购买

¥ 20.0

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 高级写作教程―雅思主流写作题型之事实讨论型

高级写作教程―雅思主流写作题型之事实讨论型.ppt

高级写作教程―雅思主流写作题型之事实讨论型

中小学精品课件
2019-05-22 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高级写作教程―雅思主流写作题型之事实讨论型ppt》,可适用于综合领域

雅思主流写作题型之事实讨论型目前雅思主流写作题型AArgumentation(观点辩论型)()利弊题(Advantagesordisadvantages)()两种多种选择权衡题(TWOoptions)()观点分析题(opinionscomments)B.Discussion(事实讨论型)Introductionahotissue(Introduction,firstparagraph)findoutpossibleexplanations(depends,secondparagraph)analyzeitsimpactonsociety(detailed,bothsides,thirdpara)suggestfeasibleapproachestoit(correspondingtoprevious)解题步骤一:审题事实讨论型的题目,重点是对现状的描述,成因的剖析,对社会或个人影响的分析,以及解决方案的给出,但具体题目可能会有些微变化,应具体情况具体分析这类题目由于是基于事实的描述,重心不在个人是非判断,但有时会让你判断这个现象的影响正面还是负面注意:这类话题主要是社会类和环保类。社会类教育类Inmanycountries,moreandmoreyoungpeopleareleavingschoolsandunabletofindjobsaftergraduationWhatproblemsdoyouthinkyouthunemploymentwillcausetotheindividualandthesocietyGivereasonsandmakesomesuggestions社会类Inamodernsociety,ithasbeenobservedinsomecountriesthatoldpeoplearenotrespectedDiscussthereasonswhythishasoccurredandtheeffectsitmighthaveonoursociety社会类Nowadayspeoplechangetheirjobsmoreoftenthanbefore,whatisthereasonandhowtosolveit(原题)=社会类科技类Itisnowpossibletoperformeverydaytasksasbanking,shoppingandbusinesstransactionswithoutmeetingpeoplefacetofaceWhataretheeffectsitmaybringontheindividualandthesocietyasawhole(降格)《社会类文化类ManydevelopingcountriesareincreasinglyexpandingtheirtourismindustryWhyisthiscaseIsitapositivedevelopment(新题)社会类Someemployersfocusonacademicqualifications,payinglessattentiontolifeexperiencesandpersonalqualitiesWhyisthisphenomenonIsthisdevelopmentpositiveornegative(升格)》环境类  Nowadays,wearelivinginathrowawaysocietyWhatareitscausesandwhatareitsproblems(升格)》社会类  WecanseemoredisastersandviolenceshownonTVWhatareitscausesandwhateffectswilltheyexertontheindividualandthesociety事实讨论型观点辩论型题目的转化注意事实讨论型题目与观点辩论型题目可相互转化但答题的重点会有变化题目  Manypeoplesaythatwehavedevelopedintoa“throwaway”culture,becausewearefillingourenvironmentwithsomanyplasticbagsandrubbishthatwecannotfullydisposeofTowhatdegreedoyouagreewiththisopinionandwhatmeasurescanyourecommendtosolvethisproblem(除对题目观点进行是非判断之外,其它可以跟事实讨论型题目回答一样因为最后一句话whatmeasurescanyourecommendtosolvethisproblem等于要求分析该现象之社会影响及相关解决对策)题目  DetaileddescriptionofcrimesonnewspaperandTVhasbadinfluencessothiskindofinformationshouldberestrictedonmediaTowhatextentdoyouagreeordisagree(除需要对题目观点进行是非判断之外,回答重点不在原因,而是其对社会的影响而事实讨论型的题目则要求分析该现象的原因和给出解决方案)题目GivingdetaileddescriptionsaboutthecrimeinthenewspaperandonTVbringsargumentSomeonesaidithasabadconsequenceforthesocietyTowhatextentdoyouagreeordisagree社会类AnincreasingnumberofpeoplechoosetoliveinbigcitiesWhatproblemswillthisbringaboutShouldthegovernmentencouragepeopletoliveinsmalltowns社会类MoreworkingpeoplearebusywithworkandhavenoenoughtimetospendwiththeirfamilyandfriendsWhydoesthishappenWhataretheeffectsonfamilylifeandsocietyasawhole社会类 FiguresshowthatsomecountrieshaveaneverincreasingproportionofthepopulationwhoareagedoryoungerWhatdoyouthinkarethecurrentandfutureeffectsofthismaybeforthosecountries科技类Withtechnologyspeedingup,moreandmoreyoungpeoplebegintousemobilephonesandtheInternet,butoldpeoplehavelittlechancetobeexposedtothemWhatwayscouldmobilephoneandtheInterneteusefultooldpeopleHowdooldpeoplebeencouragedtousethisnewtechnology社会类InternationaltravelmakespeopleprejudicedratherthanbroadmindedWhatarethereasonsandhowtosolveit环境类SomebelievethatenvironmentalprotectionisveryimportantbuttheydonotdoanythingaboutitWhydoesithappenHowcanwedotosolvetheproblem社会类MoreandmorepeoplenowchoosetowearthefashionableclothesWhyisitWhatarethepositiveandnegativeeffectsdoesthistrendimposeonthesociety(G)社会类WhataretheteenagerproblemsHowcouldschoolsandparentsdotosolvetheseproblems社会类NowadayssomeorganizationsandcharitiespublicizetheiractivitiesbyintroducingspecialdayseveryyearlikeNationalChildren‘sdayandNonsmokingDayWhydotheyintroducespecialdaysandwhateffectsdoesthishave(不需要对策)年月日社会类ReportresearchsuggeststhatmajorityofcriminalswhoweresenttoprisonwouldcommitcrimeswhensetfreeWhatdoyouthinkofthiscaseWhattobedonetosolvethisproblem年月日教育类Nowadayssendingchildrentoboardingschool(eitherinothercountriesorintheirowncountries)isbecomingincreasinglypopularWhyisitIsitapositivedevelopment年月日社会类文化类Inthepast,peopleusedtotraveltoseethedifferencefromtheirhomecountryBut,nowadaystheplacesaroundtheworldarebecomingincreasinglysimilarWhatarethecausesofthissimilarityDoyouthinkthattheadvantagesofthissimilarityoutweighthedisadvantages步骤二:段落安排第一段:通过对题目的复述(不要原句照抄)引出所需分析的事实问题的现状(可稍加举例,或做简单背景说明)第二段:找出该问题的主要成因(可列举两到三个原因)(注意题目具体要求)第三段:分析该问题的具体影响(微观至个人,宏观至社会)(注意题目具体要求)第四段:对策建议和结论第二段和第三段显然是最重要的部分第四段的对策建议可建立在原因分析上自然推出而原因剖析和影响分析都可具体应用之前拓宽思路所教的六大原则结构安排之一:引言段第一段话题复述常用词汇句型:Q趋势类:如果题目中有出现more,increasing(ly)引言句:“越来越”句型的应用……的现象越来越普遍……的问题越来越严重越来越多…做什么人们越来越多…做什么P平叙类:如果题目只是平铺直叙某一现象,无趋势用词,则以改写题目原句为引言句当然,不论是Q类还是P类,都可以将题目原句稍加改造,为己所用引言段必背词汇Popular:prevalent及对应名词gradually,increasingly,trend,tendencyAtpresent:Nowadays,currently,contemporaryTry:Attempt,endeavorAnalyze(reasonscausesfactors):explore,study,examineOffer(suggestionssolutionsrecommendations):render,putforward,suggest(主被动视主语)引言句改写的技巧变语态变主语变词性变近义词引言句变换示例Q类:年月日关于送小孩上寄宿学校题目原句:Nowadayssendingchildrentoboardingschool(eitherinothercountriesorintheirowncountries)isbecomingincreasinglypopular引言句变换:Nowadays,anincreasingnumberofparentsaresendingtheirchildrentoboardingschoolsNowadays,ithasbecomeincreasinglyprevalentforparentstosendtheirchildrentoboardingschools,eitherathomeorabroad引言段写作TIPS为了扩充字数,并使内容深化,可以在上面提及的引言句之前,加上一些背景介绍性文字,但非必要如:HowtoprovidethebesteducationforchildrenhaslongbeenoneoftheheadachesforparentsInviewofthis,…(引言句)…思考:前面两个引言句示例中用哪个比较好引言句示例演练社会类Inamodernsociety,ithasbeenobservedinsomecountriesthatoldpeoplearenotrespectedDiscussthereasonswhythishasoccurredandtheeffectsitmighthaveonoursocietyP类:(暗Q类,因此还是可以“越来越”句型)简单:Nowadays,agrowingnumberofoldpeoplearenotgettingenoughrespectinsomecountries中级:Inourcontemporaryworld,thereisagrowingtendencythatinsomecountriestheelderlyarenotreceivingproperrespectastheyshouldbe引言句示例演练社会类Nowadayspeoplechangetheirjobsmoreoftenthanbefore,whatisthereasonandhowtosolveitQ类:Inadayofchange,therearemorepeopleswitchingtheirjobsthaneverbefore引言段写作小结背景介绍(一句话,可有可无)如:ThetwentyfirstcenturyhasbroughtwithitmanychangesOneofthemisthat…第一句引言:Currentlytodaynowadaysatpresentinamodernsocietyinourcontemporaryworldinadayofchange,改写题目以引出所讨论问题第二句承上启下:视题目具体要求而定(原因影响对策)ThisessayisgoingtoexaminetheunderlyingfactorsreasonsexplanationsofthephenonmenontrendtendencyproblemissueandexploreitspossiblesocialeffectsimpactsIntheend,severalsuggestionsrecommendationssolutionswillbediscussedputforward引言段演练(升格)》环境类  Nowadays,wearelivinginathrowawaysocietyWhatareitscausesandwhatareitsproblemsP类(暗Q类)参考:Inamodernsociety,wearegraduallyadaptedtoaoneofflifestyleInthisessay,Iwillattempttofindoutthereasonswhythrowawayproductsaresopopularandthentrytoanalyzetheirnegativeimpactstooursociety(升格)》社会类  WecanseemoredisastersandviolenceshownonTVWhatareitscausesandwhateffectswilltheyexertontheindividualandthesocietyQ类Nowadays,TVprogramsareshowingmanymoredisastersandviolencethaneverbeforeThisessaywillattemptstoanalyzethecausesforthisphenonmenonandeffectsthishasontheindividualandthesociety环境类SomebelievethatenvironmentalprotectionisveryimportantbuttheydonotdoanythingaboutitWhydoesithappenHowcanwedotosolvetheproblemP类EnvironmentalpollutionhasbecomeanincreasinglysevereprobleminmodersocietyEventhoughsomepeopleacknowledgetheurgencyandsignificancyofthisissuetheyarenotdoinganythingaboutitThisessaywillattempttofindoutthereasonsforthisdisturbingphenonmenonandtrytorendersomepossiblesolutionsforthissituation思考:此时的背景介绍显得有必要,为什么题目首句是观点,而非一个事实高级引言句暨范文示例:关于时装的风行高级原创版:第一段:引出问题:SinceyoungwehavebeentaughttobelievethatweshouldneverjudgeabookbyitscoverYetanotherwellknownsayinggoeslike:clothesmakethemanCaughtupinthetugofwarbetweencoverandcontent,sadlytosay,moreofusopttogoforthelookinsteadoftheroot(观点立场:时装可以使人自信,增加成功机率,但是使人虚荣,攀比,浪费资源,扩大贫富差距感)点评:英语谚语的应用可以使表达更加地道,流畅而且几乎没有使用题目当中的任何词汇,易使考官留下较深的印象缺点之一是由于过于强调自我观点的表述,可能在点题和后面论证上容易偏题)段落安排之二:原因影响段如何找原则影响思路整理:六大原则:时间原则金钱(经济)原则科技环境原则文化教育原则健康道德精神精感心理原则权益原则社会类教育类Inmanycountries,moreandmoreyoungpeopleareleavingschoolsandunabletofindjobsaftergraduationWhatproblemsdoyouthinkyouthunemploymentwillcausetotheindividualandthesocietyGivereasonsandmakesomesuggestions原因:宏观:人口剧增,就业市场竞争激烈中观:impracticalschooling=>insufficientworkingskills微观:youngpeople’slackofexperience适用原则:经济原则,教育原则影响:个人:frustration,depression,doubt,resorttoinapproriatemeans社会:unenployment,socialunrest,sustainabilityofeconomicdevelopment适用原则:经济原则,道德心理精神原则建议:个人:关注自身能力和兴趣,及早准备学校:推动教育体制的改革,向实用性转变政府:加大经济发展力度,设立高质是的职业技术培训学校等社会类Inamodernsociety,ithasbeenobservedinsomecountriesthatoldpeoplearenotrespectedDiscussthereasonswhythishasoccurredandtheeffectsitmighthaveonoursociety原因:经济社会的快速发展,人们生活压力陡增,对老人的关注在时间质量上都客观下降社会的进步伴随着传统观念的沦丧,主观上对老人及其所象征的传统逐渐淡忘世风日下,人们变得更加自私,责任感的日渐丧失影响:日渐增多老年人健康问题(身体上心理上)包括亲情在内的人际关系的淡漠,传统美德的遗失,社会风气日下建议:(可有可无)原因和影响除了从六大原则着手之外,还可从宏观微观正面负面等角度切入,尤其是分析影响的时候社会类Nowadayspeoplechangetheirjobsmoreoftenthanbefore,whatisthereasonandhowtosolveit原因:经济上:经济发展速度看,行业机会此起彼伏个人自由度提升,不断追逐自己最赚钱或最感兴趣的职业影响:(可有可无)对策:社会学校家庭帮助个人定位。或者独辟奚径,没什么需要解决的,强调这是一个社会的进步(但同时强调应避免无谓浪费)适用原则:经济原则、权利原则(原题)=社会类科技类Itisnowpossibletoperformeverydaytasksasbanking,shoppingandbusinesstransactionswithoutmeetingpeoplefacetofaceWhataretheeffectsitmaybringontheindividualandthesocietyasawhole原因:无。影响:对个人:正面:节约时间成本负面:不利人际交往对社会:正面:提高效率节省资源负面:对网络技术的过度依赖可能带来潜在的危害:如系统崩溃黑客入侵等。对策:可有可无。适用原则:经济原则、时间原则、技术原则。(降格)《社会类文化类ManydevelopingcountriesareincreasinglyexpandingtheirtourismindustryWhyisthiscaseIsitapositivedevelopment原因及正面影响:即旅游业的好处:经济发展(GDP:对相关产业如酒店餐饮贸易交通及就业的拉动相对绿色环保)文化交流负面影响:游客对环境的破坏不良风气的带入(如巴厘岛)传统文化的同化消亡。适用原则:经济原则、文化原则。(新题)社会类Someemployersfocusonacademicqualifications,payinglessattentiontolifeexperiencesandpersonalqualitiesWhyisthisphenomenonIsthisdevelopmentpositiveornegative原因:学术成就=个人能力看重潜在能力追求高学位的虚荣心影响:偏正面:对学术能力的认可鼓励个人能力的充实提高(academicexcellence)偏负面:高分不等于高能分数断送后进生的前途(underachievers)智商高不等情商高。要胜任工作还需有较好人格品德等。适用原则:教育原则精神道德心理原则。(升格)》环境类  Nowadays,wearelivinginathrowawaysocietyWhatareitscausesandwhatareitsproblems原因:一次性产品的好处:便利(省时)经济卫生影响(负面):环境污染资源浪费适用原则:经济、时间、环境原则(升格)》社会类  WecanseemoredisastersandviolenceshownonTVWhatareitscausesandwhateffectswilltheyexertontheindividualandthesociety原因:电视台自负盈亏对收视率的追求够dramatic从而更吸引观众。(经济心理原则)影响正面:教育预警负面:心理恐慌忧虑犯罪节目对小孩的直接不良影响电台可能为收视率无所不用其极的间接信号传递。社会类AnincreasingnumberofpeoplechoosetoliveinbigcitiesWhatproblemswillthisbringaboutShouldthegovernmentencouragepeopletoliveinsmalltowns原因:(可有可无)生活、就业、交通、文化娱乐等需要问题(负面影响):拥挤、污染、犯罪对策评价:为简单起见同意即可理由即为其负面影响。社会类MoreworkingpeoplearebusywithworkandhavenoenoughtimetospendwiththeirfamilyandfriendsWhydoesthishappenWhataretheeffectsonfamilylifeandsocietyasawhole原因:工作忙没有时间物质生活的追求对亲情友情的淡漠城市交通的不便。影响:精神上:孤独健康:忧郁思想上:缺乏人际交流社会上:物质至上的信条不利于民众幸福水平的提高和长期健康发展。社会类 FiguresshowthatsomecountrieshaveaneverincreasingproportionofthepopulationwhoareagedoryoungerWhatdoyouthinkarethecurrentandfutureeffectsofthismaybeforthosecountries科技类Withtechnologyspeedingup,moreandmoreyoungpeoplebegintousemobilephonesandtheInternet,butoldpeoplehavelittlechancetobeexposedtothemWhatwayscouldmobilephoneandtheInterneteusefultooldpeopleHowdooldpeoplebeencouragedtousethisnewtechnology社会类InternationaltravelmakespeopleprejudicedratherthanbroadmindedWhatarethereasonsandhowtosolveit环境类SomebelievethatenvironmentalprotectionisveryimportantbuttheydonotdoanythingaboutitWhydoesithappenHowcanwedotosolvetheproblem社会类MoreandmorepeoplenowchoosetowearthefashionableclothesWhyisitWhatarethepositiveandnegativeeffectsdoesthistrendimposeonthesociety(G)社会类WhataretheteenagerproblemsHowcouldschoolsandparentsdotosolvetheseproblems社会类NowadayssomeorganizationsandcharitiespublicizetheiractivitiesbyintroducingspecialdayseveryyearlikeNationalChildren‘sdayandNonsmokingDayWhydotheyintroducespecialdaysandwhateffectsdoesthishave(不需要对策)年月日社会类ReportresearchsuggeststhatmajorityofcriminalswhoweresenttoprisonwouldcommitcrimeswhensetfreeWhatdoyouthinkofthiscaseWhattobedonetosolvethisproblem年月日教育类Nowadayssendingchildrentoboardingschool(eitherinothercountriesorintheirowncountries)isbecomingincreasinglypopularWhyisitIsitapositivedevelopment年月日社会类文化类Inthepast,peopleusedtotraveltoseethedifferencefromtheirhomecountryBut,nowadaystheplacesaroundtheworldarebecomingincreasinglysimilarWhatarethecausesofthissimilarityDoyouthinkthattheadvantagesofthissimilarityoutweighthedisadvantages第二段原因剖析必背词汇句型:…(导致)…的句型重温:Cause,trigger,engender,generate,produce,provoke,incurLeadto,contributeto,giveriseto,resultin第二段第一句引出原因:AsfarasIamconcerned,thereareanumberofseveralacoupleofreasonsforthisphenomenonFrommyownperspective,thecausesofthisphenonmenonaremanifoldInmyview,thereareanumberoffactorscontributingtothisissueproblem第二段第二句开始列举并解释原因(排序最好按重要程度高低,以三个为宜,其余可一笔带过)Foronething,原因playsanimportantpartrole具体解释说明Foranother,原因partlycontributetothisphenomenonissue递进过渡词汇(furthermore,besides,moreover,what’smore),原因第三段影响分析常用词汇句型:影响:influence,effect,impact好坏:positivenegative,goodbad,beneficialadverse,对…产生影响:exertgoodbadstrongimpactinfluenceonusthesocietyindividualsimpose…on…第四段决策建议常用词汇句型:方法方案:solutionsuggestionmeasureapproach取决于,在于…:lieinisdeterminedbydependsonisreliedon,采取措施:takemeasurestodosthmakeefforttodosthWithrespecttoregardinginviewoftheabovementionedproblemsnegativeimpacts,itissuggestedthatgovernmentshouldpublichshouldweshould…Or,…同上…,wecantakevariousmeasuresstepstoaddressthisproblemissuephenonmenon…同上…,therecanbedifferentsolutionsapproachestothedisturbingsituation解决此问题的关键就在于…Thekeytosolvingthisproblemliesin加名词从句套句参考假使是某一个负面问题模板创作小结引言段原因段影响段建议段常用列举原因影响对策的说法列举当然可以用Firstly,secondly,Tobeginwith,inthefirstplace等tobeginwith,then,furthermore,finally(强烈推荐)tostartwith,next,inaddition,finally(强烈推荐)firstandforemost,besides,lastbutnotleast(强烈推荐)mostimportantofall,moreover,finallyontheonehand,ontheotherhand(适用于两点的情况)foronething,foranotherthing(适用于两点的情况)实战演练高分范文赏析高级引言句暨范文示例:关于时装的风行高级原创版:第一段:引出问题:SinceyoungwehavebeentaughttobelievethatweshouldneverjudgeabookbyitscoverYetanotherwellknownsayinggoeslike:clothesmakethemanCaughtupinthetugofwarbetweencoverandcontent,sadlytosay,moreofusopttogoforthelookinsteadoftheroot(观点立场:时装可以使人自信,增加成功机率,但是使人虚荣,攀比,浪费资源,扩大贫富差距感)点评:英语谚语的应用可以使表达更加地道,流畅而且几乎没有使用题目当中的任何词汇,易使考官留下较深的印象缺点之一是由于过于强调自我观点的表述,可能在点题和后面论证上容易偏题)第二段:问题的原因:Oneoftheexplanationsliesinthefactthatcontemporarymediakeeptellingthepublic:inordertobesuccessulonehastolooksuccessfulFashionableclothessurelyarespeakingloudandclearoftheprestigetheyaretryingtocarryforwardThereforeitisnowonderthatpeoplefromallworksoflifearespendingalargesumoftheirincomeonfillingtheirclosetsEconomically,thisisareflectionofrisingprosperityinmodernsocietiesaspeoplecanaffordmorefashionableclothestodressthemselvesupormakethemselveslooksmart第三段:影响:ThepositivesideofthisphenonmenonisthatpeoplearemorebeautifultolookatAndthesocalledfasionindustryalsocreatesmillionsofjobandwhoknowshowmanyofmillionnairesYetdispiteallitspositiveinfluences,itcultivatesaculturethatpursuesfashiontothepointwherenecessityandcomforthasgivenawaytomerelookAndpeoplearebecomingsoabsorbedinacquiringthelastestlookthattheytendtobuymoreclothingthantheyactuallyneedandleavealotofclothesunworn,thusagreatwasteofresourcessuchasmaterials,fund,andlaborforcethatcouldhavebeenallocatedotherwisePeoplearealsogettinglostintheirpursuitoffashionOncesomeonestartsatrend,thekeepingupwiththeJones’smentalitydrivesthemajorityofpeopletofollowsuitjustnottoloseface,onlytogetlostinthisquestforfashionBykeepingupwiththevoguetheyinawayforgetwhotheyreallyareandtrytobesomeonetheyarenotMoreimportantlysnobberywillprevailAsmorepeoplebegintobuythe‘successfullook’doctrine,theywillpickoutonthosewhocannotaffordthetrendyfashionandmisplacetheemphasisforindividualgrowth,whichisatragicturnforanynationoranyrace第四部分:结语Allinall,fashionableclothesbeautifypeopleandtheworldasawholeButinthemeantime,peopleshouldneverforgetthatthisafterallwillnotleaddirectlytosuccess,andthatifwewanttowriteasuccessfulbookofourselvesitisalwaysthecontentthatsells原因和影响除了从六大原则着手之外,还可从宏观微观正面负面等角度切入,尤其是分析影响的时候

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/40

高级写作教程―雅思主流写作题型之事实讨论型

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利