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首页 英语写作常见错误common errors

英语写作常见错误common errors.ppt

英语写作常见错误common errors

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2019-06-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语写作常见错误common errorsppt》,可适用于综合领域

西南科技大学网络教育IICommonErrors西南科技大学网络教育ⅠRunonSentences(串句)串句是在没有连接词或标点符号的情况下将两个独立的单句串在一起。“逗号割裂”逗号不可以连接两个独立的句子句号和分号可以。Example:Theexamwaspostponed,theclasswascanceledaswellThreeWaystoAvoidRunonSentencesPeriodandaCapitalLetter(句号大写)Commaandajoiningword(逗号连接词)Semicolon(分号)例句:TheexamwaspostponedTheclasswascanceledaswell(句号大写)Theexamwaspostponed,andtheclasswascanceledaswell(逗号连接词)Theexamwaspostponedtheclasswascanceledaswell(分号)西南科技大学网络教育ⅡFragmentarySentences(破句)有些所谓的句子或无主语或无谓语动词。仅仅是单词的堆砌无法表达一个完整的意思。从属连词引起的破句(从属连词引导的从句不能单独成一个句子)Whichisagoodthing破句改正方法:增加主句删除连接词HetoldmeastorywhichisagoodthingItisagoodthing西南科技大学网络教育ⅡFragmentarySentences(破句)ing分词和不定式引起的破句HeworkstenhoursadayThengoingtoclassfortwohours改正方法:添加主语把ing变为动词的正确形式being改为beHeworkstenhoursadayHegoestoclassfortwohoursHeworksfortenhoursadayandthengoestoclassfortwohours增加细节引起的破句由于增加一些由forexample,suchas,including等细节引起的破句缺少主语或是谓语动词。OneofmygreatestjoysinlifeiseatingdessertsSuchascakeoricecream改正方法:把破句与前边具有完整意义的句子连接起来为破句增加主语或谓语动词。Oneofmygreatestjoysinlifeiseatingdesserts,suchascakeoricecream缺少主语的破句改正方法:把破句与前句相连增加适当主语。HewenttotherefrigeratortogetmilkAnddiscoverednomilkleftHewenttotherefrigeratortogetmilkanddiscoverednomilkleft西南科技大学网络教育Exercise:p西南科技大学网络教育ⅢFaultyParallelism(FaultyCoordination错误平行结构)平行结构是把两个或两个以上意思并列的成分用同等的语法形式来表达。反之则为错误平行结构。Astudentneedsbooks,notebooks,andheneedspensAstudentneedsbooks,notebooksandpens改正错用的并列连词Andwhoandwhich应尽量避免使用除非前面已经出现由whowhich引导的从句。egTom,awiseboy,andwhoismyfriend,isfromUKTom,whoisawiseboy,andwhoismyfriend,isfromUKTom,awiseboyandmyfriend,isfromUK西南科技大学网络教育ⅢFaultyParallelism(错误平行结构多项平行把一组词连续的排列起来使意思和结构保持平行。Whenwearrivedhome,weunpackedoursuitcases,tookshowers,andthenwewenttosleepaftereatinglunch,Whenwearrivedhome,weunpackedoursuitcases,tookshowers,ateourlunch,andwenttosleep注意错误的省略在平行结构中省略关键词会使搭配不当句义模糊。检验方法:将动词与助动词分别搭配若时态有误该平行结构便不成立。HealwayshasandalwayswillcompeteforthehighesthonorHehasalwayscompetedandwillalwayscompeteforthehighesthonor用thanas引出的比较要保持逻辑通顺语法无误MyleaningisasmuchasPaulMylearningisasmuchasPaul’slearning西南科技大学网络教育Misuseofparallel例:Advertisingshouldbeinformative,persuasive,andofinterest西南科技大学网络教育Misuseofparallel例:Advertisingshouldbeinformative,persuasive,andofinterest应改为:Advertisingshouldbeinformative,persuasive,andinteresting西南科技大学网络教育FaultyparallelconstructionsFaultyParallelismWethoughtshewascharming,intelligent,andaverycapableyoungwoman西南科技大学网络教育FaultyparallelconstructionsFaultyParallelismWethoughtshewascharming,intelligent,andaverycapableyoungwomanRevisedWethoughtshewascharming,intelligent,andverycapableWethoughtshewasacharming,intelligent,andverycapableyoungwoman西南科技大学网络教育FaultyParallelismAmanisjudgednotonlybywhathesaysbutalsobyhisdeedsReviseFaultyParallelismWehavegreatfaithandhighhopesforherRevise西南科技大学网络教育FaultyParallelismAmanisjudgednotonlybywhathesaysbutalsobyhisdeedsRevisedAmanisjudgednotonlybywhathesaysbutalsobywhathedoesFaultyParallelismWehavegreatfaithandhighhopesforherRevisedWehavegreatfaithinandhighhopesforher西南科技大学网络教育ⅣAmbiguousreferenceofpronounsAmbiguousShetoldmysisterthatshewaswrongClear“Iamwrong,”shesaidtomysisterSheadmittedthatshewaswrongandsaidsotomysister“Youarewrong,”shesaidtomysisterMysisterwastoldthatshewaswrongObscureInDreiser’sSisterCarrie,hedescribesapennilessgirl’swaytosuccessClearInhisSisterCarrie,Dreiserdescribesapennilessgirl’swaytosuccessObscureHewasknockeddownbyabicycle,butitwasnotseriousClearHewasknockeddownbyabicyclebutwasnotseriouslyhurt西南科技大学网络教育ObscureIamgoingtothelectureonmodernChinesedrama,becauseheisadramatistIlikeClearObscureAsshewasgreatlyinfluencedbyherhistoryteacher,shechoseitashermajorClear西南科技大学网络教育ObscureIamgoingtothelectureonmodernChinesedrama,becauseheisadramatistIlikeClearI’mgoingtothelectureonmodernChinesedrama,becausethespeakerisadramatistIlikeObscureAsshewasgreatlyinfluencedbyherhistoryteacher,shechoseitashermajorClearAsshewasgreatlyinfluencedbyherhistoryteacher,shechosehistoryashermajor西南科技大学网络教育ⅤDanglingmodifiers(垂悬修饰语)修饰语在句中找不到逻辑上被修饰的对象。FaultyLookingoutofthewindow,thegrasslandstretchesasfarastheeyecanseeFaultyOnenteringtheclassroom,thestudentsstoodupandsaid,“Goodmorning!”西南科技大学网络教育FaultyLookingoutofthewindow,thegrasslandstretchesasfarastheeyecanseeRevisedLookingoutofthewindow,he(she)canseethegrasslandstretchingasfarastheeyecanseeOutsidethewindow,thegrasslandstretchesasfarastheeyecanreachFaultyOnenteringtheclassroom,thestudentsstoodupandsaid,“Goodmorning!”RevisedWhentheteacherenteredtheclassroom,thestudentsstoodupandsaid,“Goodmorning!”Onenteringtheclassroom,theteacherwasgreetedbythestudents,whostoodupandsaid,“Goodmorning!”西南科技大学网络教育Faulty:Togetreadyforthetrip,allthethingssheneededwereputintoasuitcaseRevised:Togetreadyforthetrip,sheputallthethingssheneededintoasuitcaseIneachoftheabovefaultysentencesthereisadanglingmodifier(Looking……,Onentering…,orToget…),whichisnotgrammaticallyrelatedtothenounorpronounitisintendedtomodify西南科技大学网络教育NOTIC(Eexeptions)Thereareafewsetphrasesoftenusedtomodifywholesentences,liketobefrank,generallyspeaking,judgingby,andspeakingof,etcTheylooklikedanglingmodifiersbuttheyarenotJudgingbywhatthenewspaperhavesaid,hislatestplayisquitesuccessfulTobefrank,heisnottherightmanforthisimportantjobWehavetostudymanycourses:Chinese,English,maths,physics,chemistry,history,geography,justtonameafew西南科技大学网络教育ThemistwasthickeningasdarknessfellBeingonlyafiveminutewalktothevillage,therewasnoreasontofeelafraidShepickeduphershoppingbasketandleftthehouseHavingwalkedonlyafewsteps,themistswallowedherupSo,feelingherwayalongafence,atwiglashedherfaceThensheheardheavyfootstepsmovingbehindherShestoppedandtheystoppedHurryingforward,theypursuedShefoundherselfinasuffocatingworldseizedwithafeelingofhelplessnessandblindness天黑时雾渐浓。离村只有五分钟的路没有害怕的理由。她拿起菜篮离了屋。刚走几步浓雾就吞没了她。因此她沿着篱笆摸索前行一根树枝划在她的脸上。接着便听到身后沉重的脚步声她止步脚步声也止她疾步向前脚步声也紧随而至。她发现自己置身于一个窒息的世界陷于无助与黑暗之中。西南科技大学网络教育ThemistwasthickeningasdarknessfellAsitwasonlyafiveminutewalktothevillage,therewasnoreasontofeelafraidShepickeduphershoppingbasketandleftthehouseAftershehadwalkedonlyafewsteps,themistswallowedherupWhileshewasfeelingherwayalongthefence,atwiglashedherfaceThensheheardheavyfootstepsmovingbehindherShestoppedandtheystoppedShehurriedforwardandtheypursuedSeizedwithafeelingofhelplessnessandblindness,shefoundherselfinasuffocatingworld西南科技大学网络教育ⅥMisplacedModifiers(修饰语错置)修饰语可以是单词词组从句或是一个句子将修饰语与被修饰语之间摆放的位置不恰当(通常是互相间隔的距离太远)而使语意模糊歧义(ambiguity)修饰语和被修饰语之间要尽量靠近才不至于引起歧义现象从而搞不清楚被修饰语是什么。HekilledthewaspthatstunghimwithanewspaperWithanewspaper,hekilledthewaspthatstunghim西南科技大学网络教育ⅥMisplacedModifiersAlsoImportantOnly,just,almost,nearly等词尽量放在离被修饰语最近的地方通常放在被修饰语之前。Lookatthefollowingexamples:(分别表达什么意思)OnlyshesaidthatshelovedEnglishSheonlysaidthatshelovedEnglishShesaidthatonlyshelovedEnglishShesaidthatsheonlylovedEnglishShesaidthatshelovedEnglishonly不同的位置表达绝对不同的含义。西南科技大学网络教育FaultyIreadaninterestingstoryinamagazineaboutsportsmen西南科技大学网络教育FaultyIreadaninterestingstoryinamagazineaboutsportsmenRevisedIreadinamagazineaninterestingstoryaboutsportsmenInamagazineIreadaninterestingstoryaboutsportsmen西南科技大学网络教育FaultySheboughtseveralpicturebooksandputthemintoherbag,whichsheintendedtogivetoherchildren西南科技大学网络教育FaultySheboughtseveralpicturebooksandputthemintoherbag,whichsheintendedtogivetoherchildrenRevisedSheboughtseveralpicturebooksforherchildrenandputthemintoherbagSheputintoherbagthepicturebooksshehadboughtforherchildren西南科技大学网络教育FaultyTheideahementionedatfirstsoundedgood西南科技大学网络教育FaultyTheideahementionedatfirstsoundedgoodTheideahefirstmentionedsoundedgoodTheideahementionedsoundedgoodatfirstRevised西南科技大学网络教育ⅦconfusingshiftsP西南科技大学网络教育Exercises:ThefollowingsentencesarenotunifiedorcoherentPleaseimprovethemStudentsshouldlearntoanalyzeandsolveproblemsindependentlyDon’trelyonyourteachers’helpThosewhowishtotakeLinguisticsareexpectedtosighhisnameonthissheetofpaperShereviewedthelessontaughtlastweekandalltheexercisesassignedbytheteacherweredone西南科技大学网络教育Doexerciseonpage

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英语写作常见错误common errors

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