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首页 Company Law of the People(新公司法英文版).doc

Company Law of the People(新公司法英文版).doc

Company Law of the People(新公司法英…

上传者: zgxhyq 2011-11-06 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Company Law of the People(新公司法英文版)doc》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含CompanyLawofthePeople'sRepublicofChinaCompanyLawofthePeople'sRepublicofChi符等。

CompanyLawofthePeople'sRepublicofChinaCompanyLawofthePeople'sRepublicofChina【DocumentNo】OrderofthePresidentofthePeople'sRepublicofChinaNo【PromulgationDate】【EffectiveDate】【RepealedDate】【PromulgationBody】StandingCommitteeoftheNPC【Status】Effective【StatusDescription】TherevisedCompanyLawofthePeople'sRepublicofChinawasadoptedatthethMeetingoftheStandingCommitteeoftheTenthNationalPeople'sCongressofthePeople'sRepublicofChinaonOctober,,isherebypromulgatedandshallcomeintoeffectasofJanuary,ThePresidentofthePeople'sRepublicofChina:HuJintaoOctober,(AdoptedatthefifthmeetingofthestandingcommitteeoftheeighthNationalPeople'sCongressonDecember,,revisedforthefirsttimeinaccordancewiththeDecisiononAmendingtheCompanyLawofthePeople'sRepublicofChinaadoptedatthethmeetingoftheStandingCommitteeofthethNationalPeople'sCongressonDecember,revisedforthesecondtimeinaccordancewiththeDecisiononAmendingtheCompanyLawofthePeople'sRepublicofChinaadoptedatthethMeetingoftheStandingCommitteeofthetenthNationalPeople'sCongressonAugust,andrevisedforthethirdtimeinaccordancewiththeDecisiononAmendingtheCompanyLawofthePeople'sRepublicofChinaadoptedatthethMeetingoftheStandingCommitteeofthetenthNationalPeople'sCongressonOctober,)ChapterGeneralProvisionsArticleThisLawisenactedinordertostandardizetheorganizationandactivitiesofcompanies,toprotectthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofcompanies,shareholdersandcreditors,tomaintainsocioeconomicorderandtopromotethedevelopmentofthesocialistmarketeconomyArticleTheTerm"company"referredtointhisLawshallmeanalimitedliabilitycompanyorajointstocklimitedcompanyincorporatedwithintheterritoryofthePeople'sRepublicofChinainaccordancewiththisLawArticleAcompanyisanenterpriselegalperson,hasindependentpropertyoflegalperson,andshallenjoytherighttotheentirepropertyofthelegalpersonAcompanyshallbeliableforitsdebtstotheextentofallitsassetsInthecaseofalimitedliabilitycompany,shareholdersshallassumeliabilitytowardsthecompanytotheextentoftheamountofthecapitalcontributionsubscribedforbythemrespectivelyinthecaseofajointstocklimitedcompany,shareholdersshallassumeliabilitytowardsthecompanytotheextentofthesharessubscribedforbythemrespectivelyArticleTheshareholdersofacompanyshall,accordingtolaw,enjoysuchrightsofownersasbenefitingfromassetsofthecompany,makingmajordecisionsandselectingmanagerialpersonnelArticleAcompanymust,whenengaginginbusinessactivities,abidebythelawsandadministrativeregulations,observesocialmoralsandcommercialethics,beinintegrityandgoodfaith,acceptsupervisionofthegovernmentandthepublic,andundertakesocialliabilityThelegitimaterightsandinterestsofcompaniesshallbeprotectedbylawandshallbeinviolableArticleApplicationshallbemadetothecompanyregistrationauthorityforregistrationoftheincorporationofacompanyCompaniesmeetingtheconditionsonincorporationprovidedbythisLawshallberegisteredaslimitedliabilitycompaniesorjointstocklimitedcompaniesrespectivelywhilecompaniesfailingtomeettheconditionsonincorporationprovidedbythisLawshallnotberegisteredaslimitedliabilitycompaniesorjointstocklimitedcompaniesIftheincorporationofacompanymustbereportedforapprovalinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoflawsoradministrativeregulations,theprocedureforapprovalshallbehandledpriortotheregistrationofthecompanyaccordingtolawThepublicmayapplytothecompanyregistrationauthorityforenquiryoftheregistereditemsofacompany,andthecompanyregistrationauthorityshallprovidetheserviceofsuchenquiryArticleThecompanyregistrationauthorityshallissueabusinesslicensetoacompanyincorporatedaccordingtolawThedateoftheissuanceofthecompany'sbusinesslicenseshallbethedateoftheincorporationofthecompanyThebusinesslicenseofthecompanyshallstatesuchmattersasthename,domicile,registeredcapital,businessscopeandthenameofthelegalrepresentativeofthecompanyIncaseofanychangeinanyitemrecordedinthecompany'sbusinesslicense,thecompanyshallapplyforregistrationofthechangeaccordingtolaw,andthecompanyregistrationauthorityshallreissuethebusinesslicenseArticleAlimitedliabilitycompanyestablishedaccordingtothisLawmustclearlyindicatethewords"limitedLiabilitycompany"initsnameAjointstocklimitedcompanyestablishedaccordingtothisLawmustclearlyindicatethewords"jointlimitedcompany"initsnameArticleIfalimitedliabilitycompanyistobeconvertedintoajointstocklimitedcompany,itshallsatisfytherequirementsforajointstocklimitedcompanystipulatedbythisLawIfajointstocklimitedcompanyistobeconvertedintoalimitedliabilitycompany,itshallsatisfytherequirementsforalimitedliabilitycompanystipulatedbythisLawWherealimitedliabilitycompanyisconvertedintoajointstocklimitedcompanyorajointstocklimitedcompanyisconvertedintoalimitedliabilitycompany,theclaimsanddebtsoftheoriginalcompanyshallbesucceededtotheconvertedcompanyArticleAcompany'sdomicileshallbetheplacewhereitsmainadministrativeorganizationislocatedArticleArticlesofassociationmustbeformulatedaccordingtolawwhenacompanyisincorporatedAcompany'sarticlesofassociationshallhavebindingforceonthecompany,itsshareholders,directors,supervisorsandseniorexecutivesArticleAcompany'sscopeofbusinessshallbedefinedinitsarticlesofassociationandregisteredaccordingtolawThecompanymayreviseitsarticlesofassociationandchangeitsbusinessscope,providedthatitshallapplyforregistrationofsuchrevisionandchangeItemswithinthecompany'sbusinessscopethatshallbesubjecttoapprovalunderlaws,administrativeregulationsshallbeapprovedaccordingtolawArticleThepostofacompany'slegalrepresentativeshallbeheldbythechairmanoftheboardofdirectors,executivedirectororthemanagerofthecompanyandshallberegisteredaccordingtolawIfthecompany'slegalrepresentativeischanged,thecompanyshallhandletheprocedureforregistrationofthechangeArticleAcompanymayestablishbranchesThecompanyshall,ifestablishingbranches,applytothecompanyregistrationauthorityforregistrationoftheestablishmentandacquirethebusinesslicenseofthebranchesThebranchesdonotpossessthestatusoflegalpersonandtheircivilliabilitiesshallbebornebythecompanyAcompanymayestablishsubsidiaries,whichshallpossessthestatusoflegalperson,andshallindependentlybearcivilliabilitiesaccordingtolawArticleAcompanymayinvestinotherenterprisesprovidedthat,thecompanyshallnotbecometheinvestorundertakingthejointandseveralliabilityforthedebtsoftheinvestedenterprises,exceptasotherwiseprovidedbylawsArticleWhereacompanyistoinvestinotherenterpriseorprovideguaranteeforothers,itshallbedecidedbytheboardofdirectorsortheshareholdersmeetingortheshareholdersgeneralmeetinginaccordancewiththeprovisionsofitsarticlesofassociationifthearticlesofassociationofthecompanystipulatethelimitofthetotalamountoftheinvestmentortheguarantee,ortheamountoftheinvestmentortheguaranteeinsingleitem,then,thelimitshallnotbeexceededIfacompanyistoprovideguaranteeforitsshareholdersoractualcontrollers,itshallbedecidedbytheshareholdersmeetingortheshareholdersgeneralmeetingTheshareholdersasprovidedintheprecedingParagraphandtheshareholderscontrolledbytheactualcontrollersasprovidedintheprecedingParagraphshallnotparticipateinthevotingforthematterprovidedintheprecedingParagraphSuchvotingshallbepassedbasedonmorethanhalfofthevotingrightsheldbyothershareholdersattendingthemeetingArticleCompaniesmustprotectthelawfulrightsandinterestoftheirstaffandworkers,signlaborcontractswiththeirstaffandworkersaccordingtolaw,participateinsocialinsurance,andstrengthenlaborprotectionsoastoachievesafetyinproductionCompaniesshallapplyvariousformstostrengthenprofessionaleducationandonthejobtrainingfortheirstaffandworkerssoastoimprovetheirqualityArticleCompany'sstaffandworkersshall,inaccordancewiththeTradeUnionLawofthePeople'sRepublicofChina,organizeatradeuniontocarryoutthetradeunionactivitiesandprotectthelawfulrightsandinterestsofthestaffandworkersThecompanyshallprovideitstradeunionwithconditionsnecessaryforcarryingoutitsactivitiesThetradeunionofthecompanyshall,onbehalfofthestaffandworksofthecompanyandaccordingtolaw,signwiththecompanyacollectivecontractonsuchmattersaslaborsalaries,workinghours,welfare,insuranceandlaborsafetyandhealthofthestaffandworksCompaniesshall,throughthestaffandworkerscongressorotherforms,practicedemocraticmanagementinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheConstitutionandrelevantlawsIfacompanyistomakedecisiononsystemreform,majorissuesonbusinessoperationorformulationofimportantrulesandregulations,itshallsolicittheopinionsofitstradeunion,andsolicittheopinionsandsuggestionsofitsstaffandworkersthroughthestaffandworkerscongressorotherformsArticleInaccordancewiththeConstitutionoftheCommunistPartyofChina,theorganizationoftheCommunistPartyofChinashallbeestablishedinacompanysoastocarryouttheiractivitiesofthecommunistPartyThecompanyshallprovideitscommunistorganizationwithconditionsnecessaryforcarryingoutitsactivitiesArticleTheshareholdersofacompanyshallabidebylaws,administrativeregulationsandthearticlesofassociationofthecompany,exercisetheirrightsaccordingtolaw,andshallnotabusetheirrightstodamagetheinterestsofthecompanyorothershareholdersnorabusetheindependentstatusofcorporatelegalpersonandshareholders'limitedliabilitytodamagetheinterestsofthecompany'screditorsTheshareholders,whoabusetheirrightssoastocauselossestothecompanyorothershareholders,shallundertaketheliabilityforcompensationIftheshareholdersofacompanyabusetheindependentstatusofcorporatelegalpersonandshareholders'limitedliabilitytoavoiddebtsanddamagetheinterestsofthecompany'screditors,theyshallundertakethejointandseveralliabilityforthecompany'sdebtsArticleTheholdingshareholders,actualcontrollers,directors,supervisors,seniorexecutivesofacompanyshallnot,bytakingadvantageoftheiraffiliaterelationship,damagetheinterestsofthecompanyTheyshall,inviolationoftheprovisionsoftheprecedingParagraph,undertaketheliabilityforcompensationifanylossiscausedtothecompanytherebyArticleThecontentsintheresolutionsoftheshareholdersmeetingortheshareholdersgeneralmeetingortheboardofdirectorsofacompany,ifinviolationofthelawsoradministrativeregulations,shallbeandvoidIftheprocedureforconveningmeetingsorthevotingmethodoftheshareholdersmeetingortheshareholdersgeneralmeetingortheboardofdirectorsofacompanyareinviolationofthelaws,administrativeregulationsorthearticlesofassociationofthecompany,orthecontentsintheresolutionsthereofareinviolationofthearticlesofassociation,theshareholdersofthecompanymay,withindaysuponthedateofmakingtheresolution,requestthepeople'scourttocancelthemIftheshareholdersbringalawsuitinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheprecedingParagraph,thepeople'scourtmay,upontherequestthecompany,requiretheshareholderstoprovidetherelevantguaranteeIfthecompanyhashandledtheprocedureforregistrationofchangeinaccordancewithsuchresolutionsofitsshareholdersmeetingortheshareholdersgeneralmeetingortheboardofdirectors,thepeople'scourtshalldeclaresuchresolutionsinvalid,or,aftersuchresolutionsarecancelled,thecompanyshallapplytothecompanyregistrationauthorityforcancellationoftheregistrationofchangeChapterIncorporationandOrganizationalStructureoftheLimitedLiabilityCompaniesSectionIncorporationArticleThefollowingconditionsshallbefulfilledfortheincorporationofalimitedliabilitycompany:()thenumberofshareholdersshallconformtothestatutorynumber()thecapitalcontributionsoftheshareholdersshallreachthestatutoryminimumamountofcapital()theshareholdersshallhavejointlyformulatedthearticlesofassociationofthecompany()thecompanyshallhaveanameandanorganizationalstructureestablishedincompliancewiththerequirementsforalimitedliabilitycompanyand()thecompanyshallhaveadomicileArticleAlimitedliabilitycompanyshallbejointlyinvestedinandincorporatedbynotmorethanshareholdersArticleThearticlesofassociationofalimitedliabilitycompanyshallspecifythefollowingparticulars:()thenameanddomicileofthecompany()thescopeofbusinessofthecompany()theregisteredcapitalofthecompany()thenamesortitlesoftheshareholders()themethodandamountofcapitalcontributionsbytheshareholder()theorganizationofthecompany,itsmethodofcreation,functionsandpowersandtherulesofprocedure()thelegalrepresentativeofthecompany()otheritemswhichtheshareholdersmeetingsdeemnecessarytobespecifiedTheshareholdersshallsignandaffixtheirsealstothecompany'sarticlesofassociationArticleTheregisteredcapitalofalimitedliabilitycompanyshallbetheamountofthecapitalcontributionssubscribedforbyallofitsshareholdersasregisteredwiththecompanyregistrationauthorityTheamountofinitialcapitalcontributionspaidbyalltheshareholdersofthecompanyshallnotbelessthanoftheregisteredcapitalofthecompanynorlessthanthestatutoryminimumamountofregisteredcapital,andtheremainingoftheregisteredcapitalmaybepaidupbytheshareholderswithintwoyearupontheincorporationofthecompany,providedthat,incaseofainvestmentcompany,itmaybepaidupwithinfiveyearsupontheincorporationofthecompanyTheminimumamountoftheregisteredcapitalofalimitedliabilitycompanyshallbeRMB,Ifahigherminimumamountoftheregisteredcapitalofalimitedliabilitycompanythanthatasstipulatedintheprecedingsentenceisprovidedbylawsoradministrativeregulations,suchprovisionsshallprevailArticleAshareholdermaymakeitscapitalcontributionstoacompanyincurrencyorbycontributingsuchnoncurrencypropertyasmaterialobjects,intellectualpropertyrights,landuserightsattheirappraisedvaluethatmaybeevaluatedincurrencyandmaybetransferredaccordingtolawexceptthosepropertiesthatshallnotbecontributedascapitalinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoflawsoradministrativeregulationsThenoncurrencypropertycontributedascapitalshallundergoanappraisal,valuationandverification,andshallnotbeovervaluedorundervaluedIftheappraisalandvaluationofsuchpropertyisprovidedbylawsoradministrativeregulations,suchprovisionsshallapplyTheamountofcapitalcontributionincurrencybyallshareholdersshallnotbelessthanoftheregisteredcapitalofthelimitedliabilitycompanyArticleEachshareholdershallmakeinfulltheamountofthecapitalcontributionsubscribedforbyitunderthearticlesofassociationofthecompanyWhereashareholdermakesitscapitalcontributionincurrency,itshalldepositthefullamountofsuchcapitalcontributionincurrencyinthebankaccountopenedbythelimitedliabilitycompanyWhereashareholdermakesitscapitalcontributionintheformofnoncurrencyproperty,thetransferproceduresforthepropertyrightsshallbehandledaccordingtolawShareholdersfailingtomakethecapitalcontributionsinaccordancewiththeprecedingParagraphshallbeliableforbreachofcontracttowardstheshareholderswhohavemadetheircapitalcontributionsinfullandontimeArticleAfterallshareholdershavemadetheircapitalcontributioninfull,suchcontributionsmustbeverifiedbyastatutorycapitalverificationinstitutionwhichshallissuecapitalverificationcertificatesArticleAfterthetotalcapitalcontributionsoftheshareholdershavebeenverifiedbyastatutorycapitalverificationinstitution,applicationshallbemadetothecompanyregistrationauthorityforregistrationoftheincorporationofthecompanybyarepresentativedesignatedbyalltheshareholdersorbyanagentjointlyentrustedbythem,whoshallsubmitsuchdocumentsasanapplicationforregistration,thearticlesofassociationandthecapitalverificationcertificateArticleWhere,aftertheincorporationofalimitedliabilitycompany,itisdiscoveredthattheactualvalueofthenoncurrencypropertyascapitalisnotablylessthanthevaluestatedinthearticlesofassociation,theshareholdersthatmadesuchcontributionsshallmakeupthedeficiencythosewhoareshareholdersatthetimeoftheincorporationofthecompanyshallbearjointandseveralliabilitythereforArticleAfteralimitedliabilitycompanyhasbeenincorporated,itshallissuecapitalcontributioncertificatestoitsshareholdersAcapitalcontributioncertificateshallspecifythefollowingitems:()thenameofthecompany()thedateoftheincorporationofthecompany()theregisteredcapitalofthecompany()thenamesortitlesoftheshareholders,theamountanddateoftheircapitalcontributionand()theserialnumberofthecapitalcontributioncertificateandthedateofitsverificationandissuanceAcapitalcontributioncertificateshallbearthesealofthecompanyonitArticleAlimitedliabilitycompanyshallpreparearosterofitsshareholderswiththefollowingitemstherein:()thenamesortitlesanddomicilesoftheshareholders()theamountsofcapitalcontributionsoftheshareholdersand()theserialnumbersofthecapitalcontributioncertificatesTheshareholdersrecordedintherostermayclaimtoexercisetheshareholder'srightbasedontherosterThecompanyshallregisterwiththecompanyregistrationauthoritythenamesortitlesandtheamountsofcapitalcontributionsofitsshareholdersincaseofchangeofsuchregistereditems,theregistrationofthechangeshallbehandledIfthecompanyfailstoregistersuchitemsorsuchchange,itshallnotcounteranythirdpartyArticleAshareholdershallhavetherighttolookupandcopythearticlesofassociation,theminutesofshareholdersmeetings,theresolutionsofthemeetingoftheboardofdirectors,theresolutionsofthemeetingsofthesupervisoryboardandthefinancialstatementsofthecompanyTheshareholdersmayrequiretolookup

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