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首页 09年中考英语单项选择和完形填空

09年中考英语单项选择和完形填空.ppt

09年中考英语单项选择和完形填空

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2019-06-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《09年中考英语单项选择和完形填空ppt》,可适用于综合领域

单项选择、完形填空解读经公桥中学教学资料单项填空单项填空主要考查考生的语法知识和运用语法知识的能力以及对词语和词语搭配、习惯用语等的正确理解能力。这部分试题覆盖面广淡化了语法突出了语言的实用性。从设计的角度看这部分考查的重点不是语法结构和词汇记忆而是把语法和词汇知识的测试放在适当的情景中强调了语言知识的实际应用和交际功能。大多数题目考查考生在特定语境中理解和运用语法、词汇等基础知识的能力。传统单项选择形式举例估计大家很熟悉它们it’stooeasy!Don’ttoomuchTVIt’sbadforyoureyesAwatchBwatchedCwatchingDtowatchWhosenotebookisitItbelongstoLilyDidn’tyouseenameonitAsheBherChersFewwellknownsingerscametotheconcert,didtheySuchasAndyLau,JayzhouandKristyZhangANo,theydidn’tBYes,theydidCNo,theydidDYes,theydidn’tDoyouhopetogoAwarmsomewhereBanywherewarmCwarmanywhereDsomewherewarmterribleweatheritis!Theradiosaysthatit’llgetlaterinthedayAWhatabadBWhatworseCHowbadDHowaworse比一比Isthereanybusrunningthere?Yesbutit’sonlyonestopYou_walkthereMymotherisilltoday,I_lookafterhertodayAshouldBmayCmustDneedOurcountry_alotYes,wearericherandhappierthanbeforeAchangedBischangingChaschangedDwillchangedHi,areyouMaryIhardlyrecognizeyouHowfunnyyouare!Idon’tthinkI_alotAchangedBischangingChavechangedDwillchangedHi,what’syourplan_theweekendsWell,I’mgoingshoppingwithmymotherCanyougoshoppingwithme_weekendsSure,I’dlovetoAatBonCtoDfor中考单项选择试题模拟举例现在很流行哦!例Whatahotday!HaveyouhadadrinkYesButI’dliketohaveafterworkAitBoneCotherDanother例Nancy,howlongdoesittaketoflytoCanadaSorry,Idon’tknowButIcantelephonemyfathertoitforyouAdoBcheckCcatchDfind例IhitatreeonthewaytomeetmyfriendattherailwaystationIsupposeyoutoofastAdriveBaredrivingBdroveDweredriving例MyGod!I’mnearlylostinthiscityYeahThecityalotAchangedBhaschangedCischangingDwillchange单项选择中学生答题常见错误思维分析今年你们很可能也会犯的mistakes!()AreyougoingtoBeijingbyplaneIt’sfast,butexpensiveSoIamnotsureItakeatrainAshouldBmayCmustDwill错选D的学生所解释的原因为:问句有begoingto结构表示将来时态所以选择will。老师经常说:用什么时态问就用什么时态回答。()Whatahotday!HaveyouhadadrinkYesButI’dliketohaveafterworkAitBoneCotherDanother错选B的学生所解释的原因为:老师经常比较it和one的用法这里用代词代替adrink同类不同物所以选one但如果把other和another放在A选项和B选项我就会选another因为考点应该是对other和another的辨析。()Nancy,howlongdoesittaketoflytoCanadaSorry,Idon’tknowButIcantelephonemyfathertoitforyouAdoBcheckCcatchDfind错选C的学生所解释的原因为:平时对catch一词的用法考得最多对catchthebusYouspeaktoofast,Ican’tcatchit这种搭配特别熟悉而check和时间搭配平时老师讲得少所以认为选catch的可能性最大。()Whomwouldyouliketobeyourassistant,JackorDavidIfIhadtochoose,DavidwouldbechoiceAgoodBbetterCthebetterDthebest错选B的学生所解释的原因为:Jack和David两者之间用比较级形容词比较级前不用定冠词the最高级前才要用the所以选better。()spendingourvacationinahotel,whynottryhikinginthecountryAInsteadofBBecauseofCThankstoDAsfor错选D的学生所解释的原因为:汉语搭配“关于(至于)……为什么不……?”所以选Asfor。()InventorshavechangedthewayweliveSotheyarefamousforthegreatthingstheyAdoBdidCaredoingDhaddone错选D的学生所解释的原因为:第一句用了完成时态第二句很可能也用完成时态另外发明家出名肯定是因为已经完成了伟大的事情所以就选了haddone。()HaveyoufoundtheinformationaboutfamouspeopleyoucanuseforthereportNotyetI’llsearchsomeontheInternetAwhichBwhoCwhatDwhom错选D的学生所解释的原因为:定语从句的先行词是人引导词就用who在句中做宾语就用宾格whom。这里的先行词是famouspeople在定语从句中又是做宾语所以引导词当然是whom。完形填空()“完形填空”试题的命制基本上遵循“突出语篇强调应用注重实际”的设计思路。考查考生在阅读理解的基础上对词汇知识的掌握情况即要求考生通读短文掌握文章大意综合运用所学的词汇、语法等知识从试题所提供的词汇、短语中判断出使短文意思通顺、结构完整的词汇或短语。()完形填空试题设空与选项的特点选材时代感强、思想健康首句不设空在布空方面以实词为主动词、名词为核心形容词副词铺垫充分体现了语言知识运用的特征。试题特点:情景推理多语法选项少完形填空试题要求考生根据文章的整体内容、层次结构和内容逻辑关系去选择符合文章情节的答案这就决定了试题考查必须以情景意义选择为主。这种试题的特点是:孤立地看对应挖空的句子四个备选答案都能满足句子的要求无论将哪个答案填进去从词法上说都是正确的。要确定试题的正确答案只能根据全文的内容和情节的发展使所选答案满足为文章中心内容服务的需要。当然有个别备选答案要依据语法知识去判断选择。近年中考英语完形填空试题中完全根据语法知识进行选择的很少。有的小题既考查语法知识也考查意义选择我们称其为“语法加意义”选择无需语法知识只根据文章内容确定答案称为“情景意义”选择。目前后者几乎已经覆盖了完形填空的全部试题。GuessingthemissingwordsarehelpfultostudentsarehelpfultostudentsTheygivethemknowledgearehelpfultostudentsInclasstheyteachthemknowledgeandafterclasstheycareforthemlikeparentsarehelpfultostudentsTheykeepthemhealthy猜一猜填一填三、完形填空试题的三个难度等级一:词组层次。需要填的词和它前或后的词有固定的搭配关系只要看空缺前或后的词便能决定该填什么。例如:lookthenewwordinadictionary,husbandandupwife当然这是最简单的啦!三、完形填空试题的三个难度等级S:句子层次。空缺需要填什么词本句之内就可以决定不用超出句子的范围。如:WhathedolastSundayCanyoutellmeTomcomesfromdidwhere这个也难不倒你们。JusthaveatryModal:Itwasrainingheavilyoutside,soIhadtotakeanwithmeumbrellaHehasabadcold,thedoctoraskshimtomorehotwaterMrWhiteisateacher,hemathatschoolThey'reverytiredhappyatlastIboughtawatchyesterday,wasveryusefulItmustbeverytogointothecage,becausethere'remanytigersinitdrinkteachesbutitdangerous三、完形填空试题的三个难度等级D:语篇层次。空缺需要填什么光看本句不成要超出句子在语篇层次上考虑才能决定。例如:ManisthecleverestanimalonearthHecantravelinouterspaceandlandhimselfonthemoonButinhiswaragainsthisenemytheratinhishome,heseemsalwaystobetheAwinnerBloserCheroDcoward(懦夫)。这里的空缺该填什么仅仅看本句难以决定。要超出句子从语篇语境的层次去考虑才可以决定空缺应填B。知道这个厉害了吧哼!(二)实例分析考查英语固定搭配、习惯用语的运用。此时考生不需对句意有太多的理解一眼就能锁定答案。如:Shetheradioandsangsongswhileshewasdriving(江西省中考卷)AturnedonBturnedoverCturnedoffDturneddownHe(killedthreepeople)atAtlantacourthouseonMarchThepolicewerehim(江西省中考卷)AwaitingforBthinkingofClookingatDsearchingfor(二)实例分析考查对文段语境的理解能力。考生必须通过语境作出判断一般要看懂一两句话作情景铺垫。例如:HiscoughingstoppedmythinkingWhatwaslefttosayHowcouldIsaytothepersonwhotaughtmeeverything(江西省中考卷)AgoodbyeBhelloCyesDsorryThenextmorningI(wokeup),lookedatmyalarmclock,andrealizedhehadleftagoWeneverevensaidgoodbye(江西省中考卷)AminutesBhoursCdaysDweeks(二)实例分析.考查对文章内容进行逻辑分析、推理判断的能力。要求考生能理解上下文的内在关联和连贯意义。例如:Itwasalmost:pmwhenMiaJansonleftherofficetogohomeItwasShestartedhercarandshe(drove)downthedarkroadthatledtoherhouseinthecountryShe(turnedon)theradioandsangsongswhileshewasdrivingTheheaterwasn’tworking,…(江西省中考卷)ArainingBcoolCsnowingDlateThelatestattractionisabigtunnel(隧道)youcanthroughAllaroundyou,youwillseefishswimming–sometimesevenoveryourhead(江西省中考卷)AmetalBwoodCglassDstone中考完形填空模拟举例选择考点应侧重从语言的意义考虑而不能一味地考查语法形式或句子结构。选择考点应侧重从语言的意义考虑而不能一味地考查语法形式或句子结构。例如:DearDad,I’mwritingtoyoubecauseit’stoodifficulttotalkaboutitIcan’tstopthinkingaboutmyuncleandhowheInfact,IseriouslywanttoaskyousmokingI’velookedupalotofinformationaboutsmokingandIoutsomedisturbingthingsYoualreadyknowthatisbadforyoubreathingandcancausecancerI’velearntthatitcausesmanyotherillnessDidyouknowthatover,peoplediefromsmokingeveryyearinBritainIt’scauseofdeathintheworldIdon’twantyoutobeoneofthosepeopleAdiesBdeathCdiedDdyingAtostopBstopCstoppedDstoppingAfindBfoundedCfoundDhavefoundAsmokeBsmokingCsmokedDsmokesAtooBalsoCeitherDaswellAthetwobigBsecondbiggestCthesecondbiggestDthesecondbigCADBACHappinessisforeveryoneYoudon’tneedtocareaboutthosewhoareveryWhyBecausethosewhohavebighousesmayoftenfeelandthosewhohavecarswanttooncountryroadsintheirfreetimeInfact,happinessisalwaysyouWhenyouare,yourfriendswillhelpyouwhenyoustudyhardatyourlessons,yourarealwaystakinggoodcareofyourlifeandyour…AlltheseareyourhappinessWhenyouare,youcanalsosayyouareveryhappy,becauseyouhavesomethingelsethatcan’tbuyWhenyoumeetwith,sayloudlythatyouarehappy,becauseyouhavemorechancestochallengeyourselfTakeeverychanceyouget,andyoucanbeahappyandluckyperson()ApoorBrichCniceDbad()AseriousBunknownCstrangeDlonely()AwalkBworkCknockDtalk()AforBtoCaroundDabout()AinpublicBintroubleCathomeDatbreak()AexpertsBjournalistsCparentsDinspectors()AhealthyBhealthCbeautyDbeautiful()ApoorBtallCshortDangry()AperformanceBconfidenceCwordDmoney()AthievesBanimalsCproblemsDsignsTrafficaccidentskilledmorethan,peopleinChinalastyearChinesecitieshavecarsthanbeforeEverydaymanypeoplearewhiletheycrosstheroadMostofareoldpeopleandchildrenOldpeopleareoftenkilledtheyusuallycan’tseeclearlyorhearverywellarekilledbecausetheyarecarelessAcar,truckorbuscan’tstopveryifitisgoingveryfastThefasteracaristravelingbeforeittakestostopButpeoplewalkinginthestreetdonotalwaysunderstandthisIt’sforpeopletoknowhowfastacaristravelingThenewtrafficlawswereputintouseMayst,Thenewtrafficlawswillthestreetssaferforwalkinganddriving()AbiggerBmoreCfewerDsmaller()AkilledBcaughtCshotDattacked()AitByouCthemDus()AwhenBbecauseCifDthough()ADriversBWomenCOldpeopleDChildren()AquicklyBhardlyCclearlyDslowly()AthefasterBthesaferCthefartherDthelonger()AdifficultBeasyCdangerousDtrue()AinBatConDfor()AtakeBmakeCstopDfind

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