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首页 克尔凯郭尔 非此即彼第一卷 英文版

克尔凯郭尔 非此即彼第一卷 英文版

克尔凯郭尔 非此即彼第一卷 英文版

上传者: zheren_1984 2011-11-15 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《克尔凯郭尔 非此即彼第一卷 英文版doc》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含EITHERORPARTIKIERKEGAARD'SWRITINGS,IIIEITHERORPARTIbySrenKierkegaardEdited符等。

EITHERORPARTIKIERKEGAARD'SWRITINGS,IIIEITHERORPARTIbySrenKierkegaardEditedandTranslatedwithIntroductionandNotesbyHowardVHongandEdnaHHongPRINCETONUNIVERSITYPRESSPRINCETONINEWJERSEYCopyrightbyHoU'ardVHOIXPIhlisllcdbyPrillcctOll(jlliucrsit)'Press,WilliamStreet,Prilcefoll,NcwJcrscyIIItileUlitedKlIgdom:PrillcctofJ(hliversityPress,Chichester,H'stSlllSeXLinaryCOII}~ressCatalogillgillPuillicatiollDataKierkegaard,SorefJEitheror(Kierkcgaard'slI'rilillgs,J)TralslatiollI~f:ElltclIdlerBiblioxraphy:pIncludcsiHdexIHOlX,HowardVifll'Ilt,IIHong,EdnaHatlestad,IllTitlcIIKicrkej!alfd,S'lfCII,IVilYksEII,~li'hJcflPTISBN(volkp"l'er)ISBN(v:pH)ISBN:ISBNIO:Preparation(~rthisvolumehasbeenmadepossiblel!partbyaJralltfromtheDillisiollofRescarciJProxralls(~rtheNationalElldoll'elltfortheHlIlntlllitics,allildepcndentjdcrala,~CIl(yPrincetonUnivcrsityPressbooksarcprintcdiI(lIl~rrccpaperandmeettheguidelinesforpermancn(eallddlr~lhilit}'{~rtIll'CommitteeMIProdurtiollGuidelilcsforBookLOllgcFitytheCOlll(ilOilLilnaryResollw'sDcs(~llcdb}'FralkMahoodPrilltcdilthefllitcdStates(~rAmcri((lhtlp:pupprincetoneduCONTENTSHISTORICALINTRODUCTIONEitherOr,PartIPREFACEDIAPSALMATATHEIMMEDIATEEROTICSTAGESORTHEMUSICALEROTICTHETRAGICINANCIENTDRAMAREFLECTEDINTHETRAGICINMODERNDRAMASILHOUETTESTHEUNHAPPIESTONETHEFIRSTLOVEROTATIONOFCROPSTHESEDUCER'SDIARYVllVIContentsSUPPLEMENTKeytoReferencesOriginalTitlePageofEitherOr,PartISelectedEntriesfromKierkegaard'sJournalsandPapersPertainingtoEitherOr,PartIEDITORIALApPENDIXAcknowledgmentsCollationofEitherOr,PartI,intheDanishEditionsofKierkegaard'sCollectedWorksNOTESBIBLIOGRAPHICALNOTEINDEXHISTORICALINTRODUCTIONInajournalentryfrom,KierkegaardstatedthatEitherOrwaswritten"lock,stock,andbarrelinelevenmonthsAtmosttherewasonlyapage(of'Diapsalmata')priortothattimeAsfarasthatgoes,IhavespentmoretimeonallthelaterworksMostofEitherOrwaswrittenonlytwice(besides,ofcourse,whatIthoughtthroughwhilewalking,butthatisalwaysthecase)nowadaysIusuallywritethreetimes"!TheworkpresumablybegantogerminateandtotakeformduringthefewmonthsbeforeKierkegaard'sdepartureforBerlinonOctober,theeventfulmonthsofSeptemberOctober,duringwhichhebrokehisengagementtoRegineOlsenandpublishedanddefendedhisdissertation,TheConceptojIronyInhisfirstletterfromBerlin,October,,KierkegaardwrotetohisoldfriendEmilBoesen:"IhavemuchtothinkaboutandamsufferingfromamonstrousproductivityblockIhaveasyetnooccasiontoletitsnisispersistentpressurewearoff"ButonJanuary,,hewasabletoreporttoBoesen:"IamworkinghardSothatyoumayseethatIamthesame,IshalltellyouthatIhaveagainwrittenamajorsectionofapiece,'EitherOr'Ithasnotgonequickly,butthatisduetoitsnotbeinganexpositorywork,butoneofpureinvention,whichinaveryspecialwaydemandsthatonebeinthemood"sInNovember,theeditor'sprefacetoEitherOrwasfinished,andthetwovolumeswerepublishedFebruary,BeforethejourneytoBerlin,KierkegaardhadwrittenadraftofJudgeWilliam's"TheEstheticValidityofMarriage,",JPV(PapVII'A)October,PublishedSeptemberanddefendedSeptember,Kierkegaard:LettersandDocuments,Letter,pp,KWXXVLetters,Letter,p,KWXXVSeeJPV(PapIIIB)VlllHistoricalIntroductionthefirstpieceinPartIIofEitherOrHissecondpieceinPartIIandmostofPartIwerewrittenafterwardinBerlinandCopenhagenInFebruary,hewrotetoBoesen:ItisabsolutelyimperativethatIreturntoCopenhagenthisspringForeitherIshallfinishEitherOrbyspring,orIshallneverfinishitThetitleisapproximatelythatwhichyouknowIhopeyouwillkeepthisbetweenusAnonymityisoftheutmostimportancetomeEitherOrisindeedanexcellenttitleItispiquantandatthesametimealsohasaspeculativemeaningButformyownsakeIwillnotrobyouprematurelyofanyenjoymentThiswinterinBerlinwillalwayshavegreatsignificanceformeIhavedonealotofworkWhenyouconsiderthatIhavehadthreeorfourhoursoflectureseveryday,haveadailylanguagelesson,andhavestillgottensomuchwritten(andthatregardlessofthefactthatinthebeginningIhadtospendalotoftimewritingdownSchelling'slecturesandmakingfaircopies),andhavereadalot,IcannotcomplainAndthenallmysuffering,allmymonologues!IfeelstronglythatIcannotcontinueforlongIneverexpectedtobutIcanforashortwhileandallthemoreintensivelySchellingtalksendlessnonsensebothinanextensiveandanintensivesenseIamleavingBerlinandhasteningtoCopenhagen,butnot,youunderstand,tobeboundbyanewtie,ohno,fornowIfeelmorestronglythaneverthatIneedmyfreedomApersonwithmyeccentricityshouldhavehisfreedomuntilhemeetsaforceinlifethat,assuch,canbindhimIamcomingtoCopenhagentocompleteEitherOrItismyfavoriteidea,andinitIexistYouwillseethatthisSeeThePointofViewforMyWorkasanAuthor,KWXXII(VXIIIfn)Letters,Letter,p,KWXXVIn,FriedrichWilhelmJosephSchelling()wascalledfromMunichtobeprofessorofphilosophyattheUniversityofBerlinHislecturesonthephilosophyofrevelationwereKierkegaard'smainreasonforgoingtoBerlinThelecturesdrewauditors,includingJakobBurkhardtandFriedrichEngels,fromthroughoutEuropeLetters,Letter,pp,KWXXVHistoricalIntroductionIXideaisnottobemadelightofInnowaycanmylifeyetbeconsideredfinishedIfeelIstillhavegreatresourceswithinmeIdooweSchellingsomethingForIhavelearnedthatIenjoytraveling,eventhoughnotforthesakeofstudyingAssoonasIhavefinishedEitherOr,IshallflyawayagainlikeahappybirdImusttravelFormerlyIneverhadtheinclinationforit,butfirstImustfinishEitherOrandthatIcandoonlyinCopenhagenAlthoughonlyafewjournalentriesfromearlierwrItmgwereusedasdiapsalmatainEitherOr,IItheearlierwritingisneverthelesspresentintoneandsubstanceThesardonicironyofMrA,especiallyin"Diapsalmata"and"RotationofCrops,"reflectsthetoneofa"Faustiandoubter"andrepresentstheironyofdespairingestheticismincontrasttowhatiscalled"IronyasaControlledElementTheTruthofIrony"inTheConceptofIronyOntheotherhand,"TheSeducer'sDiary"isanexplicitexampleoftheromanticindividualismdiscussedinIrony,aparticularizeddelineationofwhatFriedrichSchlegelcallslifeas"aworkofart,"an"airydance"Ibid,Letter,pII"IfIhadnotdecidedwhenpublishingEitherOrnottouseanyoldmaterial,IwouldhavefoundingoingthroughmypaperssomeaphorismsthatcouldhavebeenusedverywellTodayIfoundalittlescrapofpaperwiththefollowingwrittenonit:'IamsotiredthatIfeelthatIneedaneternitytorest,sotroubledthatIfeelthatIneedaneternitytoforgetmysorrowsIwishthatIcouldsleepsolongthatIwouldwakeupanoldmanandthencouldliedownagaintosleeptheeternalsleep'"(JPVPapIVA)ThisisEmanuelHirsch'sdescriptionSeeSupplement,pandnoteUKWH(SVXIII)"InareviewinForpostenKj~benhavnsposten,,March,,Iseethatitisquiteproperlypointedoutthatthisnarrativeisnotcalledaseducer'sdiarybuttheseducer's,suggestingthatitisthemethodthatisreallyofprimeimportance,nottheportrayalofeitherJohannesorCordelia"(JPVPapIVA)Irony,KWH(SVXIII)FriedrichvSchlegel,Lu(irlde(Berlin:),pp,FriedrichSchlegel'sLucindeandtheFragments,trPeterFirchow(Minneapolis:UniversityofMinnesotaPress,),pp,xHistoricalIntroductionKierkegaard'sfirstuseofthetitlephrase"eitheror"isalsofoundinIronyinitsLatinformautautYLater,theDanishformfoundcurrencyevenonCopenhagenstreetsAsKierkegaardremarked,"Iamwithoutauthority,onlyapoetbutoddlyenougharoundhere,evenonthestreet,Igobythename'EitherOr'"DespitethetensionindicatedbytheverytitleEitherOrandpublicationintwoseparatevolumes,Kierkegaardregardedtheworkashaving"aplanfromthefirstwordtothelast,"aviewhardlysharedbyhiscontemporariesIfthecohesionofthedialecticallybalancedvolumeswasoverlookedatthetime,itisnotsurprisingthatlaterreadersgenerallyfailedtorelateEither!OrtotheotherpseudonymousandsignedworksbyKierkegaardHehimselfmaintainedthatEitherOrhasanintegralwholenessandconstitutespartofalargerwhole:"MycontemporariescannotgraspthedesignofmywritingEither!OrdividedintofourpartsorsixpartsandpublishedseparatelyoversixyearswouldhavebeenallrightButthateachessayinEitherOrisonlypartofawhole,andthenthewholeofEither!Orapartofawhole:that,afterall,thinkmybourgeoiscontemporaries,isenoughtodriveonedaft"Threeyearslater,andagaineighteenyearslater,KierkegaardreaffirmedtheintegralityofthecomplexseriesofwritIrony,KWII(SVXIII)TheLatinformwasusedbyphilosophyprofessorFrederikChristianSibberninhislongreviewofJohanLudvigHeiberg'sPerseus,journalfordenspeculativeIdee,No,inMamledsskrififorLitteratur,XIX,,p,inasectionontheprincipleofcontradictionBishopJac(k)obPeterMynsteralsousedthephrasein"RatiorzalismeSupernaturalisme,"adiscussionoftheprincipleofcontradiction,inoppositiontoHegel,JohanAlfredBornemann,andJohanLudvigHeibergSeeTidsskrivtforLiteraturogCritik,I,,p,andMynster,BlandedeSkrivter,IVI(Copenhagen:),II,pSeeConcludingUnscientificPostscripttoPhilosophicalFragments,KWXII(SVVII)jPVI(PapXI'B)jPV(PapIVA,)JLHeiberg,in"Vintersaed,"Intelligensblade,,March,,pp,wrote(edtr):"theauthor'sunusualbrilliance,learning,andstylisticfacilityarenotunitedwithanorganizingcapacity,,"SeealsoEitherOr,II,p,KWIV(PapIVA)jPV(PapVII'A,)HistoricalIntroductionXlingsbeginningwithEitherOr,andhedefinedthenatureofthewhole"AnauthorshipthatbeganwithEitherOrandadvancedstepbystepseekshereitsconsummatingplaceofrestatthefootofthealtar,wheretheauthor,personallymostawareofhisownimperfectionandguilt,certainlydoesnotcallhimselfawitnesstothetruthbutonlyasingularkindofpoetandthinkerwho,'withoutauthority,'hashadnothingnewtobringbut'haswantedtoreadthroughonceagain,ifpossibleinamoreinwardway,theoriginaltextofindividualhumanexistencerelationships,theold,familiartexthandeddownfromthefathers'(seemypostscripttoConcludingPostscript)""WhatIhaveunderstoodasthetaskoftheauthorshiphasbeendoneItisoneidea,thiscontinuityfromEitherOrtoAntiClimacus,theideaofreligiousnessinreflection"Oneofthelatestitems()inKierkegaard'spapersreiteratesthisthoughtandgoesbeyondAntiClimacusThetitlepageoftheproposedsummaryworkbrieflyandcomprehensivelyreads:"MyProgram:EitherOrBySKierkegaard"Aspartofthewholeincludingthepseudonymousworks,EitherOrlackedoneelement,accordingtoKierkegaard:anarrativesectionoranimaginaryconstructionintheexperientialmodeOntheflyleafofacopyofEitherOr,I,Kierkegaardwrote:"SomethinkthatEitherOrisacollectionofloosepapersIhadlyinginmydeskBravo!Asamatteroffact,itwasthereverseTheonlythingthisworklacksisanarrative,whichIdidbeginbutomitted,justasAladdinleftawindowincompleteItwastobecalled'UnhappyLove'ItwastoformacontrasttotheSeducerTheherointhestoryactedinexactlythesamewayastheSeducer,butbehinditwasdepressionHePrefacetoTwoDiscoursesattheCommuniononFridays(),KWXVIII(SVXII)Thereferencetoapostscriptisto"AFirstandLastExplanation,"Postscript,KWXII(SVVII)JPVI(PapXB:),fromanunuseddraftoftheprefacetoForSelfExamination()JPVI(PapXI'B)SeeRepetition,notetosubtitle,pp,KWVIxuHistoricalIntroductionwasnotunhappybecausehecouldnotgetthegirlhelovedSuchheroesarebeneathmeHehadcapacitiescomparabletotheSeducer'shewascertainofcapturingherHewonherAslongasthestrugglewenton,hedetectednothingthenshesurrendered,hewaslovedwithalltheenthusiasmayounggirlhasthenhebecameunhappy,wentintoadepression,pulledbackhecouldstrugglewiththewholeworldbutnotwithhimselfHislovemadehimindescribablyhappyatthemomentassoonashethoughtoftime,hedespaired"Aftertheappearanceofthecontemplatednarrative(withappropriatemodifications)inStagesonLife'sWay,Kierkegaardcrypticallyexplaineditsomissionfromtheearlierwork"Theimaginaryconstruction,however,ispreciselywhatislackinginEither!Or(seeanoteinmyowncopyPapIVA)butbeforeitcouldbedoneabsolutelyright,anenormousdetourhadtobemade"InanappendixtoConcludingUnscientificPostscript,JohannesClimacusdiscussesinsomedetailthesubstantiverelationofEitherOrtotheotherpseudonymousworks:"Imentionthesebooks,"Climacusmodestlywrites,"onlyinsofarastheyconstituteelementsintherealizationoftheideaIhadbutwhichinanironicalwayIwasexemptedfromrealizing"Theidea,thatof"existentialinwardness,"involvesvarious"elements"ofEitherOr:theestheticandtheethical,immediacyandreflection,theindividualandtheuniversallyhuman,timeandeternity,historyasagivenandthegainingofapersonalhistory,themomentaryandthemoment,existentialdialectic,theuseoffreedom,eroticloveandethicallove,livingpoeticallyandlivingresponsibly,despairandhope,possibilityandactuality,choosing,immanenceandtranscendence,theJPV(PapIVA)A"sequelto'TheSeducer'sDiary'"wasalsocontemplated,somethingthat"mustbeinapiquantvein,hisrelationtoayoungmarriedwoman"(JPVPapIVA)SeealsoEitherOr,II,pp,KWIV(PapIVA)JPV(PapVII'B)SeealsoEitherOr,II,pp,KWIV(PapVII'B,)"AGlanceataContemporaryEffortinDanishLiterature,"KWXII(SVVII)Ibid()Ibid()HistoricalIntroductionXUinnerandtheouter,concealmentandopenness,imaginationandactuality,thoughtandactuality,knowledgeandactionInadditiontotherelationofEitherOrtotheotherpseudonymousworks,thereisanotherkindofrelationtotheparallelseriesofsignedworksthatbeganwithTwoUpbuildingDiscourses,published(May,)threemonthsandadayafterEitherOrappearedInPointofView,KierkegaardcharacterizeshimselfasapoetwithaleaningtowardthereligiousEitherOrwastheworkofthepoet,andthediscourseswerehisownThisselfdescriptionaccountsnotonlyfortheconsciousanddeliberateduplexity(differentiatedparallelism)ofthetwowritingseriesbutalsoforthelineardevelopmentanddynamiccoherenceoftheentireauthorshipTherefore,inajournalentryfromhecouldwrite:Yes,itwasagoodthingtopublishthatlittlearticleIbeganwithEitherOrandtwoupbuildingdiscoursesnowitends,afterthewholeupbuildingserieswithalittleestheticessayItexpresses:thatitwastheupbuilding,thereligious,thatshouldadvance,andthatnowtheesthetichasbeentraversedtheyareinverselyrelated,oritissomethingofaninverseconfrontation,toshowthatthewriterwasnotanestheticauthorwhointhecourseoftimegrewolderandforthatreasonbecamereligiousThedialecticalcomplexityofthepseudonymousseriesofwritingsandtheduplexityofthetwodifferentiatedparallelserieswereKierkegaard'swayofcombiningSocraticmaieuticThissmallvolumewasfollowedbyThreeUpbuildingDiscoursesandFourUpbuildingDiscourses(October,December,)andbyTwoUpbuildingDiscourses,ThreeUpbuildingDiscourses,andFourUpbuildingDiscourses(March,June,August,),whichwereparalleledbythepublicationofFearandTremblingandRepetition(October,),PhilosophicalFragmentsaune,),andTheConceptofAnxietyaune,)tKWXXII(SVXIII)TheCrisisandACrisisintheLifeofanActress(),KWXVII(SVX)MidwaybetweenEitherOrandCrisis,KierkegaardalsowroteapiecereminiscentofEitherOrunderthetitle"ACursoryObservationConcerningaDetailinDonGiovanni,"TheCorsairAifoir,pp,KWXIII(SVXIII)JPVI(PapIXA)Seealso,forexample,ibid,(X'A)XIVHistoricalIntroductionindirectionintheoneseriesandthedirectapproachintheotherIn"TheAccounting,"inOnMyWorkasanAuthor,Kierkegaardexplainswhyheusedthepseudonymousapproach:ThemaieuticliesintherelationbetweentheestheticproductivityasthebeginningandthereligiousasthetEAOgoalItbeginswiththeesthetic,inwhichpossiblythemajorityhavetheirlives,andthenthereligiousisintroducedsoquicklythatthosewho,movedbytheesthetic,decidetofollowalong,aresuddenlystandingrightinthemiddleofdecisivequalificationsoftheessentiallyChristian,arepromptedatleasttobecomeawareKierkegaardwenttogreatlengthstoprotectthepseudonymityofEitherOrNotonlywasthetranscribingofthefinalcopydonebyvarioushands,lestthesecretbedetectedanddivulgedbysomeoneattheprintinghouse,butheaddedanelementtohisusualpracticeofwalkingandconversinginthestreetsofCopenhagenIfIwantedtotellaboutit,awholebookcouldbewrittenonhowingeniouslyIhavefooledpeopleaboutmypatternoflifeDuringthetimeIwasreadingproofsofEitherOrandwritingtheupbuildingdiscourses,IhadalmostnotimetowalkthestreetsIthenusedanothermethodEveryeveningwhenIlefthomeexhaustedandhadeatenatMini's,IstoppedatthetheaterfortenminutesnotoneminutemoreFamiliarasIwas,Icountedontherebeingseveralgossipsatthetheaterwhowouldnowsay:EverysinglenighthegoestothetheaterhedoesnotdoanotherthingKWXXII(SVXIII)Seealso,forexample,PointojView,KWXXII(SVXIII)

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