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首页 English around the world

English around the world.doc

English around the world

红唇高跟鞋wo是社会温柔姐
2019-05-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《English around the worlddoc》,可适用于人文社科领域

学科:英语教学内容:Englisharoundtheworld  【语篇领悟】阅读本单元对话与课文完成下列各题:§.细枝末节.HowmanypeoplelearnEnglishasasecondlanguageA.B.C.D.答案:B.InChinawearelearningEnglishasaA.firstlanguageB.secondlanguageC.foreignlanguageD.mothertongue答案:C.MostinternationalorganizationsuseastheirworkinglanguageA.EnglishB.FrenchC.ChineseD.Japanese答案:A.TherewasnodifferencebetweenthelanguageinBritainandAmericabeforeA.B.C.D.答案:D.ThewordsmeanthesameA.“color”and“center”B.“centre”and“traveller”C.“autumn”and“tornado”D.“tornado”and“typhoon”答案:D.WhichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothetextA.ThedifferencesinwrittenEnglisharegreaterthaninspokenEnglishB.AmericansandtheBritishspeaksodifferentlythatit’shardforthemtounderstandoneanotherC.NoahWebsterhelpedtodividethelanguageintoBritishEnglishandAmericanEnglishD.yearsagoBritishdictionariesandAmericandictionarieswerenotquitedifferent答案:C§.主旨大意.WhichofthefollowingbestexpressesthemainideaofPassageA.TherearemorethancountrieswherethemajorityofthepeoplespeakEnglishB.ThenumberofpeoplewholearnEnglishaschaspopularmusicandtheInternetD.Englishisthemostimportantandwidelyusedlanguageintheworld答案:D.PassagemainlytellsusthatA.AmericanEnglishandBritishEnglishareinfacttwodialects(方言)ofthesamelanguagewithsomeunimportantdifferencesB.AmericanEnglishandBritishEnglisharetwodifferentlanguagesC.AmericanEnglishandBritishEnglisharesodifferentthatwecanhardlysaytheyarestillthesamelanguageD.TheEnglishlanguagebegantochangeafterAmericabecameanindependentcountry答案:A§.推理判断.FromPassagewecaninferthatA.EnglishwillbetheonlylanguagetobeusedintheworldB.nativespeakersofEnglishmightfinditunnecessaryforthemtolearnaforeignlanguageC.thenumberoflearnersofEnglishwillbecomesmallerinthefutureD.withthedevelopmentofChina’seconomy,ChinesewillbecomemoreimportantthanEnglish答案:B.FromPassagewecaninferthatA.AmericanEnglishandBritishEnglishwillbecomemoreandmoredifferentB.NoahWebsterwasproudofhisowncountryC.languageschangeveryfastD.studentshadbetterlearnAmericanEnglishratherthanBritishEnglish答案:B【知识记忆】§.知识网络.majorityn大多数大部分Themajorityofpeopleseemtopreferwatchinggamestoplayinggames大部分的人似乎都喜欢看比赛而不喜欢参加比赛。Themajoritywerewasinfavouroftheplan多数人赞成这个计划。Hewaselectedbyalargemajoritybyamajorityof他以大多数(超过对方票)当选。majoradj主要的重要的一流的majorindustries重要产业amajorproblem重大问题amajorsubject主修科目Themajorpartofthejobisdonebymachinery那工作的大部分由机器来完成。n主修科目主修……的学生Shechosephysicsashermajor她选择物理为主修科目。HeisanEnglishmajor他是英语系学生。.totaladj全部的总计的完全的全然的。totalsilence完全沉默atotalfailure彻底的失败者WhatisthetotalpopulationofChina中国的人口总数是多少?n总数总额全部Ourexpensesreachedatotalof£我们的支出总额达二十镑。Whatdoesthetotalcometo总数多少?intotal总计v总数达共计Thevisitorstotheexhibitiontotaled参观展览者总计一万五千人。Ittotalsupto£.加起来有十六英镑。.equaladj相等的平等的胜任的Theyareequalinability=Theyareofequalability他们能力相当。TomisequaltoJohninheight汤姆和约翰身高相同。Allmenarebornequal人生而平等。n同等(对等)的人对手匹敌者Janehasnoequalinphysics珍妮在物理方面没有对手。Isheyourequalinstrength他的力气和你的一样大吗?Iamnothisequalatskiingasaskier我滑雪不是他的对手。v等于Heequalsmeinstrengthbutnotinintelligence他和我力气相等但智力不济。Twoandtwoequalsfour二加二等于四。Noneofuscanequalherasadancer我们的舞艺没有一个能比得上她。.situationn立场境遇状况形势局面位置地点环境theinternationalsituation国际形势thepoliticalsituation政局atensesituation紧张的场面savethesituation收拾局面Iamnowinadifficultsituation我现在处境困难。.traden贸易交易商业[U][CU]foreigntrade对外贸易free(protective)trade自由(保护)贸易ChinadoeslotsoftradewithAmerica中国和美国之间贸易频繁。TradeisalwaysgoodovertheChristmasperiod圣诞节期间生意一向很好。Heisinthefurnituretrade他从事家具业。Myfatherisatailorbytrade我父亲的职业是裁缝。MrSmithisintrade史密斯先生在做买卖。v做生意做买卖进行交易从事贸易交换tradein用交换方式购入tradeinsalt做盐生意tradesthforsth以某物换取他物tradesthwithsb同某人交换某物tradewith从事贸易开展贸易ThecountrytradeswithalotofEuropeancountries那个国家和许多欧洲国家有贸易往来。Hetradedinformationformoney他以情报交换金钱。TheIndianstradedfursandskinswithwhitemerchants印第安人用毛皮和白人商人交易。.withoutbeingabletospeakChinese()without与动名词连用表示“不做……无……”。reciteapoemwithoutmakingasinglemistake一字不误地背诵一首诗Shewentoutoftheroomwithoutsayinganything她一言不发地走出房间。Wemanagedtogetitbackwithoutherknowing我们设法把它放回去没让她知道。()表示条件意为“若无……”。Withoutwaterwecannotlive=Ifthereisnowater,wecannotlive没有水我们就活不了。Withoutyourhelphecouldn’tdoit没有你的帮助他做不到。Iwouldhavefailedwithoutheradvice假使没有她的劝告我想必已失败了。.culturen文化文明教养修养developaculture发展文化spreadculture传播文化ancientculture古文化Auniversityisacentreofculture一所大学是文化的中心。amanofculture有教养的人cultureofmindandbody身心修养culturaladj文化的文明的.popularadj一般的通俗的受欢迎的popularscience大众科学popularfilmstars有名气的影星apopularteacher受欢迎的老师popularmusic流行音乐popularprices廉价bepopularwith…受……欢迎Thatnurseisverypopularwithlittlechildren那位护士非常受小孩的欢迎。Heispopularinsociety他在社会上是有名望的。.usev使用利用用Whatdoyouusethistoolfor这个工具用途何在?HeusedaknifetocutbreadTheknifeisusedforcuttingbreadUseyourbrainalittlemore多用一点你的脑筋。useup用完用尽筋疲力尽Hehasusedupallhismoney他花光了所有的钱。n用使用利用What’stheuseofregrettingthepast后悔过去有什么用处呢?Helosttheuseofhislegsbythetrafficaccident那次车祸使他的双腿残废了。itisnousedoingsthThereisnouseindoingsth做……是没用的ItisnousetryingtopersuadehimHewon’tlistenThereisnouseintryingtopersuadehimHewon’tlisten(be)of(no)use有(无)用Thismapmightbeofsomeusetoyouonyourtrip这张地图或许对你的旅行有些用处。inuse在使用中正在使用makeuseof利用put…touse利用.communicatev传达传送通知取得联系Thisroomcommunicateswithanotherroom这间房子和另外一间房子相通。Hecommunicatedhisideatome他把他的想法告诉了我。Wecommunicatewitheachotherbylettertelephone我们用书信(电话)彼此联络。communicationn传达交流联络amajormeansofcommunication主要的交际方式I’llbeincommunicationwithmylawyeraboutthismatter关于这件事情我将会和我的律师商议。.knowledgen[U]知识认识消息amanofknowledge博学之士有学问的人athirstforknowledge求知欲Ababyhasnoknowledgeofrightandwrong婴儿不知道对与错。toone’sknowledge据某人所知Hehasneverbeenlatetomyknowledge据我所知他从未迟到过。注:knowledge前有形容词修饰时可与不定冠词连用。Ihaveonly(a)limitedknowledgeofcomputers我的计算机知识很有限。Hehasagoodknowledgeofpolitics他对政治非常熟悉。§.发散思维.exceptfor“除……之外只是……”强调整体不错而个别不足。Themoviewasgoodexceptfortheending这部电影除了结尾之外都很好。Yourcompositioniswellwrittenexceptforafewspellingmistakes除了有几个拼写错误以外你的文章写得很好。except“除……以外”不包括在所指内容以内。EverybodyexceptJohnwasabletoanswer除了约翰以外大家都能回答。Hegoestothelibraryeverydayexceptwhenheisnotwell他除了身体不舒服以外每天都上图书馆。exceptthat“除去……之外”后接从句。Sheknewnothingabouthisjourneyexceptthathewaslikelytobeawayformonths关于他的旅行她不清楚只知道他大概要离开三个月。IknewnothingabouttheaccidentexceptwhatIreadinthepaper我对这起事故一无所知除了我在报纸上读的。besides“除了……以外(还有)”包括在所指范围以内。Therewerethreemorevisitorsbesidesme除我以外还有位客人。Besidesbeingalawyer,hewasafamouswriter他除了是位律师以外还是位有名的作家。.withsomanypeoplecommunicatinginEnglish…此处为“with宾语宾补”结构在句中作状语或定语宾补可以是形容词、介词短语、副词(短语)、分词或不定式等。Iwentoutwiththewindowopen我外出时没关窗子。Shesaidgoodbyewithtearsinhereyes她含着泪水说再见。Hewasworkingtherewithonlyashirton他只穿一件衬衫在那里干活。Withnightcomingon,westartedforhome夜幕降临我们动身回家。Hewasthinkingforawhilewithhiseyesshut他闭着眼睛思考片刻。Withnothingtodo,Iwentoutforawalk由于没有什么事情可做我便到外面去散步。【基础巩固】§.汉英翻译.第一次答案:forthefirsttime.直飞答案: flyallthewaydirectlyto.别客气请随意答案:makeyourselfathome.大多数答案:themajorityof.总计答案:intotal.母语答案:mothertongue.除……之外答案:exceptfor.英语知识答案:aknowledgeofEnglish.发生答案:comeabout.几天以后答案:inafewday’stime.分别去度假答案:goonseparateholidays.旅行愉快答案:haveagoodtrip.以……告终答案:endupwith.不睡觉熬夜答案:stayup§.单项填空.WherewasittheroadaccidenthappenedyesterdayInfrontofthemarketA.whenB.thatC.whichD.how解析:itis…that…强调句型此题中强调部分为疑问词where,故用疑问句语序。答案:B.CanyoutellmehowtheaccidentA.comeonB.comeaboutC.comeoutD.comein解析:comeabout意为“形成发生”无被动语态。答案:B.I’msorryforkeepingyouwaitingNevermindIhereonlyafewminutesA.cameB.comeC.wasD.havebeen解析:现在完成时表示发生在过去的动词一直延续到现在或者对现在造成影响。“没关系我来到这儿才仅仅几分钟”表明我现在还在这儿故用现在完成时。答案:D.Wearen’tgoing,forthesimplethatwecan’tafforditA.reasonB.causeC.factD.result解析:for…reason是固定搭配意为“由于……的原因”。答案:A.ShanghaihasmoreUSdollarsthisyearthanlastyearA.broughtdownB.broughtupC.broughtinD.broughtout答案:C.MydeskmatehassometroublespellingsomeofthewordsinAmEwhileIhavesomedifficultypronunciationA.withwithB.inwithC.ininD.within解析:havesometrouble(difficulty)indoingsth意为“在做某事方面有困难”而在某方面有困难时用词组havesomedifficultywithsth。答案:B.thehouseswereknockeddownintheearthquakeA.AgreatmanyB.ThenumberofC.AgreatmanyofD.Agreatdealof解析:agreatmany后接可数名词的复数形式而当此名词前有限定词修饰时如the,these,those等则用agreatmanyof。答案:C.ThereareagreatmanypeopleontheplaygroundSomearestandingstillothersarewalkingaboutA.whereB.whenC.whileD.but解析:“while”意为“而……”表示对比转折指不同事物即两者之间的对比而but则表示同一事物的转折。答案:C.Hedidn’texplainwhyhewaslate,whichmadeusunhappyA.ofusB.usC.forusD.tous解析:向某人解释什么用词组explainsthtosb,或explaintosbsth。答案:D.OurteacheroftentellsustomakeiteasywhenweanexamA.holdB.joinC.takeD.give解析:“参加考试”用takeanexam,是固定搭配。答案:C.ThegirllovessinginganddancingjustashermotherA.doesB.isC.doD.was解析:“as”在这里引导一个方式状语从句ashermotherlovessinginganddancing。为避免重复用does。答案:A.ItiscertainthatherEnglishisperfectA.veryB.fairlyC.ratherD.quite解析:quite常与表示绝对的词语如empty,(im)possible,right,wrong,finish,agree等连用意为“完全地十分地”。答案:D.,hiswifewillsitatthetabletowaitforhimtocomebackA.HoweverheislateB.HoweverishelateC.HoweverlateheisD.Howeverlateishe解析:however引导让步状语从句相当于nomatterhow。答案:C.Inrecentweeksyou’vebeenlateeverydayPleaseyourselfA.expressB.excuseC.explainD.say解析:explainoneself意为“自己解释清楚”。expressoneself意为“表达自己的意思”。答案:C.HowcanIrepairitWell,lookattheA.instructionsB.expressionsC.explanationsD.introductions解析:instructions意为“用法说明操作指南”。答案:A§.介词、副词填空.Besuretoturnthelightwhenyouleavetheclassroom答案:off.Sheheldabookherhandandsatthe cornerofthetable答案:inby.Theywentthecinemainsteadplayingfootball答案:toof.Althoughpopmusicispopularyoungpeople,itisnoteveryone’staste答案:withto.Let’smeeto’clockAllrightButwhatwherewe’llmeet答案:atabout.Thechildstoodthesidehismother答案:byof.holidaychildrencanenjoythemselvesawaytheylike答案:Duringin.Whatapity!Hehadtwofingerscutthemachine答案:by.Firstall,allowmetosaysorryyou答案:ofto.Iwillbeleavingheretheendthismonth答案:byof§.句型转换完成B句使其与A句意思相同或相近。(每空一词).A.TherearemorethancountrieswheremostofthepeoplespeakEnglishB.IncountriesEnglishbythepeople答案:isspokenthemajorityof.A.“Don’tforgettotakeoffyourshoesbeforeyouentertheroom,”MothersaidtomeB.MothermetotakeoffmyshoesbeforeIenteredtheroom答案:toldnottoforget.A.NobodycananswerthisquestionquicklyenoughB.Thereisthisquestion答案:noquickanswerto.A.ThelanguageinAmericadidn’tchangeHowever,thelanguageinEnglandchangedB.ThelanguageinAmericathethelanguageinEnglandchanged答案:stayedsamewhile.A.TherearemanymoredifferencesinspokenlanguageB.Thedifferencesinspokenlanguage答案:aregreater.A.WrittenEnglishisalmostthesameinbothBritishandAmericanEnglishB.WrittenEnglishisthesameinbothBritishandAmericanEnglish答案:moreorless.A.ItisnotdifficultforpeoplefromthetwocountriestounderstandeachotherB.Peoplefromthetwocountriesdonoteachother答案:haveanydifficultyunderstanding§.单句改错下列句子均有一处错误(或多一词或缺一词或错一词)请找出并加以改正。.Atlasthefoundoutthetruth,andwhathedidturnedtoberight答案:在turned后加out.Wehopeyouapleasanttripbackhome答案:hope改为wish.Allowmetointroducetothegirltoourheadmaster答案:去掉第二个to.KnowsomeeverydayEnglishwillbeofgreathelp答案:Know改为Knowing.Inthedaysfollowed,hewaitedeagerlyforthereplyfromthecompany答案:在days后加that.Hesaidhewouldnotgowithusifitwouldrained答案:去掉it后的would.Hewillacceptthejobunlessthesalaryisn’ttoolow答案:isn’t改为is.ThatpairoftrousersofyoursareverydirtyYou’dbettercleanit答案:are改为is.HegotdressedandthenwentdownstairssanganEnglishsong答案:sang改为singing.Iwanttothankyouagainforhavemeinyourhomeforthesummerholidays答案:have改为having【思路开拓】实战类例.ThemurdererwasbroughtinwithhishandsbehindhisbackA.beingtiedB.havingtiedC.tobetiredD.tied解析:本题考查分词作伴随状语。介词with后可接名词或代词再加分词在句中充当伴随状语或定语。这时名词或代词与分词之间具有逻辑上的主谓关系当为主动关系时用现在分词当为被动关系时用过去分词。此题中的hands与tie明显是被动关系故正确答案为D。试比较:InpartsofAsiayoumustnotsitwithyourfeetpointingatanotherperson答案:D.ShethoughtIwastalkingaboutherdaughter,,infact,IwastalkingaboutmydaughterA.whom   B.whereC.whichD.while解析:本题考查并列连词while的意义。while作连词可表示时间意思是“当……时候在……同时”如:MywifekeptsilentwhileIwaswriting也可表示让步意思是“虽然尽管”如:WhileIunderstandyouropinion,Idon’tagreewithyou还可表示转折对比意思是“然而但”如:Heobservedthatfeathersfelltothegroundslowly,whilestonesfellmuchfaster(他观察到羽毛落地缓慢而石头降落地快得多。)根据本题上下文的含意可知答案应选D意为“她以为我在谈论她女儿而事实上我是在谈论我的女儿”。答案:D.ManypeopleagreethatknowledgeofEnglishisamustininternationaltradetodayA.aB.theanC.thetheD.the解析:本题考查冠词的用法。knowledge一般用作不可数名词但有时前面加不定冠词表示抽象名词具体化常用aknowledgeof…形式表示“对……的知识(或了解)”如:agoodknowledgeofEnglish(丰富的英语知识)aknowledgeofthetruth(对事实真相的了解)。trade是不可数名词泛指时不加任何冠词排除B、C、D三项。答案:A.I’llneverunderstandhowitthatyouwereanhourlateonsuchashortjourneyA.cameacrossB.cameaboutC.cameintoD.camealong解析:本题考查短语动词的意义。comeacross(偶然)遇到碰见comeabout发生产生comeinto进入得到comealong进展进步好转快点加把劲。根据该题的题意“这么短的路途你竟然迟到了一个小时我真不明白这是怎么发生的。”可知答案为B。题干中的it是形式主语代替后面的that从句。答案:B.YouwillhisaddressheiswellknowninthisareaA.havenodifficultiesfindingB.havenodifficultytofindC.findnotdifficulttofindD.havenodifficultyfinding解析:本题考查“做某事有困难做某事费力”这一英文表达方式。表示这一意义时英语常用“have(some,any,much,alittle)difficulty(in)doingsth”或“thereis(some,much,alittle)difficulty(in)doingsth”这两个句型中的“difficulty”用作不可数名词介词in可省略。还可用“finditdifficulttodosth”来表达其中it是形式宾语不能丢掉。因此该题答案应选D。答案:D【听力时空】§.第一节听下面段对话。每段对话后有一个小题从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后你都有秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。M:Excuseme,whereistheclosestplacetoeatW:DownthestreetaboutfourblocksIcantakeyouthereifyoulike.WhatisthemangoingtodoA.HeisgoingtohavedinnerB.HeislookingforahotelC.Heistryingtofindtheneareststreet答案:AM:IwouldbehappytoteachyouChineseifyouwanttolearnW:Itisnotabadidea.IcometoChinaalot.DoesthewomanagreetotheideaoflearningChineseA.YesShewillcometoChinatolearnChineseB.YesSheisplanningtolearnChineseC.NoShedoesn’tthinkitisagoodidea答案:BM:ExcusemeDoyouknowwheretheBrownsliveW:Yes,it’sthethirdhouseontherightM:ThankyouM:You’rewelcome.WhatistherelationshipbetweenthespeakersA.TheyareneighborsB.TheyarefriendsC.Theyarestrangers答案:CW:DoyouhaveanyhobbiesM:IliketopaintW:WhatkindofthingsdoyoupaintM:Mainlyriversandmountains.WhatarethetwospeakerstalkingaboutA.PaintingsB.RiversandmountainsC.Hobbies答案:CM:IthoughtIsawsomethingintheyardW:Ididn’tseeanythingM:Well,lookagainW:There’snothingthere.WhatdidthewomanseeintheyardA.ShesawsomethingB.ShesawnothingC.Shesawabird答案:B§.第二节听下面段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前你将有时间阅读各个小题每小题秒钟。听完后每小题将给出秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第段对话回答第~题。M:YouplaytennisverywellW:Oh,yesThankyouM:DoyouwanttogotothebasketballgamewithmeW:SureWhenisitM:ThefirstofnextmonthW:ohohIsthefirstaThursdayM:Yes,itisW:I’msorry,Ican’tgoIalwaysplaytennisonThursday.WheredoestheconversationtakeplaceA.InthestoreB.InthelabC.Ontheplayground答案:C.WhatisthemostprobableresultoftheconversationA.ThemanwillplaytenniswiththewomanonThursdayB.ThemanwillgotothegamealoneC.Thewomanwillgotothegamewiththeman答案:B听第段对话回答第~题。M:WhendoesthetrainleaveforMontrealonMondayW:AteightfiftyM:WhendoesitarriveinMontrealW:AtseventenintheeveningM:DoesthetraingodirectlytoMontrealW:No,youhavetochangetrainsinTorontoM:HowmuchdoesitcostW:Fifteendollars.WherearethemanandthewomanA.IntheairportB.IntherailwaystationC.Inthecompanyoffice答案:B.WhendoesthetrainleaveforMontrealA.AttentonineB.AteightfifteenC.Attenpastseven答案:A听第段对话回答第~题。W:What’sthematterYourbikeisinbadshapeM:ItwashitbyacaryesterdayW:Oh,wereyouhurtM:Notintheleast,becauseIwasn’tridingonitThebikewasputinfrontofmyhouseBothwheelsweredamagedThey’rebeingrepairednowW:ItwasluckyyouwereallrightM:Butmyweekendhasbeenwasted .Whathappenedtotheman’sbikeA.ItwashitbyacarB.ItwashitbyatruckC.Itwasbrokenonastreet答案:A.HowwasthebikeaftertheaccidentA.TherewasnothingwrongwithitB.ItwascompletelydamagedexceptthewheelsC.Thewheelswerebothdamaged答案:C.WhendidtheaccidenthappenA.WhenthemanwasridingonitB.Whenthebikewasinfrontoftheman’shouseC.Whenthemanwasgettingoffthebike答案:B听第段对话回答第~题。W:I’mverysorryyoudidn’twin,JackM:SoamIWhatadisappointment!W:Comeon,chinup!M:No,Ifeelterrible,MaryAndourclassmates…W:Butyoutriedyourbest,didn’tyouM:Yes,IdidW:Youwon’tgiveuptrying,willyouM:No,Iwon’tI’lldobetternexttimeW:I’llhelpyouWecanpracticetogetherM:ThatwouldbegreatW:Thendon’tlooksosad,JackM:I’lltrytocheerupW:You’llgetoveritM:IknowThanksalot,MaryW:ComeonI’llbuyyouacoffeeM:OkayLet’sgo.WhofeelsdisappointedA.MaryB.JackC.Bothofthem答案:B.HowdidJackplayinthegameA.HetriedhisbestbuthefailedB.Hedidn’ttryhisbestsohefailedC.Hegaveuptryingsohefailed答案:A.WhoisMaryA.AstrangerB.Jack’smotherC.AclassmateofJack’s答案:C.WhatdoesMaryaskJacktodoA.SheinviteshimtogototheplaygroundB.SheinviteshimtocometoherhouseC.Sheinviteshimtogotothecoffeehouse答案:C听第段独白回答第~题。LifetodayhasmanyproblemsOneofthebiggestispollutionWaterpollutionhasmadeourriversandlakesdirtyItkillsourfishandpollutesourdrinkingwaterNoisepollutionmakesustalklouderandmakesusbecomeangrymoreeasilyAirpollutionisthemostseriouskindofpollutionIt’sbadtolivingthingsintheworldWeneedtodoalotofthingstofightpollutionFactoriesmustcleantheirwastewaterbeforeitisthrownaway,andtheymustn’tblowdirtysmokeintotheairWecan’tthrowwastethingsonthegroundWecangotoworkbybusorwithourfriendsinthesamecarIftherearefewerpeopledrivingontheroads,therewillbelesspollutionRulesarenotenoughEverybodymusthelptofightpollution .HowmanykindsofpollutionhavebeenmentionedinthismonologueA.TwoB.ThreeC.Four答案:B.Whichisthemostseriouspollutionintoday’slifeA.NoisepollutionB.AirpollutionC.Waterpollution答案:B.WhymustfactoriescleantheirwaterbeforeitisthrownawayA.BecauseitwillpolluteourriversandlakesB.BecauseitwillmakeustalklouderC.Becauseitwillblowdirtysmokeintotheair答案:AWhathaveyoulearnedinthepassageA.Wecan’teatfishintheriversandlakesB.WeshouldbuildfewerfactoriesandmakefewercarsC.Weshouldhelptofightpollution答案:C【能力提升】§.单项填空.ShallwegooutingthisweekendOh,withallthiswork,Idon’tknowifI’llhavetimetogooutA.todoB.doingC.doneD.do解析:“withntodo”意为“有事要做”不定式表示将来“withndone”意为“事情做后”过去分词表动作已完成。答案:A.,thefirstsettlersfoundinNewZealandaremanystrangebirdsandanimalsthatexistnowhereelseintheworldA.AsinAustraliaB.AsAustraliaC.LikeinAustraliaD.LikeAustralia解析:as可用作连词like通常作介词用。asinAustralia“和在澳大利亚一样”。答案:A.ThestormdiedawayatlastwiththegoldenwavestheshoreinpeaceA.beatB.tobeatC.beatingD.beaten解析:“withndoing”在句中作伴随状语。答案:C.YoulookverypaleYouverytiredIdidn’tsleepatalllastnightA.mustbeB.musthavebeenC.canbeD.canhavebeen解析:对现在情况的肯定推测用mustbe形式。答案:A.OnewaytounderstandthousandsofnewwordsistogaingoodknowledgeofbasicwordformationA.B.theC.aD.one解析:knowledge前有形容词常与不定冠词连用。答案:C.WherewasyoumetwiththefamousscientistA.itthatB.itC.theplaceD.there解析:此题考查强调句型当被强调部分为疑问词时句子用倒装语序。答案:A.JohnsaidhewouldpaysecondvisittoChinanextmonthA.theB.thetheC.atheD.a解析:asecond“再一次又一次”thenextmonth用于间接引语中。答案:C.ThecostofthevariousrepairsamountstotaltojustoverahundredpoundsA.toB.inC.byD.for解析:amountintotalto“总计达到……”。答案:B.ShewouldratherhavearoomthansleepwithhersisterA.onherownB.ofherownC.ofhersD.forher解析:aroomofone’sown“某人自己的房间”。答案:B.YoulooknotabitolderthanyoudidyearsagoHowdoyousoyoungA.changeB.growC.becomeD.stay解析:系表结构stayadj表示“一直保持某种状态”。答案:D.Forsomereason,italldayoverthetwoweeksA.rainedB.rainsC.wasrainingD.hasbeenraining解析:overthetwoweeks“在过去的两周里”常与现在完成时或现在完成进行时连用。答案:D.AmericaisancountryYoucanheareverywhereA.EnglishspokenEnglishspeakingB.EnglishspeakingEnglishspokenC.speakingEnglishEnglishspokenD.spokenEnglishEnglishspeaking解析:“Englishspeakingcountry”意为“说英语的国家”spokenEnglish意为“英语口语”而YoucanhearEnglishspoken则为“到处你都可以听到人们在说英语”。答案:B.MrSmithisingoodhealthnowforitisquitealongtimesinceheA.notsmokedB.smokedC.hassmokedD.begantosmoke解析:在since从句中瞬间性动词如join,catch是动作从发生时算起延续性动词如live,work,have是动作从结束时算起。抽烟是延续性的行为习惯故sincehesmoked意为“自从他戒烟”。答案:B.Youshouldtrytowriteevenwhenyou’rebusyAsyouknow,practicemakesperfectA.nowandthenB.moreorlessC.soonerorlaterD.hereandthere解析:从后面句中“熟能生巧”可知前句的语义为“你应该经常写即使当你很忙的时候”。答案:A.WhenBobwokeuphefoundhimselfinhospital,buthedidn’tknowhowthatA.cameaboutB.cameoutC.camealongD.cameacross解析:根据句意Bob不知道“发生”了什么故用词组comeaboutcomeout有“开花出来出版”之意comealong意为“过来”而comeacross意为“偶然碰到”。答案:A§.完形填空PeoplefromGreatBritainbroughttheEnglishlanguagetoNorthAmericainthethandthcenturiesAndintheyears,thereweresomanyinbothplacesthatnowpeoplecaneasilyanEnglishpersonfromanAmericanintheheorshetalksManyoldwordsinEnglandbutwerekeptinAmericaForexample,yearsagopeopleinGreatBritaingottheirwaterfromsomethingtheyeithera“faucet”,“spigot”,ora“tap”AllthesewordsareheardindifferentpartsofAmerica,butonly“tap”isstillinEngland.Americansoftenmakenewwordsorchangeoldones“Corn”isonekindofplantinAmericaandinEnglandAlso,overthelastthreecenturiestheEnglishlanguagehasthousandsofnewwordsforthingsthatweren’tbeforeAndoften,AmericanandEnglishpeopleusedtwonamesforthemAtincaniscalled“tin”forshortinEnglish,buta“can”inAmerica.Theword“radio”isallovertheworld,includingAmerica.ButmanyEnglishpeoplecallita“wireless”Andalmostanythingsomethingtodowithcars,railroads,etc.hasdifferentinBritishandAmericanEnglis
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