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首页 雅思写作分类词汇高分版

雅思写作分类词汇高分版.doc

雅思写作分类词汇高分版

韩广征
2019-01-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《雅思写作分类词汇高分版doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

IELTS写作个高分词汇说明:.某个类别的词汇也可以用在其他类别应灵活掌握。.注意词汇的用法尤其是词性。.如果真的可以记熟以下词汇雅思写作的用词方面你已经可以算一个专家了。.只要记一个词就必须记熟练如果似是而非、不熟练不准确的记忆在考场上只能导致扣分而不是拿分。.平时的例句背诵和范文欣赏中可以自己提取更多的分类词汇Education培养cultivate(v)foster(v)nurture(v)促进学生身心发展promotethestudent'sphysical,mental(orintellectual)andemotionaldevelopment心理健康psychologicalsoundness(orwellbeingfarewell)上学attendschool(“上学”似乎根本不是个问题但其实在IELTS写作里也有比gotoschool更精准的表达。如果要具体写去上某一所或者某类学校则可以给school加上a或者复数)《剑》例句:Others,however,believethatboysandgirlsbenefitmorefromattendingmixedschools(男女合校)学习能力(先天)aptitude(n)talent(n)学习能力(后天)skill(n)学校教育schooling(n)家庭教育upbringing(n)parenting(n)给学生以动力givethestudentsmotivationtodosthmotivatethestudentstodosth青少年adolescents(n)youngsters(n)youths(n)传授知识impact(orinculcate)knowledge灌输高尚的价值观instillhighmoralvalues(注意value这里是复数)给学生以灵感givethestudentsinspiration教学法teaching(orpedagogical)methodology适应adapttodosthadjustoneselftodosthbecomeaccustomedtodosth适应能力adaptability(n)学生对老师所授知识的掌握students’grasp(orcommand)ofwhathasbeentaught就业能力employable(ormarketable)skills填鸭式教法教学生forcefeedthestudents学生不应该只是被动接受知识的容器Studentsshouldnotbetreatedaspassivereceptaclesofpredigestedideas死记硬背learnthingsbyrote为了记忆而记忆memoriseformemorisation’sownsake责任感asenseofobligationdutyresponsibility记忆方程式、公式、定理、定义memoriseequations,formulas,theoremsandlaws应用apply(vt)盲从followsthblindlyfollowsthindiscriminately限制创造力的发展extinguish(orstifleconstrain)creativity打击学生的积极性dampen(orsap)thestudents’enthusiasmfrustratethestudents产生不必要的压力beget(orcreate)unduepressure塑造某人的性格mouldone’scharacter把学生分开教育segregatethestudents同龄人peers来自其他同学的压力peerpressure逆境adversecircumstancesadverstity(n)团队精神teamspirit独立思考thinkindependently在理解的基础上思考learnthingsthroughunderstanding鼓励学生用辩证的眼光看问题encouragethestudentstothinkcritically学生的反馈students’feedbackstudents’input学生评级老师的教学Studentsappraiseevaluatetheirteachers’performance各门科目的总称curriculum(n)具体一门科目的内容syllabus(n)课外活动extracurricularactivities学校是社会的缩影Aschoolissocletyinminiature不遵守纪律(名词)indiscipline(n)misbehavior(n)mischief(n)违反纪律的学生disruptivestudentsunrulystudents理论知识theoreticalknowledge通才gegeneralist(n)专才specialist(n)全面发展的wellrounded(adj)versatile(adj)为社会健康发展作贡献contributetosocietalwellbeing(orwelfare)人文学科humanities(n)社会科学socialsciences艺术arts(n)文科总称liberalstudiesarts(n)理科sciences(n)工科engineering(n)学科(通称)discipline(n)基础科学basicsciences应用科学appliedsciences小(中、大学)教育primarylevel(orsecondaryleveltertiarylevel)education职业教育vocationaleducation  Technology尖端的信息cuttingedgetechnology信息爆炸informationexplosion(oroverload)信息时代theinformationage(orera)互联网的广泛使用theproliferationuseoftheInternettheextensiveuseoftheInternetthewidespreaduseoftheInternet科技创新及发展technologicalinnovations(orinventions)andadvancesprogressions提高效率augment(orenhanceboost)efficiency提高生产效率augment(orenhanceboost)productivity减少人力的机器laboursavingmachinery取代人力的机器labourreplacingmachinery自动化automation(n)automated(adj)生物技术biotechnology克隆clone(v)cloning(n)远程通信telecommunication太空探索spaceexplorationspaceprobe人的基因构成one'sgeneticmakeupone'sDNAprogramming  Media时事currentaffairs新闻界thepress印刷媒体theprintmedia电子媒体theelectronicmedia报道新闻的机构newsoutlets无处不在的prevalent(adj)ubiquitous(adj)pervasive(adj)充斥着beawashwithbeinundatedwithbesaturatedwithsth审查censor(v)删除delete(v)eliminate(v)excise(v)过多的暴力与色情内容dxcessive(orgratuitous)violentandpornographic有误导性的misleading(adj)misrepresented(adj)distorted(adj)诈骗性的fraudulent(adj)虚假的false(adj)bogus(adj)报道非常详尽的细节reportsthIngraphicdetail媒体炒作mediahype夸大事件exaggeratethingssensationalisethingsblowthingsoutofallproportions公正客观的objectiveandbalanced揭露expose(v)reveal(v)侵犯隐私violate(orintrudeoninfringeon)someone'sprivacy毁坏某人的名誉tarnish(orsullysmearbesmirch)one'sreputation狗仔队paparazzi(n)(paparazzi)是复数名词名人celebrities(pl)单数是acelebrity丑闻scandals(n)掩盖coverupglossoverwhitewash(v)不客观的biased(adj)akewed(adj)unobjective(adj)如实的描述factualaccounts可信的reliable(adj)trustworthy(adj)dependable(adj)及时的uptodateuptotheminute信息量大的informative(adj)娱乐性强的entertaining(adj)有新闻价值的newsworthy(adj)道德标准codeofethicscodeofconduct  Government当局authorities(n)老百姓citizens(n)thecitizenry规范管理regulate(v)monitor(v)oversee(v)实施implement(v)立法legislate(v)makelaws严禁strictlyprohibitbanaltogether严格的法律stringentlaws(orlegislation)监督scrutiny(n)scrutinise(v)monitor(v)为……拨款allocatemoneytosthbeapatronofinvestinfund(v)dedicatemondytosth预算budget(n)税收taxrevenue政府开支thegovernmentspendingexpenditureonsth《剑》实例:thechangesinannualgovernmentspending消减curtail(v)增添augment(v)当务之急priority(n)把……当成当务之急giveprioritytosth责任duty(n)responsibility(n)obligation(n)军备竞赛armsrace(n)自卫selfdefence(n)国土安全nationalsecurityhomelandsecurity缺乏远见的政策Shortsightedpolicy扩张expansion(n)aggression(n)谋求霸权seek(orpursue)hegemony恶性循环aviciouscircle地区不稳定因素destabilisingfactors规章制度rulesandregulations太空竞赛spacerace武器arms(n)weapons(n)armaments(n)下岗工人laidoffworkersdownsizedworkers失业unemployment(n)joblessness(n)基础设施infrastructure(n)公共交通系统publictransportsystem(这是英式写法)电网powergrid民主的democratic民主democracy石油天然气管线pipelines给排水系统watersupplyanddrainagesystem民主与开明的政府ademocraticandprogressivegovernment  Language一种可以通用的语言alinguafrancaauniversallanguageagloballanguage英语的广泛应用theproliferationofEnglish英语的统治地位thedominantrole(ortheascendancythehegemony)ofEnglish方言dialect(n)vernacular(n)theindigenouslanguage小语种将会消亡lesserknownlanguageswillbecomeextinct(orobsolete)小语种的消亡theextinction(ordemise)oflesserknownlanguages  Culture文化遗产包括有形的和无形的两种有形的如历史遗迹无形的如风俗、仪式、传统道德观念等。Culturalheritagecanbedividedintotwogroups:tangibleculturalheritage,suchashistoricsites,andintangibleculturalheritage,suchascutomes,rites,ritualsandmores保护preserve(v)protect(v)祖先forefathers(n)ancestors(n)后代descendants(n)posterity(n)少数民族ethnicminorities民族团结theharmonybetweenethnicgroups(orraces)文化融合culturalintegrationandsynthesis相互影响interaction(n)动词词组是interactwith文化多元性culturaldiversityculturalheterogeneity(第二个表达非常正式只作替换时用)丰富enrich(v)狭隘的观念insular(orprovincialparochial)mentality贬低deprecate(v)denigrate(v)minimisetheimportanceofdisparage(v)trivialise(v)discredit(v)……不是一成不变的sthisnotsetcarvedinstone  Society生活节奏加速Thetempopaceoflifeisaccelerating持续的疲劳fatigue(n)导致人与人之间疏远createalienationbetweenpeople过于功利的materialistic(adj)mercenary(adj)moneyworshipping(adj)追求最大限度利润pursuemaximumprofit(公共的)交通运输方式modesoftransportmeansoftransport(请注意transport作名词时是英式拼写对应的名词美式拼写则是被国内同学所更熟悉的transportation)交通工具vehicle(n)私家车privatevehicle汽油petrol(BrE)gasoline(AmE)交通堵塞trafficjamstrafficcongestiongridlock(n)《剑》例句:Trafficcongestionwillnotbesolvedbychangingthetypeofprivatevehiclepeoplecanuse阻碍impede(v)hinder(v)hamper(v)obstruct(v)inhibit(v)扶贫povertyalleviation(v)就业机会jobopportunityemploymentopportunity贫穷的needy(adj)povertystrickenimpoverished(adj)deprived(adj)destitute(adj)indigent(adj)富裕的affluent(adj)wealthy(adj)welloff撞车carwreckscaraccidents行人pedestrians(n)交通肇事者trafficaccidentperpetrators违章横穿马路jaywalk(v)监控摄像头surveillancecamera有特殊审美价值的老房子oldbuildingsofspecialaestheticvalue有特殊历史意义的老房子buildingsofhistoricsignificnace居民vernaculardwellings让城市更美好enhancethecityscape破旧的(房子)decrepit(adj)rundown(adj)rickety(adj)dilapidated(adj)拆除teardownknockdowndemolishrase(abuilding)高楼highrisebuildings摩天大楼skyscrapers(n)城市化urbanization(n)城乡差距thedisparitybetweenthecityandthecountryside城市的urban(adj)乡村的rural(adj)搬迁relocate(v)在家上班telecommute(v)休闲leisure(n)recreation(n)精神上的享受amusementandenjoyment娱乐entertainment(n)diversion(n)宽松的管理laissezfairemanagement运营成本operatingcostsoverheadcosts雇用recruit(v)会导致效率降低的counterproductive(adj)劳动力资源labourpool(labour是英式写法)抑郁症depression(n)失眠sleeplessness(n)sleepdeprivationinsomnia(n)人口爆炸populationexplosionpopulationboom控制人口familyplanningbirthcontrol爱慕虚荣的pretentious(adj)ostentatious(adj)   缺少运动的生活方式sedentarylifestyle营养过剩overnourishment(n)  Globalisation合作cooperatewithcollaboratewith(一个国家或地区的)文化特性(nationorregional)culturalidentity全球文化同一化过程(即地区文化的消失)globalculturalhomogenisation文化同一性culturalhomogeneityculturaluniformity全球化是一把双刃剑Globalisationisatwoedgedsword地球村theglobalvillage文化同化culturalassimilation侵蚀亚洲文化erodetheAsianculture  Women两性平等genderequality性别歧视genderdiscriminationsexism(n)一个开明的社会aprogressiveenlightenedsociety被家务事拖累betieddownhouseholdchores生育孩子childbearing抚育孩子childrearing母性本能maternalinstinct家务事housework(n)householdchores  Families老年人elderlypeopleseniorcitizens  家庭成员间的情感纽带familybondsfamilyties归属感asenseofbelonging对……的依恋anattachmenttosthanaffinityforsth单亲家庭singleparenthouseholds虐待mistreat(v)abuse(v)家庭暴力domesticviolence毒品上瘾addictiontodrugsbeaddictedtodrugs  Tourism旅游景点touristattractionstouristspotsplacesofinterest开阔眼界pushback(orexpand)one’svision(orhorizons)(horizons必须是复数)游客可以与当地人互动Touristscaninteractwiththelocals促进文化交流promoteculturalcommunication吸引draw(orattractappealtobeamagnetforsb)亲身体验firsthandexperience多种感官体验的(如听觉触觉等)multisensory(adj)冲突conflict(与with搭配使用)争端discord(n)dissension(n)把游客和当地人隔离seclude(orisolate)thetouristfromthelocals商业化commercialise(v)commodify(v)间接体验(比如通过电视或者互联网)secondhandexperiencevicariousexperience文化遗产culturalheritage互联网不会让旅游业过时theInternetwillnotrendertourismobsolete  Environment生态平衡ecologicalbalanceecologicalequilibrium可持续发展sustainabledevelopment环保主义者environmentalists(n)conservationists(n)对环境无害的environmentallyfriendly(adj)节约使用conserve(v)保护preserve(v)再利用reuse(v)recycle(v)各国必须携手解决环境问题countriesonthisplanetmustjoinforcesmakeaconcertedeffortunitetocombat(ortackleresolveaddress)environmentalproblems增强公众关于……的意识raise(orelevate)thepublicawarenessofsth短缺shortage(n)scarcity(n)dearth(n)lack(n)让资源承受很大的压力putastrainontheresourcesstretchresourcestothelimit(固定短语)破坏自然资源wreakhavoconnaturalresources砍伐森林deforestation(n)污染pollute(v)contaminate(v)有毒的poisonous(adj)toxic(adj)增加农产品产量boostcropyield可再生资源renewableresources不可再生资源nonrenewableresources(包括:金属metals、矿产minerals、石油petroleum、天然气naturalgas、煤coal等。后三种可以总称为fossilfuels)消耗(某种资源)consume(v)deplete(v)用尽(某种资源)useupexhaust(v)严厉的措施harshactionsmeasures(n)生态系统ecosystem(n)ecologicalsystem某一地区所有生物总称thewildlifeinaregionthebiota(=florafauna)ofaregion生物的多样性biodiversity(n)污水effluent(n,)sewage(n)排放discharge(n)温室效应greenhouseeffectglobalwarming严重的severe(adj)grave(adj)grievous(adj)白色污染产生的垃圾nonbiodegradablegarbagewastesthatcannotdecomposeorbreakdowninorganictrash谴责而不是纵容condemnratherthancondonesth臭氧层ozonelayer肥沃的土壤fertilesoil贫瘠的土壤infertilesoil耕地arablelandfarmland(n)  Crime触犯法律break(orviolatefloutdisobey)thelaw犯罪commitacrime罪行offences(n)(英式拼写)crimes(n)criminalacts罪犯criminal(n)offender(n)culprit(n)perpetrator(n)从犯accomplice(n)accessory(n)(后者指帮助犯罪但未直接参与的人)憎恨社会resentsocietyholdagrudgeagainstsociety囚犯inmate(n)convicts(n)受害者victim(n)心理创伤trauma(n)牢房cell(n)监禁imprison(orincarcerate)someone被绳之以法bebroughttojustice宽容的lenient(adj)改造罪犯reformcriminalsrehabilitatecriminals执法部门lawenforcementagencies重罪heinouscrimeflagitiouscrimefelony(n)轻罪pettycrimemisdemeanor(这是英式拼写)初犯的人firsttimeoffender惯犯hardenedcriminalsrepeatcriminals再次犯罪reverttocrime守法的公民lawabidingcitizens遵守法律abidebythelawcomplywiththelaw无视disregard(v)给某人造成心理创伤traumatizesomeone抓捕trackdownhuntdowncapture(v)犯罪倾向criminaltendency  Animals动物权益保护主义者animalrightactivists医学研究medicalresearch残忍的cruel(adj)merciless(adj)inhuman(adj)(主义和inhumane“不人道”的区分)callous(adj)brutal(adj)活体解剖vivisection(n)麻醉anaesthetic(n)(这是英式拼写)减轻动物的痛苦relievealleviateeaseanimals’pain宠物是主人的伙伴petsaretheirmasters’companions给主人心理安慰affordtheirmastersconsolationandcomfort偷猎poach(v)poaching(n)某一种事物是没有替代物的therearenoreplacementssubstitutesalternativesforsth(如果是单数则replacementssubstitutes和alternatives要去掉s)  

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雅思写作分类词汇高分版

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