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首页 复数名词不规则变化及发音.pdf

复数名词不规则变化及发音.pdf

复数名词不规则变化及发音.pdf

上传者: 麒麟亚洲 2011-10-31 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《复数名词不规则变化及发音pdf》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含目录复数名词发音规则常见复数名词不规则发音以f或fe结尾的部分名词复数需将f(e)变成ves,发音为vz其它以f(e)结尾的属于规则变化以o结尾的部符等。

目录复数名词发音规则常见复数名词不规则发音以f或fe结尾的部分名词复数需将f(e)变成ves,发音为vz其它以f(e)结尾的属于规则变化以o结尾的部分名词复数需加es其它属于规则变化常见单复数同形的名词常见部分外来词的不规则变化其它名词的不规则变化常见只表示复数意义的名词常见不可数名词复数名词发音规则以辅音s,z,,,tandd结尾的名词复数加es后发音为izbuses‘bʌsizcrashes‘kræizquizzes‘kwizizgarages‘gæra:ʒizwatches‘wɔtizbridges‘bridʒiz以清辅音p,f,θ,tork结尾的名词复数加(e)s后发音为scupskʌpsbeliefsbi‘li:fsplatespleitsclothsklɔθsbooksbuks其它常见的名词复数加(e)s后发音为zdaysdeizclotheskləuztreestri:zendsendsdreamsdri:mzsongssɔŋzhillshilzlegslegz常见复数名词不规则发音singularpluralbathba:θbathsba:θsorba:ðzhousehaushouses‘hauzizmouthmauθmouthsmauθsormauðzpathpa:θpathspa:θsorpa:ðzroofru:froofsru:fsorru:vztruthtru:θtruthstru:θsortru:ðzyouthju:θyouthsyu:θsorju:ðz以f或fe结尾的部分名词复数需将f(e)变成ves,发音为vz其它以f(e)结尾的属于规则变化singularpluralsingularpluralhalfhalvesha:vzselfselvesselvzknifeknifesshelfshelvesleafleavesthiefthieveslifeliveswifewivesloafloaveswolfwolvescalfcalvessheafsheaves注意:dwarf,hoof,scarfandwharf的复数形式既可直接加s,也可将词尾f(e)变成ves以o结尾的部分名词复数需加es其它属于规则变化singularpluralsingularpluralechoechoespotatopotatoesheroheroestomatotomatoes常见单复数同形的名词singularpluralsingularpluraldeerdeerheadquartersheadquarterssheepsheepfishfishseriesseriesworks(=factory)workscrossroadscrossroadsmeansmeansspeciesspeciesSwissSwissaircraftaircraftChinese(及其它国籍以ese结尾的名词)ChinesespacecraftspacecraftJapaneseJapanese注意:部分学科名词以ics结尾如mathematics,physics,athletics是单数不可数名词没有复数形式。egToomuchmathematicsisusuallytaughtinschools有些学科名词以ics结尾如politics,statistics也可被当作复数使用。egPoliticsisacomplicatedbusiness(ButWhatareyourpolitics)egStatisticsisusefulinlanguagetesting(ButTheunemploymentstatisticsaredisturbing)media(意为radio,TV,newspapers,theinternet)是medium的复数,现在常被用作不可数名词。data是datum的复数形式但现在datum已几乎不用了。而data现在既可被用作不可数名词也可被用作复数名词两者意义没有区别。常见部分外来词的不规则变化singularpluralsingularpluralanalysisanalysescrisiscrisesappendixappendicescriterioncriteriabacteriumbacteriaoasisOasesbasisbasesphenomenonPhenomenadiagnosisdiagnosesradiusRadiiformulaformulaeformulasstimulusstimulifungusfungihypothesishypotheses其它名词的不规则变化singularpluralsingularpluralfootfeetoxoxengoosegeesepennypencelouselicetoothteethmousemicewomanwomen常见只表示复数意义的名词cattleManycattlearesufferingfromadiseasecalledBSEcattle是bulls,cows,和calves的总称没有单数形式不可用于表示个体劢物的数量如notthreecattleclothesYourclothesareverybeautifulClothes是衣服的总称没有单数形式但其前出现量词修饰时谓语与量词的数量保持一致。如:apieceofclothesisdisplayingintheshoppeopleThereweremanypeopleatthemeetingpeople是复数形式其单数形式是personpeoples表示民族种族。如:SomepeoplesareyellowracesstaffThestaffareonstrikeTheschool'steachingstaffisareexcellentThiscompanyhasastaffoffiftystaff表示全体教员职员做主语时谓语劢词既可是单数也可是复数可构成astaffof表示一群人美式英语中也使用staffscrewNoneofthepassengersandcrewwereinjuredcrew表示全体船员机务人员是一个复数名词但现Allthecrewweresaved在crews运用也较多policeThepolicearelookingforafairhairedmaninhistwentiespolice是复数名词其单数是policemantheFrench,theDutchTheFrenchareveryproudoftheirsenseofhumourTheDutchdeclaredtheirindependencefromSpainthe国籍的形容词形式指复数形式表示这个国家的人suchastheIrish,theSpanish,theWelsh,trousers,jeansYourjeansaretootightJeansarepopularamongtheyoung此类名词没有单数形式。其他例子包括pants,pyjamasglasses,scissorsWherearemyglassesThereisapairofscissorsglassesandscissors用短语apairof修饰时谓语劢词可用单数形式contents,customs,funds,goodsWhatarethecontents(目录内容)Thecustomshaveseizedlargequantitiesofsmuggledheroin(海关人员)常见类似用法的复数名词还有:groceries,manners,theMiddleages,outskirts,regards,congratulations,thanks,remains,savings,surroundings,arms常见不可数名词不可数名词例句同义可数用法accommodationOuraccommodationisbarelyadequateAplacetolive(NOTanaccommodation)baggageAllinterlinebaggageistransferredautomaticallyApieceitemofbaggagechessChessisplayedbytwopeopleAgameofchesschewinggumApieceofchewinggumstucktomyshoeApieceofchewinggum(NOTachewinggum)equipmentAlltheirequipmentisgoodApieceofequipmentatoolfurnitureSomefurnitureismadeofbambooApiecearticleoffurnitureatable,chairinformationInformationthatisdatedisnotusefulApieceofinformationknowledgeKnowledgeisnoburdenAfactlightningLightningisusuallyfollowedbythunderAflashoflightningluckHisluckisontheturnApiecebitstrokeofluckluggageMyluggageisoverweightApieceitemofluggageacasetruckbagnewsNonewsisgoodnewsApieceofnewspermissionPermissionformodificationiscrucialtoopoetryPoetryisadifficultartApoemprogressProgressisnotcreatedbycontentedpeopleAstepforwardanadvanceresearchThescienceresearchmechanismisfoundedApieceofresearchanexperimentrubbishThestreetswerelitteredwithrubbishApieceofrubbishtrafficHowterriblethetrafficis!Cars,etcvocabularyHisEnglishvocabularyislimitedAwordexpression

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