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首页 有关于加拿大历史背景的阅读资料

有关于加拿大历史背景的阅读资料.doc

有关于加拿大历史背景的阅读资料

林雪芹
2019-06-11 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《有关于加拿大历史背景的阅读资料doc》,可适用于综合领域

HistoryWellbeforeColumbus'discovered'Americain,prehistorictribesfromAsiahadcomeacrosstheBeringStraitandaroundAD,theVikings,thefirstEuropeanvistors,hadtriedtosettleinnorthernNewfoundlandBythetimesubsequentEuropeansarrived,Canada'sIndiantribeshadalreadydevelopedamultitudeoflanguages,customs,religiousbeliefs,tradingpatterns,artsandcrafts,lawsandgovernmentsAlthoughanumberofEuropeancountrieswereinterestedinestablishingsettlementsintheAmericas,itwasFrenchexplorerJacquesCartierwhomadethefirstclaimontheareasurroundingtheStLawrenceRiverinAnotherFrenchexplorer,SamueldeChamplain,foundedQuebecCityintheearlysInCanada,nowhometoaboutFrenchsettlers,becameaprovinceofFranceJustastheFrenchstartedtothriveonthefurtrade,theBritishenteredthescene,foundingtheHudson'sBayCompanyintoaddabitof'friendly'competitionForawhile,thetwoEuropeanculturescoexistedpeacefullyThen,in,BritishtroopscapturedaFrenchfortinNovaScotiathestruggleforcontrolofthenewlandwasonTheturningpointinwhatbecameknownastheSevenYears'WararrivedwhentheBritishdefeatedtheFrenchatQuebecCityinAttheTreatyofParisin,FrancehandedCanadaovertoBritainBytheendoftheAmericanRevolution(),amigrationofabout,British'Loyalists'fromtheUSAcreatedamoreevenbalancebetweentheFrenchandBritishpopulationsAftertheWarofthelastwarbetweenCanadaandtheUSA,inwhichCanadawasvictoriousBritain,fearfuloflosingCanadaasithadtheAmericanColonies,proclaimedtheBritishNorthAmericaAct(BNAAct)inTheActestablishedtheDominionofCanadaandbecameCanada'sequivalentofaconstitutionBythecompletionoftheCanadianPacificRailwayoneofCanada'sgreathistoricalsagasjoinedthecountry'seastandwestcoastsByallprovinceshadbecomepartofthecentralgovernmentexceptNewfoundland,whichfinallyjoinedinAfterWWICanadagrewslowlyinstatureandprosperity,becomingavoluntarymemberoftheCommonwealthinWiththeonsetofWWII,CanadaonceagainfoughtalongsideBritainagainstGermany,thoughthistimeitalsoenteredintodefenseagreementswiththeUSA,declaringwaronJapanaftertheattackonPearlHarborIntheyearsafterWWII,CanadaexperiencedahugewaveofEuropeanimmigration,withafurtherinfluxofAsians,Arabs,Indians,Italians,HispanicsandCaribbeansarrivinginthesThepostwarerawasaperiodofeconomicexpansionandprosperityInCanadacelebrateditsthanniversarywithExpo,theWorld'sFairinMontreal,asoneofthehighlightsSince,aseriesoflandrightsagreementshasbeensignedwithCanada'snativepeoples,givingthemsomecontrolovervastswathesofthenorthernportionofthecountryThesocialupheavalsofthesbroughttothesurfacethefesteringresentmentsthatFrenchspeakingQuebechadwithEnglishspeakingCanadaInthePartiQuebecois(PQ),advocatingseparatism,wontheprovincialelectioninQuebec,thoughsentimentsontheissuehavesincewaxedandwanedInthesovereigntyreferendum,theseparatistsweredefeatedbyofthevoteInOctober,thevotewasextremelyclose,withCanadacomingwithinafewthousandvotesofbreakingupTheprimeminister,JeanChrétien,hassinceattemptedtoappeasetheQuebeckersbyrecognizingtheprovinceasa'distinctsociety'In,ChrétienheldanearlyelectionandsecuredhisthirdconsecutivetermMeanwhile,thepassingofformerprimeministerPierreTrudeaucontinuestobemourned,anddisappointmentoverthenation'sfailedbidtoholdtheOlympics(losingtoBeijing)isonlyslowlywaning

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