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首页 英语四级作文技巧

英语四级作文技巧.ppt

英语四级作文技巧

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2019-06-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语四级作文技巧ppt》,可适用于综合领域

CETBand作文评分标准满分分阅卷标准共分五个等级:分分分分及分分标准:文章切题表达意思清楚文字通顺连贯性好基本上无语言错误仅有个别拼写小错。分标准:文章意思清楚文字连贯但有少量语言错误。评分标准分标准:基本切题有些地方表达思想不够清楚文字勉强连贯语言错误多其中有一些是严重错误。分标准:基本切题表达思想不够清楚连贯性差有较多的严重语言错误。分标准:条理不清思路紊乱语言支离破碎或大部分句子均有错误且多数为严重错误。评分标准白卷:作文与题目毫不相关或只有几个孤立的词而无法表达思想则给分。只写一段者:分只写两段者:分(指规定三段的作文)。实际写作字数不足要扣分一般每少字扣分。各分段作文举例Directions:Forthispart,youareallowedminutestowriteacompositiononthetitleMyIdealJobYoushouldwriteatleastwordsandyoushouldbaseyourcompositionontheoutline(giveninChinese)below:.人们对职业有不同的理想.我理想的职业是什么.我怎样为我理想的职业做准备分作文Whenbeingaskedaboutwhatwewanttobeinthefuture,differentpeoplehavedifferentanswersSomepeoplewanttobelawyers,otherpeoplewanttobedoctors,andstillotherswanttobescientistsMyidealjobistobeanexcellentteacherThisidealcameintobeingwhenIwasveryyoungIfIamateacher,notonlycanIteachallthatIknowtomystudents,butalsocanIlearnfromthem,foryoungpeoplearealwaysactiveandcreativeTherefore,lifewillbeamazingandinterestingandmeaningful分作文However,Iknowitisn’teasytobeagoodteacherBeingateacherneedsknowledge,patience,andskillsInthefirstplace,Imustworkhardinordertobeabletoanswermostofmystudents’questionsAndthenImustlearntobepatientandtolerantFinallyIshallhavegoodskillssoastomakemyselfunderstoodquicklyandclearlySo,yousee,beingateacherrequiresmanytalentsButIamsureIwillliveuptothenameofateacher考官点评内容切题紧紧围绕文章的中心问题个人理想及所做准备进行分析和讨论论述较充分文章的结构很清晰文字通顺语言流畅。通过InthefirstplaceAndthenFinally等连接词使文章层次分明条理清晰句式变化多样结构紧凑有力。运用excellentactiveandcreativeliveupto等词使文章形象生动用词准确、丰富。英语基本功好表达能力强。分作文EachpersonhashisorherownidealjobForinstance,manmightwanttobesailors,sportsmen,scientists,businessmen,etcMeanwhile,manyyounggirlswouldliketobenurse,filmstars,teachers,etcTobefrank,myidealjobisbusiness,thatis,IwanttobeabusinesswomanThisjobbelongstomenformanycenturies,althoughtherearemorewomeninthisfieldthaneverbefore,menarestillthemajorityThereforeIwanttobegoodexampleforwomen分作文NowmyspecializationisIndustryandForeignTradeI’msureitcangivemegreathelpandgoodpreparationformyfuturejobWhat’smore,Ihavejoinedthestudentcentertogetsomeexperiencesaboutsellingthings,whichmaybeusefulOntheotherhandIknowmyEnglishstillleftmuchtobeimproved,andImustandwillstudyharder考官点评内容切题能够围绕文章的中心问题进行分析和讨论文章的结构清晰。文章通顺语言流畅。句式变化多还有一些连接词或引导词如What’smoreOntheotherhand起到了使文章层次分明的作用如Therefore就强调了tobegoodexampleforwomen。与分作文相比较有少量的语法错误。且生动性不足。分作文Everypeoplewhenhegrowsup,willhaveajobPeoplehavevariousaimsSomepeoplewanttoearnalotofmoneySomepeoplewanttobefamous…Sopeoplehavevariousidealjobs:manger,doctor,actor,teacherandsoonIdon’twanttoearnalotofandtobefamousIhopeIcanenjoymyjobMyidealjobisteacherIfIwereateacher,IwouldalwaysyoungBecauseIwillbeabletooftenstaywithyouth分作文NowImuststudyhard,andIoughttolearnalotfrommyteachersbesidesknowledgeIshouldlearntheirvirtueThus,Iwillbeagoodteacher考官点评内容基本切题但论述不够充分文字语言基本通顺能表达自己的意思。句式用得较为合理。引导词如somepeople,somepeople,so起到了使文章层次分明的作用不过还是显得有些单薄。有较多用法和拼写错误显得不够熟练。分作文Therearealotofjobs,suchasteacher,work,doctor,nurse,driver,andsoonPeople’sidealjobarediffictlySomewanttobeateacher,teachalotofstudents,somewanttobeabusdriver,helpotherpeoplegototheplacewheretheyintendtogo,WhatismyidealjobSometimesIaskmyselfthequestionIlikemyteachersverymuchSoIthink,myidealjobisteacherIteachmyknowlagetomystudents,theycanbeausefulpeopleIthink,IwillteachmystudentsthebooksandmanyotherknowlageSo,Iamstudyinghardandstudyingotherknowlage考官点评内容对于文章的中心问题论述显然不够充分。句式部分不完整。如文章第一段的最后一句话。在用词方面有较多使用得不妥的词还有很多拼写错误:如diffictlyknowlage等分作文ThereareallkindsofjobonworldSopeoplehavedifferentidealtojobTheteachertoldmethatshouldhaveaidealjobwhenI’machildSoIchoicemyidealjobanallkindsofjobMyidealjobisbecomeaeconomicerBecauseeveryonehaveitselfthink,sotheiridealjobisdifferentIchoicethejobbecauseitfittomeThisjobhavemoremoneyThisisrealBut,ituselesstoourcountryimportantOurcountryisadevelopingcountry,needeconomicerverymuchSo,Ichoicethisjob分作文Myidealjobisbecomeaeconomicer,soImustlearneconomicknowledgeworkhardLearnknowledgefrommyselfafterclassLookatbookabouteconomicReadyformyidealjobUsemyknowledgeabouteconomicinpractisBecausearealuselessman考官点评内容没有明确的论述且整篇结构混乱。语言欠连贯句式单调。用词方面有较多用法和拼写错误。写作策略三段式结构关键在于变化:相同意义的词要争取不断的用近义词替换。要避免相邻句子句式太多的一致。比如可以采用被动句、转折句、并列句、插入语等简单易行的办法加以替换。不得过多出现简单但严重的语言错误。如:单复数、主谓一致、时态、搭配和简单词的拼写。如果有经典句再怎么绕也要用上仅有的这几句经典句。作文类型及结构主题型作文写作策略指出当今社会的某种现象或某种事物并用简洁的话语进行描述:主题句扩展句详细描述该现象或事物的特点大量运用举例方法:主题句例例例表明自己的观点并结束全文:结尾句写作模版Nowadays,therearemoreandmoreinsomebigcitiesItisestimatedthatWhyhavetherebeensomanyMaybethereasonscanbelistedasfollowsThefirstoneisthatBesides,ThethirdreasonisTosumup,themaincauseofXXisduetoItishightimethatsomethingweredoneuponitForonething,Ontheotherhand,Allthesemeasureswillcertainlyreducethenumberof作文类型及结构正反观点型写作策略(一)阐述提纲中列举的第一种看法给出理由或举例说明:主题句理由事例理由事例理由事例阐述提纲中列举的第二种看法给出理由或举例说明:主题句理由事例理由事例理由事例说明自己的观点并总结全文:主题句理由事例理由事例理由事例写作模版(一)ThereisaheateddebateoverManypeopleconsideritnecessarytoForonething,Foranother,AllthesepointtotheindispensabilityofSomepeople,however,takeadifferentattitudeTheyregardasbeingunnecessaryTheyarguethatAlsoFurthermore,AsfarasIamconcerned,IamreallyinfavorofbecauseSoIbelievedecideto,andsurelyitwilldomemuchgood写作策略(二)提出对某事有两种不同的看法:主题句看法看法具体说明两种看法的理由:主题句理由理由主题句理由理由提出并解释自己的看法:主题句理由理由理由写作摸板(二)ThereisaheateddebateoverItiscommonlyacceptedIncontrast,othersthinkthatThosewhoholdthefirstopinionsuggestthatIntheirview,However,othersthinkthatTheyarguethatConsideringonafteranother,IstandonthesideofFirstofall,Furthermore,Thirdly,Therefore,作文类型及结构信函型作文写作模版Dear,Pleasedtoreceiveyourletterof,andthankyouforyourseason’sgreetingsAsfortheinquiryyoumadeabout,I’dliketosuggestForonething,Foranother,however,itisnotaneasyjobto,becauseBesidesAlsoAsfor,you’dbetterI’mgoingtoI’msureyou’llbenefitalotPleaseletmeknowYours,作文类型及结构综合叙事型写作策略交代故事涉及的人物、时间、地点具体描述事件的起因、经过、结果对事件的评价或分析写作模版Aboutnineo’clockoneeveninginMay,myroommateLiMingwaslyinginbed,tremblingwithcoldandhavingacoughHisheadwasachingsointenselythathekeptgroaningHisforeheadfeltveryhotWelookhistemperatureItwas˚CWithouthesitation,Idialed“”ItwasnotlongbeforeanambulancearrivedOneroommatebroughtablanketforhimAnothersupportedhimintheambulanceOurteacherinsistedongivinghimsomemoneyIsheasuspectedSARSpatientWhocantellButwedidn’tretreatWhenthesavageSARSwasspreading,peopleshowedfearlessspiritregardlessofdangerstotheirownhealthThiskindofcarebetweenpersonsistheverykindgiving,unselfishandpricelessdevotionorsacrificeAnditisjustbecauseofthiscarethatwecanhavewarmfamilies,ahappylifeandabeautifulworld作文类型及结构图标型作文写作策略说明图表内容:主题句说明说明说明说明引起变化的原因:主题句原因原因原因说明影响或提出解决办法:主题句建议前景预测写作模版Ascanbeseenfromthechart,markedchangestookplaceintheamountofstudentsusingcomputersinacertainuniversityintheperiodAsearlyas,astudentonlyspentonehouronanaverageonthecomputerperweekThenfiveyearslater,thenumberbecamefourtimeslargerAndarrivingintheyear,anaveragestudentwassittinginfrontofthecomputerscreenforasmanyastwentyhourseveryweekThisclearlyindicatesthatcomputertechnologyhasdevelopedrapidlyandcomputerusehasgreatlypopularized写作模版AvarietyofreasonscontributetothesharpincreaseintheamountoftimeemployedincomputeruseFirst,thecomputerhasvariousapplicationsinwhateverwalkoflifeSecond,withthedevelopmentofsociety,computerskillshavebecomeamustforemploymentFinally,thegraduallyloweredpriceofcomputersmakesitpossibleforthecomputertofinditswaytothecommonfamiliesAllthisresultsintheboomofcomputerusse写作模版ButtherearesomeproblemsinusingcomputersforcollegestudentstodayAlotofstudentsspendtoomuchtimewiththecomputerplayinggamesorchattingontheInternet,whichaffectstheirstudyandhealthBesides,somestudentsdonothaveenoughknowledgetomakefulluseofcomputersTheyneedtolearnalotabouthowtousecomputersinaproperwayFromthegraph(table,chart),wecanclearlyseetheincrease(decrease)ofItaddedupto(decreased)in,whileitincreased(decreased,were,was)toinTherefore,itcanbepredicatedthatis(are)tobeontherise(onthedecrease)inthefutureTherearechieflyreasonsfortheincrease(decline)Inthefirstplace,owingto,haverealizedtheimportanceofSecondly,withthedevelopmentof(withthegrowthof,withtheincreaseof,withtheimprovementof),haveadoptedmoreactiveandeffectivemethodsInspiteofwhat’smentionedabove,therearesomeproblemsThegraphindicatesthatwas(were)fluctuated(波动)Hence,thesituationisstillseriousandhowtoimproveisstillachallengingtask

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