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首页 17主谓一致用法整理

17主谓一致用法整理.ppt

17主谓一致用法整理

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2019-06-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《17主谓一致用法整理ppt》,可适用于高中教育领域

UnitGrammarandusageSubjectverbagreement主谓一致Everyoneintheclass(isare)surprisedatthenewsAllthestudentsinourclass(hashave)adictionaryReadingEnglishnewspaper(isare)agoodhabitPhysics(isare)animportantsubjectinscienceThatthefamousfilmstarwillcome(makemakes)herfansveryhappyBrainstormingChoosethecorrectanswersishaveisismakesEveryoneAllthestudentsReadingPhysicsThatthefamousfilmstarwillcome主谓一致是指谓语动词与主语在人称、数量上保持一致。最常见的情况:当主语是单数名词或不可数名词时谓语动词要用单数形式。egThecitywasfoundedinthethcenturyBCegThefoodtheyofferedontheplanewasdelicious当主语是复数名词时谓语动词要用复数形式。egBothcitieswereveryrich学习主谓一致时要注意以下情况:谓语动词要用单数的情况:动名词、不定式、从句做主语时谓语动词要用单数。egGrowingflowersneedsconstantwateringegThatitkeepsraining(worry)thetouristsegTobepraised(be)ahappythingegWhenandwheretoholdthemeeting(have)notbeendecidedworriesishasnews,politics,physics,mathematics,plastics等形式为复数而意义为单数的名词作主语时谓语动词用单数。学科名称的名词或国名、地名、书名、组织机构等专有名词作主语时谓语动词用单数。egNonews(be)goodnewsegPhysics(be)afundamentalsubjectinscienceegTheArabianNights(be)averyinterestingstorybookisisis单复数同形:meanssheepHardwork(pay)offAllthepianoworks(be)containedinthissetHislatestwork(be)wellreceivedbypeopleSouthofourhometown(lie)acementworksSouthofourhometown(lie)manycementworkspaysareislieslie表示时间、距离、钱额、重量、空间、体积等意义的复数名词作主语谓语动词常用单数。egEighthoursofsleepisenoughegAhundredmiles(be)alongdistanceegTenpounds(be)missingfrommypocketegTwentyyears(have)passedsincehelefthishometowniswashasmorethanonemanya单数名词作主语意义上是复数谓语动词常用单数。(形单意复)egMorethanonestudent(have)triedegManyaman(have)diedinthewaregManyastudentandteacher(be)watchingthefootballmatchhasishasMorestudentsthanone(have)triedhaveeacheverynomanya单数名词andeacheverynomanya单数名词作主语谓语动词用单数。egEachbookandeachpen(be)foundinitsplaceegEveryboyandeverygirl(have)therighttoreceiveeducationegManyaboyandmanyagirl(have)seenthesepaintingegEveryhourandminute(be)important第二个each,every,manya可以省略。ishashasis谓语动词单、复数要视情况而定的情形:由and连接的两个并列成分表示两个不同的概念时谓语动词用复数但由and连接的并列成分但指的是同一概念或一个人的双重身份时谓语动词为单数。egTheworkerandthewriterarefromBeijing(那位工人和那位作家)egTheworkerandwriterisfromBeijing(那个工人兼作家)egThesingeranddancer(be)famousallovertheworld常见的表同一概念的有:theneedleandthread针线theforkandknife刀叉isThesingeranddancer(be)onthestageisThegiftisusedtohavewesternmealsWhatisitAknifeandforkusedtohavemealsiswwwjkzywcom当主语是class,family,army,team,club,crowd,majority,audience,government,public,group,band等集合名词时如果该集合名词表示一个组织或单位的概念谓语动词用单数形式如果该集合名词表示组织或单位里一些个体的概念谓语动词用复数形式。egHisfamily(be)inHarbinegHisfamily(be)musicloversegThecommittee(be)madeupofmembersegThecommittee(be)inthehallisarewaswereThegroup(be)madeupofninestudentsThegroup(be)dancinghappilyisarewwwjkzywcomTheteam(have)somegoodplayersTheteam(be)handsomehasareglasses,shoes,scissorstrousers,chopsticks,等作主语时谓语动词用复数形式。但前面有apairof,thisthatpairof,asuitof等时谓语动词用单数形式。egThispairoftrousers(be)verydirtyegHertrousers(be)beingwashednow当主语是congratulations,earnings,remains,goods,belongings,clothes等一类词时谓语动词用复数形式。egThegoods(belong)toMrWangisarebelongpopulation做主语指人口,谓语用单数但指人的行为、居民等谓语常用复数分数百分数ofthepopulation做主语谓语用复数。egThepopulationofthevillage(be)egOnethirdofthepopulationhere(be)workersisareanumberof可数名词复数谓语动词用复数意思是“许多……”。thenumberof可数名词复数谓语动词用单数意思是“……的数量”。aquantityof可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数。aquantityof不可数名词,谓语用单数。quantitiesof可数名词复数谓语动词用复数。quantitiesof不可数名词谓语动词用复数。egQuantitiesoftea(be)soldlastmonthegAlargequantityofbeer(be)soldoutaquantityofquantitiesof可数名词复数不可数名词werewashalfmostenoughparttherestthelastlotssomeplenty分数百分数of名词作主语谓语动词要和of之后的名词保持一致。Twothirdsofthepeoplepresent(be)againsttheplanThreefourthsofthesurfaceoftheearth(be)coveredbyseaOvertwentypercentofthecity(be)destroyedinthewarOnlypercentofthestudentsintheclass(be)boysareiswasare当用…or…either…or…neither…nor…notonly…butalso…not…but…等连接句子主语时谓语动词和与其最邻近的主语的单、复数形式保持一致(就近一致原则)。egNotonlyhebutalsoI(be)invitedegIorhisbrothers(be)toblameegNeitherInorhe(be)toattendthemeetingegNotonlythestudentsbutalsotheirteacher(be)enjoyingthefilmamwereisis当therebeherebe句型的主语是一系列事物时谓语动词单、复数应与最邻近的主语保持一致。egThere(be)apen,aknifeandseveralbooksonthedeskegThere(be)twentyboystudentsandtwentythreegirlstudentsintheclassegHere(be)aletterandabookforyouegThere(be)threechairs,twotablesandabikeinthehouseisareisareAorBNotAbutBEitherAorBNeitherAnorBNotonlyAbutalsoBVerbHereThereVerbAandBA,BandCNotonlyyoubutalsohewrong(isare)Neitheryounorheright(isare)Theretwoshopsandacinemabesidetherailwaystation(isare)Hereamapandahandbookforyou(isare)isisareis主语后跟withalongwithtogetherwithlikeunlikebesidesbutexceptincludingaswellasratherthanmorethannolessthan名词”结构时谓语动词一般和前面的主语保持一致。egTheteacherwithanumberofstudents(be)intheclassroomegTom,asmuchasyou,(be)responsibleforthelossegHemorethanyou(be)anxioustogothereiswasisTheteacherwithtwostudentsatthemeeting(waswere)Email,aswellasthetelephones,animportantpartindailycommunicationAisplayingBhaveplayedCareplayingDplaywasAAlibrarywithfivethousandbooks(be)offeredtothenationasagiftNobodybutJane(know)thesecretisknows“oneof+复数名词+定语从句”结构如果one前面没有限定词这个句型中的“复数名词”是先行词定语从句的谓语动词用复数如果one前面有thetheonly,theright,thevery等限定词修饰则one是先行词定语从句的谓语动词用单数。egJohnistheonlyoneofthestudentswho(have)thekeysegJohnisoneofthestudentswho(have)thekeyshashave关系代词在定语从句中作主语时谓语动词的单复数由先行词来决定。先行词是单数时谓语动词用单数反之用复数。Sheisoneofthefewgirlswhowellpaid(获得好收入)inthefactorynowAisBareCwasDwereIknowthegirlthatwellAdrawBdrawsCdrewDdrawingBBthe+adjvedving作主语时代表整个类别谓语动词要用复数。如:thedying,young,old,blind,rich,sick,wounded,poor及dead等词。egTheoldinChina(be)livingahappylifeegThewounded(have)beensavedegThesick(have)beencuredandthelosthavebeenfoundarehavehave还须注意以下几点()、不定代词one,each,every,either,neither,something,anything,nothing,everything,somebody,someone,anybody,anyone,nobody,noone,everybody,everyone作主语时,谓语动词用单数Eachofus(have)somethingtosayEveryone(be)hereLet'sbeginourlesson!hasis()不定代词none作主语时,如果修饰的是不可数名词,则谓语动词用单数如果它所修饰的是可数名词的复数,则谓语单,复数均可用Noneofus(be)perfect人无完人isareNoneofthewater(be)cleanhereis()people,police是集体名词表示复数概念作主语时,谓语动词用复数。Thepeopleinthecity(be)veryfriendlyThepolice(look)forthelostboynowarearelooking()在主谓倒装的句子中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。BetweenthetwowindowshangsapictureHerecomesacarInfrontofourteachingbuildingaremanyyoungtrees()Such,thesame起指示代词作用时应根据其所指的内容来决定单复数。Such(be)ourplanSuch(be)hiswordsisare谓语应该跟主语一致还是跟表语一致WeChineseahardworkingpeople.A.isB.areC.isbeingD.arebeing此题应选B。这里应注意的是:我们通常说的是主谓一致(即谓语与主语保持一致)而不是表谓一致(即不是谓语与表语一致)本题意为:我们中国人是一个勤劳的民族。并列主语中谓语应与哪个保持一致?Youorhetoblame你或他有一人要受责备。youorhetoblame受责备的是你还是他?A.isIsB.areAreC.isAreD.areIs答案:C就近一致是否and连接的主语谓语都用复数?(isare)BothbreadandsugarsoldoutTheworkerandthewriterfromBeijingTheworkerandwriterfromWuhanBreadandbutteradailyfoodintheWest由and连接的并列成分指的是同一概念兼具身份或匹配出现,谓语用单数。由and连接的两个并列成分表示两个不同的概念谓语用复数。areareisisTheUnitedStates(be)hitbytheGreatDepressionins’Fivehundredmillionpounds(be)alotofmoneyWhenandwherethistookplace(be)stillunknownMorethanoneperson(know)aboutitManyastudent(like)footballWhethershecomesornot(be)ofnomatterTheBritish(be)veryproudoftheirsenseofhumorMyfamily(be)bigandthewholefamily(be)fondofmusicThepopulationinChina(be)verylarge,andeightypercentofthepopulationinChina(be)farmersAnumberofbooks(have)beensenttothechildrenThenumberofbooksinourschool(be)largeThebreadandbutter(be)servedforbreakfastisisisknowslikesisareisareisarehaveisisEachmanandeachwomanthere(be)askedtohelpMymother,aswellasmyfather,(have)akeytotheofficeThemantogetherwithhiswifeandchildren(be)sittingtherewatchingTVNooneexcepthisdaughters(agree)withhimThere(be)adesk,atableandthreechairsintheroomEithermygrandsonsortheirfather(be)coming Notonlythestudentsbutalsotheirteacher(have)beeninvitedHeisoneofthemostfamousactorswho(have)livedintheUSASheistheoneofthosewho(have)beeninvitedtoattendtheconferenceishasisagreesisishashavehasMorepracticeExerciseandRulesTheteacherwithtwostudentsatthemeeting(waswere)AwomanwithababyinherarmswaitingforthebusintherainA.wasB.wereC.hasD.haveEmail,aswellasthetelephones,animportantpartindailycommunicationAisplayingBhaveplayedCareplayingDplaywasAAExerciseandRulesReadingEnglishpapersandmagazineshelpfultoourstudyofEnglish(isare)Whetherhecomesornotofnomatter(isare)Tosayonethingtodoanother(isare)Listening,speaking,readingandwritingfourskillsforEnglishstudy(isare)Wheretofindtheplantandwhattodowithitstilltheproblemstosettle(isare)isisisisareareExerciseandRulesManyaboymadesuchafunnyexperimentAhaveBareChasDisEverymeansbeentriedsincethenAhasBwereCwasDhasbeenEachactorand(each)actressinvitedtoourschool(isare)Everyboyand(every)girlgotatoytrain(hashave)NoteacherandnostudenttohaveclassesonSunday(agreeagrees)CAishasagreesExerciseandRulespercentofthesurfacecoveredwithwater(isare)percentofthefarmersimprovedtheirlivingconditions(havehas)Therestofhisjourneypleasant(waswere)Therestofthegirlsfondofmusic(isare)Allofyourworkwelldone(isare)Allofyouranswerscorrect(isare)ishavewasareisareExerciseandRulesEitherthegirlortheboyfromCanada(isare)Notonlythedoorbutalsothewindowsopen(isare)NeitheryounorItheanswer(knowsknow)NotyoubutIwrong(amareis)Youorhetotakepartinthecompetition(isare)isareknowamis

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