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首页 初中英语定语从句课件(一)

初中英语定语从句课件(一).ppt

初中英语定语从句课件(一)

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2019-06-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初中英语定语从句课件(一)ppt》,可适用于综合领域

TheAttributiveClause(一)定义:在复合句中修饰前面某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。结构:先行词关系词句子关系词TheAttributiveClause(定语从句)关系代词:that,which,who,whom,whose关系副词:when,where,why指物:thatwhich指人:who(主宾格)thatwhom(宾格)在复合句中修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。ThemanwholivesnexttousisapolicemanThenoodlesthatIcookedweredeliciousWhoisthemanthatisreadingthebookoverthereThesilkwhichisproducedinHangzhousellswell先行词关系代词定语从句IsthisbookthatyourfatherboughtforyouIsthisbooktheonethatyourfatherboughtforyouIsthisthebookthatyourfatherboughtforyou关系代词that,which引导的定语从句:如果先行词是表示物的名词或代词关系代词应用that、which(作主语或宾语)ThisisadreamThedreamwillnevercometrueThisisadreamwhichnevercometrueThedoghasbeenfoundThedogwaslostThedogwhichwaslosthasbeenfoundPractise:ThisisthehousewhichisforsaleThebookwhichislyingonthefloorisminewhichthat作主语(不能省)that(作主语)whichthat作宾语:(可省略)ThisisthecardI’vejustreceivedthecardThisisthecardwhichthatI’vejustreceivedPractise:ThisisthemistakewhichthatIalwaysmakeIstillkeeptheletterswhichshewrotetomeIlostthepenwhichmyfatherboughtme()(作宾语)关系代词who,that引导的定语从句:如果先行词是表示人的名词或代词关系代词应用who,that(作主语或宾语)whom(作宾语)whothat作主语(不能省)ThisisthefilmstarThefilmstarisverypopularinChinaThisisthefilmstarwhoisverypopularinChina(作主语)TheboywhobrokethewindowiscalledRoyDoyouknowthemanwhospokeatthemeetingyesterdayThegirlwhoiswateringtheflowersismycousinthatwhowhomthat作宾语:(可省略)ThemanisafamouswriterHedescribedthemanjustnowTheman(whowhomthat)hedescribedjustnowisafamouswriter(作宾语)Theboywho(m)I‘mlookingforismyfriendThethiefhasbeensenttoprisonThepolicecaughtthethieflastnightThethiefwhomthepolicecaughtlastnighthasbeensenttoprison小结:that-既可指人也可指物作主语不能省略作宾语可以省略。which-指物作主语不能省略作宾语可以省略who-指人作主语不能省略作宾语可以省略,(常用whom)注:当关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,定语从句的谓语动词形式由先行词定。ThegirlinahatisLucy=ThegirlwhothatisinahatisLucyThecupfilledwithwaterwasputonthetable=Thecupthatwhichwasfilledwithwaterwasputonthetable介词短语作后置定语与定语从句的互换:Sheisoneofthosewomenwhohavecars定语从句的同意句转换:TheteacherwhowearsapairofglassesisMissWang=TheteacherwearingapairofglassesisMissWangThemachinethatismadeinChinaisdear=ThemachinemadeinChinaisdearThenovelthatiswrittenbyhimsellswell=ThenovelwrittenbyhimsellswellThedinosaurs(which)werediscoveredbythemareonshow=Thedinosaursdiscoveredbythemare…有时只能用that,不用which,常见的情况有六种:当先行词是all,any,few,little,none,anything,everything,nothing,everybody,nobody,everyone,noone或被它们修饰时。That’sallthatIknowIsthereanythingthatIcandoforyouHeansweredfewquestionsthattheteacherasked当先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时ThatisthemostinterestingbookthatIhaveeverreadThefirstthingthatIshoulddoistoreviewmylessons当先行词有thevery,theonly,thesame等修饰时。That’stheonlythingthatIcandonowThesearetheverywordsthatheused当主句以who或which开头时定语从句的关系词用that,而不用which或whoWhoisthegirlthatspoketoyoujustnowWhichisthepenthatyoulost先行词同时包括人或物时关系词用thatThemanandhisdogthatIalwaysmeetarestandingbythegate当关系代词在从句中作表语时。Chinaisnotthecountrythatitwas只用which,不用that的情况:关系代词前有介词时。ThisisthecagethatwhichPollylivesin=ThisisthecageinwhichPollylivesinthat()=ThisisthecagewherePollylives先行词本身为thatTheclockisthatwhichtellsthetime在非限制性定语从句中。HisEnglish,whichusedtobepoor,isexellentnowHerbag,insheputallhermoney,hasbeenstolenThisistheringonshespentdollarsXiaoWang,withIwenttotheconcert,enjoyitverymuchwhichwhichwhomwho在介词后面指事物用which指人用whom。不用that而用whichwhowhom的情况Hemadethesamemistakesagain,madehisparentsveryangryYesterdayIboughtadictionary,costmemorethanyuanMrSmith,gaveatalkseveralmonthsago,willcomeagainMyunclehascomebackfromabroad,Ihaven’tmetforalongtimewhichwhichwhowhom在非限制性定语从句中指事物用which指人用who或whom。whose作定语,表示所属关系。TheboyismyclassmateTheboy’sfatherisadetectiveTheboywhosefatherisadetectiveismyclassmatewhose=ofwhom=Theboythefatherofwhomisadetectiveismyclassmate=TheboyofwhomthefatherisadetectiveismyclassmateTherearestudentsinthisclass,aredifferentAwhosebackgroundsBthebackgroundsofwhomCofwhomthebackgroundsDthebackgroundsofwhosewhen作时间状语:ShewillneverforgetthedayShewasmarriedonthatdayShewillneverforgetthedaywhen(=onwhich)shewasmarriedItwastheyearTheWorldWarIbrokeoutintheyearItwastheyearwhen(=inwhich)theWorldWarIbrokeoutWhen=介词whichwhere作地点状语IwanttoknowtheplaceIwasbornthereIwanttoknowtheplacewhere(=inwhich)IwasbornThetablewhere(=atwhich)sheissittingisanewonewhere=介词whichwhy作原因状语,其先行词常常是thereasonThatisthereasonwhy(=forwhich)I’mlateIknowthereasonwhyhesaiditwhy=forwhichExercises:TheradiosethasgonewrongAIboughtitlastweekBIboughtlastweekCwhichIboughtitlastweekDwhatIboughtlastweekI’lltellyouhetoldmelastweekAallwhichBallwhatCthatallDallBDThisisthebiggestlabwehaveeverbuiltinourschoolAwhichBwhatCwhereDIsOxygen(氧气)theonlygashelpsfireburnthatBCwhichDitAchildparentsaredeadiscalledanorphan(孤儿)AwhoBwhoseCwho’sDwhichABDThehousewesawatthefootofthehillwasbuiltacenturyagowhichBwhereCwhatDinwhichIsthatthereasonyouarefortheplanwhichBwhatCwhyDforthatIsthisthemuseumsomeGermanfriendsvisitedlastweekthatBwhereCtheoneDinwhichOctober,isthedaythePRCwasfoundedAwhichBwhenCthatDonthatACAB

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