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首页 中考英语宾语从句总复习课件

中考英语宾语从句总复习课件.ppt

中考英语宾语从句总复习课件

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2019-06-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中考英语宾语从句总复习课件ppt》,可适用于综合领域

宾语从句TheObjectClausechantTheobjectclause宾语从句定义:复合句中放在动词或介词后充当宾语的句子叫宾语从句。CouldyoupleasetellmeifDavidSmithcomesCouldyoupleasetellmewhetherJanecomesornotCouldyoupleasetellmewhowillbringfoodCouldyoupleasetellmewhatweneedtobuyCouldyoupleasetellmewhenthepartystartsCouldyoupleasetellmewherethepartyisCouldyoupleasetellmehowwecangetthereCouldyoupleasetellmewhichbusweshouldtakeLet’sgotothepartytogether,let’shaveagoodtime宾语从句三要素:一、引导词二、语序三、时态四、if,when引导宾语从句和状语从句的区别五、宾语从句的反意疑问句六、否定转移宾语从句根据引导词的不同可分为三种类型:一、引导词(看从句)从句是陈述句(口语中常省略)从句是一般疑问句从句是特殊疑问句 Weknow(that)weshouldlearnfromeachotherPleasetellmeifwhetheryouhavebeentoAmericathatifwhether(是否)whhow(即特殊疑问词)Couldyoupleasetellmewheretherestroomsare引导词是从句的一个成份所以用哪个引导词看从句成份是否完整不完整一定是特殊疑问句。完整判断主句语气是疑问语气用ifwhether是肯定语气用thatIfwhether(是否)的区别一般情况下if和whether可以互换但以下种情况只能用whether:  ①在不定式前:Whethertogothereornothasn’tbeendecided  ②在介词后:Itdependson(依靠)whetheritisgoingtorain  ③与ornot连用:Theyaretalkingaboutwhethertogothereornot④做主语从句:Whetherheisrightisn’timportant主语从句是特殊疑问句,当主句的主语或宾语与从句主语是一致,可简化成:特殊疑问词todoCanyoutellmehowIcangettothenearestpostoffice?Canyoutellmehowtogettothenearestpostoffice?填写合适的引导词Canyoutellmeyouwereborn,BettyAwhoBwhatCwhenDthatIdon'tknowtheyhavepassedtheexamAwhatBifCwhenDwhereIhardlyunderstandhehastoldmeAthatBwhatCwhichDwhoShedidn'tknowbacksoonAwhetherhewouldbeBifwouldhebeChewillbeIdon'tknowhestillliveshereaftersomanyyearsAwhetherBwhereCwhatDwhenDoyouknowtheylistenedtoyesterdayeveningAwhatBwhenCwhyDhowHeaskedmetoldmetheaccidentAwhomBwhichCwhoDwhoseHeaskedhisfriendtogothereornotAifBwhetherCwhatDthatCCABBAAB:用that,ifwhether,how,where,what,…等连接词填空IheartheywillvisitourschoolnextweekDoyouknowthegirlisCouldyoutellmeIcangettotheparkWethoughtyouhadneverbeentherebeforePleasetellmeyouliveMotheraskedmeIhadfinishedmyhomeworkthatwhohowthatwhereifwhetherDoyouknowsheisangryTheteacheraskedyournamewasTomistenIwanttoknowyouareHeaskedyouyouwereastudentornotwhywhathowoldwhether二、语序   Doesheworkhard?Iwonder→Iwonderifheworkshard或Iwonderwhetherheworkshard Whendidheleave?Idon’tknow→Idon’tknowwhenheleft陈述句语序即:连词+主语+谓语动词①陈述句变为宾语从句语序不变即仍用陈述语序。如:HeisanhonestboyTheteachersaid→Theteachersaid(that)hewasanhonestboy②一般疑问句和特殊疑问句变为宾语从句语序变为陈述语序。如:What’sthematter(怎么了)等,在作宾语从句时,语序不变如:Couldyoutellmewhat’sthematter可以告诉我怎么了吗下列宾语丛句的语序是否正确。IthinkthathewillcometoChinanextyearIwanttoknowifhewasathomeyesterdayCanyoutellmewheredoesyourmotherworkDoyouknowwhocananswerthequestionPleasetelluswhereisthehospital√√yourmotherworksthehospitalis√三、时态①如果主句是现在的时态从句的时态可根据实际情况而定。如:Ihaveheard(that)he(come)backnextweek②如果主句是过去的某种时态那么从句的时态一定要用过去的某种时态。(看主句)如:Hesaid(that)there(be)noclassesyesterday注意:如果宾语从句表述的是客观真理、自然现象等时不管主句是什么时态从句都要用一般现在时。如:HesaidthatlighttravelsmuchfasterthansoundWewonderwhenhe(start)learningEnglishHetoldmehe(can)swimwerecouldstartedwillcomeTheteacheraskedhimwhathe(do)atsevenwasdoingMyfriendaskedmewhenI(leave)forBeijingwouldleave或wasleavingHetoldmethathe(be)toShanghaihadbeenCouldyoutellmehowhe(go)toschooleverydaygoes现在时(一般现在时,现在进行时,现在完成时),一般将来时,Couldyou……,Wouldyouplease…保持不变一般过去时一般现在时一般过去时一般过去时过去完成时一般将来时过去将来时现在进行时过去进行时现在完成时过去完成时当从句叙述的内容为客观真理时仍然用一般现在时。egTheteachersaidthatthemoonmovesaroundthesun注:主句时态从句时态连接前连接后时态练习ThegirlsaskediftheysomefoodanddrinkwiththemAtookBtakeCtakesDwilltakeCatherinesaidthatshetoGuangzhouAhasnevergoneBhadnevergoneChasneverbeenDhadneverbeenCouldyoutellmewhethertheydictationtodayAhadBhasCwillhaveDareSheaskedLindaifgoandgetsomeAcouldsheBshecouldCshecanDshemayLindasaidthemoonroundtheearthAtraveledBhastraveledCtravelsDhadtraveledADCBCCouldyoutellme宾语从句?表达的是委婉的语气是一般现在时。四、if,when引导宾语从句和状语从句的区别宾语从句:ifwhen状语从句:条件状语从句if时间状语从句when是否什么时候(即特殊疑问词)如果从句时态根据句意而定当……时时态:主句一般将来时一般现在时祈使句含情态动词,从句一般现在时主句一般过去时,从句一般过去时主要从汉语意思去区别重点是时态运用。Ifwhen区别练习:Ifit(rain)tomorrowIwon’tcomeHedidn’ttellmeifit(rain)tomorrowIdon’tknowifhe(come)tomorrowIfhe(come),I’lltellyouWhenit(stop)raining,we’llgoswimmingCouldyoutellmewhenthefilm(start)I’llleaveforamomentwouldrainrainswillcomecomesstopswillstart如果是否是否如果当……的时候什么时候综合练习(各地中考题)Inthebookshop,areaderaskedtheshopkeeperWhoMovedMyCheesewasaninterestingbookAthatBhowCwhatDifIdon'tknowMrGreenwillcometoseeusHewillhelpuswithourEnglishAwhyBwhenChowDwhereWeneverknowtheoldmanisTheysayheisateacherAwhatBwhoCwhichDwhereIwastoldBillGateswasthirteenhebegantoplaywithcomputersAthathowBhowthatCwhenthatDthatwhenDAAD谁动了我了奶酪DoyouknowI'mgoingtoseehimSorry,Idon'tknowAwheredoesMrLiliveBwheredidMrLiliveCwhereMrLilivesDwhereMrLilivedWheredoyouthinkhethecomputerSorry,IhavenoideaA/boughtBhasboughtCdidbuyDdoesbuyIdon'tfeelverywellMumaskedmethismorningAwhatthematterisBwhatiswrongCwhatthematterwasDwhatwasthematterWhereisJackHeisawaytospendhisholidayHe'sgoneeithertoHangzhouortoWuhan,butI'mnotsureAthatBwhichCwhereDthereCADC其它问题didsheIdon’tthinkheisserious,isheIbelievehecanfinishitontime,can’the否定的转移:当主句的谓语动词是think,believe,guess,suppose等词时其后面的宾语从句的否定应转移到主句上。如:Idon’tthinkheisright我认为他不对。附加疑问句(反意疑问句):一般根据主句的谓语动词判断:如:Shedidn’tsaythathewouldcomehere,当主句主语为I(我)主句动词为suppose,believethink等则根据从句判断但肯、否定形式根据主句判断:标点符号的确定:带有宾语从句的主从复合句的标点符号取决于主句。主句是陈述句:。HeaskedmewhereIwentjustnow问句:?Doyouknowwhenhe’llbeback宾语从句六注意:一、引导词ifwhether区别特殊疑问句的简化:疑问词todo二、语序whatisthematter(怎么了?)语序不变三、时态如宾语从句表客观真理或自然现象,仍用一般现在时Couldyoutellme…四、if,when引导宾语从句和状语从句的区别五、反意疑问句一般看主句Think,believe,suppose,guess等看从句六、否定转移在think,believe,suppose,imagine等动词所跟的宾语中如果从句谓语是否定的一般要将否定词not转移至主句谓语上去而将从句谓语改为肯定形式。如:Idon’tthinkhehastimetoplaywithgirl我认为他没时间和女孩玩。练习:将下列各句合并成宾语从句。WhatishisnameIdon’tknowWhendidyoubegintostudyEnglishIdidn’tknowItisimportanttolearnEnglishTheteachersaidDoesheliveinthatstreetCouldyoutellmewhathisnameiswhenyoubegantostudyEnglishitwasimportanttolearnEnglishifhelivesinthatstreetTranslatethefollowingsentences我认为不会下雨.Ithatit我认为你的答案不对Iyouranswer__right3我们相信他还没走?Wethathe宾语从句的否定转移:如果主句的谓语动词是think,believe,guess,suppose等而且主句的主语又是第一人称时它后面接的宾语从句的否定词通常要前移到主句中即否定主语中的动词.don’tthinkwillraindon’tthinkisdon’tbelievehasgone我不知道飞机为什么晚点了Ididn’tknowtheplane他问我会议什么时候开始Heaskedmethemeeting没人知道他是什么时候出生的Nooneknowshe老师告诉学生们太阳比月亮大Theteachertoldhisstudentsthesunthanthemoon我不能肯定他来还是不来I’mnotsureheornotwhywaslatewhenwouldbeginwhenwasbornisbiggerwhetherwillcomeThanks

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