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首页 八年级上册英语unit1-12重点复习短语

八年级上册英语unit1-12重点复习短语.doc

八年级上册英语unit1-12重点复习短语

张炼医生40
2019-04-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《八年级上册英语unit1-12重点复习短语doc》,可适用于初中教育领域

Unitonweekends在周末goskateboarding去滑滑板hardlyever=hardly几乎不onceaweek一周一次twiceaweek一周两次threetimesaweek一周三次onceortwiceaweek一周一到两次twoorthreetimesaweek一周两到三次*多久一次的表达方式:先说次数,再说时间surftheInternet上网冲浪gotothemovies=gotoseeamovie=gotoamovie去看电影everyday每天allstudents所有学生moststudents大部分学生somestudents一些学生some可数名词复数不可数名次nostudents没有学生theresult(s)of……的结果asfor至于关于improveyourEnglish提高你的英语wantsbtodosth想让某人做某事wanttodosth想做某事wantsth想要某物*want=wouldlike用法含义完全相同begoodfor对……有益howmany多少howmuch多少多少钱howmany可数名词复数形式Howmanyapplesdoyouhavehowmuch不可数名词“多少”Howmuchyogurtdoyouwanthowmuchbe“多少钱”Howmucharethesepancakescomehomefromschool从学校到家eatinghabit(s)饮食习惯trytodosth试图做某事alotof大量的许多的*alotof=lotsof可数名词复数不可数名词ofcourse当然junkfood垃圾食品lookafter照看照料healthylifestyle健康的生活方式helpsb(to)dosth帮助某人做某事helpsbwithsth帮助某人某事*Ihelphim(to)studymath=Ihelphimwithmathgetgoodgrades取的好成绩thesameas和……一样kindof有一点有几分keepingoodhealth=keephealthy=stayhealthy保持健康beingoodhealth=healthy健康的although的用法不能和but连用howoften多久一次UnitWhat’sthematter=What’swrong=What’sthetrouble怎么了What’sthematterwithsb=What’swrongwithsb=What’sthetroublewithsb某人怎么了haveacold感冒haveastomachache胃痛haveatoothache牙疼haveaheadache头疼haveasore身体部位……疼例如:haveasoreneckhaveasoreleghaveafever发烧liedownandrest躺下来休息hotteawithhoney带蜂蜜的热茶seeadentist去看牙医drinklotsofwater喝大量的水I’mnotfeelingwell=Idon’tfeelwell我感到不舒服Ihopeyoufeelbettersoon我希望你早日康复bestressedout紧张的有压力的getstressedout变得紧张gotobedearly早点睡觉traditionalChinesedoctor传统中医abalanceofyinandyang阴阳平衡forexample例如toomuch不可数名词太多toomany可数名词复数形式Chinesemedicine中药westerncountry西方国家balanceddiet平衡的饮食It’s形容词todosth做……很……eg:ItiseasytokeephealthyIt’s形容词forsbtodosth对某人来说做……很……eg:Itisgoodforustokeepabalanceddietget形容词变得……eg:getangry变得生气getbad变坏gethealthy变得健康needtodosth需要做某事atthemoment=now现在hostfamily寄宿家庭conversationpractice对话练习I’msorrytohearthat听到这个感到很遗憾I’msorrytohearthat句子eg:I’msorrytohearthatyouareinthehospitaltakesomemedicine吃药should的用法should“应该”情态动词should动词原形否定形式为shouldn’t用来提出意见或建议eg:A:IhaveafeverB:YoushouldliedownandrestYoushouldn’tdrinkcoldwaterfew可数名词复数“几乎没有”表示否定afew可数名词复数“有一点”表示肯定little不可数名词“几乎没有”表示否定alittle不可数名词“有一点”表示否定Unit现在进行时的结构主语bedoing本单元重点句型为:用现在进行时表示将来babysithersister照顾她的妹妹babysitbabysittingbabysitbabysatgocamping去野营gowithsb和某人一起去gohiking徒步旅行howlong多长时间goaway离开haveagoodtime=havefun=enjoyoneself玩的开心sendsbsth=sendsthtosb寄、送某物给某人showsbsth=showsthtosb展示某物给某人getback返回relaxathome在家放松sportscamp运动野营nextweek下周gobikeriding去骑自行车gosightseeing去观光takewalks=goforawalk=takeawalk散步gofishing去钓鱼rentvideos租录像带How’stheweather=What’stheweatherliketakealongvacation度过一个长假thinkabout考虑decideon决定decidetodosth决定做某事somethingdifferent一些不同的something是不定代词,不定代词修饰形容词时放在形容词之前eg:somethingrelaxinganythinginterestingplantodosth计划做某事forgettodosth忘记去做某事eg:Don’tforgettoclosethewindow不要忘记关窗户forgetdoingsth忘记做过某事eg:Iforgoteatingbreakfast我忘记我吃过早饭了finishdoingsth完成做某事asksbaboutsth询问某人关于某事agoodplacetogosightseeing一个去观光的好地方inthemountains在山里at,in,on,for在时间中的用法at用在具体几点钟之前eg:ato’clockin用在泛指的某一天的早上中午晚上,或者年,月前eg:inthemorningafternoonevening在夜晚是atnightinOctoberinMay,inon用在星期之前,出现”日”的时间里,或特指的某一天的早上中午下午晚上eg:onMondayonFridayonJunestonthonJulyth,onSundaynightonacoldmorningonasummereveningfor用在一段时间之前eg:foramonth,fortwodays,forthreehours,fortenyearsUnitgettoschool到达学校takeathe交通工具=by交通工具乘坐……onfoot=walk步行takeathe交通工具to地点=goto地点by交通工具eg:Heoftentakesthebustowork=HeoftengoestoworkbybusIttakes(sb)时间todosth(某人)花费时间做某事eg:IttakeshimminutestogettoschoolIttakesabouthourtofinishthework同义词:spend“花费,度过”一般情况下主语是人spend…onsth花费(时间或金钱)在……上eg:Hespentfiveyuanonthisbookspend…(in)doingsth花费(时间或金钱)做某事eg:Ispenthours(in)makingthisbirthdaycakehowfar多远leavefor前往thinkof认为NorthAmerica南美洲aroundtheworld全世界intheotherpartsoftheworld世界上其他地方dependon取决于依赖notall不是全部way(s)ofdoingsth=way(s)todosth做……的办法themostpopularwaysofgettingtoschool=themostpopularwaytogettoschoolasmallnumberof小部分alargenumberof大部分anumberof可数名词复数一些thenumberof可数名词复数……的数量beillinthehospital生病住院Don’tworry不要担心worryaboutsthsb=beworriedaboutsthsb担心某物或某人letsbdosth=makesbdosth让某人做某事lookat看……haveaquickbreakfast很快吃早饭alotmorefun有趣得多threekilometersfrom…离……三公里远Unitstudyforatest为考试而学习gotothedoctor去看医生haveapianolesson上钢琴课helpmyparents帮助我的父母visitmyaunt看望我的姨姨haveto必须不得不thedayaftertomorrow后天What’stoday今天星期几几号回答时要回答星期和日期TodayisMondaythethThankyouforyourinvitation=ThankyouforinvitingmeThankyouforyourhelp=Thankyouforhelpingmebirthdayparty生日聚会tennistraining网球训练schoolteam校队geographyproject地理作业footballmatch足球比赛thewholeday=allday一整天comeover顺便来访Comeandjoinus过来加入到我们中来。gototheconcert去听音乐会Unit形容词副词原级变比较级的变化规则twinsister双胞胎姐妹asyoucansee正如你所见insomeways在一些方面lookthesame看起来一样looklike看起来像lookdifferent看起来不一样both放在实意动词前,be动词或情态动词之后eg:WebothlikeeatingapplesWearebothgoodstudentsboth可以和and连用eg:BothmysisterandparentsarenotathomeBothLarryandTomwanttowinthisprizeWeboth=Bothofus我们都……eg:Webothlikeswimming=BothofuslikeswimmingTheyboth=Bothofthem他们都……eg:Theyarebothstudying=Bothofthemarestudyingenjoydoingsth喜欢做某事morethan超过,不只somethingsincommon一些相同之处as形容词原级as和……一样……Sheisasathleticasme否定形式notas形容词原级as=notso形容词原级asthesameas和……一样much,alot,alittle,abit可以放在形容词的比较级前修饰形容词的比较级dothesamethingsassb和某人做一样的事makesbdosth让某人做某事forsb对某人而言oppositeview相反的观点oppositeviewsandinterests相反地观点和兴趣Iliketohavefriendswhoarelikeme我喜欢有和我一像的朋友。Iliketohavefriendwhoaredifferentfromme我喜欢有和我不一样的朋友。bedifferentfrom不同的mostofthekids=mostkids大部分的孩子bestfriend最好的朋友Idon’treallycare我并不是很在乎。havegoodgrades有好成绩begoodwith对某人好telljokes讲笑话stayathome呆在家里stopdoingsth停止做某事stoptodosth停下来去做另一件事Unitmilkshake奶昔turnon打开turnoff关掉turnup调高turndown调低cutup切碎pour…into…把……倒入put…into…把……放入fruitsalad水果沙拉needtodosth需要做某事howmany多少howmuch多少多少钱howmany可数名词复数形式Howmanyapplesdoyouhavehowmuch不可数名词“多少”Howmuchyogurtdoyouwanthowmuchbe“多少钱”Howmucharethesepancakesmixup搅拌add…to…把……加到……上onthetopof…在……的上面Unithangout闲荡takephotos照相buyasouvenir买纪念品getone’sautograph得到某人的签名whatelse别的什么winaprize赢得奖品afterthat然后attheendof…在……的结尾dayoff休息日onone’sdayoff在某人的休息日sleeplate睡懒觉起得晚goforadrive开车去兜风takealesson去上课havefundoingsth做……很开心yardsale庭院旧货出售getwet淋湿winfirstprize获得第一名inthefuture在未来,将来singingcompetition唱歌比赛havefun=haveagoodtime=enjoyoneself玩得高兴watchamovieabout看关于……的电影takeabusbacktoschool坐公交车回学校Unitinternationalsportsstar国际体育明星beborn出生于worldrecord世界纪录starttodosth=startdoingsth开始做某事stoptodosth停下来去做另一件事stopdoingsth停止做某事too…to…太……而不能forexample例如tenmonthsold十个月大whenhewasfour=attheageoffour当他四岁的时候playfor效力于nationalteam国家队learntodosth学习做某事freetime空闲的时间spend“花费,度过”一般情况下主语是人spend…onsth花费(时间或金钱)在……上eg:Hespentfiveyuanonthisbookspend…(in)doingsth花费(时间或金钱)做某事eg:Ispenthours(in)makingthisbirthdaycakeseesbdosth看见某人做某事(全过程)seesbdoingsth看见某人正在做某事skatingchampion滑冰冠军wellknownChinesepianist著名的中国钢琴家bewellknownfamousfor因……而出名eg:Heiswellknownfamousfordrawingbewellknownfamousas作为……而出名eg:Sheiswellknownfamousasateacherhumsongs哼曲子begintodosth=begindoingsth开始做某事takepartin参加,加入一般指参加活动,运动或者工作yearhistory年的历史becauseof因为一般情况下后跟词或词组because后一般跟句子speechcompetition演讲比赛majorin主修,专研Unit一般将来时的结构主语begoingto动词原形其他。“打算,计划做某事”growup长大computerprogrammer电脑程序设计师computerscience电脑科学professionalbasketballplayer职业篮球运动员takeacthinglessons上表演课studymathreallyhard努力学习数学movetosomeplace搬去某地dreamjob理想工作movesomewhereinteresting搬到某个有趣的地方去soundlike听起来像artexhibition艺术展findaparttimejob找一份兼职工作ayearortwo=oneortwoyears一到两年savesomemoney存钱artschool艺校atthesametime同时holdartexhibition举行艺术展buysbsth=buysthforsb给某人买某物travelallovertheworld=travelaroundtheworld环球旅行oneday有一天writearticle写文章sendsbsth=sendsthtosb给某人送邮寄某物OlympicGames奥运会Olympicspirit奥运精神newyear’sresolution新年计划learntodosth学习做某事makethesoccerteam组织足球队getlotsofexercise多锻炼foreignlanguage外语exercisemore多做运动keepfit=keephealthy=stayhealthy=keepingoodhealth保持健康communicatewithsb和某人交流Communicatebetterwithsb和某人更好的交流oldlady老妇人findajob找工作languageteacher语言教师fromto从到highschool高中internationalmagazine国际杂志exchangestudent交换生welcomeparty欢迎晚会afterschool放学后begoodat=dowellin擅长于nextyear明年leaveone’sjob辞职retiresomewhere在某地退休Unitdothedishes洗碗takeoutthetrash倒垃圾takeout把带出去foldtheclothes叠衣服sweepthefloor扫地makethebed整理床铺cleanthelivingroom打扫起居室stayoutlate在外面呆到很晚getaride搭便车workon忙于,从事goout外出hatesthsb讨厌某物某人hatetodosth=hatedoingsth讨厌做某事dochores=dohousework做家务dothelaundry=washclothes洗衣服buysomesnakcksanddrinks买一些小吃和饮料borrowsomemoney借一些钱invitemyfriendtoaparty邀请我的朋友去一个聚会gotothestore去商店useyourCDplayer使用你的CD唱机takecareof=lookafter照看,照顾takegoodcareof=lookafterwellfeedsbwithsth=feedsthtosb给某人喂playwith和一起玩forgettodosth忘记去做某事forgetdoingsth忘记做过某事schoolparty学校聚会getangrywithsb生某人的气goonvacation去度假bein=athome在家haveatest进行测试Unit形容词副词原级变比较级的变化规则comfortableseats舒适的座椅themostcomfortableseats最舒适的座椅bigscreen大屏幕thebiggestscreen最大的屏幕friendlyservice有好的服务thefriendliestservice最友好的服务closetohome离家近theclosesttohome离家最近inafunpartofthetown在城市中有趣的地方clothingstore服装店radiostation无线电台goodqualitychothes质量好的衣服theworstclothesintown城里最差的衣服askquestion问问题thinkabout考虑doasurveyof做一个的调查playthemostinterestingmusic播放最有趣的音乐positiveword褒义词negativeword贬义词bestperformer最佳演员talentshow才艺表演agreatsuccess一个很好的演出wintheprizeofthebestperformer获得最佳演员奖abeautifulpianopiece一手优美的钢琴曲theprizeforgoesto最的奖项的得主是somemore一些,有一些insouthernChina=inthesouthofChina在中国南方thepriceof的价格innorthernChina=inthenorthofChina在中国北方wearwarmclothes穿暖和的衣服IceandSnowFestival冰雪节cutprices降价asyouknow这个如你所知WorldAnimalDay世界动物日tellsbaboutsth告诉某人关于某事notatall根本不layeggs下蛋ontheradio在电台,通过电台oneoftheadjeat可数名词复数形式中最threemealsaday一日三餐intown在城镇

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