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首页 Robert_Browning_罗伯特·勃朗宁.ppt

Robert_Browning_罗伯特·勃朗宁.ppt

Robert_Browning_罗伯特·勃朗宁.ppt

上传者: 1127049991 2011-10-28 评分 5 0 184 25 835 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Robert_Browning_罗伯特·勃朗宁ppt》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含TheBrowningsRobertBrowningElizabethBarrettConclusionRobertBrowningGreatVic符等。

TheBrowningsRobertBrowningElizabethBarrettConclusionRobertBrowningGreatVictorianpoetAlfredTennysonEarlyLifePFather:clerktheBankofEnglandalibraryof,volumesamateurofartandliteratureeducatedalmostentirelyathomeFather:literatureMother:musicPoetbegintowriteatmodeledonShelleyinpoeticcreationPauline《波林》被批评为“有强烈的病态的自我意识。”Paracelsus《巴拉塞尔士》Strafford《斯特福拉德》Sordello《索尔德罗》hewenttoofarinselfcorrectionthatthepoembecamesoobscureastobehardlyreadablePippaPasses《皮帕走过》MyLastDuchess《我的前公爵夫人》WorksTheyear'satthespringAndday'satthemornMorning'satsevenThehillside'sdewpearledThelark'sonthewingThesnail'sonthethornGod'sinhisheavenAll'srightwiththeworld一年之计在于春,一日之计在于晨一晨之计在七时山坡上装点着珍珠般的露水云雀在风中飞跃山垆上蜗牛在爬行上帝在他的天堂里整个世界都是那么祥和、太平、美好!本诗描写了一个名叫Pippa的女孩,身为孤儿的她过着惨遭剥削的凄惨生活,可是她明知道世界上充满了不公和邪恶,但是她还是相信God'sinhisheavenAll'srightwiththeworldPippaPassesMyLastDuchess墙上的这幅面是我的前公爵夫人看起来就像她活着一样。如今我称它为奇迹:潘道夫师的手笔经一日忙碌从此她就在此站立。你愿坐下看看她吗?我有意提起潘道夫因为外来的生客(例如你)凡是见了画中描绘的面容、那真挚的眼神的深邃和热情没有一个不转向我(因为除我外再没有别人把画上的帘幕拉开)似乎想问我可是又不大敢问是从哪儿来的这样的眼神?你并非第一个人回头这样问我。That'smylastDuchesspaintedonthewall,LookingasifshewerealiveIcallThatpieceawonder,now:FràPandolf'shandsWorkedbusilyaday,andthereshestandsWill'tpleaseyousitandlookatherIsaid'FràPandolf'bydesign,forneverreadStrangerslikeyouthatpicturedcountenance,Thedepthandpassionofitsearnestglance,Buttomyselftheyturned(sincenoneputsbyThecurtainIhavedrawnforyou,butI)Andseemedastheywouldaskme,iftheydurst,Howsuchaglancecamethereso,notthefirstElizabethBarrettBrowningElizabethBarrettBrowning()Browning’swifeSheisasociallyengagedrealistThemostrespectedandsuccessfulwomanpoetoftheVictorianperiodHerearlyyearsHerearlyyearsBornMarch,inDurhamEngland,theeldestofchildrenSelfeducatedathomeAttheageofshewroteherfirstcollectionofverse,TheBattleofMarathonHerfirstworktogaincriticalattentionwasTheSeraphim,andOtherPoems()Atage,injuredherspineinaridingaccident,andwaslonganinvalid,usingmorphineforthepainsfortherestofherlifePoems()gainedahugepopularityandwaspraisedamongothersbyEAPoeElizabeth'snamewasmentionedyearslaterinspeculationsaboutthesuccessorofWordsworthasthepoetlaureateInJanuarypoetRobertBrowning(yearsyounger)sentElizabethatelegramabouthercollectionwhichwaspublishedin,praisingherpoetry《葡萄牙十四行诗集》(SonnetsfromthePortuguese剖白了她与布朗宁的爱情的心路历程请不要这样指责我:我在你面前露出一副太冷静、忧郁的面容你我原是面朝着两个不同的方向那普照的阳光照不到两人的前额。你看着我心中没半点儿不踏实象看着一只笼罩在水晶里的蜜蜂哀怨把我密封在圣洁的爱情中想张开双翼扑向外面的空间、是绝不可能的失败哪怕我狠着心追求这颠扑和失败。可是我向你看我看见了爱还看到了爱的结局听到了记忆外层的那一片寂寥!就象从千层万丈之上向下眺望只见滚滚的浪涛尽向大海里流。Accusemenot,beseechthee,thatIwearToocalmandsadafaceinfrontofthineForwetoolooktwoways,andcannotshineWiththesamesunlightonourbrowandhairOnmethoulookestwithnodoubtingcare,Asonabeeshutinacrystalline,Sincesorrowhathshutmesafeinlove'sdivine,AndtospreadwingandflyintheouterairWeremostimpossiblefailure,ifIstroveTofailsoButIlookontheeontheeBeholding,besideslove,theendoflove,Hearingoblivionbeyondmemory!Asonewhositsandgazesfromabove,Overtheriversofthebittersea"ThesonnetsfromthePortuguese",NoXVHermarriedlifeHermarriedlifeletterswereexchangedbetweenthecoupleoveramonthperiodRobertvisitsheranddeclareshisloveearlyinthesummerofElizabeth’sfatherisstronglyagainstthisrelationshipTheyelopedandmovedtoFlorence,ItalythenextyearTheirweddingtookplaceonSeptember,HappilymarriedforfifteenyearsuntilElizabethdiesofamorphineoverdose,inherhusband'sarmsonJune,inFlorenceRobert’sLoveLettertoEBBRobert’sLoveLettertoEBBRobert‘sotherworksduringthenextyearshappymarriageDramaticLyrics《戏剧抒情诗》DramaticRomancesandLyrics《戏剧罗曼司和抒情诗》BellsandPomegranates《铃铛与石榴》MenandWomen《男男女女》DramaticPersonae《剧中人物》representedhisgreatesttalentsindramaticmonologueandestablishedhimasapopularpoetatthattimeTheRingandtheBook《指环与书》PlongestandperhapsthegreatestworkofhimThepoemisbasedonarealstorywhichisinspiredbyanoldbookoflegaldocumentsthatrecordsatrialinRomeinofCountGuidowhobrutallymurderedhiswifePompiliaPompiliaisaccusedofhavinganaffairwithayoungpriest,whohastriedtohelpherinherflightfromthesadistichusbandInthislongpoem,thesamestoryistoldbyninepersons,allparticipantsandspectators,fromtheirdifferentpointsofviewLikeBrowning'sothercharactersintheirmonologues,thesepeopleunconsicioulyrevealtheirowncharactersintellingthestoryThepublicationofTheRingandtheBookfinallyestablishedBrowning'spositionasoneofthegreatestEnglishpoetsButinthelastyearsofhislife,Browning'spoeticpowershowedadeclineandhisolddefectsofobscurityandmannerismbecameobviousOnlysomeshorterpoemsarestillworthreadingBrowningdiedinandwasburiedinthePoet'sCorner,WestminsterAbbey,besideTennysonBrowning'sstyleisverydifferentfromthatofanyotherVictorianpoetsIfwecomparehimwithTennyson,hisideosyncrasymaybemoreclearlyseenTennyson,likeaprofessionalsculptor,workdsonhismarblemostdiligentlyandpatientlyHisaccomplishmentisalmostperfectOnthecontrary,Browningislikeawetherbeatenpioneer,bravelyandvigorouslytryingtobeatatrackthroughthejungleHispoeticstylebelongstothetwentiethcenturyratherthantotheVictorianageConclusion勃朗宁对英国诗歌的最大贡献是发展和完善了戏剧独白诗(Dramaticmonologue)这样一种独特的诗歌形式并且用它鲜明而生动地塑造了各种不同类型的人物性格深刻而复杂地展示了人的内在心理。在以前诗人(包括丁尼生)的戏剧独白诗中独白者不是在“自言自语”就是在向读者坦露心迹因此实质上仍是一种抒情独白只不过抒情主人公是剧中人而已。而勃朗宁的独白者所面对的不是读者而是剧中人他的独白是剧中人对剧中人所说的一段话称之为“独白”只是由于诗未把独白对象的话写出来。但从独白中我们能感受到对话者的存在。这样独白者就成了真正意义上的戏剧人物成了独立于作者的典型形象。因此勃朗宁的戏剧独白诗是一种客观的、戏剧性的形式其目的不在抒情而在为人物造像(勃朗宁曾把诗人称为“造像者”makersee)。文学成就Dramaticmonologue戏剧独白诗Definition:atypeofpoeminwhichacharacter,atsomespecificandcriticalmoment,addressesanidentifiablebutsilentaudience,therebyunintentionallyrevealinghisorheressentialtemperamentandpersonalityIngeneral,Browning'spoemsarenotmeanttoentertainthereaderswiththeusualacousticandvisualpleasures:theyaresupposedtokeepthemalert,thoughtfulandenlightened

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