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首页 高考英语短文改错点拨与训练

高考英语短文改错点拨与训练.ppt

高考英语短文改错点拨与训练

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2019-06-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高考英语短文改错点拨与训练ppt》,可适用于综合领域

高考英语短文改错点拨与训练一、短文改错的命题特点  高考英语短文改错取材通常是类似学生的作品以叙述文为主内容相对完整一般是词左右的短文每行平均个词左右每行设一个小题。该项考察内容均在考试大纲规定的范围以内主要包括词汇、短语、句型和语法并兼顾语篇。近几年的短文改错题设置的错误一般为多词(题)、少词(题)、错词(题)为了考查学生辨别正误的能力还设置了一题该行无错。二、短文改错的命题分析  考生做短文改错题时首先要判断错误然后才能考虑怎样去改正错误。我们将以部分高考短文改错题为例谈谈多词、少词和错词对语篇正确性的影响。、多词:多词往往影响了词组的固定搭配。例如:Suddeny,IcaughtasightofmyEnglish teacherinthecrowdIhaveneitherbrothersnorsistersinanyotherwords,Iamanonlychild.“catchsighof”意为“看见”是一个固定搭配的词组冠词a是多余的词。inotherwords是一个固定搭配的词组。any多余.少词:少词往往破坏了句子的结构。aThedaybeforethespeechcontestEnglish teachertalkedtome bMyparentslovemedearyofcourseandwilldoalltheycanmakesurethatIgetagoodeducationEnglishteacher前应有限定词根据上下文的内容“English之前应加上物主代词“my”。根据题意应在“make”之前加上“to”“to make sure”为不定式短语在该句中作目的状语。∧∧cTheweatherwas fine Itwasaboutnoonwearrivedatthefootofthemountain该句when we arrived atthefoot of…为定语从句修饰“noon”关系副词when引导该从句并在从句中担任时间状语根据语法规则不能省略。∧错词:错词往往引起句法、词法和语篇含义的错误。这类错误主要表现在以下几个方面:()名词单复数的一致例如:aTheywantmetodevoteallmytimetomystudiessothatI”llgetgoodmarksinallmysubject.bOnthewayupIwasbusytakingpicture()动词的时态和非谓语动词的形式aIrememberedherwordsandcalmdownIdidagoodjobandwonthefirstsubjectspicturescalmedbOnthewayupIwasbusytakingpicturessincethescenerywassobeautifulThetimepassesquicklyEveningcamedown()连词的误用aSuddeny,IcaughtsightofmyEnglishteacherinthecrowdShewassmilingbutnoddingatmebWespentthenightinahotelatthetopofthemountainThefoodwasexpensiveandtheservicewasgoodpassedandbut三、短文改错的解题技巧.进行快速阅读根据语感去判断正误考生学了多年的英语朗读与背诵了一定量的课文己初步具有了一定的语感。因此快速阅读短文有助于考生从语篇整体上去把握该文的错误所在。一般说来具有一定水平的考生快速阅读短文一遍发现几个明显的错误是完全有可能的。。例如:aIfeltsonervousasIshooklikealeafThereweresomanypeoplebItwasaboutnoonwhenwearrivedatthefootofthemountainThethreeofthemwereveryexcitedAsweclimbedthemountainthatus.设置多处疑点带着问题去判断正误以上分析可以看出错词主要涉及到词在句子和语篇中的功用因此如不能迅速在该行中找出错误可先设置几个疑点再逐个考虑。如看到该行中的动词便应考虑到该动词的时态、语态、语气是否正确该处应该是谓语动词还是非谓语动词与词后的介词搭配是否适当。看到该行中的名词便应考虑该名词形式应该是单数还是复数该词前是否应该加冠词等等。改错口诀改错题技巧多五大问题容易错。非谓语、相关词、动词、名词、形容词、主谓一致和从句先看时态大背景背景不符时态误。“使”动词要分清看到Ved想Ving主语为人用ed主语为物用ing遇见aan要想the分清可数不可数。But,and再加or关联词语不可混。Buthowever要分清关键要看小逗点。动词、名词、形容词、作用位置看搭配。Either否定too肯定also放在句中间。Too与also可互换需有标点放两边。除去之外还有余except改为besides。访问某人要用on访问某地要用at单复同形需牢记牛羊鹿鱼和警察。前后主谓要一致单对单双对双。否定词语放句首句子要用倒装句。定语从句无what,所有从句要成述。VingVedinterestmovedisappointexcitetireinspireencouragefrightenshockterrifyinspiresatisfydiscourageSbe.除思维定势分析结构去判断正误思维定势可以增加我们解题的速度让我们在阅读短文时能迅速找出该行的错误但有时也会影响我们的思路干扰我们的判断与推理。例如:WhereverIseethemIwilloftenthinkofmyEnglishteacher“thinkof”中文含义为“常常想起我的老师”似乎是正确的但该句逻辑意义是错误的应该去掉“often”bIwassotiredthatIfellasleepatthemomentmyheadtouchedthepillow“atthemoment”是一个固定词组意为“此刻”或“当时”等。而该句在短文中的实际含义为“我是如此的疲倦以至于我的头一碰到枕头就人睡了”。“the moment”在该句中相当于“正当……的那一刹那间”( =as soon as)⁄.注意句子整体排除干扰去判断正误  由于“短文改错”每行一般个词左右所以往往一个完整句子会占据二、三行。有些考生视觉往往会集中在某一行中忽略了该句的整体或是整个语篇的逻辑含义。而作者有时就会把错误设置在句首与上文衔接处或是句尾与下文的衔接处。例如:MountaininSichuanAseveryoneknows,it’sfamousmountainwithallkindsofplantsandanimals  ∧a该题的含义为“它是著名的山脉”而不是“它是著名的”其表语不是形容词“famous”而是“afamousmountain”因此冠词“a”往往容易被忽视。常归纳一些改错技巧平行现象)借助并列连词and,or,but,aswellas等引起的平行现象。例Itwasverykindofthemtomeetmeattherailwaystationanddrovemetotheirhome例Iamveryhappywithanyprogrambuttheothersspentalotoftimearguingwasdrive例Theydidnotwantmetodoanyworkathometheywantmetodevoteallmytimetomystudies例CharlesandMansondoallthesethingsaswellasclimbedthebuildingsdoclimb二借助一些固定搭配和句型如notonly…butalso,ratherthan,not…but,prefer…to等表达平行概念。PlayingfootballnotonlymakesusgrowtallandstrongbutalsogiveusasenseoffairplayandteamspiritHesaiditwasbesttostayuntilhelparrivedratherthangointotheforestandgettinglostgivesgetIpreferridingonanemptybustorideonacrowdedbusriding三借助于结构相同、意义相近、语气一致的三个或三个以上的词组或语句并列使用表达平行概念。Modernpeopleknowmoreabouthealth,havebetterfoodandtoliveincleanersurroundingsItoldMother,Father,Sister,allmyfriendsherewhatagreattimeIhadlive∧and四其它形式表示平行概念。ThefirstthingshecoulddowastogouptohertrainerandthankedherforallthehelpshehadgivenherThewatchmakersaidrepairtheoldwatchwouldcostnearlyasmuchasbuyinganewoneThepurposeofnewtechnologiesistomakelifeeasier,nottomakeitdifficultthankrepairingmore∧四、短文改错的注意事项  .短文改错训练时不应该把它视为单句改错因为单句改错多是语言形式或是语法形式的错误而短文改错中的错误则要从整篇文章的结构和内容考虑往往要在不同程度上借助于语境进行判断通过上下文的逻辑关系才能发现错误。  .每年教育部考试中心印制的英语考试说明都对短文改错的答题要求作出十分明确的说明并附有规范的样题。然而依然有不少考生不按规范答题而造成不同程度的技术失分主要失误有:、只在右边的横线上答题而忽视了在左边的短文上注上、左右边的符号不规范甚至用文字来说明。、左边短文中改动的标记过多难以辨认正误。以上这类问题在平时训练时就应该给予足够的重视。单句练习I时态与语态IrememberedthewholethingasifitwashappenedjustyesterdayThepartythestudentshadbeenlookingforwardtobeingheldyesterdayeveningatlastThethiefhascaughtclimbingoverthegardenwallGreatchangeshavebeentakenplaceinourhometownsince\waswas\InthepasttwoyearshemadegreatprogressinmathsI’msorrytosaythatIfailinEnglishexamthistimeAmanwhonamedJamesmadeitinHefoundthatabagofcornhadstolenfromhishouse∧hasfailed∧was∧beenII固定搭配WecalledatMrSmithyesterdayThenovelisveryworthreadingShehasbeenmarriedwithamanwithlittlemoneyfortenyearsThepolicemancaughtthethiefbyhisarmThoughhehasworkedfortenhours,yethefeltnotalittletiredonwelltothebit三、代词前后一致TheSmithsdidhisbesttomakemefeelathomeWefoundsomewoodandcarriedthembacktothecaveThispairofshoesisabittightShowmeanotheroneKateandhersisterwentonholidaywithacousinofhersAtthebeginningofthebasketballmatch,theteamwerenotsureofhimselfYourclothesaredirtyYoushouldchangeitnowtheiritpairtheirsthemthemselvesIV主谓一致EarlytobedandearlytoriseareagoodhabitThereareachairandsomedesksintheroomTheoldlikestolookbackupontheolddaysCollectingstampsneedalotofmoneyThosewhowantstocomeraiseyourhandspleaseisislikeneedswant即时检测(一)下面各句中有一处错误请选出。TakingcareoftheirgrandsonbringthemgreatjoyABCDHelpyourselftoeatsomebananas,BobABCDI’vereadmostofthebookTherestofthemareboringABCDDon’tworryaboutmeMikeandhisfamilyissokindABCtomeDbringsbooksareSoonacoolwindstartedtoblowandblackcloudswereABCcoveredthesunDWhenItriedtositup,IfeltapainonmybackandcouldABCnotmovedDPutthelittleplantsintheshadesothatthesunwon’tABCburnitDmovethemThewomanwhohadcaughtstealingstoleaABCDwatchAnyonewhobreaksthelawwillbeputintheABCprisonDThispairofsunglassesarebeautifulIlikeitABCDverymuch∧beenis即时检测(一)MyfavoritesportisfootballIwasamemberofourschoolfootballteamWepractiseforthreetimeseveryweekandoftenwatchfootballmatchonTVtogetherPlayfootballnotonlymakesusgrowuptallandstrongbutalsogiveusasenseoffairplayandteamspiritWemustkeepinmindthatweplayfortheteaminsteadourselvesAlso,thesportteachesustheimportantofobedience(服从)Eachplayermustobeycaptain,whoistheleaderoftheteamAndtheymustnotbreaktherulestoooftenifwewanttowinthegameamformatchesPlayinggives√∧ofimportance∧thewe即时检测(二)AfterIfinishedtheschoolthisyear,IbegantolookforworkNowseveralmonthlater,Istillhadn’tfoundthejobthatIwasinterestedLastSundaymorningIreceivedaphonecallfromamancallinghimMrSmithHesaidtomeonthephone,“IhearyoudoverywellinyourstudiesImayhaveajobforyou”IenteredhisofficewithabeatenheartHowIhopedthatIwillgothroughthejobhuntingtalktodayandhewouldtakemeonasalabassistantButtomysurprised,whathesaiddisappointingHeonlyneededamodel∧inwouldhimself\the\monthsdid√beatingsurprise∧wasTheProblemwithTelevisionNowIcan’twatchmuchtelevisionbutafewyearsagoIwasusedtowatchiteverynightIwasoftenalittletiredafteraday’sworkandwatchTVdemandsverylittleeffortUnfortunate,therearetoomanypeopleamongmyfamilySomewantedtoseetheprogrammewhileotherspreferredanotherIamhappywithanyprogrammebuttheothersspentalottimearguingandtherewasnowayofsettlingthematterexceptbysellingthesetNowsomeoneathomereadsinsteadmuchwaswatchingUnfortunatelyinonewas∧of√everyone即时检测(四)Baseball(棒球)isoneofAmerica’sfavoritesportManybigcitieswherehaveprofessional(职业的)baseballteamsThebaseballseasonarefromApriltoOctoberDuringthebaseballseason,millionspeoplegotostadiumstowatchbaseballPeoplealsowatchedbaseballinTVandlistentogamesontheradioPeopleofallageslikeplaybaseballManychildpayLittleLeaguebaseballinthespringandsummerManyadultsenjoybaseballeitherTheyplayafterworkandonweekends∧ofwatchsports\where\isonplayingchildrentoo√即时检测(五)InWednesdaymorning,TomwaswalkingalongthestreetsSuddenlyheheardtwoshotsItcamefromthebankHerantothebankbutsawamancomingoutofThemanwasshortandfatwithredhairHehadabagofmoneyoraguninhishandsThemanranawayandwasdisappearedbehindabusThatafternoonTomwentafilmHesawthethiefagainandphonedthepoliceTheycaughtthethiefHowanexcitingdayforTom!Thebankgavehim﹩forarewardThey\was\∧toOnand\of\and√Whatas

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