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首页 雅思写作句子应对策略:概述

雅思写作句子应对策略:概述.ppt

雅思写作句子应对策略:概述

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2019-06-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《雅思写作句子应对策略:概述ppt》,可适用于综合领域

句子写作应对策略第一讲:概述简单句的基本句型、Colorsfade,templescrumble,empiresfall,butwisewordsendure句型:SV全球一体化时代(Theeraofglobalization)已经来临。Theeraofglobalizationhasalreadycome人们对此热门话题(hottopic)的观点不一。Notionsaboutthishottopicdifferwidely随着经济的迅速发展环境也在不断恶化(deteriorate)。Theenvironmenthasbeendeterioratingalongwiththerapiddevelopmentofeconomy简单句的基本句型、InformationispowerFailureisthemotherofsuccess句型:SVC对互联网的立法管制(Legislativeregulation)是政府的职能。LegislativeregulationoftheInternetisoneofthefunctionsofthegovernment死刑(capitalpunishment)的废除是个具有争议的事件。Theabolitionofcapitalpunishmentisanissueofcontroversy环境保护和保护生物多元化(biodiversity)对于发展中国家是个奢侈的东西。Environmentalprotectionandthepreservationofbiodiversityareverymuchaluxuryofdevelopingcountries网上一些信息是误导人的(misguiding)和带有欺骗性的(cheating)。SomeinformationontheInternetismisguidingandcheating简单句的基本句型、Thelaststrawbreaksthecamel’sback句型:SVO在表明观点之前我将探讨一下这具有争议的(controversial)事件的正反方。Beforepresentingmyview,Iwillexplorebothsidesofthiscontroversialissue资助艺术浪费我们有限的公共资金(publicfunds)。Artfundinglavishesourlimitedpublicfunds收藏品和展品反映了文化和社会的多元化(diversity)。Collectionsandexhibitionsreflecttheculturalandsocialdiversity过分沉迷于(Overindulgence)电脑游戏导致肥胖(obesity)和近似(myopia)。Overindulgenceincomputergamesleadstoobesityandmyopia简单句的基本句型、Heshowedmethephoto=Heshowedthephototome句型:SVOO反对者向我们展示了具有说服力的证据(convincing)。Theopponentsshowussomeconvincingevidence通过为社会做贡献学生从兼职中获得一种成就感。Parttimejobsgivestudentsasenseofachievementthroughcontributingtosociety间隔年(Agapyear)为中学毕业生提供了一个宝贵的机会去认清自己的职业兴趣和目标。Agapyearoffershighschoolgraduatesavaluableopportunitytoidentifytheircareerinterestsandgoals简单句的基本句型、Thestressfullifemakesmanypeoplesick句型:SVOC克隆技术(cloningtechnology)可能使人变得多余(redundant)、可替代(replaceable)甚至是处于灭绝的境地。Thecloningtechnologycanmakehumansredundant,replaceableandevenextinct互联网使我们很容易接触到全世界最新的讯息。TheInternetenablesustohaveeasyaccesstothelatestinformationworldwide专家建议政府拆除市区里的旧房子来改善城市形象(thecityimage)。Expertsadvisethegovernmenttodemolishtheoldbuildingsinthedowntownareatopromotethecityimage句子由简单到复杂的方法首先必须接受一个事实:雅思写作实战中不是说自己想写出几个复杂的句子就可以写出几个复杂的句子的也不是说想用哪种句式就能用到哪种句式的句子复杂的程度全部由思维的深刻程度决定再复杂的句子结构也只是表达自己缜密思维的一种工具思维在先句子结构在后。这也符合英语语法中出现复杂结构的基本前提:表达的需要比如:、我的思维:世纪的世界以高度的人口流动(populationmobility)为标志。我的英语句子:Theworldinthethcenturyismarkedbyhighpopulationmobility、我的相对复杂的思维:因为贫困(poverty)许多人为了生存(makingaliving)的目的而倾向于偷窃或抢劫这很大程度上增加了犯罪的比率(thecrimerate)。我的英语句子:Becauseofpoverty,manypeopletendtostealorrubwiththepurposeofmakingaliving,whichhighlyincreasethecrimerate、我的更复杂的思维:我们必须承认一些国家特别是那些贫穷的国家也许在花费大量的金钱在这个方面有困难但是他们能够组织集资活动(fundraisingactivities)以使那些富裕的社会成员能捐资给公共设施(publicfacilities)比方说博物馆。我的英语句子:Wehavetoadmitthatsomecountries,especiallypoorones,mayhavedifficultyspendingalargesumofmoneyinthisrespect,buttheyareabletoorganizefundraisingactivitiessothatwealthymembersofsocietycandonatemoneytopublicfacilitiessuchasmuseums对于图表作文而言亦是如此比如:简单的表达:ThenumberofAincreased复杂的表达:ThenumberofAincreasedovertheperiodcoveredbythechart,climbingupintwostagestoreachthehighpointofexactly,bytheyearof,fromastartingpointof,in那么如何使自己复杂的思维通过复杂的英语结构准确表达出来呢?或者说英语的句子由简单到复杂的方法有哪些呢?方法一:增加修饰成分英语语法中的修饰成分主要有:、简单的修饰成分:形容词、副词、介词短语TheoveruseorscarcityofsomeresourcesontheearthisaproblemTheoveruseorscarcityofsomeresourcesontheearthisasevereproblemInadditiontosearchingforashelterforfuturegenerations,spaceprogrammescontributetothewellbeingoftheearthinsomeotheraspectsInadditiontosearchingforashelterforfuturegenerations,spaceprogrammescontributeconsiderablytothewellbeingoftheearthinsomeotheraspects方法一:增加修饰成分、相对复杂的修饰成分:非谓语动词(动词不定式、动名词、分词)ThereareanumberoffactswhichindicatesthatthispositionisrightThereareanumberoffactsindicatingthatthispositionisright、最复杂的修饰成分:从句(定语从句、状语从句)Withoutenoughmoneytovisittheclinic,hospitalsorbuydrugs,peoplearelesslikelytoenjoytheirlivingIfpeoplecannotaffordthehighcostofvisitingtheclinic,hospitalsorbuyingdrugs,theyarelesslikelytoenjoytheirliving方法一:增加修饰成分Itissuggestedthatpublicmoneyofacityshouldbeconcentratedinprojectslikepublicfacilities,andthesepublicfacilitiesaremorelikelytobringimmediatebenefitstothepublicItissuggestedthatpublicmoneyofacityshouldbeconcentratedinprojectslikepublicfacilities,whicharemorelikelytobringimmediatebenefitstothepublic方法二:使用平行结构增加细节ParticularattentionshouldbepaidonthosepeoplewhosehealthproblemsareattributedtotheirpoorpersonallivinghabitsParticularattentionshouldbepaidonthosepeoplewhosehealthproblemsareattributedtotheirpoorpersonallivinghabits,suchassmoking,drinking,substanceuseorinactivelifestyleAccompaniedbytechnologicaldevelopment,manyproblemshavearisenandintensifiedAccompaniedbytechnologicaldevelopment,manyproblems,suchasoverexploitationofnaturalresources,intenseuseofartificialfertilisersandrelianceonautomobiles,havearisenandintensified方法三:句子中的名词性结构(主语、宾语、同位语、表语、宾语补语)使用复杂的结构、相对的复杂结构:非谓语动词(动词不定式、动名词)TobeinformedisthepublicrightLearningforeignlanguageswidensourmindandextendsourvision、最复杂的结构:名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、同位语从句、表语从句、宾语补语从句)ItisknowntousthatChinesepeopleinventedthecompassWeallknowthatChinesepeopleinventedthecompassThefactisthatChinesepeopleinventedthecompassThefactthatChinesepeopleinventedthecompassistrueCallmewhatyoulike方法四:依照英语句子语法中的原则写特殊结构的句子(非常规语序的句子)句尾重心原则:形式主语、形式宾语、分隔不定式词组:Iregarditasmyresponsibilitytoseethatthevastamountofmoneyheaccumulatedisusedforthegoodofhumanity动名词词组:Wethinkituselessarguingwithhim主语从句:Thathewillwiniscertain>Itiscertainthathewillwin宾语从句:Wethinkitimportantthatweshouldputeducationinthefirstplace方法四:依照英语句子语法中的原则写特殊结构的句子(非常规语序的句子)分隔:JustthenInoticed,forthefirsttime,thatMonsieurHamelworehisfinegreencoatDonot,foronerepulse,forgothepurposethatyouresolvedtoeffortDevotesomeofyourleisure,Irepeat,tocultivatingaloveofreadinggoodbooksAnorderhascomefromBerlinthatnolanguagebutGermanmaybetaughtintheschoolsofAlsaceandLorraineHeistrulyhappywhomakesothershappyYouknowthatastreamwhichmovesslowlycanbewadedveryeasily,butifwaterismovingveryrapidly,asinamountainstream,theforceisgreatenoughtocarryyouoffyourfeet方法五:使用特殊意义的结构表达特殊的强调含义倒装、therebe句型Upontheeducationofpeopleofthiscountrythefateofthiscountrydepends(介词短语前移)Herappearancealladmired,whileherpersonalityfewpraised(宾语前移)AscandalIcallit(宾语补语前移)Verystrangeitseemed(表语前移)Likeselfawareness,thisisalsoverydifficulttoachieve,butIthinkthesearethetwofactorsthatmaybethemostimportantforachievinghappinessThroughoutthecentury,thelargestquantityofwaterwasusedforagriculturalpurposesWithapopulationofmillion,thefiguresforBrazilindicatehowhighagriculturalwaterconsumptioncanbeinsomecountries方法五:使用特殊意义的结构表达特殊的强调含义全部倒装(fullinversion)(主谓倒装)Outflewabirdfromteacher’schalkboxUptheyclimbed,almostoutofbreathInbooksareembalmedthegreatestthoughtsofallages部分倒装(partialinversion)(助词倒装)NothingistheremorefriendlytoamanthanafriendinneedLittledidtheyrealizethattheyhadmadeanimportantdiscoveryinscience但是如果否定词是用来修饰主语的不倒装:ScarcelyadropofrainfelllastmonthOnlywhenyouneedbooks,canyouthinktheminsufficient但是修饰主语时不倒装:Onlyalifelivedforothersisalifeworthwhile方法五:使用特殊意义的结构表达特殊的强调含义分裂强调句ItisconflictandnotunquestioningagreementthatkeepsfreedomaliveItisnotbecausethingsaredifficultthatwedonotdareitisbecausewedonotdarethattheyaredifficultItisagoodtonguethatsaysnoill,andabetterheartthatthinksnonetherebe句型Thereisabookonthetable存在:exist,remain,live,runfly,stay,seem,stand,lie,remainOnceuponatimetherelivedanoldman产生:happen,occur,appear,come,enter,follow,fly,arrive,arise,rise,pass,rush,emerge,springupTherehappenedanaccidentlikethat方法六:句子的叠加(并列复合句、使用衔接结构)FastfoodmightnotvarysignificantlythroughoutacountryTraditionalfoodsarediversifiedduetoethnicdiversityFastfoodmightnotvarysignificantlythroughoutacountry,buttraditionalfoodsarediversifiedduetoethnicdiversity方法六:句子的叠加(并列复合句、使用衔接结构)Assuggestedabove,thefastfood,althoughcheapandconvenient,hasitsshortcomingsAdiethighinfastfoodscanincreaseaperson’sriskofgainingweightandotherhealthproblemsAssuggestedabove,thefastfood,althoughcheapandconvenient,hasitsshortcomingsandadiethighinfastfoodscanincreaseaperson’sriskofgainingweightandotherhealthproblems

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雅思写作句子应对策略:概述

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