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【福柯】The Government of Self and Others -- Lectures, 1982-83.pdf

【福柯】The Government of Self and …

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简介:本文档为《【福柯】The Government of Self and Others -- Lectures, 1982-83pdf》,可适用于哲学、历史领域,主题内容包含TheGovernmentofSelfandOthersAlsointhisseries:SOCIETYMUSTBEDEFENDED(NorthAm符等。

TheGovernmentofSelfandOthersAlsointhisseries:SOCIETYMUSTBEDEFENDED(NorthAmericaCanada)ABNORMAL(NorthAmericaCanada)HERMENEUTICSOFTHESUBJECT(NorthAmericaCanada)PSYCHIATRICPOWERSECURITY,TERRITORY,POPULATIONTHEBIRTHOFBIOPOLITICSForthcominginthisseries:THEWILLTOKNOWPENALTHEORIESANDINSTITUTIONSTHEPUNITIVESOCIETYONTHEGOVERNMENTOFTHELIVINGSUBJECTIVITYANDTRUTHTHECOURAGEOFTRUTHMICHELFOUCAULTTheGovernmentofSelfandOthersLECTURESATTHECOLLÈGEDEFRANCE–EditedbyFrédéricGrosGeneralEditors:FrançoisEwaldandAlessandroFontanaEnglishSeriesEditor:ArnoldIDavidsonTRANSLATEDBYGRAHAMBURCHELLThisbookissupportedbytheFrenchMinistryofForeignAffairs,aspartoftheBurgessprogrammerunbytheCulturalDepartmentoftheFrenchEmbassyinLondon(wwwfrenchbooknewscom)THEGOVERNMENTOFSELFANDOTHERSÉditionsduSeuilGallimard,EditionestablishedunderthedirectionofFrançoisEwaldandAlessandroFontana,byFrédéricGrosTranslationGrahamBurchellAllrightsreservedNoreproduction,copyortransmissionofthispublicationmaybemadewithoutwrittenpermissionNoportionofthispublicationmaybereproduced,copiedortransmittedsavewithwrittenpermissionorinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheCopyright,DesignsandPatentsAct,orunderthetermsofanylicencepermittinglimitedcopyingissuedbytheCopyrightLicensingAgency,SaffronHouse,KirbyStreet,LondonECNTSAnypersonwhodoesanyunauthorisedactinrelationtothispublicationmaybeliabletocriminalprosecutionandcivilclaimsfordamagesTheauthorhasassertedhisrighttobeidentifiedastheauthorofthisworkinaccordancewiththeCopyright,DesignsandPatentsActFirstpublishedinFrancebyÉditionsdeSeuilGallimardunderthetitleLeGouvernementdesoietdesautres:CoursauCollègedeFrance,–EnglishtranslationpublishedinbyPALGRAVEMACMILLANPalgraveMacmillanintheUKisanimprintofMacmillanPublishersLimited,registeredinEngland,companynumber,ofHoundmills,Basingstoke,HampshireRGXSPalgraveMacmillanintheUSisadivisionofStMartin’sPressLLC,FifthAvenue,NewYork,NYPalgraveMacmillanistheglobalacademicimprintoftheabovecompaniesandhascompaniesandrepresentativesthroughouttheworldPalgraveandMacmillanareregisteredtrademarksintheUnitedStates,theUnitedKingdom,EuropeandothercountriesISBN––––hardbackThisbookisprintedonpapersuitableforrecyclingandmadefromfullymanagedandsustainedforestsourcesLogging,pulpingandmanufacturingprocessesareexpectedtoconformtotheenvironmentalregulationsofthecountryoforiginAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryAcatalogrecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheLibraryofCongressPrintedandboundinGreatBritainbyCPIAntonyRowe,ChippenhamandEastbourneCONTENTSForeword:FrançoisEwaldandAlessandroFontanaxiTranslator’sNotexviioneJanuary:FirstHourRemarksonmethodStudyofKant’stext:WhatisEnlightenmentConditionsofpublication:journalsTheencounterbetweenChristianAufklärungandJewishHaskala:freedomofconsciencePhilosophyandpresentrealityThequestionoftheRevolutionTwocriticalfiliationstwoJanuary:SecondHourTheideaoftutelage(minorité):neithernaturalpowerlessnessnorauthoritariandeprivationofrightsWayoutfromtheconditionoftutelageandcriticalactivityTheshadowofthethreeCritiquesThedifficultyofemancipation:lazinessandcowardicethepredictedfailureofliberatorsMotivationsoftheconditionoftutelage:superimpositionofobedienceandabsenceofreasoningconfusionbetweentheprivateandpublicuseofreasonTheproblematicturnattheendofKant’stextthreeJanuary:FirstHourRemindersofmethodDefinitionofthesubjecttobestudiedthisyearParre–siaandcultureofselfGalen’sOnthePassionsandErrorsoftheSoulParre–sia:difficultyindefiningthenotionbibliographicalreferencepointsAnenduring,plural,andambiguousnotionPlatofacedwiththetyrantofSyracuse:anexemplarysceneofparre–siaTheechovicontentsofOedipusParre–siaversusdemonstration,teaching,anddiscussionTheelementofriskfourJanuary:SecondHourIrreducibilityoftheparrhesiastictotheperformativeutterance:openingupofanunspecifiedriskpublicexpressionofapersonalconvictionbringingafreecourageintoplayPragmaticsanddramaticsofdiscourseClassicaluseofthenotionofparre–sia:democracy(Polybius)andcitizenship(Euripides)fiveJanuary:FirstHourIoninthemythologyandhistoryofAthensPoliticalcontextofEuripides’tragedy:theNiciaspeaceHistoryofIon’sbirthAlethurgicschemaofthetragedyTheimplicationofthethreetruthtellings:oracle,confession(l’aveu),andpoliticaldiscourseStructuralcomparisonofIonandOedipustheKingTheadventuresoftruthtellinginIon:thedoublehalfliesixJanuary:SecondHourIon:Anobody,sonofnobodyThreecategoriesofcitizenConsequencesofpoliticalintrusionbyIon:privatehatredsandpublictyrannyInsearchofamotherParre–siairreducibletotheactualexerciseofpowerandtothecitizen’sstatusTheagonisticgameoftruthtelling:freeandriskyHistoricalcontext:theCleonNiciasdebateCreusa’sangersevenJanuary:FirstHourContinuationandendofthecomparisonbetweenIonandOedipus:thetruthdoesnotarisefromaninvestigationbutfromtheclashofpassionsTheruleofillusionsandpassionsThecryofconfessionandaccusationGDumézil’sanalysesofApolloDumézil’scategoriesappliedtoIonTragicmodulationofthethemeofthevoiceTragicmodulationofthethemeofgoldeightJanuary:SecondHourTragicmodulationofthethemeoffertilityParre–siaasimprecation:publicdenunciationbytheweakoftheinjusticeoftheContentsviipowerfulCreusa’ssecondconfession(aveu):thevoiceofconfession(confession)Finalepisodes:frommurderplantoAthena’sappearancenineFebruary:FirstHourReminderofthePolybiustextReturntoIon:divineandhumanveridictionsThethreeformsofparre–sia:statutorypoliticaljudicialmoralPoliticalparre–sia:itsconnectionwithdemocracyitsbasisinanagonisticstructureReturntothePolybiustext:theisegoriaparre–siarelationshipPoliteiaanddunasteia:thinkingofpoliticsasexperienceParre–siainEuripides:ThePhoenicianWomenHippolytusTheBacchaeOrestesTheTrialofOrestestenFebruary:SecondHourTherectangleofparre–sia:formalcondition,defactocondition,truthcondition,andmoralconditionExampleofthecorrectfunctioningofdemocraticparre–siainThucydides:threediscoursesofPericlesBadparre–siainIsocrateselevenFebruary:FirstHourParre–sia:everydayusagepoliticalusageReminderofthreeexemplaryscenes:ThucydidesIsocratesPlutarchLinesofevolutionofparre–siaThefourgreatproblemsofancientpoliticalphilosophy:theidealcitytherespectivemeritsofdemocracyandautocracyaddressingthePrince’ssoulthephilosophyrhetoricrelationshipStudyofthreetextsbyPlatotwelveFebruary:SecondHourPlato’sLetters:thecontextStudyofLetterV:thepho–ne–ofconstitutionsreasonsfornoninvolvementStudyofLetterVIIDion’shistoryPlato’spoliticalautobiographyThejourneytoSicilyWhyPlatoaccepts:kairosphiliaergonthirteenFebruary:FirstHourPhilosophicalergonComparisonwiththeAlcibiadesTherealityofphilosophy:thecourageousaddresstopowerFirstviiicontentsconditionofreality:listening,thefirstcircleThephilosophicaloeuvre:achoiceawayanapplicationTherealityofphilosophyasworkofselfonself(secondcircle)fourteenFebruary:SecondHourThefailureofDionysiusThePlatonicrejectionofwritingMathe–mataversussunousiaPhilosophyaspracticeofthesoulThephilosophicaldigressionofLetterVII:thefiveelementsofknowledgeThethirdcircle:thecircleofknowledgeThephilosopherandthelegislatorFinalremarksoncontemporaryinterpretationsofPlatofifteenFebruary:FirstHourTheenigmaticblandnessofPlato’spoliticaladviceTheadvicetoDionysiusThediagnosis,practiceofpersuasion,proposalofaregimeAdvicetoDion’sfriendsStudyofLetterVIIIParre–siaunderpinspoliticaladvicesixteenFebruary:SecondHourPhilosophyandpolitics:necessaryrelationshipbutimpossiblecoincidenceCynicalandPlatonicgamewithregardtopoliticsThenewhistoricalconjuncture:thinkinganewpoliticalunitbeyondthecitystateFromthepublicsquaretothePrince’ssoulThePlatonicthemeofthephilosopherkingseventeenMarch:FirstHourRemindersaboutpoliticalparre–siaPointsintheevolutionofpoliticalparre–siaThemajorquestionsofancientphilosophyStudyofatextbyLucianOntologyofdiscoursesofveridictionSocraticspeechintheApologyTheparadoxofthepoliticalnoninvolvementofSocrateseighteenMarch:SecondHourEndofstudyofSocrates’Apology:parre–siarhetoricoppositionStudyofthePhaedrus:generalplanofthedialogueTheconditionsofgoodlogosTruthContentsixaspermanentfunctionofdiscourseDialecticandpsychagogyPhilosophicalparre–sianineteenMarch:FirstHourThehistoricalturnaroundofparre–sia:fromthepoliticalgametothephilosophicalgamePhilosophyaspracticeofparre–sia:theexampleofAristippusThephilosophicallifeasmanifestationofthetruthThepermanentaddresstopowerTheinterpellationofeachPortraitoftheCynicinEpictetusPericlesandSocratesModernphilosophyandcourageofthetruthtwentyMarch:SecondHourStudyoftheGorgiasTheobligationofconfession(aveu)inPlato:thecontextofliquidationofrhetoricThethreequalitiesofCallicles:episteme–parre–siaeunoiaAgonisticgameagainstegalitariansystemSocraticspeech:basanosandhomologiaCourseContextIndexofNamesIndexofConceptsandNotionsThispageintentionallyleftblankFOREWORDMICHELFOUCAULTTAUGHTATtheCollègedeFrancefromJanuaryuntilhisdeathinJune(withtheexceptionofwhenhetookasabbaticalyear)Thetitleofhischairwas“TheHistoryofSystemsofThought”OntheproposalofJulesVuillemin,thechairwascreatedonNovemberbythegeneralassemblyoftheprofessorsoftheCollègedeFranceandreplacedthatof“TheHistoryofPhilosophicalThought”heldbyJeanHyppoliteuntilhisdeathThesameassemblyelectedMichelFoucaulttothenewchaironAprilHewasyearsoldMichelFoucault’sinaugurallecturewasdeliveredonDecemberTeachingattheCollègedeFranceisgovernedbyparticularrulesProfessorsmustprovidehoursofteachingayear(withthepossibilityofamaximumofhalfthistotalbeinggivenintheformofseminars)EachyeartheymustpresenttheiroriginalresearchandthisobligesthemtochangethecontentoftheirteachingforeachcourseCoursesandseminarsarecompletelyopennoenrolmentorqualificationisrequiredandtheprofessorsdonotawardanyqualificationsIntheterminologyoftheCollègedeFrance,theprofessorsdonothavestudentsbutonlyauditorsMichelFoucault’scourseswereheldeveryWednesdayfromJanuarytoMarchThehugeaudiencemadeupofstudents,teachers,researchersandthecurious,includingmanywhocamefromoutsideFrance,requiredtwoamphitheatersoftheCollègedeFranceFoucaultoftencomplainedaboutthedistancebetweenhimselfandhis“public”andofhowfewexchangesthecoursemadepossibleHewouldhavelikedxiiforewordaseminarinwhichrealcollectiveworkcouldtakeplaceandmadeanumberofattemptstobringthisaboutInthefinalyearshedevotedalongperiodtoansweringhisauditors’questionsattheendofeachcourseThisishowGérardPetitjean,ajournalistfromLeNouvelObservateur,describedtheatmosphereatFoucault’slecturesin:WhenFoucaultenterstheamphitheater,briskanddynamiclikesomeonewhoplungesintothewater,hestepsoverbodiestoreachhischair,pushesawaythecassetterecorderssohecanputdownhispapers,removeshisjacket,lightsalampandsetsoffatfullspeedHisvoiceisstrongandeffective,amplifiedbytheloudspeakersthataretheonlyconcessiontomodernisminahallthatisbarelylitbylightspreadfromstuccobowlsThehallhasthreehundredplacesandtherearefivehundredpeoplepackedtogether,fillingthesmallestfreespaceThereisnooratoricaleffectItisclearandterriblyeffectiveThereisabsolutelynoconcessiontoimprovisationFoucaulthastwelvehourseachyeartoexplaininapubliccoursethedirectiontakenbyhisresearchintheyearjustendedSoeverythingisconcentratedandhefillsthemarginslikecorrespondentswhohavetoomuchtosayforthespaceavailabletothemAtFoucaultstopsThestudentsrushtowardshisdesknottospeaktohim,buttostoptheircassetterecordersTherearenoquestionsInthepushingandshovingFoucaultisaloneFoucaultremarks:“ItshouldbepossibletodiscusswhatIhaveputforwardSometimes,whenithasnotbeenagoodlecture,itwouldneedverylittle,justonequestion,toputeverythingstraightHowever,thisquestionnevercomesThegroupeffectinFrancemakesanygenuinediscussionimpossibleAndasthereisnofeedback,thecourseistheatricalizedMyrelationshipwiththepeoplethereislikethatofanactororanacrobatAndwhenIhavefinishedspeaking,asensationoftotalsolitude”Foucaultapproachedhisteachingasaresearcher:explorationsforafuturebookaswellastheopeningupoffieldsofproblematizationwereformulatedasaninvitationtopossiblefutureresearchersThisForewordxiiiiswhythecoursesattheCollègedeFrancedonotduplicatethepublishedbooksTheyarenotsketchesforthebookseventhoughbothbooksandcoursessharecertainthemesTheyhavetheirownstatusTheyarisefromaspecificdiscursiveregimewithinthesetofFoucault’s“philosophicalactivities”Inparticulartheysetouttheprogramforagenealogyofknowledgepowerrelations,whicharethetermsinwhichhethinksofhisworkfromthebeginningofthes,asopposedtotheprogramofanarcheologyofdiscursiveformationsthatpreviouslyorientatedhisworkThecoursealsoperformedaroleincontemporaryrealityThosewhofollowedhiscourseswerenotonlyheldinthrallbythenarrativethatunfoldedweekbyweekandseducedbytherigorousexposition,theyalsofoundaperspectiveoncontemporaryrealityMichelFoucault’sartconsistedinusinghistorytocutdiagonallythroughcontemporaryrealityHecouldspeakofNietzscheorAristotle,ofexpertpsychiatricopinionortheChristianpastoral,butthosewhoattendedhislecturesalwaystookfromwhathesaidaperspectiveonthepresentandcontemporaryeventsFoucault’sspecificstrengthinhiscourseswasthesubtleinterplaybetweenlearnederudition,personalcommitment,andworkontheeventWiththeirdevelopmentandrefinementinthes,Foucault’sdeskwasquicklyinvadedbycassetterecordersThecoursesandsomeseminarshavethusbeenpreservedThiseditionisbasedonthewordsdeliveredinpublicbyFoucaultItgivesatranscriptionofthesewordsthatisasliteralaspossibleWewouldhavelikedtopresentitassuchHowever,thetransitionfromanoraltoawrittenpresentationcallsforeditorialintervention:attheveryleastitrequirestheintroductionofpunctuationanddivisionintoparagraphsOurprinciplehasbeenalwaystoremainascloseaspossibletothecourseactuallydeliveredSummariesandrepetitionshavebeenremovedwheneveritseemedtobeabsolutelynecessaryInterruptedsentenceshavebeenrestoredandfaultyconstructionscorrectedSuspensionpointsindicatethattherecordingisinaudibleWhenasentenceisobscurethereisaxivforewordconjecturalintegrationoranadditionbetweensquarebracketsAnasteriskdirectingthereadertothebottomofthepageindicatesasignificantdivergencebetweenthenotesusedbyFoucaultandthewordsactuallyutteredQuotationshavebeencheckedandreferencestothetextsusedareindicatedThecriticalapparatusislimitedtotheelucidationofobscurepoints,theexplanationofsomeallusionsandtheclarificationofcriticalpointsTomakethelectureseasiertoread,eachlectureisprecededbyabriefsummarythatindicatesitsprincipalarticulationsThetextofthecourseisfollowedbythesummarypublishedbytheAnnuaireduCollègedeFranceFoucaultusuallywrotetheseinJune,sometimeaftertheendofthecourseItwasanopportunityforhimtopickoutretrospectivelytheintentionandobjectivesofthecourseItconstitutesthebestintroductiontothecourse*Eachvolumeendswitha“context”forwhichthecourseeditorsareresponsibleItseekstoprovidethereaderwithelementsofthebiographical,ideological,andpoliticalcontext,situatingthecoursewithinthepublishedworkandprovidingindicationsconcerningitsplacewithinthecorpususedinordertofacilitateunderstandingandtoavoidmisinterpretationsthatmightarisefromaneglectofthecircumstancesinwhicheachcoursewasdevelopedanddeliveredTheGovernmentofSelfandOthers,thecoursedeliveredin,iseditedbyFrédéricGrosAnewaspectofMichelFoucault’s“œuvre”ispublishedwiththiseditionoftheCollègedeFrancecoursesStrictlyspeakingitisnotamatterofunpublishedwork,sincethiseditionreproduceswordsutteredpubliclybyFoucault,excludingtheoftenhighlydevelopedwrittenmaterialheusedtosupporthislecturesDanielDefertp

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  • wangyushanin 2012-04-13 20:20:37

    pdf做的不错,真心感谢

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