyouthinkofsuopoperasIlovethemIdon’tmindthemIcan’tstandthemIdon’tlike()HowaboutyouIdotoo()Whatdoyouthinkof…=Howdoyoulike…如:Whatdoyouthinkofthepicture=HowdoyoulikethepictureUnitDon’teatinclass一、词组schoolrules学校规章制度breaktherules违反规章制度inthehallways在过道listentomusic听音乐inthemusicroom在音乐教室里inthedininghall在餐厅sportsshoes运动鞋gymclass体育课afterschool放学后havetodo不得不做toomany太多getup起床byteno’clock十点之前makedinner做饭thechildren’spalace少年宫二、句型()Don’tarrivelateforclass()Wecan’tlistentomusicinthehallways,butwecanlistentoitoutside()WhatelsedoyouhavetodoWehavetocleantheclassroom()CanwewearhatsinschoolYes,wecanNo,wecan’t()DoyouhavetowearauniformatschoolYes,wedoNo,wedon’t重难点精析祈使句通常用来表示命令、请求、禁止、建议、警告等语气。它的主语you(听话人)通常省略。其构成通常有以下几种形式。)Be型(即系动词原型be表语+其他)。如:Bequiet,please否定句Don’tbe表语其他。如:Don’tbeangry)Do型(即系动词原形+宾语+其他)。如:Openyoubooks,please否定句Don’t实义动词原形宾语其他。如:Don’teatintheclassroom)Let型(即Let宾语动词原形其他)如:LetmehelpyouLet’sgoatsixo’clock否定句一般在宾语后加not。如:Let’notwatchTV)NoVing型(此种形式通常用于公共场合的提示语中意为“禁止做某事“)如:Nosmoking!严禁吸烟!Notalking!不许交谈!Nopassing!禁止通行!Noparking!不许停车

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人教版英语七年级(下册)1-12单元知识点总结

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