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首页 高中英语动词的用法归纳课件.ppt

高中英语动词的用法归纳课件.ppt

高中英语动词的用法归纳课件.ppt

上传者: 麒麟亚洲 2011-10-31 评分 5 0 181 25 822 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《高中英语动词的用法归纳课件ppt》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含一、连系动词类变化类:典例:gofallOneofhischildren(病了)He(睡着了)whilestudyinghisgrammarbook符等。

一、连系动词类变化类:典例:gofallOneofhischildren(病了)He(睡着了)whilestudyinghisgrammarbookbecome,get,turn,grow,make,come,go,fallbadhungrymadwrong(fellfallen)fellillfellasleep感官类:Dellastoodthere,looking(sadsadly)atherselfinthemirrorDellalookedvery,forherpetdogdiedlastnightTheflowerssweetinthebotanicgardenattractthevisitorstothebeautyofnatureAtosmellBsmellingCsmeltDtobesmelt(taste)sodelicious,thefoodinthismarketwassoldoutsoonsadlysadlook,sound,feel,taste,smellTastingConclusion:连系动词后面跟形容词作表语。连系动词无被动语态。“显得”类:状态类:TheweatherwillhotforanothertwoweeksAlastBremainCgetDturnThehotweatherwillanothertwodaysseem,appear,lookkeep,stay,remain,lie,sit,standItlooksasif…Itseemsasifthat…Itappearsthat…lastprove,turnoutWehadthoughttheexaminationwouldbedifficult,butiteasyAturnedBcameCappearedDprovedTheactresswhohadbeenthoughthighlyof(tobe)agreatdisappointmentAturnedoutBseemedClookedDbecame注be,become,turn,remain,make可带名词Heremainsateacher=HeisstillateacherHebecameteacherAaBtheCanDHeturnedteacherAaBtheCanDIthinkJohnwillagoodmonitor,soI’dliketovoteforhimAturnBchangeCelectDmake二、使役、感官动词类二、使役、感官动词类see,lookat,watch,notice,observelet,make,havegethear,listento,feelThebossmadethemhoursadayAworkBtoworkCworkedDworkingTheyweremadehoursadayAworkBtoworkCworkedDworking(吾看三室两厅一感觉)这类动词在主动语态中用不带to的不定式作补语但在被动语态中保留to,get除外。MydaughteroftenmakesascheduletogetherselfofwhatsheistodointhedayAremindBtoremindCremindedDremindingIcan’tseemyoldgrandmaaloneinthecountry,soI’llhaveherwithmeinthecityAleave,stayBleft,stayCleaving,tostayDleft,tostayWhenwesawthesunabovethesurfaceofthesea,thestudentsletoutacryofjoyAtoraiseBtoriseCraisingDrisingsee,lookat,watch,notice,observehavegethear,listentofeel宾语VingVed,※make不带Ving作宾语补足语※letsbdosth此外:find,leave,keep宾语VingVedcatch宾语VingTheboywascaughtinanexaminationandhadtofacethemusicAtocheatBcheatingCcheatDcheatedMrsSmithfoundherhusbandbylettersandpapersandveryworriedAsurrounded,lookBsurrounded,lookingCsurrounding,lookingDsurrounding,lookAlltheteachersdiscussedtheplanthattheywouldliketoseeinthenextschoolyearAcarryoutBcarriedoutCtocarryoutDbecarryingoutThecatistheonlyoneofherpetsshewillhaveonherbedAitsleepBitsleepingCsleptDsleepingTheTVsetheworkswellnowAhasrepairingBhavingrepairedChasbeenrepairedDhashadrepairedWhowouldyouratherchargeofthisjob,GeorgeorJackAhavetotakeBtohavetakeChavetakeDhavetakenConclusion:感官动词see,lookat,watch,notice,observe,hear,listento,feel等常考查:例如:seesbsthdoseesbsthdoingseesbsthdonebeseentodobeseendoingbeseendone使役动词make,let,have,get等常考查:makesbsthdosthmakeoneselfdoneletsbdosthhavesbsthdohavesbsthdoinghavesbsthdone绿色通道:这类动词经常在定语从句中设疑bemadetodobemadedonegetsbsthtodogetsbsthdoinggetsbsthdone考查三、主动表被动类三、主动表被动类sell,wash,burn,cook,cut,drive,dress,play,last,open,write,start,run,read,act,draw,clean,wear,lock,shut,dry,eat,drink,burnadv(well,poorly,easily,smoothly,badly)Drywood(容易燃烧)Thecloth(好洗)Yourcomposition(读起来很好)exceptforafewspellingmistakes(主语的特点、性质、状态)burnseasilywasheswellreadswellHaveyougotaticketfortheconcertNo,theticketswellandtheyoutlastweekAsellweresoldBsellsoldCsellhavebeensoldDaresellsoldItissaidthatthepen,soIboughtoneyesterdayAwriteswellBwritesgoodCiswellwrittenDisgoodwritten四、只接动名词做宾语的词词组四、只接动名词做宾语的词词组consider,suggestadvise,lookforwardto,excusepardonadmit,delayputoffpostpone,fancyavoid,miss,keepkeepon,practisepractice,deny,finish,enjoyappreciate,forbid,imagine,risk,can’thelp,mind,allowpermit,escape考虑建议盼原谅承认推迟没得想。避免错过继续练否认完成就欣赏。禁止想象才冒险不禁介意准逃亡。getdowntodevote…toleadtobegetbecomeusedtopayattentiontogobacktoobjectto“to”用作介词giveup,dislike,feellike,insiston,can’tstand,understandsucceedin,spendwastetime(in),bebusy(in),haveagoodhardtime(in),havedifficultytrouble(in)Itisnousegood,itisoflittleusegood,itisuselessbeworth=deserve,beworthyofbeingdone,beworthytobedoneShelookedforwardeveryspringtotheflowerlinedgardenAvisitBpayingavisitCwalkinDwalkinginIwouldappreciatebackthisafternoonAyoutocallByoucallCyourcallingDyou’recallingThedayhehaslookedforwardtoatlastAcomingBcameCcomeDcomes五、只接不定式作宾语的词词组五、只接不定式作宾语的词词组decidedetermine,learn,want,expecthopewish,refuse,manage,care,pretend,offer,promise,choose,planagree,askbeg,helpseem,attempt,fail,happen,afford,strivemakeupone’smindto,bedeterminedtowouldlikeloveto=shouldlikeloveto决心学会想希望拒绝设法愿假装。主动答应选计划同意请求帮一帮。IwouldlovetothepartylastnightbutIhadtoworkextrahourstofinishareportAtogoBtohavegoneCgoingDhavinggoneShepretendedmewhenIpassedbyAnottoseeBnotseeingCtonotseeDhavingnotseen六、接动名词、不定式意义不同六、接动名词、不定式意义不同)forgettodoforgetdoing)regrettodoregretdoing)remembertodorememberdoing)goontodogoondoing)meantodomeandoing)stoptodostopdoing)trytodotrydoing)can’thelp(to)docan’thelpdoingcan’thelpbutdo=can’tbutdo=can’tchoosebutdo=donothinghavenothingtodobutdo=havenochoicebuttodo=havetodoIcan’thelpbuttellhimthetruthIusuallygotherebytrainWhynotbyboatforachangeAtotrygoingBtryingtogoCtotryandgoDtrygoingThelightintheofficeisstillonOh,IforgotAturningitoffBturnitoffCtoturnitoffDhavingturneditoffHedidn’trememberhimbeforeAhavingmetBhavemetCtomeetDtohavingmetGoontheotherexerciseafteryouhavefinishedthisoneAtodoBdoingCtobedoingDtobedoneYouwerebraveenoughtoraiseobjectionsatthemeetingWell,nowIregretthatAtodoBtobedoingCtohavedoneDhavingdone七、不带不定式作复合宾语七、不带不定式作复合宾语hope,agree,suggest,demand,imagine,I(希望)himtocome=I霍金教授建议我们搬迁到其它的星球上去。wishexpecthopethathewillcomeProHawkingsuggestsusourmovingtootherstarsProHawkingsuggestswe(should)movetootherstarsProHawkingadvisesustomovetootherstarsProHawkingsuggeststoustomove…八、宾语不同、语态不同、但意义相同八、宾语不同、语态不同、但意义相同need,require,wantTheroomrequires(打扫一下)=TheroomrequiresThissentenceneedsAanimprovementBimproveCimprovingDimprovedThebabyneedsAlookedafterBlookingafterClookafterDtolookaftertobecleanedcleaning九、接宾语和宾补、形式不同九、接宾语和宾补、形式不同allow,permit,forbid,advise,consider我们禁止在此吸烟。我们禁止任何人在此吸烟。WeforbidsmokinghereWeforbidanybodytosmokehereAnybodyisforbiddentosmokehereWeareconsideringtothesouthAgoBtogoCgoingDgoneCharlesBabbageisgenerallyconsideredthefirstcomputerAtohaveinventedBinventingCtoinventDhavinginvented十、接虚拟语气的词十、接虚拟语气的词)insist)order,command)advise,suggest,propose,recommend)demand,ask,require,request一坚持、二命令、四建议、四要求Heorderedthatwe(leave)atonceHisorderthatweatoncewasrightTheorderwasthatweatonceThatweatoncewashisorder(should)leave(should)leave(should)leave(should)leaveHeinsistedthathisbrotherthereAgoBwentCgoingDtogoHeinsistedthathenothingwrongandsetfreeAdobeBhaddonewasChaddonebeDdidwasHisvoicesuggestedthatheangryAisBbeCwasDwereHesuggestedthattheboytohospitalatonceAwassentBsendCsentDbesent十一、表计划、愿望未能实现的动词十一、表计划、愿望未能实现的动词intend,mean,hope,plan,expect,think,want,suppose,promiseI(本希望)comehere,butIhadanunexpectedvisitor=Ihopedtohavecomehere,…WouldshouldloveliketohavedonewasweretohavedoneWouldhavedone,but…wasweregoingtodohadhopedtoHewantstomeetyouattheairportHewantedtohavemetyouattheairport,buthedidn’tgetthereintime我本想把这份礼物给他的。Ishould(would)like(love)togiveherthegiftIshould(would)like(love)tohavegivenherthegiftIwastohavegivenherthegiftIwouldhavegivenherthegiftIwasgoingtogiveherthegiftIhadplannedtogiveherthegiftIhadintendedtogiveherthegiftIhadmeanttogiveherthegift十二、瞬间非延续性动词十二、瞬间非延续性动词go,come,leave,start,return,arrive,stop,finish,borrow,lend,open,close,die,become,break,join,kill,marry,graduate,buymarrybemarriedseatbeseatedhidebehiddenengagebeengageddiebedeadbeginbeonjoinbeinborrowkeepcomebestayleavebeawaybuyhave=havegotHediedtenyearsago,that’stosay,hehasfortenyearsAbeendiedBbeendeadCdiedDbeendyingWhenJackarrived,helearnedMaryforalmostanhourAhadgoneBhadsetoffChadleftDhadbeenawayHeisleavingforBeijingtomorrowTheboyissosickthatheisdyingfastThebusiscomingThetrainisleavingIamgoing十三、情感动词类十三、情感动词类encourage,excite,inspire,interest,amaze,satisfy,delight,please,move,frighten,surprise,astonish,shock,disappoint,discourage,puzzle,worry,tire,touch,relax表示人的内在感受的动词Thenewssounds(encourage)Theplaywassothatnearlyeverybodywastotears(move)Lookingatherpaper,shenoddedwithasmileonherface(satisfy)Helookedatmewithalook(puzzle)encouragingmovingmovedsatisfiedpuzzled十四、否定前移类十四、否定前移类Idon’tthinkhecanfinishthework,Acan’theBcanheCdoIDdon’tIMrsBlackdoesn’tbelievehersonisabletodesignadigitalcamera,AdoessheBdoesn’tsheCdoweDdon’tweYoudon’tthinkhecanfinishit,AdoyouBdon’tyouCcanheDcan’thethink,believe,suppose,imagine,expect,guess十五、省略替代类十五、省略替代类)believe,think,suppose,expect,guessIthinksoIthinknot=Idon’tthinkso)hope,fear,beafraidsonot)intend,want,plan,wish,like,love,hate,hope,try,would(should)likelovetoDoyouwanttohavearestYes,Iwantto,butIcan’tDidyougetthenewstampsNo,Itriedto,buttherewasn’tanyleftinthatpostofficeIdidn’tmeantocallyouatlatenight,butIhadtoasIdidhavesomethingimportanttotellyou

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