购买

¥ 20.0

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 考研英语讲座

考研英语讲座.ppt

考研英语讲座

精品课件库
2019-06-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《考研英语讲座ppt》,可适用于综合领域

考研英语培训完形填空Overview完形填空命题分析真题讲解模拟练习完形填空命题分析命题形式和思路解题程序主要测试点常见上下文(句)逻辑词完形填空命题分析完形填空命题形式完形填空的基本命题形式是给考生一篇语句连贯的短文(新大纲规定在词左右)出题人有目的地在每隔一定数量的词语后面去除一些词语形成总共出词语空缺然后在相应的空缺处设置包括三个干扰项在内的四个备选答案需要考生从四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。本部分共分题每题分值为分。完形填空命题分析完形填空命题思路对整体环境进行把握和理解解决具体问题对已知信息进行把握和理解破解未知信息理解:出题人将处未知信息设置在一个庞大的已知信息体系之中是因为处填空绝对不是单独存在的个孤立的句子它们都是一篇文章的一部分是属于一个整体的。因此破解者处填空首先必须对整片文章进行把握从把握整体的高度去“俯视”整体中的处具体填空。完形填空命题分析解题程序用分钟的时间对整篇文章做整体通读(preview)。整体通读的目标:掌握整篇文章的主线即文章的主题文章的导向或者作者的态度倾向建立起对文章的整体把握。按段精度按段理解按段分析按段做题。段落本身就是相对独立的意群可以以段落为单位来解题在以段落为单位解题时仍要注意首先要从整体上把握段落的布局和结构把握段落的核心主线相关已知信息点(提示线索)的分布规律句子内部上下文中整个意群段落和文章的结构中做完个填空题再进行整篇通读(review),判断恢复后的文章的连贯性和一致性。完形填空命题分析主要测试点阅读理解能力对文章整体(中心和结构)的把握和理解对上下文或句子之间关系的把握和理解对句子内部结及意义的把握和理解要求:考生对文章进行“精读”即对文章从整体到每个句子的内部细节都要完全把握。英语知识运用能力语法()固定习语(左右)词汇的辨析和使用()完形填空命题分析常见上下文(句)逻辑词并列关系and,or,neither…nor,either…or,likewise,similarly,equally,inthesameway,thatistosay,aswellas,thesame…as递进关系also,then,besides,additionally,furthermore,moreover,inaddition,whatismore举例关系suchas,forexample,forinstance,totake…asanexample,morespecifically完形填空命题分析常见上下文(句)逻辑词因果关系because,for,since,thus,hence,therefore,so,so…that,consequently,accordingly,dueto,thanksto,asaresult,becauseof,inthat,inresponseto,with,forthisreason转折关系but,however,yet,onthecontrary,bycontrast,ontheotherhand,unfortunately,while,whereas,unlike,ratherthan,insteadof让步关系although,though,eventhough,evenif,nevertheless,despite,inspiteof总结关系inall,inbrief,inshort,inaword,inconclusion,tosumup,tosummarize,toconclude真题讲解AncientGreekphilosopherAristotleviewedlaughteras“abodilyexerciseprecioustohealth”Butsomeclaimstothecontrary,laughingprobablyhaslittleinfluenceonphysicalfitnessLaughterdoesshorttermchangesinthefunctionoftheheartanditsbloodvessels,heartrateandoxygenconsumptionButbecausehardlaughterisdifficultto,agoodlaughisunlikelytohavebenefitstheway,say,walkingorjoggingdoesAamongBexceptCdespiteDlikeAreflectBdemandCindicateDproduceAstabilizingBboostingCimpairingDdeterminingAtransmitBsustainCevaluateDObserveAmeasurableBmanageableCaffordableDrenewable真题讲解,insteadofstrainingmusclestobuildthem,asexercisedoes,laughterapparentlyaccomplishesthestudiesdatingbacktothesindicatethatlaughtermuscles,decreasingmuscletoneforuptominutesafterthelaughdiesdownAinturnBinfactCinadditionCinbriefAoppositeBimpossibleCaverageDexpectedAhardensBweakensCtightensDrelaxes真题讲解SuchbodilyreactionmightconceivablyhelptheeffectsofpsychologicalstressAnyway,theactoflaughingprobablydoesproduceothertypesoffeedbackthatimproveanindividual’semotionalstateoneclassicaltheoryofemotion,ourfeelingsarepartiallyrootedphysicalreactionsItwasarguedattheendofthcenturythathumansdonotcrytheyaresadbutthattheybecomesadwhenthetearsbegintoflowAaggravateBgenerateCmoderateDenhanceAphysicalBmentalCsubconsciousDinternalAexceptforBmentalCDuetoDAsforAwithBonCinDatAunlessBuntilCifDbecause真题讲解Althoughsadnessalsotears,evidencesuggeststhatemotionscanflowmuscularresponsesInanexperimentpublishedin,socialpsychologistFritzStrackoftheUniversityofWurzburginGermanyaskedvolunteerstoapeneitherwiththeirteeth–therebycreatinganartificialsmileorwiththeirlips,whichwouldproducea(n)expressionAexhaustsBfollowsCPrecedesDsuppressesAintoBfromCtowardsDbeyondAfetchBbiteCpickDholdAdisappointedBexcitedCjoyfulDindifferent真题讲解Thoseforcedtoexercisetheirsmilingmusclesmoreenthusiasticallytofunnycartoonsthandidthosewhosemouthswerecontractedinafrown,thatexpressionsmayinfluenceemotionsratherthanjusttheotherwayaround,thephysicalactoflaughtercouldimprovemoodAadaptedBcateredCturnedDreactedAsuggestingBrequiringCmentioningDsupposingAEventuallyBConsequentlyCSimilarlyDConversely真题讲解InAmerica’sNationalResearchCouncilsenttwoengineerstosuperviseaseriesofexperimentsatatelephonepartsfactorycalledtheHawthornePlantnearChicagoIthopedtheywouldlearnhowshopfloorlightingworkers’productivityInstead,thestudiesendedgivingtheirnametothe“Hawthorneeffect””,theextremelyinfluentialideathattheveryofbeingexperimenteduponchangedsubjects’behaviorAaffectedBachievedCextractedDrestoredAatBupCwithDoffAtruthBsightCactDproof真题讲解TheideaarosebecauseofthebehaviorofthewomenintheplantAccordingtooftheexperiments,theirhourlyoutputrosewhenlightingwasincreased,butalsowhenitwasdimmedItdidnotwhatwasdoneintheexperimentsomethingwaschanged,productivityroseA(n)thattheywerebeingexperimenteduponseemedtobetoalterworker’sbehavioritselfAcontroversialBperplexingCmischievousDambiguousArequirementsBexplanationsCaccountsDassessmentsAconcludeBmatterCindicateDworkAasfarasBforfearthatCincasethatDsolongasAawarenessBexpectationCsentimentDillusionAsuitableBexcessiveCenoughDabundantAaboutBforConDby真题讲解Afterseveraldecades,thesamedataweretoeconometricanalysisTheHawthorneexperimentshadanothersurpriseinstorethedescriptionsonrecord,nosystematicwasfoundthatlevelsofproductivitywererelatedtochangesinlightingAcomparedBshownCsubjectedDconveyedAContrarytoBConsistentwithCParallelwithDPeculiartoAevidenceBguidanceCimplicationDsource真题讲解Itturnsoutthatparticularwayofconductingtheexperimentsmayhaveledtointerpretationofwhathappened,lightingwasalwayschangedonaSundayWhenworkstartedagainonMonday,outputrosecomparedwiththepreviousSaturdayandtoriseforthenextcoupleofdaysAdisputableBenlighteningCreliableDmisleadingAIncontrastBForexampleCInconsequenceDAsusualAdulyBaccidentallyCunpredictablyDsuddenlyAfailedBceasedCstartedDcontinued真题讲解acomparisonwithdataforweekswhentherewasnoexperimentationshowedthatoutputalwayswentuponMondaysWorkerstobediligentforthefirstfewdaysoftheweekinanycase,beforeaplateauandthenslackeningoffThissuggeststhatthealleged“Hawthorneeffect”ishardtopindownAThereforeBFurthermoreCHoweverDMeanwhileAattemptedBtendedCchoseDintendedAbreakingBclimbingCsurpassingDhitting真题讲解ResearchonanimalintelligencealwaysmakesmewonderjusthowsmarthumansarethefruitflyexperimentsdescribedinCarlZimmer’spieceintheScienceTimesonTuesdayFruitflieswhoweretaughttobesmarterthantheaveragefruitflytoliveshorterlivesThissuggeststhatbulbsburnlonger,thatthereisaninnotbeingtooterrificallybrightAsupposeBConsiderCObserveDImagineAtendedBfearedChappenedDthreatenedAthinnerBstablerClighterDdimmerAtendencyBadvantageCinclinationDpriority真题讲解Intelligence,it,isahighpricedoptionIttakesmoreupkeep,burnsmorefuelandisslowthestartinglinebecauseitdependsonlearningaprocessinsteadofinstinctPlentyofotherspeciesareabletolearn,andoneofthethingstheyhaveapparentlylearnediswhentoAinsistsonBsumsupCturnsoutDputsforwardAoffBbehindCoverDalongAincredibleBspontaneousCinevitableDgradualAflightBdoubtCstopDthink真题讲解IsthereanadaptivevaluetointelligenceThat’sthequestionbehindthisnewresearchIlikeitInsteadofcastingawistfulglanceatallthespecieswehaveleftinthedustIQwise,itimplicitlyaskswhattherealofourintelligencemightbeThisisthemindofeveryanimalIhaveevermetAinvisibleBlimitedCindefiniteDdifferentAupwardBforwardCafterwardDbackwardAfeaturesBinfluencesCresultsDcostsAoutsideBonCbyDacross真题讲解ResearchonanimalintelligencealsomakesmewonderwhatexperimentsanimalswouldonhumansiftheyhadthechanceEverycatwithanowner,,isrunningasmallscalestudyinoperantconditioningWebelievethatanimalsranthelabs,theywouldtestustodecidewhatintelligenceinhumansisreally,notmerelyhowmuchofitthereisAdeliverBcarryCperformDapplyAbychanceBincontrastCperformDforinstanceA,ifBunlessCasDlestAmoderateBovercomeCdetermineDreachAatBforCafterDwith真题讲解,theywouldhopetostudyaquestion:ArehumansactuallyawareoftheworldtheyliveintheresultsareinconclusiveAAboveallBAfterallCHoweverDOtherwiseAFundamentalBcomprehensiveCequivalentDhostileAByaccidentBIntimeCSofarDBetterstill

VIP尊享8折文档

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/24

考研英语讲座

¥20.0

会员价¥16.0

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利